Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage

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Lords of Scotland

 

A lord's coronet

 

Current Scottish Lordships

Extinct and Dormant Scottish Lordships

 

The title of a Lord of Parliament (as distinct from a minor baron) originated in the reign of King James I.  The Scottish Parliament was an assemblage in one chamber of the three orders of the "Communitas":  Prelates, Barons and Burgesses.  The Earls belonged to the order of Barons.  All Barons in the old sense, i.e. landholders holding their lands with baronial jurisdiction, had the right, or rather were under the obligation, of attending the meetings of the Estates.  To the less wealthy landholders this was a considerable cost, and not always strictly enforced.  By a statute of 1428 the "small barons" were excused from attending Parliament. About the same period began the practice of conferring the dignity of Lord of Parliament on the more wealthier Barons, a novelty brought by King James I from his captivity in England.

 

A Lord is styled the "Right Honourable" and he is officially addressed by the Crown as "Our Right Trusty and Well Beloved".  When a Lord or any other peer is a member of the Privy Council the word "Counsellor" is placed before his name, for instance:  "Elizabeth......To Our Right Trusty and Well Beloved Counsellor, Robert Michael James, Baron Cecil of Essendon.....Greeting!".

 

In common with all peers, Lords are entitled to both coronation and parliamentary robes.  The Coronation Robe, which, as the name suggests, is worn only at the Coronation of the Sovereign, is of crimson velvet, edged with white fur and having two rows of ermine on the white fur cape.  Ladies (i. e. the wife of a Lord of Scotland) are entitled to wear coronation robes similar to those of a Lord, these being edged with a two inch border of white fur with a train a yard on the ground.  The Parliamentary Robe of Estate of a Lord, which is worn for the State Opening of Parliament or by those

 taking part in the ceremony of Introduction of a new peer, is of fine scarlet cloth lined with taffeta.  It is trimmed with two guards (or bands) of ermine and gold lace, and is tied at the left shoulder with a white ribbon.

 

Coronet - A plain circle of silver gilt, surmounted by six silver balls at equal distances; a cap of crimson velvet, turned up ermine, thereon a golden tassel.

 

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