The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage
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Bath, Earl of (GB, 1742 - 1764)
Creation: let.pat. 14 Jul 1742
Extinct: 8 Jul 1764
Family name: Pulteney
Argent a Fess indented Gules in chief three Leopards' Faces Sable
A Leopard's Head affrontée and erased Sable ducally gorged Or
Dexter: A Leopard; Sinister: A Tiger, both guardant Argent guttée de poix and gorged with a Bar dancettée Gules
William [Pulteney], 1st Earl of Bath, PC
son and heir of Col William Pulteney, of Misterton, co. Leicester (by his first wife Mary Floyd), son and heir of Sir William Pulteney MP, of Misterton, co. Leicester
17 Dec 1714 Anna Maria Gumley (b. c. 1694; d. 14 Sep 1758), dau. and cohrss. of John Gumley, of Isleworth, co. Middlesex, Commissary General to the Army, by his wife Susan White, dau. of Samuel White, of London, merchant
1. Col Hon William Pulteney, styled Viscount Pulteney, Member of Parliament (Whig) for Old Sarum 1754-61 and for Westminster 1761-63, a Lord of the Bedchamber 1760-63, ADC to the King 1763 (dvp. 12 Feb 1763)
1. ..... Pulteney (b. c. 1727; dvp. 1741)
s.p.s. 8 Jul 1764
14 Jul 1742 Baron Hedon, of Hedon in the County of York, Viscount Pulteney, of Wrington in the County of Somerset, and Earl of Bath
Member of Parliament (Whig) for Hedon 1705-34 and for Middlesex 1734-42; Secretary at War 1714-17; Privy Councillor 1716-31 and 1742-64 (a leader of the opposition to Sir Robert Walpole, the Prime Minister, he was struck off the list of Privy Councillors by the King in 1731 but was restored in 1742 following Walpole's resignation); Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire 1721-28; Cofferer of the Household 1723-25; one of the Lords Justices of the Realm 1743-45; First Lord of the Treasury 1746 when he led the "Short Lived Ministry", which only lasted 2 days; Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire 1761-64; his great reputation as a "man of the people", even though he had amassed great estates and enormous wealth, was totally destroyed when he accepted his peerage in 1742
On the death of the 1st Earl of Bath in 1764, the Earldom of Bath and the other peerages created in 1742 became extinct. He was succeeded in his great estates by his brother, General Henry Pulteney. On his death in 1765 they passed to his cousin Frances, Lady Pulteney, wife of Sir William Johnstone later Pulteney, 5th Bt. Their only daughter, Henrietta Laura Pulteney, was created suo jure Baroness Bath in 1792 and suo jure Countess of Bath in 1806. Both these peerages became extinct on her death in 1808.
First written 2 Sep 2004
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