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Berkeley, Baron (E, 1295 - abeyant 1422)

 

Creation: writ summons 24 Jun 1295

 

Abeyant: 28 Dec 1422

 

Family name: Berkeley

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Arms:

Gules a Chevron between ten Crosses Paty six in chief and four in base Argent

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Thomas [de Berkeley], 1st Baron Berkeley

2nd but 1st surv. son and heir of Sir Maurice de Berkeley, feudal Lord of Berkeley, by his wife Isabel FitzRoy, dau. of Richard FitzRoy (by his wife Rohese of Dover, dau. and hrss. of Robert of Dover), illegitimate son of King John

born

1245

mar.

1267 Lady Joan de Ferrers, Lady of Coston and Eynesbury (d. 19 Mar 1309/10; bur. at St Augustine's Priory, Bristol), 1st dau. of William [de Ferrers], 5th Earl of Derby, by his second wife Lady Margaret de Quincy, Lady of Groby, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Roger [de Quincy], 2nd Earl of Winchester, by his first wife Helen of Galloway, 2nd but 1st surv. dau. and cohrss. by his first wife of Alan of Galloway, Constable of Scotland

children

1. Sir Maurice de Berkeley, later 2nd Baron Berkeley

2. Thomas de Berkeley, ancestor of the Berkeleys of Wymondham, co. Leicester

3. John de Berkeley (dsp. c. 1317)

4. James de Berkeley

1. Isabel de Berkeley (d. unm.)

2. Margaret de Berkeley, mar (1) Thomas FitzMaurice, Lord of Decies and Desmond, and (2) Reynald Rasel, and had issue by her first husband

died

23 Jul 1321

created

by writ of summons 24 Jun 1295 Baron Berkeley

suc. by

son

note

fought at the Battle of Evesham when underage; on military service throughout his life against the Welsh, the Scots or the French; a Commissioner to examine the claims to the Crown of Scotland 1292; on an Embassy to France 1296; Vice-Constable of England 1297; fought at the Battle of Falkirk 1298, was at the Siege of Caerlaverock 1300 and was taken prisoner after the Battle of Bannockburn 1314; on an Embassy to Pope Clement V 1307

 

Maurice [de Berkeley], 2nd (and 1st?) Baron Berkeley

born

Apr 1281

mar. (1)

1289 Eve la Zouche (d. 5 Dec 1314; bur. in Portbury Church, co. Somerset), sister of William [la Zouche], 1st Baron Zouche of Haryngworth, and dau. of Eudes la Zouche by his wife Milicent de Cantilupe, dau. of William de Cantilupe, of Abergavenny and Haryngworth, co. Northampton

children by first wife

1. Sir Thomas de Berkeley, later 3rd Baron Berkeley

2. Sir Maurice de Berkeley (d. c. 1348), mar. Margaret Berkeley, dau. of Sir Maurice Berkeley, of Uley, co. Gloucester, and was ancestor of the Berkeleys of Stratton

3. John de Berkeley, Constable of Bristol Castle, mar., and had issue

4. Eudo de Berkeley

5. Peter de Berkeley

1. Isabel de Berkeley (d. 25 Jul 1362), mar. (1) Jun 1328 Robert [de Clifford], 3rd Baron Clifford, and (2) c. 9 Jun 1345 as his second wife Thomas [de Musgrave], 1st Baron Musgrave, and had issue by her first husband

2. Milicent de Berkeley (d. after 1322), mar. 1313 as his first wife John [Maltravers], 1st Baron Maltravers, and had issue

mar. (2)

c. 1316 Lady Isabel de Beauchamp (b. 10 Mar 1262/3; former wife of Guy [de Beauchamp], 10th Earl of Warwick; dsp. 1333), 1st dau. of Gilbert [de Clare], 6th Earl of Gloucester, by his first wife Alice de Lusignan, dau. of Hugh X de Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Angoulême, by his wife Yolande of Brittany, dau. of Peter Mauclerk, Duke of Brittany

died

31 May 1326 (bur. at Wallingford but removed to St Augustine's Priory, Bristol)

created

by writ of summons v.p. 16 Aug 1308 Baron Berkeley, although there is no actual record of him having sat in Parliament

suc. by

son by first wife

note

distinguished himself in the Scottish Wars 1295-1318 and was with his father at the Siege of Caerlaverock 1300; Warden of Gloucester 1312; Captain of Berwick 1315; a Commissioner to Scotland 1316; Chief Justiciar of South Wales 1316; Seneschal of Aquitaine 1320; joined the rebellion of the Earl of Lancaster against King Edward II and the Despencer family; captured and imprisoned in Wallingford Castle, where he died after four years of captivity

 

Thomas [de Berkeley], 3rd Baron Berkeley

born

c. 1296

mar. (1)

in or bef. 25 Jul 1320 Lady Margaret de Mortimer (d. 5 May 1337; bur. in St Augustine's Priory, Bristol), 4th dau. of Roger [de Mortimer], 1st Earl of March, by his wife Joan de Geneville, dau. and hrss. of Sir Piers de Geneville, of Ludlow, co. Salop

children by first wife

1. Sir Maurice de Berkeley, later 4th Baron Berkeley

1. Joan de Berkeley (d. 2 Oct 1369), mar. Reynold [de Cobham], 1st Baron Cobham of Sterborough, and had issue

mar. (2)

30 May 1347 Katherine le Veel (widow of Sir Piers le Veel, of Tortworth, co. Gloucester; d. 13 Mar 1385; bur. in Berkeley Church, co. Gloucester), dau. and hrss. of Sir John Clivedon, of Charfield, co. Gloucester, by his wife Emma .....

children by second wife

2. John de Berkeley, ancestor of the Berkeleys of Beverstone

died

27 Oct 1361 (bur. in Berkeley Church, co. Gloucester)

suc. by

son by first wife

note

knighted bef. 1322; taken prisoner at the Battle of Boroughbridge 1321/2 and was held on Pevensey Castle until 1326; made joint custodian of the deposed King Edward II 4 Apr 1327, who was taken to Berkeley Castle the next day; relieved of his responsibilities by his fellow custodians, he left Berkeley for Bradley; in the expedition against Scotland 1328; in 1330/1 he was acquitted as an accessory to the murder of King Edward II; Chief Warden of Gloucestershire, Worcestershire and Herefordshire 1336; Marshal of the English Army in France 1342; Captain of the Scottish Marches; Warden and Chief Justice in Eyre south of Trent 1345-48; fought at the Battle of Crecy 1346; on an Embassy to Pope Innocent VI

 

Maurice [de Berkeley], 4th Baron Berkeley

born

1330

mar.

Aug 1338 Elizabeth le Despencer (d. 13 Jul 1389; bur. in St Botolph's Church, London), 1st dau. of Hugh "the Younger" [le Despencer], 1st and de jure 2nd Baron le Despencer, by his wife Lady Eleanor de Clare, sister of the whole blood and cohrss. of Gilbert [de Clare], 7th Earl of Gloucester, and 1st dau. of Gilbert [de Clare], 6th Earl of Gloucester, by his second wife the Princess Joan "of Acre", 2nd surv. dau. by his first wife of King Edward I

children

1. Sir Thomas de Berkeley, later 5th Baron Berkeley

2. Sir James de Berkeley, of Raglan, co. Monmouth (d. 14 Jun 1405), mar. Elizabeth Bluet, dau. and hrss. of Sir John Bluet, of Raglan, co. Monmoth, and had issue:

1. Sir James de Berkeley, later 1st Baron Berkeley

3. John de Berkeley (dsp.)

4. Maurice de Berkeley, mar. Joan ....., and had issue

died

8 Jun 1368 (bur. with his mother in St Augustine's Priory, Bristol)

suc. by

son

note

a commander in Gascony 1355; severely wounded and taken prisoner at the Battle of Poitiers 1356

 

Thomas [de Berkeley], 5th Baron Berkeley

born

5 Jan 1352/3

mar.

Nov 1367 Margaret de Lisle, de jure suo jure Baroness Lisle of Kingston Lisle and Baroness Teyes (b. c. 1360; d. 20 Mar 1391/2; bur. at Wotton-under-Edge, co. Gloucester), only dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Warin [de Lisle], 2nd Baron Lisle of Kingston Lisle and Baron Teyes, by his wife Margaret Pipard, dau. and cohrss. of Sir William Pipard

died

s.p.m. 13 Jul 1417; bur. at Wotton-under-Edge, co. Gloucester)

suc. by

daughter

note

served in the wars in France, Spain, Brittany and Scotland 1378-85; Privy Councillor to King Richard II and to King Henry IV; Admiral of the South and West 1403; Joint Warden of the Welsh Marches 1404; a Regent of the Kingdom 1416

 

Elizabeth de Berkeley, suo jure Baroness Berkeley, Baroness Lisle of Kingston Lisle and Baroness Teyes

born

c. 1385

mar.

bef. 5 Oct 1397 as his first wife Richard [de Beauchamp], 13th Earl of Warwick

children

1. Lady Margaret de Beauchamp (b. 1404; d. 14 Jun 1467), mar. 6 Sep 1425 as his second wife John [Talbot], 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, and had issue

2. Lady Alianor de Beauchamp (d. 6 Mar 1467), mar. (1) Thomas [de Ros], 8th Baron Ros, (2) 1435 Edmund [Beaufort], 1st Duke of Somerset, and (3) Walter Rodesley, and had issue by her first and second husbands

3. Lady Elizabeth de Beauchamp (d. c. 1480), mar. George [Nevill], 1st Baron Latymer, and had issue

died

s.p.m. 28 Dec 1422

note

 

 

On the death of the Countess of Warwick in 1422 the Barony of Berkeley (as well as the Baronies of Lisle of Kingston and Teyes) fell into abeyance between her three daughters.

 

On the death of the 5th Baron Berkeley the Castle of Berkeley and other estates passed to his nephew, James de Berkeley, under the terms of the existing entail, despite the efforts of the Countess of Warwick to retain possession of the castle.

 

 First written

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