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Berkeley, Baron (E, 1421)

 

Creation: writ sum. 20 Oct 1421

 

Family name: Berkeley later Milman later Foley later Foley Berkeley later Gueterbock

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Arms:

Quarterly: 1st and 4th, Azure a Snake nowed Or between three Sinister Gauntlets open Argent (Milman); 2nd and 3rd, Gules a Chevron between ten Crosses Pate six in chief and four in base Argent (Berkeley)

Supporters:

On either side a Lion Argent the sinister collared chained and ducally crowned Or

Motto:

Dieu Avec Nous (God with us)

 

Arms as borne by Eva Mary [Milman later Foley], suo jure Baroness Berkeley

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James [de Berkeley], 1st Baron Berkeley

only son and heir of Sir James Berkeley, of Raglan, co. Monmouth (by his wife Elizabeth Bluet, dau. and hrss. of Sir John Bluet, of Raglan, co. Monmouth), 2nd son of Maurice [de Berkeley], 4th Baron Berkeley, by his wife Elizabeth le Despencer, 1st dau. of Hugh "the Younger" [le Despencer], 1st and de jure 2nd Baron le Despencer

born

c. 1394

mar. (1)

Apr 1410 ..... St John, dau. of Sir John St John

mar. (2)

1415 ..... Stafford (dsp.), dau. of Humphrey Stafford, of Hooke, co. Dorset

mar. (3)

1423/4 Lady Isabel Ferrers (widow of Sir Henry Ferrers, 1st son and heir ap. by his first wife of William [de Ferrers], 5th Baron Ferrers of Groby ;  d. 27 Sep 1452; bur. in the Church of the Greyfriars, Gloucester), 2nd dau. and cohrss. in her issue of Thomas [de Mowbray], 1st Duke of Norfolk, by his second wife Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan, sister and cohrss. of Thomas [FitzAlan], 12th or 5th Earl of Arundel, and 1st dau. by his first wife of Richard [FitzAlan], 11th or 4th Earl of Arundel

children by third wife

1. Sir William de Berkeley, later 2nd Baron Berkeley later 1st Viscount Berkeley later 1st Earl of Nottingham later 1st Marquess of Berkeley

2. Sir Maurice de Berkeley, later 3rd Baron Berkeley

3. James de Berkeley (d. in France)

4. Thomas de Berkeley, of Durnsley, co. Gloucester (d. 1484), mar. Margaret Guy, dau. of Richard Guy, of Minsterworth, co. Devon, and was ancestor of the Berkeleys of Spetchley, co. Worcester, who inherited Berkeley Castle in 1942 on the death of the 8th and last Earl of Berkeley

mar. (4)

aft. 25 Jul 1457 Lady Joan Talbot (mar. (2) bef. 26 May 1474 Edmund Hungerford), dau. of John [Talbot], 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, by his first wife Maud de Nevill, suo jure Baroness Furnivall, only child by his first wife of Thomas [Nevill], jure uxoris 5th and 4th Baron Furnival

died

Nov 1463 (bur. at Berkeley, co. Gloucester)

created

by writ of summons 20 Oct 1421 Baron Berkeley

suc. by

son by third wife

note

knighted 1426

 

William [de Berkeley], 2nd Baron Berkeley later 1st Viscount Berkeley later 1st Earl of Nottingham later 1st Marquess of Berkeley

born

1426

mar. (1)

1466 (div. 1467) Hon Elizabeth West, dau. of Reginald [West], 6th Baron de la Warr, by his wife Margaret Thorley, dau. of Robert Thorley

mar. (2)

Nov 1468 Joan Willoughby (widow of Sir William Willoughby;  d. 24 Feb 1484; bur. in St Augustine's Friars, London), dau. of Sir Thomas Strangways, by his wife Lady Catherine Nevill, 1st dau. by his second wife of Ralph [Nevill], 1st Earl of Westmorland

children by second wife:

1. Sir Thomas de Berkeley KB (b. Mar 1469/70; dvp. shortly after Jun 1475)

1. Katherine de Berkeley (d. young)

mar. (3)

c.1486 Anne Fienes (mar. (2) Sir Thomas Brandon KG;  d. 10 Sep 1497; bur. in St George's Chapel, Windsor), dau. of Sir Thomas Fienes (by his wife Alice FitzHugh, 1st dau. of Henry [FitzHugh], 5th Baron FitzHugh), 1st son and heir ap. of Sir Richard Fiennes, of Hurstmonceaux. co. Sussex, jure uxoris 7th Baron Dacre, by his wife Joan de Dacre, suo jure Baroness Dacre

died

s.p.s. 14 Feb 1491/2 (bur. in St Augustine's Friars, London)

created

21 Apr 1481 Viscount Berkeley

28 Jun 1483 Earl of Nottingham

19 Feb 1485/6 Earl Marshal and Great Marshal of England

28 Jan 1488/9 Marquess of Berkeley

suc. by

brother

note

was in the retinue of Cardinal Beaufort in Calais 1438; knighted 1438; petitioned the Crown against the claims of Margaret, Countess of Shrewsbury, and the other heirs-general of his great uncle, Thomas, 5th Baron Berkeley, to the Berkeley estates; following the death of the Countess in 1468 he was challenged by her grandson and heir, Thomas, Viscount Lisle, to settle the claim by mortal combat - the fought at Nibley Green on 20 Mar 1469/70 and the Viscount was slain; Knight of the Bath at the investiture of Edward, Prince of Wales 1475; on the marriage of Lady Anne Mowbray to Richard, Duke of York, in 1477/8 he gave up his right to a reversion in a moiety in her estates if she died without issue in favour of King Edward IV and his male issue in return for a payment of 34,000; Privy Councillor 1482/3; as coheirs, he and his cousin Lord Howard shared the vast estates of the Mowbray family, Lord Howard being created Duke of Norfolk and Lord Berkeley being created Earl of Nottingham; Joint Lord High Steward and Earl Marshal at the Coronation of King Henry VII 1485; Earl Marshal and Great Marshal of England with remainder to the heirs male of his body 1485/6; Joint Lord High Steward at the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Consort 1487; settled the Castle and honour of Berkeley, the Barony of Bedford, the Barony of Gower, and the greater part of his manors and lands in England, Wales and Ireland, on himself in tail general, with remainder to the King in tail male failing which to his own right heirs 1487; on his death the Viscountcy of Berkeley, the Earldom of Nottingham and the Marquessate of Berkeley became extinct

 

Maurice [de Berkeley], 3rd Baron Berkeley

born

c.1435

mar.

1465 Isabel Mead (b. c. 1444; d. after 29 May 1514; bur. in the Austin Friars' Church, London), sister and hrss. of Thomas Mead, of Thornbury, co. Gloucester, and Wraxall, Ashton, Bedminster and Tickenham, co. Somerset, and dau. of Philip Mead, of Mead's Place, Wraxall, co. Somerset, Alderman and Mayor of Bristol, by his wife Isabel .....

children

1. Sir Maurice Berkeley, later 4th Baron Berkeley

2. Sir Thomas Berkeley, later 5th Baron Berkeley

died

Sep 1506 (bur. in the Austin Friars' Church, London)

suc. by

son

note

a Knight of the Body to king Edward IV; although totally disinherited by his brother he had managed to recover by the time of his death almost 50 manors and lands which his brother had alienated in an illegal manner

 

Maurice [Berkeley], 4th Baron Berkeley

born

1467

mar.

after 28 Jan 1484/5 Katharine Berkeley (d.c.1526; bur. at Yate, co. Gloucester), dau. of Sir William Berkeley, of Stoke Giffard, co. Gloucester, by his wife Ann Stafford, dau. of Sir Humphrey Stafford

died

s. p. legit. 12 Sep 1523 (bur. in the Trinity Chapel, Calais, France)

suc. by

brother

note

Keeper of Kingswood Forest 1508; Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King Henry VIII 1509; Sheriff of Gloucestershire 1509-10 and 1515-16; Sheriff of Leicestershire and Warwickshire 1516-17; Knight of the Body to King Henry VIII 1512; Marshal of the Army for Spain 1512; Captain of the Army in France 1513 and 1523; Lieutenant of Calais 1520

 

Thomas [Berkeley], 5th Baron Berkeley

born

1472

mar. (1)

1504/5 Eleanor Ingleby (b. c. 1485; widow of John Ingleby, of Ripley, co. York;  d. 1525; bur. in St Augustine's Priory, Bristol), dau. of Sir Marmaduke Constable, of Flamborough, co. York, by his second wife Joyce Stafford, dau. of Sir Humphrey Stafford, of Grafton, co. Gloucester

only child by first wife

1. Hon Sir Thomas Berkeley, later 6th Baron Berkeley

1. Hon Joan Berkeley (d. 31 Mar 1563), mar. Sir Nicholas Poyntz, of Iron Acton, co. Gloucester, Sheriff of Gloucestershire (d. bef. 8 Jul 1557), 1st son and heir of Sir Anthony Poyntz, of Iron Acton, co. Gloucester, by his wife Elizabeth Huddersfield, dau. of Sir William Huddersfield, and had issue

2. Hon Muriel Berkeley (d. 1542), mar. c 1527 as his first wife Sir Robert Throckmorton MP, of Coughton Court, co. Warwick (b. c. 1513; d. 12 Feb 1581), 1st son and heir of Sir George Throckmorton, of Coughton Court, co. Warwick, by his wife Hon Katherine Vaux, dau. of Nicholas [Vaux], 1st Baron Vaux of Harrowden, by his first wife Hon Elizabeth Parr, widow of Sir William Parr KG, of Kendal, co. Westmorland, and 3rd dau. of Henry [FitzHugh], 5th Baron FitzHugh, and had issue

mar. (2)

1526 Cicely Rowdon (widow of Richard Rowdon, of Gloucester; d. betw. Jul 1558 and Nov 1558; bur. in St Augustine's Priory, Bristol), dau. and cohrss. of ..... Arnold, of Gloucester

died

22 Jan 1532/3 (bur. in St Augustine's Priory, Bristol)

suc. by

son by first wife

note

in command at the Battle of Flodden 1513; knighted 1513; Constable of Berkeley Castle 1514; Sheriff of Gloucestershire 1522-23

 

Thomas [Berkeley], 6th Baron Berkeley

born

1505

mar. (1)

1526 Lady Mary Hastings (dsp. Mar 1532/3), dau. of George [Hastings], 1st Earl of Huntingdon, by his wife Lady Ann Stafford, 2nd dau. of Henry [Stafford], 2nd Duke of Buckingham

mar. (2)

Apr 1533 Anne Savage (b. c. 1516; d. Oct 1564; bur. in St Michael's Church, Coventry, co. Warwick), dau. of Sir John Savage, of Frodsham, co. Chester, by his wife Anne Bostock, dau. of Ralph Bostock

children by second wife

1. Hon Henry Berkeley, later 7th Baron Berkeley

2. Hon Elizabeth Berkeley (b. 1534; dsp. 1 Sep 1582; bur. in Westminster Abbey), mar. c.1559 as his first wife (sep. 1564) Thomas [Butler], 10th Earl of Ormonde and 3rd Earl of Ossory

died

19 Sep 1534 (bur. at Stone, near Aylesbury, co. Buckingham)

suc. by

son by second wife

note

Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of Queen Anne Boleyn 1533; Constable and Porter of Berkeley Castle and Keeper of the Park 1532/3

 

Henry [Berkeley], 7th Baron Berkeley

born

posthumously 26 Nov 1534

mar. (1)

Sep 1554 Lady Katharine Howard (b. c. 1538; d. 7 Apr 1596; bur. in the Drapers' Chapel, St Michael's Church, Coventry, co. Warwick), 3rd dau. of Lord Henry Howard KG, styled Earl of Surrey (by his wife Lady Frances de Vere, 3rd dau. of John [de Vere], 15th Earl of Oxford), 1st son and heir ap. by his second wife of Thomas [Howard], 3rd Duke of Norfolk

children by first wife

1. Hon Sir Thomas Berkeley KB (b. 11 Jul 1575; dvp. 22 Nov 1611; bur. in St Michael's Church, Coventry, co. Warwick), mar. Hon Elizabeth Carey, only child and sole hrss. of George [Carey], 2nd Baron Hunsdon, by his wife Elizabeth Spencer, dau. of Sir John Spencer, of Althorp. co. Northampton, and had issue:

1a. George Berkeley, later 8th Baron Berkeley

2. Hon Ferdinando Berkeley (dsp.)

1. Hon Jane Berkeley (dsp.)

2. Hon Frances Berkeley (b. c. 1564; d. 29 Dec 1595; bur. at Bredon on the Hill, co. Leicester), mar. c, 21 Feb 1586/7 as his first wife Sir George Shirley, 1st Bt., of Staunton Harold, co. Leicester, and had issue

3. Hon Mary Berkeley, mar. Sir John Zouche, of Codnor, co. Derby (d. 1610/1), and had issue

4. Hon Catherine Berkeley (dsp.)

mar. (2)

9 Mar 1597/8 Jane Townshend (widow of Sir Roger Townshend;  d. 3 Jan 1617/8), sister of John [Stanhope], 1st Baron Stanhope of Harrington, and dau. of Sir Michael Stanhope, of Shelford, co. Nottingham, by his wife Ann Rawson, dau. of Nicholas Rawson, of Aveley, co. Essex

died

26 Nov 1613 (bur. at Berkeley, co. Gloucester)

suc. by

grandson

note

on the death in 1553 of King Edward VI, the last male heir of King Henry VII, he suc. under the entail of 1488 to Berkeley Castle and many other estates; Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of Queen Mary 1553; Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire 1603-13

 

George [Berkeley], 8th Baron Berkeley

born

7 Oct 1601

mar.

13 Apr 1614 Elizabeth Stanhope (b. 21 Dec 1604), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of his step-grandmother's brother Sir Michael Stanhope, of Sudbury, co. Suffolk, by his wife Anne Reade, dau. of Sir William Reade, of Osterley, co. Middlesex

children

1. Hon Charles Berkeley, drowned in the English Channel (dvp. 27 Jan 1640/1)

2. Hon George Berkeley, later 9th Baron Berkeley later 1st Earl of Berkeley

died

10 Aug 1658 (bur. at Cranford, co. Middlesex)

suc. by

son

note

Knight of the Bath at the creation of Charles, Prince of Wales 1616

 

George [Berkeley], 9th Baron Berkeley later 1st Earl of Berkeley, PC

created

11 Sep 1679 Viscount Dursley and Earl of Berkeley

 

The Barony of Berkeley was held by the Earls of Berkeley from 11 Sep 1679 until 27 Aug 1882, when on the death of Thomas Moreton Fitzhardinge [Berkeley], 6th Earl of Berkeley, 14th Baron Berkeley, etc., the Earldom of Berkeley devolved on his cousin, George Lennox Rawdon Berkeley, but the Barony of Berkeley devolved on his niece

 

Louisa Mary Berkeley later Milman, suo jure Baroness Berkeley

only child of Hon Craven Fitzhardinge Berkeley (by his first wife Augusta St Paul, illegit. dau. of Sir Horace St Paul, Bt.), 2nd son of Frederick Augustus [Berkeley], 5th Earl of Berkeley

born

28 May 1840

mar.

3 Apr 1872 Maj Gen Gustavus Hamilton Lockwood Milman (d. 28 Mar 1915), 4th son of Lt Gen Francis Miles Milman (by his wife Maria Margaretta Morgan, 1st dau. of Sir Charles Morgan, 2nd Bt. MP, of Tredegar, co. Monmouth), 2nd son of Sir Francis Milman, 1st Bt., of Levaton, co. Devon

only child

1. Hon Eva Mary FitzHardinge Milman, later suo jure Baroness Berkeley

died

10 Dec 1899

suc. by

daughter

note

the Barony of Berkeley was confirmed on her by letters patent dated 12 Jun 1893

 

Hon Eva Mary FitzHardinge Milman later Foley, suo jure Baroness Berkeley, MBE

born

4 Mar 1875

mar.

5 Aug 1903 Col Frank Wigram Foley CBE DSO (d. 7 Oct 1949), 4th son of Capt Edward Foley RN

children

1. Hon Mary Lalle Foley, later suo jure Baroness Berkeley

2. Hon Cynthia Ella Foley (b. 31 Jan 1909; d. 1991), mar. 4 Aug 1937 Brig Ernest Adolphus Leopold Gueterbock, of The Plough, Terrick, co. Buckingham (d. 1984), yst. son of Alfred Gueterbock, of Bowden, co. Chester, and had issue:

1a. Anthony FitzHardinge Gueterbock, later 18th Baron Berkeley

died

4 Dec 1964

 

On her death the Barony of Berkeley fell into abeyance between her two daughters, Hon Mary Lalle Foley later Foley Berkeley and Hon Mrs Cynthia Ella Gueterbock, and so continued until 5 Apr 1967, when the abeyance was terminated in favour of the elder,

 

Mary Lalle [Foley later Foley Berkeley], suo jure Baroness Berkeley

born

9 Oct 1905

died

17 Oct 1992

suc. by

nephew

 

Anthony FitzHardinge [Gueterbock], 18th Baron Berkeley, OBE

born

20 Sep 1939

mar. (1)

10 Jul 1965 (div. 1994) Diana Christine Townsend, 1st dau. of Eric William John Townsend, of Shaldon, co. Devon

children by first wife

1. Hon Thomas FitzHardinge Gueterbock (b. 5 Jan 1969), mar. 1995 Helen Ruth Walsh, 1st dau. of Lt-Cdr Brian Walsh RN

2. Hon Robert William Gueterbock (b. 22 Dec 1970)

1. Hon Philippa Louise Gueterbock (b. 1975)

mar. (2)

8 May 1999 Julia Clarke, only dau. of Michael Clarke

created

18 Apr 2000 Baron Gueterbock, of Cranford in the London Borough of Hillingdon (Life Peerage)

 

 Last updated 20 Apr 2003

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Titles:

18th Baron Berkeley

(England, writ sum. 20 Oct 1421)

Baron Gueterbock, of Cranford in the London Borough of Hillingdon

(United Kingdom Life Peerage, let. pat. 18 Apr 2000)

 

Address:

c/o House of Lords, London SW1A 0PW

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Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

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