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Berkeley, Earl of (E, 1679 - 1942)

 

Creation: let. pat. 11 Sep 1679

 

Extinct: 27 Aug 1882

 

Family name: Berkeley

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Arms:

Gules a Chevron between ten Crosses Pattée six in chief and four in base Argent

Crest:

A Mitre Gules labelled and garnished Or charges with a Chevron and Crosses Pattée as in the arms

Supporters:

On either side a Lion Or the sinister ducally crowned Gules collared and chained Gold

Motto:

Dieu Avec Nous (God is with us)

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George [Berkeley], 9th Baron Berkeley later 1st Earl of Berkeley, PC

1st surv. son and heir of George [Berkeley], 8th Baron Berkeley, by his wife Elizabeth Stanhope, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Sir Michael Stanhope, of Sudbury, co. Suffolk

born

c.1627

mar.

11 Aug 1646 Elizabeth Massingberd (bur. 10 Dec 1708), dau. and cohrss. of John Massingberd, of London, Treasurer of the East India Company, by his wife Cecilia Pettit, dau. of Thomas Pettit, of London

children

1. Hon Charles Berkeley, later 10th Baron Berkeley later 2nd Earl of Berkeley

2. Rev Hon George Berkeley, Prebendary of Westminster (dspm. 1694), mar. Jane Cole, dau. of George Cole, and had issue

1. Lady Elizabeth Berkeley (d. 1681), mar. William Smith, barrister, of the Inner Temple, and had issue

2. Lady Theophila Berkeley (b. 1703), mar. (1) Sir Kingsmill Lucy, 2nd Bt., and (2) Robert Nelson, and had issue by her first husband

3. Lady Arabella Berkeley, mar. Sir William Pulteney, son and heir of Sir William Pulteney, Bt., of Misterton, and had issue

4. Lady Mary Berkeley (d. 19 May 1719), mar. (1) Ford [Grey], 1st Earl of Tankerville, and (2) aft. 22 May 1712 as his second wife Richard Rooth, of Epsom, co. Surrey, and had issue by her first husband

5. Lady Henrietta Berkeley (b. c. 1665; d. unm.)

6. Lady Arethusa Berkeley (d. 11 Feb 1742/3), mar. bef. 12 May 1688 as his second wife Hon Charles Boyle, styled Viscount Dungarvan later 3rd Baron Clifford (bapt. 12 Dec 1639; dvp. 12 Oct 1694), 1st son and heir ap. of Richard [Boyle], 2nd Earl of Cork, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Clifford, suo jure Baroness Clifford, only child of Henry [Clifford], 5th Earl of Cumberland, and had issue

died

14 Oct 1698

created

11 Sep 1679 Viscount Dursley and Earl of Berkeley

suc. by

son

note

suc. his father 10 Aug 1658 as 9th Baron Berkeley; Custos Rotulorum of Gloucestershire 1660-89 and of Surrey 1689-98; Governor of the Levant Company 1673-96; Privy Counsellor 1678-79 and 1685-88/9; Master of the Trinity House 1681-82

 

Charles [Berkeley], 10th Baron Berkeley later 2nd Earl of Berkeley, PC

born

8 Apr 1649

mar.

16 Aug 1677 Hon Elizabeth Noel (d. 30 Jul 1719), sister of Edward [Noel], 1st Earl of Gainsborough, and dau. of Baptist [Noel], 3rd Viscount Campden, by his third wife Hon Hester Wotton, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Thomas [Wotton], 2nd Baron Wotton

children

1. Hon Charles Berkeley, styled Viscount Dursley (b. 17 Jun 1679; dvp. 1 Jun 1699)

2. Hon James Berkeley, later 11th Baron Berkeley later 3rd Earl of Berkeley

3. Col Hon Henry Berkeley MP (b. 1690), mar. Mary Cornwall, only dau. of Henry Cornwall, of Bredwardine Castle, co. Hereford

4. Hon George Berkeley MP, Master of St Katherine's Hospital (dsp. 29 Oct 1746), mar. 26 Jun 1735 Henrietta Howard, a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Caroline (widow of Charles [Howard], 9th Earl of Suffolk; d. 26 Jul 1767), sister of John [Hobart], 1st Earl of Buckinghamshire, and 1st dau. of Sir Henry Hobart, 4th Bt., of Blickling, co. Norfolk

1. Lady Elizabeth Berkeley (dsps. 1769), mar. as his second wife Sir John Germaine, 1st and last Bt., of Drayton, co. Northampton

2. Lady Mary Berkeley, mar. Thomas Chambers, of Hanworth, co. Middlesex, and had issue

3. Lady Penelope Berkeley (d. unm.)

died

24 Sep 1710

suc. by

son

note

Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King Charles 1661; Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Cosmo III, Grand Duke of Tuscany 1675; Member of the Committee of the Levant Company 1678-79 and of the East India Company 1699-1705; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Gloucester 1679-81; Envoy to Madrid 1689; sum. to Parliament v.p. 11 Jul 1689 in his father's Barony of Berkeley; Envoy to the States of Holland 1689-95; Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire 1694-1710 and of Surrey 1702-10; Privy Councillor 1694; High Steward of Gloucester 1695; Constable of St Briavel's Castle and Warden of the Forest of Dean 1697-1710; a Lord Justice and Governor of Ireland 1699-1700

 

James [Berkeley], 11th Baron Berkeley later 3rd Earl of Berkeley, KG PC

born

 

mar.

13 Feb 1710/1 Lady Louisa Lennox, a Lady of the Bedchamber to Caroline, Princess of Wales 1714 (b. 24 Dec 1694; d. 15 Jan 1716/7), 1st dau. of Charles [Lennox], 1st Duke of Richmond, by his wife Lady Anne Belaysyse, widow of Henry [Belaysyse, 2nd Baron Belaysyse of Worlaby, and 3rd dau. of Hon Francis Brudenell, styled Lord Brudenell, 1st son and hr. ap. of Robert [Brudenell], 2nd Earl of Cardigan

only child

1. Hon Augustus Berkeley, later 4th Earl of Berkeley

died

17 Aug 1736

suc. by

son

note

Captain RN 1701, Vice Admiral of the Blue 1707/8 and of the Red 1709; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Gloucester 1701-02; sum. to Parliament v.p. 5 Mar 1704/5 in his father's Barony of Berkeley; Lord Lieutenant of Gloucester, High Steward of Gloucester, Constable of St Briavel's Castle and Warden of the Forest of Dean 1710-12 and 1714-36; a Lord of the Bedchamber 1714-27; Master of the Trinity House 1715-19 and Elder Brother 1715-36; Privy Councillor 1717; First Lord of the Admiralty 1717-27; Vice Admiral of Great Britain 1717/8-36; a Lord Justice of the Realm 1719, 1720, 1726 and 1727; Knight of the Garter 1718

 

Augustus [Berkeley], 4th Earl of Berkeley, KT

born

18 Feb 1715/6

mar.

7 May 1744 Elizabeth Drax, a Lady of the Bedchamber to the Princess of Wales 1745 (mar. (2) 2 Jan 1757 as his third wife Robert [Nugent], 1st Earl Nugent; d. 29 Jun 1792), 1st dau. of Henry Drax, of Ellerton Abbey, co. York, by his wife Elizabeth Ernle, only dau. and hrss. of Sir Edward Ernle, 3rd Bt., of Brimslade Park, co. Wiltshire

children

1. Hon Frederick Augustus Berkeley, later 5th Earl of Berkeley

2. Adm Hon Sir George Cranfield Berkeley GCB RN (b. 10 Aug 1753; d. 25 Feb 1818), mar. 23 Aug 1784 his second cousin Emily Charlotte Lennox, 2nd dau. of Lord George Henry Lennox MP (by his wife and fourth cousin once removed Lady Louisa Kerr, 1st dau. of William Henry [Kerr], 4th Marquess of Lothian), 2nd son of Charles [Lennox], 2nd Duke of Richmond, and had issue:

1a. Gen Sir George Henry Frederick Berkeley KCB (b. 9 Jul 1785; d. 25 Sep 1857), mar. Mar 1815 Lucy Sutton (d. 13 Feb 1870), 1st dau. and cohrss. of Sir Thomas Sutton, 1st and last Bt., of Molesey, co. Surrey, and had issue:

1b. Col Charles Assheton FitzHardinge Berkeley CB (b. 10 Oct 1818; d. 25 Sep 1858)

2b. Alexander Henry Hastings Berkeley (b. 19 Aug 1824; dvp. 8 Jun 1854)

3b. George Lennox Rawdon Berkeley, later de jure 7th Earl of Berkeley

1b. Caroline Mary Berkeley (b. 27 Dec 1815; d. 29 Dec 1882), mar. 30 Sep 1838 Gen Randal Rumley (d. 13 Sep 1884)

2a. Grenville Charles Lennox Berkeley (b. 30 Mar 1806; d. 30 Mar 1896), mar. 15 May 1827 Augusta Elizabeth Leigh (d. 4 May 1877), sister of Chandos [Leigh], 1st Baron Leigh, and yst. dau. of James Henry Leigh, of Adlestrop, co. Gloucester, and Stoneleigh, co. Warwick, by his wife and cousin Hon Julia Judith Twisleton, 1st dau. of Thomas [Twisleton], 7th Baron Say and Sele, and had issue:

1b. Alice Berkeley (d. 9 Apr 1914)

2b. Georgiana Louisa Berkeley (dsp. 22 Dec 1919), mar. 3 Apr 1877 Sydney Kerr Buller Atherley (dsp. 27 Feb 1878)

1a. Anne Louise Emily Berkeley (d. 2 Nov 1877), mar. (1) 1807 Vice Admiral Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy, Bt. GCB, and (2) 2 Oct 1840 as his second wife Charles Rose [Ellis], 1st Baron Seaford, and had issue by her first husband

2a. Georgiana Mary Berkeley (d. 20 Aug 1878), mar. 26 Feb 1811 Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Francis Seymour GCB GCH RN (b. 17 Sep 1787; d. 20 Jan 1870), 1st son and heir of Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour RN (by his wife Lady Anne Horatio Waldegrave, 3rd dau. and cohrss. by his second wife of James [Waldegrave], 2nd Earl Waldegrave), 5th son of Francis [Seymour-Conway], 1st Marquess of Hertford, and had issue

3a. Mary Caroline Berkeley (b. 18 Jun 1795;  d. 10 Sep 1873), mar. 20 Jun 1812 Henry [FitzRoy], 5th Duke of Grafton, and had issue

1. Lady Georgiana Augusta Berkeley (b. 18 Sep 1749; d. 24 Jan 1820), mar. (1) 20 Apr 1766 as his second wife George [Forbes], 5th Earl of Granard, and (2) Jan 1781 Rev Samuel Little DD, and had issue by her first husband

2. Lady Elizabeth Berkeley (b. 17 Dec 1750; d. 13 Jan 1828), mar. (1) 10 May 1767 William [Craven], 6th Baron Craven, and (2) 13 Oct 1791 HSH Christian Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Anspach-Bayreuth (d. 5 Jan 1806), and had issue by her first husband

died

9 Jan 1755

suc. by

son

note

Ensign 1734, Lt Col 1737 and Col 1745; Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire and Constable of St Briavel's Castle 1737-55; Knight of the Thistle 1739

 

Frederick Augustus [Berkeley], 5th Earl of Berkeley

born

24 May 1745

mar.

30 May 1785 or 16 May 1796 Mary Cole (d. 30 Oct 1844), dau. of William Cole, of Wotton, nr. Gloucester, "publican and butcher"

children

1. William FitzHardinge Berkeley, later 1st Baron Segrave later 1st Earl FitzHardinge

2. Maurice Frederick FitzHardinge Berkeley, later 1st Baron FitzHardinge

3. Augustus FitzHardinge Berkeley (b. 26 Mar 1789), mar. Oct 1815 Mary Dashwood-King, 1st dau. of Sir John Dashwood-King, 3rd Bt, of West Wycombe, co.Buckingham, and had issue

4. Francis Henry FitzHardinge Berkeley (b. 7 Dec 1794)

5. Hon Thomas Moreton FitzHardinge Berkeley, later de jure 6th Earl of Berkeley

6. Hon George Charles Grantley FitzHardinge Berkeley, MP for West Gloucestershire 1832-52 (b. 10 Feb 1800; dsps. 20 Feb 1881), mar. 16 Aug 1824 Caroline Martha Benfield, yst. dau. of Paul Benfield, and had issue:

1a. Swinburne FitzHardinge Berkeley (b. 20 Oct 1825; dsp. and vp. 31 Dec 1865), mar. 4 Mar 1862 Eliza Maria Dixon (widow of Edward Dixon), dau. of John Gray

2a. Capt Edward Stratton FitzHardinge Berkeley (b. 16 Jul 1827; dvp. 28 May 1878)

7. Hon Craven FitzHardinge Berkeley (b. May 1805; dspm. 1 Jul 1855), mar. (1) Augusta Talbot (widow of George Henry Talbot; d. 25 May 1841), illeg. dau. of Sir Horace St Paul, Bt., and (2) 27 Aug 1845 Charlotte Newton (widow of George Newton; d. 25 Jan 1897), dau. of Gen Denzil Onslow, and had issue by his first wife:

1a. Louisa Mary Berkeley, later suo jure Baroness Berkeley

1. Maria FitzHardinge Berkeley (b. 2 Apr 1790)

2. Henrietta FitzHardinge Berkeley (b. 13 Jun 1793)

3. Lady Mary Henrietta Berkeley (b. 4 Oct 1801; d. 19 Nov 1873)

4. Lady Caroline FitzHardinge Berkeley (b. 12 Apr 1803; d. 20 Jan 1886), mar. 24 Dec 1829 James Maxse (d. 3 Mar 1864), and had issue

5. Lady Emma Elizabeth Berkeley (b. 30 Apr 1807; d. 30 Mar 1895), mar. 10 Aug 1839 Col Sydney Augustus Capel (d. 1872), and had issue

died

8 Aug 1810

suc. by

son

note

Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire, High Steward of Gloucester, Constable of St Briavel's Castle and Warden of the Forest of Dean 1766-1810; Col in the Army 1779 and 1794

 

Following the Earl's death in 1810 the Committee for Privileges looked into the validity of the Earl's first marriage in 1785 (there was no argument that the second marriage in 1796 had taken place at Lambeth Church, co. Surrey in 1796 - interestingly the register styles them "Bachelor" and "Spinster" respectively). The Countess testified on oath that the first marriage had taken place at Berkeley. However the entry in the register was not only out of place but also mainly in the handwriting of the Earl himself. Consequently in 1811 the claim of the eldest son to succeed his father as Earl of Berkeley was not allowed by the Committee for Privileges on the grounds that the alleged marriage of 1785 had not been proved. The Earldom became dormant and was not successfully claimed until 1891.

 

Hon Thomas Morton Fitzhardinge Berkeley, de jure 6th Earl of Berkeley

born

19 Oct 1796

died

27 Aug 1881

suc. by

cousin

note

He was the eldest legitimate son of his parents, being born a few months after their 1796 marriage. He never claimed or established his right to the Earldom. On his death the Barony of Berkeley, being a barony created by writ, passed to his niece Louisa Mary Berkeley as the heir general of the body of the 1st Baron Berkeley; the right to the Earldom of Berkeley and the Viscountcy of Dursley passed to his cousin, George Lennox Fitzhardinge Berkeley, as heir male of the body of the 1st Earl of Berkeley.

 

George Lennox Fitzhardinge Berkeley, de jure 7th Earl of Berkeley

only surv. son and heir of Gen Sir George Henry Frederick Berkeley KCB (by his wife Lucy Sutton, dau. and cohrss. of Sir Thomas Sutton, Bt.), 1st son and heir of Adm Hon Sir George Cranfield Berkeley GCB, 2nd son of Augustus [Berkeley], 4th Earl of Berkeley

born

25 Feb 1827

mar.

22 Feb 1860 Cecile Pellew (former wife of Adm Hon Sir Fleetwood Broughton Reynolds Pellew; d. 1 Nov 1914), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Edward Drummond, Count Drummond de Melfort, by his wife Maria Nasmyth

children

1. Capt Hastings George Fitzhardinge Berkeley RN (b. before his parents' marriage and therefore not in succession to the Earldom of Berkeley), mar., and had issue:

1a. Sir Lennox Randal Berkeley CBE, composer and conductor (b. 1903; d. 1989), mar. 1946 Elizabeth Freda Bernstein, dau. of Isaac Bernstein, and had issue:

1b. Michael Fitzhardinge Berkeley, of 49 Blenheim Crescent, London W11, Artistic Director Cheltenham Music Festival 1995-2004, Director Britten-Pears Foundation since 1996, Governor Royal Ballet Company since 2001 (b. 29 May 1948), mar. 1979 Deborah Jane Coltman-Rogers, dau. of Guy Coltman-Rogers DL, of Stanage Park, co. Radnor, and has an adopted daughter

2b. Julian Lennox Berkeley, of Pottery Cottage, Ham Lane, Ramsdell, co. Hampshire (b. 1950)

3b. Nicholas Eadnoth Berkeley, of Darby House, Burton Bradstock, co. Dorset (b. 1956)

2. Hon Randal Mowbray Thomas Berkeley, later 8th Earl of Berkeley

died

27 Aug 1888

suc. by

son

note

 

 

Randal Mowbray Thomas [Berkeley], 8th Earl of Berkeley

born

30 Jan 1865

mar. (1)

9 Aug 1887 Kate Jackson (widow of Arthur Jackson; dsp. 29 Mar 1898), yst. dau. of William Brand

mar. (2)

8 Nov 1924 Mary Lloyd Lowell (d. 11 Aug 1975), dau. of John Lowell, of Boston, Massachusetts, USA

died

s.p. 15 Jan 1942

note

proved his right to the Earldom of Berkeley, etc. 1891

 

On the death of the 8th Earl of Berkeley the Earldom of Berkeley and Viscountcy of Dursley became extinct. Berkeley Castle passed to a junior line, the Berkeleys of Spetchley, co. Worcester, who descend from a younger son of the 1st Baron Berkeley. The new owner of Berkeley Castle, Capt Robert George Wilmot Berkeley, of Spetchley Park, co. Worcester (b. 23 Apr 1898; d. 1969) was the 13th cousin in the male line of the last Earl of Berkeley.

 

 Last updated 23 Sep 2006

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