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Berkeley of Stratton, Baron (E, 1658 - 1773)

 

Creation: let.pat. 19 May 1658

 

Extinct: 18 Apr 1773

 

Family name: Berkeley

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Arms:

Gules a Chevron Ermine between ten Crosses Pattée Argent

Crest:

A Unicorn passant Gules

Supporters:

On either side a Savage with Clubs over their shoulders and wreathed about the temples and loins with Ivy all proper

Motto:

 Pauca Suspexi Pauciora Dexpexi

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John [Berkeley], 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, PC

5th son of Sir Maurice Berkeley, of Bruton, co. Somerset, by his wife Elizabeth Killigrew, dau. of Sir Henry Killigrew, of Hanworth, co. Middlesex

bapt.

1 Feb 1606/7

mar.

Christian Gayer (bapt. 19 Mar 1638/9;  widow of (1) Hon Henry Rich, styled Lord Kensington (b. 26 Aug 1642; dvp. and sp. 15 Apr 1659), only son and hr. by his first wife of Robert [Rich], 2nd Earl of Holland later 5th Earl of Warwick, and (2) John Gayer, of Stoke Pogis, co. Essex;  d. 27 Aug 1698;  bur. at Twickenham, co. Middlesex), dau. and hrss. of Sir Andrew Riccard, of St Olave's, Hart Street, London, Governor of the Hon East India Company, by his wife Katharine .....

children

1. Hon Charles Berkeley, later 2nd Baron Berkeley of Stratton

2. Hon John Berkeley, later 3rd Baron Berkeley of Stratton

3. Hon William Berkeley, later 4th Baron Berkeley of Stratton

1. Hon Anne Berkeley (b. c. 1665; bur. sp. at Hawsted, co. Suffolk), mar. 3 Sep 1681 as his first wife Sir Dudley Cullum, 3rd Bt., of Hawsted, co. Suffolk

died

28 Aug 1678 (bur. at Twickenham, co. Middlesex)

created

19 May 1658 Baron Berkeley of Stratton, of Stratton in the County of Cornwall

suc. by

son

note

Ambassador to Queen Christina of Sweden 1636/7;  a Commander in the Army against the Scots;  knighted 1639;  Member of Parliament for Heytesbury 1640;  a loyal supporter of King Charles I;  as Commissary General he secured nearly all of Cornwall for the King 1642, winning battles against Parliamentary forces at Bradock, Saltash, Launceston, Stratton and Modbury;  he captured Exeter and became its Governor, although later he had to surrender the city of honourable terms;  with King Charles I on his journey to the Isle of Wight, and after the King's death fled to the Continent with other royalists;  Comptroller of the Duke of York's household 1652;  Commissioner of the Navy 1660-64;  Governor of Galway and Constable of Athlone Castle 1661;  Lord President of Connaught 1662-66;  Privy Councillor 1663;  Chief Commissioner for executing the office of Master General of the Ordnance 1665-70;  Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1669/70-72;  Ambassador to France 1675-76

 

Charles [Berkeley], 2nd Baron Berkeley of Stratton

born

18 Jun 1662

died

6 Mar 1681/2 (bur. at Twickenham, co. Middlesex)

suc. by

brother

note

Capt of HMS Tiger, a man-of-war;  died at sea of smallpox

 

John [Berkeley], 3rd Baron Berkeley of Stratton

born

c. 1660

mar.

8 Mar 1691/2 Jane Martha Temple, a Maid-of-Honour, Governess to the daughters of King George II 1718, 1737 and 1738 (b. 1672;  mar. 12 May 1700 as his second wife William [Bentinck], 1st Earl of Portland;  d. 26 Jun 1751;  bur. at Mortlake, co. Surrey), sister of Henry [Temple], 1st Viscount Palmerston, and 6th dau. of Sir John Temple, of East Sheen, co. Surrey, co. Surrey, and Palmerston, co. Dublin, Solicitor-General, Attorney-General and Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, by his wife Jane Yarner, dau. of Sir Abraham Yarner, of Dublin, Muster-Master-General of Ireland

died

s.p.m.s. 27 Feb 1696/7 (bur. at Twickenham, co. Surrey)

suc. by

brother

note

entered the Navy:  1st Lieut 1685, Capt 1686, Rear Admiral 1688 and Admiral of the Blue 1693;  in action off Bantry Bay 1689;  Col of the 2nd Regiment of Marines and the 4th Regiment of Horse 1692-93;  Groom of the Stole and First Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Prince George of Denmark

 

William [Berkeley], 4th Baron Berkeley of Stratton, PC

born

 

mar.

Frances Temple (d. 16 Jul 1707;  bur. at Twickenham, co. Middlesex), sister of his brother's wife and of Henry [Temple], 1st Viscount Palmerston, and yst. dau. of Sir John Temple, of East Sheen, co. Surrey, co. Surrey, and Palmerston, co. Dublin, Solicitor-General, Attorney-General and Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, by his wife Jane Yarner, dau. of Sir Abraham Yarner, of Dublin, Muster-Master-General of Ireland

children

1. Hon John Berkeley, later 5th Baron Berkeley of Stratton

2. Capt Hon William Berkeley RN, commander of HMS Tiger, a man-of-war (dvp. 25 Mar 1733)

3. Hon Charles Berkeley. of Bruton Abbey, co. Somerset (b. 21 Jun 1701; d. 1765), mar. 1745 Frances West, dau. of Col John West, of Bury St Edmunds, co. Suffolk, and had issue:

1a. Sophia Berkeley (b. 6 Aug 1747; d. 16 Apr 1825), mar. 30 Mar 1769 John [Wodehouse], 1st Baron Wodehouse, and had issue

1. Hon Jane Berkeley (d, unm.)

2. Hon Francis Berkeley (bur. 21 Sep 1757 at Twickenham, co. Middlesex), mar. (1) 3 Dec 1720 as his third wife William [Byron], 4th Baron Byron, and (2) 31 Jul 1740 as his second wife Sir Thomas Hay, 2nd Bt., of Alderston, New Brunswick, and had issue by her first husband

3. Hon Barbara Berkeley, mar. 1726 John Trevanion, of Caerhayes, co. Cornwall, and had issue

4. Hon Anne Berkeley (d. 1739), mar. 1737 John Cocks, Member of Parliament for Reigate, and had issue

died

14 Mar 1740/1 (bur. at Bruton, co. Somerset)

suc. by

son

note

Master of the Rolls [I] 1969-1731;  Privy Councillor [I] c. 1696;  Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1710-14;  Privy Councillor [GB] 1710;  First Lord of Trade and the Plantations 1714-15

 

John [Berkeley], 5th Baron Berkeley of Stratton, PC

born

c. 1697

mar.

Elizabeth ..... (d. c. Dec 1776)

died

s.p. 18 Apr 1773

note

Member of Parliament for Stockbridge 1735-41;  Capt of the Yeomen of the Guard 1743-46;  Privy Councillor 1752;  Treasurer of the Household 1755-56;  Capt of the Gentlemen Pensioners 1756-62;  Constable of the Tower of London and Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets 1762-70

 

On the death of the 5th Baron the Barony of Berkeley of Stratton became extinct.

 

 First written 28 Aug 2008

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