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Bothwell, Earl of (S, 1488 - forfeited 1567)

 

Creation: let.pat. 17 Oct 1488

 

Forfeited: 29 Dec 1567

 

Family name: Hepburn

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Arms:

See Duke of Orkney

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Patrick [Hepburn], 2nd Lord Hailes later 1st Earl of Bothwell

son and heir of Adam Hepburn, Master of Hailes (by his wife Helen Home, sister of Alexander [Home], 1st Lord Home, and dau. of Sir Alexander Home of Home), 1st son and heir ap. of Patrick [Hepburn], 1st Lord Hailes

born

mar. (1)

bef. 1 Feb 1480/1 Lady Janet Douglas (dspm. bef. 21 Feb 1490/1), 1st dau. of James [Douglas], 1st Earl of Morton, by his wife the Princess Jean, 3rd dau. of James I, King of Scotland

children by first wife

1. Lady Jane Hepburn (d. after 10 May 1558), mar. bef. 25 Jan 1506/7 George [Seton], 3rd Lord Seton, and had issue

2. Lady Margaret Hepburn (dsps. 1513), mar. 26 Jun 1509 as his first wife Archibald [Douglas], 6th Earl of Angus

mar. (2)

after 21 Feb 1490/1 Lady Margaret Gordon, 5th dau. of George [Gordon], 2nd Earl of Huntly, by his second wife the Princess Annabel (former wife of Louis of Savoy, Count of Geneva), 6th dau. of James I, King of Scotland, by his wife Lady Joan Beaufort, 1st dau. of John [Beaufort], 1st Earl of Somerset

children by second wife

1. Adam Hepburn, later 2nd Earl of Bothwell

2. Patrick Hepburn of Boltoun, Sheriff of Haddingtonshire 1516, Sheriff of Berwick 1541 (d. 31 Oct 1576), mar. (1) Nicole Herries (widow of Andrew [Herries], 2nd Lord Herries; d. after Jul 1529), 3rd dau. of Alexander [Home], 2nd Lord Home, by his second wife Nichole Ker, 2nd dau. of George Ker of Samuelston, and had issue by both wives

3. William Hepburn of Rollandstoun (d. bef. 25 Mar 1558), mar. Marion Maxwell, and had issue

4. John Hepburn, Bishop of Brechin 1521-58 (d. 1558)

3. Lady Margaret Hepburn (dsps. 1513), mar. after 26 Jun 1509 as his first wife Archibald [Douglas], 6th Earl of Angus

died

18 Oct 1508

created

17 Oct 1488 Earl of Bothwell

suc. by

son by second wife

note

knighted bef. Feb 1480/1; suc. his grandfather as 2nd Lord Hailes 1483; led the vanguard against King James III at the Battle of Sauchieburn 1488; Keeper of the Castle of Edinburgh, Sheriff Principal of the county of Edinburgh, Master of the Household and Lord High Admiral of Scotland 1488; Warden of the West and Middle Marches 1489; in 1491/2 he exchanged the Lordship of Bothwell for the Lordship of Liddisdale and the Castle of the Hermitage ; Captain of Dunbarton Castle 1495

 

Adam [Hepburn], 2nd Earl of Bothwell

born

c. 1492

mar.

aft. 28 Aug 1511 Agnes Stewart (formerly mistress of King James IV; mar. (2) 3 Jun 1514 Alexander [Home], 3rd Lord Home, (3) betw. 1520 and 15 Nov 1525 as his second wife Robert [Maxwell], 4th Lord Maxwell, and (4) bef. 13 Dec 1549 Cuthbert Ramsay, son of Nicholas Ramsay of Dalhousie; she was legitimated 31 Oct 1552 ; d. Feb 1557), illegit. dau. of James [Stewart], 1st Earl of Buchan, by his mistress Margaret Murray

only child

1. Hon Patrick Hepburn, later 3rd Earl of Bothwell

died

9 Sep 1513

suc. by

son

note

suc. his father as Lord High Admiral of Scotland, Sheriff Principal of the county of Edinburgh, etc. 1508; slain at the Battle of Flodden

 

Patrick [Hepburn], 3rd Earl of Bothwell

born

c. 1512

mar. (1)

1533 or 1534 (div. 1543) his cousin Hon Agnes Sinclair (d. after 21 Mar 1572 and bef. 22 Feb 1574/5), dau. of Henry [Sinclair], 3rd Lord Sinclair, by his wife Margaret Hepburn, sister of Patrick [Hepburn], 1st Earl of Bothwell, and dau. of Adam Hepburn, Master of Hailes (by his wife Helen Home, sister of Alexander [Home], 1st Lord Home, and dau. of Sir Alexander Home of Home), son and heir ap. of Patrick [Hepburn], 1st Lord Hailes

children by first wife

1. Hon James Hepburn, later 4th Earl of Bothwell later 1st Duke of Orkney

1. Lady Jean Hepburn (d. bef. 27 Jul 1599), mar. (1) 11 Jan 1561/2 John [Stewart], 1st Lord Darnley, illegit. son of King James V by his mistress Catherine Carmichael, dau. of Sir John Carmichael, (2) betw. 10 Dec 1565 and 16 Jan 1566/7 Hon James Sinclair, Master of Caithness, 1st son and heir ap. of George [Sinclair], 4th Earl of Caithness, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Graham, 2nd dau. of William [Graham], 2nd Earl of Montrose, and (3) Archibald Douglas, Rector of Douglas, and had issue by her first and second husbands

mar. (2)

Margaret Home

died

Sep 1556

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Lord High Admiral of Scotland 1546

 

James [Hepburn], 4th Earl of Bothwell later 1st Duke of Orkney

created

12 May 1567 (Marquess of Fife (?) and) Duke of Orkney

 

The Earldom of Bothwell was held by the 1st Duke of Orkney from 12 May 1557 until 29 Dec 1567, when he and all his honours were forfeited by an Act of the Scottish Parliament. He died, imprisoned in a Norwegian castle, in 1578.

 

First written 12 May 2003

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