Cracroft's Peerage
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Buckingham, Duke of (E, 1444 - 1521)

 

Creation: let.pat. 14 Sep 1444

 

Attainted: 13 May 1521

 

Family name: Stafford

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Garter stall plate of Humphrey [Stafford], 6th Earl of Stafford later 1st Duke of Buckingham, KG

A large quadrangular plate of gilded copper with invected edges, representing

the shield of arms, with silver helm, and mantling, on the dexter side red, on

the sinister side black, lined ermine, and the crest.

 

(Plate LII from W H St John Hope: The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Garter 1348-1485)

 

 

Arms:

Or a Chevron Gules

Crest:

Out of a Ducal Coronet Gules a Swan's Head erect between two Wings elevated Argent

Supporters:

On either side a Swan Argent beaked and legged Sable ducally gorged Gules

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Humphrey [Stafford], 6th Earl of Stafford later 1st Duke of Buckingham, KG

only and heir of Edmund [de Stafford], 5th Earl of Stafford, by his wife Lady Anne Plantagenet, suo jure Countess of Buckingham, Hereford and Northampton, sister of Lord Humphrey Plantagenet, styled Earl of Buckingham, and 1st dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Thomas [Plantagenet], 1st Duke of Gloucester

born

c. 1402

mar.

bef. 18 Oct 1424 Lady Anne Nevill (mar. (2) bef. 5 Nov 1467 Walter [Blount], 1st Baron Mountjoy; d. 20 Sep 1480; bur. at Pleshey, co. Essex), 4th dau. of Ralph [Nevill], 1st Earl of Westmorland, by his second wife Lady Joan Beaufort, legitimated dau. of John "of Gaunt", 1st Duke of Lancaster (by his mistress and later third wife Katherine Swynford, widow of Sir Hugh Swynford, of Kettlethorpe, co. Lincoln, and 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Sir Payn de Roet, Guienne King of Arms), 4th son of King Edward III

children

1. Lord Humphrey Stafford, styled Earl of Stafford (dvp. 22 May 1457/8), mar. 1455 his cousin Lady Margaret Beaufort (mar. (2) Sir Richard Dayrell, of Lillingstone Dayrell, co. Buckingham), 1st dau. and hrss. in her issue of Edmund [Beaufort], 1st Duke of Somerset, by his wife Lady Eleanor de Beauchamp, 2nd dau. by his first wife of Richard [de Beauchamp], 13th Earl of Warwick, and had issue:

1a. Lord Henry Stafford, later 2nd Duke of Buckingham

2. Lord Henry Stafford (d. 4 Oct 1471), mar. as her third husband Lady Margaret Tudor (b. 31 May 1443; widow of (1) John [de la Pole], 2nd Duke of Suffolk, and (2) Edmund [Tudor], 1st Earl of Richmond; mar. (4) bef. Oct 1473 Thomas [Stanley], 1st Earl of Derby; d. 29 Jun 1509), only child of John [Beaufort], 1st Duke of Somerset

3. Lord Edward Stafford

4. Lord George Stafford

5. Lord William Stafford

6. Lord John Stafford, later 1st Earl of Wiltshire

1. Lady Anne Stafford (d. c. 14 Apr 1472), mar. (1) Apr 1460 Sir Aubrey de Vere (dsp. 20 Feb 1461/2), 1st son and heir ap. of John [de Vere], 12th Earl of Oxford, and (2) Sir Thomas de Cobham, de jure 5th Baron Cobham of Sterborough, 2nd son of Sir Reginald de Cobham, de jure 3rd Baron Cobham of Sterborough (by his first wife Eleanor Colepeper, dau. of Sir Thomas Colepeper, of Ryal), 2nd but 1st surv. son and heir by his second wife of Reynold [de Cobham], 2nd Baron Cobham of Sterborough, and had issue by her second husband

2. Lady Joan Stafford, mar. (1) bef. 4 Mar 1461 (div. 1477) as his first wife William [Beaumont], 2nd Viscount Beaumont, and (2) c. 1477 as his second wife Sir William Knyvet, of Buckenham, co. Norfolk

3. Lady Catherine Stafford (d. 26 Dec 1476), mar. c. 1467 John [Talbot], 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury, and had issue

died

10 Jul 1460

created

14 Sep 1444 Duke of Buckingham

suc. by

grandson

note

suc. his father 21 Jul 1403 as 6th Earl of Stafford; knighted 1421; Privy Councillor 1424; Knight of the Garter 1429; Lieut Gen of Normandy 1430-32; Seneschal of Halton 1439; Capt of Calais and Lieut of the Marches 1442-51; Ambassador to France 1446; grant of special precedence "before all Dukes who might thenceforward be created, excepting descendants of the King's body" 1447; Warden of the Cinque Ports and Constable of Dover and Queenborough Castles 1450; a supporter of the Lancastrian party, killed at the Battle of Northampton

 

Henry [Stafford], 2nd Duke of Buckingham, KG

born

4 Sep 1455

mar.

Lady Katherine Wydville (mar. (2) bef. 7 Nov 1485 Jaspar [Tudor], 1st Duke of Bedford, and (3) Sir Richard Wingfield KG, of Kimbolton Castle, co. Huntingdon; d. bef. 1513), 6th dau. of Richard [Wydville], 1st Earl Rivers, by his wife Jacquetta of Luxembourg, dau. of Pierre of Luxembourg, Count of St Pol

children

1. Lord Edward Stafford, later 3rd Duke of Buckingham

2. Lord Henry Stafford, later 1st Earl of Wiltshire

3. Lord Humphrey Stafford (d. young)

1. Lady Anne Stafford, mar. (1) Sir Walter Herbert (d. 16 Sep 1507), and (2) c. Dec 1509 George [Hastings], 1st Earl of Huntingdon, and had issue by her second husband

2. Lady Elizabeth Stafford (d. bef. 11 May 1532), mar. c. 23 Jul 1505 as his first wife Robert [Radcliffe], 1st Earl of Sussex, and had issue

died

2 Nov 1483

suc. by

son

note

Constable of Nottingham Castle 1460; Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth Wydville 1465; Knight of the Garter 1474; Warden of the Cinque Ports 1483; Lord High Constable of England 1483; he facilitated the accession of King Richard III in 1483 but later supported the Lancastrian claimant, the Earl of Richmond ; he was subsequently attainted and beheaded without trial

 

Edward [Stafford], 3rd Duke of Buckingham, KG

born

3 Feb 1477/8

mar.

14 Dec 1490 Lady Eleanor Percy (d. 13 Feb 1530), 1st dau. of Henry [Percy[, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, by his wife Lady Maud Herbert, 2nd dau. of William [Herbert], 1st Earl of Pembroke

children

1. Lord Henry Stafford, later 1st Baron Stafford

1. Lady Elizabeth Stafford (d. 30 Nov 1558), mar. bef. 5 Jan 1512/3 as his second wife Thomas [Howard], 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and had issue

2. Lady Katherine Stafford (d. 14 May 1555), mar. bef. Jun 1520 Ralph [Nevill], 4th Earl of Westmorland, and had issue

3. Lady Mary Stafford, mar. c. Jun 1519 as his third wife George [Nevill], 3rd and 5th Baron Bergavenny, and had issue

died

17 May 1521

note

Knight of the Bath 1485; restored to honours by Act of Parliament 1485; Knight of the Garter 1499; Lord High Constable and Lord High Steward of England for the Coronation of King Henry VIII 1509; Privy Councillor 1509; incurred the enmity of Cardinal Wolsey and accused, found guilty of high treason and attainted 13 May 1521; executed on Tower Hill; attainder confirmed by Act of Parliament 31 Jul 1523 when all his honours were forfeited

 

 Last reviewed 29 Mar 2007

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