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Buckingham and Chandos, Duke of (UK, 1822 - 1889)

Creation: let. pat. 4 Feb 1822

 

Extinct: 26 Mar 1889

 

Family name: Nugent-Temple-Grenville later Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville

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Detail of the arms of Richard, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, as shown on

his hatchment in St Mary's Parish Church, Stowe, Buckinghamshire.

 

On the left within the Garter are the arms of the Duke. Note that the arrangement of the quarterings is slightly

different to the blazon given below: 1st, Grenville; 2nd, Leofric impaling Temple; 3rd, Cobham (Gules on a

chevron Or three Lions rampant Sable); 4th, Nugent; 5th, Chandos; 6th, Brydges. On the right within a laurel

wreath are the arms of the Duke with those of his wife on an escutcheon of pretence: 1st and 8th, Brydges; 2nd,

Or a Saltire and a Chief Gules on a Canton Argent a Lion rampant Azure (Bruce); 3rd, Quarterly, i and iv, Or on

a Pile Gules between six Fleurs-de-lys Azure three Lions of England (Seymour Augmentation); ii and iii, Gules

two wings conjoined in lure points downwards Or (Seymour); 4th, Barry of six Argent and Azure in chief three

Roundels Gules (Grey); 5th, Argent four Bars Gules a Lion rampant Or ducally crowned per pale Argent and

Gules (Brandon); 6th and 7th, Quarterly France and England. The crest above the Duke's coronet is that of Grenville.

 

Arms:

Quarterly of six:  1st and 6th, Vert on a Cross Argent five Torteaux (Grenville);  2nd, Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Or an Eagle displayed Sable (Leofric), 2nd and 3rd, Argent two Bars Sable each charged with three Martlets Or (Temple);  3rd, Ermine two Bars Gules (Nugent);  4th, Argent on a Cross Sable a Leopard's Face Or (Brydges);  5th, Or a Pile Gules (Chandos)

Crests:

1st:  A Garb Vert (Grenville);  2nd:  On a Ducal Coronet a Martlet Or (Temple);  3rd:  The Bust of an Old Man in profile couped below the shoulders proper habited paly of six Argent and Gules semée of Roundels counter changed wreathed round the temples of the second and Azure (Brydges);  4th:  A Saracen's Head couped at the shoulders and affrontée proper wreathed about the temples Argent and Sable (Chandos)

Supporters:

Dexter:  A Lion per fess embattled Or and Gules;  Sinister:  A Horse Argent semée of Eaglets Sable

Motto:

Templa Quam Delecta (How delightful are the temples)

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Richard [Nugent-Temple-Grenville later Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville], 2nd Marquess of Buckingham later 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, KG PC

1st son of George [Grenville later Nugent-Temple-Grenville], 1st Marquess of Buckingham, by his wife Lady Mary Elizabeth Nugent, suo jure Baroness Nugent, 1st dau. and cohrss. by his third wife of Robert [Nugent], 1st Earl Nugent

born

20 Mar 1776

mar.

16 Apr 1796 Lady Anna Elizabeth Brydges, de jure suo jure Lady Kinloss (d. 15 May 1836; bur. at Avington, co. Hampshire), 2nd but only surv. dau. and hrss. of James [Brydges], 3rd Duke of Chandos, by his second wife Anne Eliza Elletson (widow of Roger Hope Elletson), sister of Sir Richard Grace Gamon, 1st Bt., and dau. of Richard Gamon, of Datchworthbury, co. Hertford

only child

1. Lord Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, later 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos

died

17 Jan 1839 (bur. at Wotton Underwood, co. Buckingham)

created

4 Feb 1822 Marquess of Chandos and Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, with the ordinary limitation to the heirs male of his body, and Earl Temple of Stowe with remainder, failing heirs male of his body "to the heirs male of the body of Hester, some time Countess Temple, deceased, great-grandmother of the said Richard, Marquess of Buckingham, with remainder of the dignity of Countess Temple of Stowe to Anne Eliza Brydges-Chandos-Temple-Grenville, only dau. of Richard Plantagenet Brydges-Chandos-Temple-Grenville, called Earl Temple, only son of the said Richard, Marquess of Buckingham, and, after her decease and in default of such issue as well of the said Richard as of the said Hester, the dignity of Earl Temple of Stowe unto the heirs male of the body of the said Anne Elizabeth Brydges-Chandos-Temple-Grenville, and in default of such issue of the said Anne Eliza as of the said Richard and the said Hester, the dignity of Countess Temple of Stowe to the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and every other dau. of the said Richard Plantagenet Brydges-Chandos-Temple-Grenville, with remainder of the dignity of Earl Temple of Stowe to the issue male of such daughters."

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire 1797-1813;  assumed the additional names of Brydges-Chandos by Royal Licence 1799;  a Commissioner of the India Board 1800-01;  Privy Councillor 1806;  Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Joint Paymaster-General 1806-07;  suc. his father 11 Feb 1813 as 2nd Marquess of Buckingham;  Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire 1813-39;  Knight of the Garter 1820;  Lord Steward of the Household 1830

 

Richard Plantagenet [Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville], de jure 9th Lord Kinloss later 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, KG GCH PC

born

11 Feb 1797

mar.

13 May 1819 (div. 1850) Lady Mary Campbell (b. 10 Jul 1795;  d. 28 Jun 1862), 2nd dau. and cohrss. in her issue of John [Campbell], 1st Marquess of Breadalbane, by his wife Mary Turner Gavin, 1st dau. and cohrss. of David Gavin, of Langton House, co. Berwick

children

1. Lord Richard Plantagenet Campbell Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, later 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos

1. Lady Anne Eliza Mary Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (d. 3 Feb 1879), mar. 9 Jun 1846 William Henry Powell Gore-Langton MP, of Newton Park and Hatch Beauchamp, co. Somerset (b. 25 Jul 1824; d. 11 Dec 1873), only son of William Gore-Langton, of Combe Hay (by his wife Jacintha Frances Dorothea Collins, only child of Henry Powell Collins, of Hatch Beauchamp, co. Somerset), 1st son and heir ap. of Col William Gore later Gore-Langton, of Newton Park, co. Somerset, by his first wife Bridget Langton, only child and hrss. of Joseph Langton, of Newton Park, co. Somerset, and had issue:

1a. William Stephen Gore-Langton later Temple-Gore-Langton, later 4th Earl Temple of Stowe

2a. Col Hon Henry Powell Gore-Langton, of Hatch Park, co. Somerset, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1890 (b. 14 Dec 1854;  d. 13 Aug 1913), mar. 5 Sep 1878 Marguerite Lucy MacGregor (d. 8 Oct 1915), dau. of Maj R Guthrie MacGregor, and had issue

3a. Hon Edward Grenville Gore-Langton, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1890 (b. 16 May 1858;  d. 16 Mar 1936), mar. 23 Jun 1868 Hon Florence Emily Murray (d. 24 Dec 1902), 1st dau. of Alexander Oliphant [Murray], 9th Lord Elibank, by his wife Emily Maria Montgomery, only dau. of Archibald Montgomery, and had issue

1a. Lady Mary Jane, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1890 (d. 9 May 1923), mar. 1 Oct 1872 Henry Mills Skrine, of Warleigh Manor and Claverton Manor, co. Somerset (b. 20 May 1844; d. 7 Mar 1915), 1st son and heir of Henry Duncan Skrine, of Warleigh Manor and Claverton Manor, co. Somerset, by his wife Susanna Caroline Mills, 3rd dau. of William Mills, of Saxham Hall, co. Suffolk, and had issue

2a. Lady Frances Anne, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1890 (dsp. 5 Jul 1907), mar. 18 Dec 1879 Henry Gribble Turner, of Staplegrove Manor, Taunton, co. Somerset (dsp. 15 Feb 1920)

died

29 Jul 1861

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament (Tory) for Buckinghamshire 1818-39;  High Steward of Winchester;  GCH 1835;  suc. his mother 15 May 1836 as de jure 9th Lord Kinloss;  Lord Privy Seal 1841-42;  Privy Councillor 1841;  Knight of the Garter 1842

 

Richard Plantagenet Campbell [Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville], 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, GCSI CIE PC

born

10 Sep 1823

mar. (1)

2 Oct 1851 Caroline Harvey (d. 28 Feb 1874), sister of Sir Robert Bateson Harvey, Bt., and only dau. of Robert Harvey, of Langley Park, co. Buckingham, by his wife Jane Jemima Collins, dau. of John Raw Collins, of Hatch Court, co. Somerset

children by first wife:

1. Lady Mary Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, later suo jure Lady Kinloss

2. Lady Anne Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 25 Oct 1853;  d. 18 Mar 1890), mar. 3 Aug 1882 Lt Col George Rowley Hadaway (d. 1926), only son of Insp Gen S M Hadaway, of Mayfair, and had issue

mar. (2)

17 Feb 1885 Alice Anne Graham-Montgomery (b. 29 Sep 1847; mar. (2) 8 Aug 1894 as his second wife Wilbraham [Egerton], 1st Earl Egerton of Tatton; d. 15 Sep 1931), 1st dau. of Sir Graham Graham-Montgomery, 3rd Bt., by his wife Alice Hope-Johnstone, dau. of John James Hope-Johnstone of Annandale

died

s.p.m. 26 Mar 1889 (bur. at Wotton Underwood, co. Buckingham)

note

Member of Parliament (Cons.) for Buckingham 1846-57;  a Lord of the Treasury 1852;  Privy Councillor 1866;  Lord President of the Council 1866-67;  Secretary of State for the Colonies 1867-68;  Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire 1868-89;  on 21 Jul 1868 he established his right to the Lordship of Kinloss;  Governor of Madras 1875-80;  GCSI 1876

 

On the death of the 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos the Earldom of Temple of Stowe passed to his nephew, the Viscountcy and Barony of Cobham passed to his fourth cousin once removed, the Lordship of Kinloss passed to his elder daughter and heiress of line, and his other titles became extinct.

 

Last updated 23 Jun 2010

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