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Clanricarde, Earl of (I, 1543 - 1916)

 

Creation: let.pat. 1 Jul 1543

 

Extinct: 12 Apr 1916

 

Family name: Bourke later de Burgh later de Burgh-Canning

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Arms:

See Marquess of Clanricarde

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Ulick [Bourke], 1st Earl of Clanricarde

son and heir of Richard Bourke, known as "MacWilliam", Chief of Clanricarde, by his wife Lady Margaret Butler, dau. of ..... [Butler], Earl of Ormonde

born

mar. (1)

(separated but marriage upheld 1550) Grace or Grany MacCoghlan (widow of ..... MacCoghlan), dau. of Maolrona O'Carroll, "Prince of Ely"

child by first wife

1. Hon Richard Bourke, later 2nd Earl of Clanricarde

mar. (2)

(during the lifetime of his first wife) Honora Bourke, sister of Sir Ulick Bourke, and dau. of Rickard Oge MacWilliam, Chief of Clanricarde

mar. (3)

Maria Lynch (mar. (2) Piers Martin, of Galway)

child by third wife

2. Hon John Bourke, claimant to the Earldom of Clanricarde 1568

died

19 Oct 1544

created

1 Jul 1543 Baron of Dunkellin and Earl of Clanricarde

suc. by

son by first wife

note

suc. to the vast territory of Clanricarde (the six Baronies of Loughrea, Dunkellin, Kiltartan, Clare, Athenry and Leitrim) and the headship of his clan 1541 on the deposition of his father's cousin , Sir Ulick Bourke;  called by the Irish "Negan", i.e. the "Beheader";  Governor of Connaught;  surrendered in person his large estates into the hands of King Henry VIII and received a re-grant of them 1543

 

Richard [Bourke], 2nd Earl of Clanricarde

born

mar. (1)

1548 (div.) Lady Margaret O'Brien, 3rd dau. of Murrough [O'Brien], 1st Earl of Thomond, by his wife Eleanor FitzGerald, dau. of Thomas FitzGerald, the Knight of Glyn

child by first wife

1. Hon Ulick Bourke, later 3rd Earl of Clanricarde

mar. (2)

24 Nov 1553 Lady Margaret O'Brien (widow of her cousin Dermod [O'Brien], 2nd Baron Inchiquin; d. 1568), 1st dau. of Donough [O'Brien], 2nd and 1st Earl of Thomond, by his wife Lady Helen Butler, 6th dau. of Piers [Butler], 8th Earl of Ormonde and 1st Earl of Ossory

mar. (3)

1568 Gille or Cecilie Butler (widow of Edmund [Butler], 1st Baron Dunboyne; d. after 1580), dau. of Cormac Oge MacCarty, of Muskerry

died

24 Jul 1582

suc. by

son by first wife

note

called by the Irish "Sassanagh", i.e. the Englishman, having in 1548, 1552 and 1553 assisted the English against the Irish rebels, and having been established by them as Chief of Clanricarde and not elected by the clan; received a confirmation of his Earldom and Barony from Queen Elizabeth I 1559; he complained his first wife used witchcraft against him and was able to divorce her

 

Ulick [Bourke], 3rd Earl of Clanricarde

born

mar.

25 Nov 1564 Honora Burke (b. c. 1535; d. after 1615), dau. of John Burke, of Clogheroka and Tullyra, co. Galway

children

1. Hon Richard Bourke, later 4th Earl of Clanricarde

2. Hon Sir Thomas Bourke (dsp.), mar. Ursula Brabazon (widow of Capt Anthony Brabazon, of Ballynasloe), dau. of Sir Nicholas Malby, Chief Commissioner of Connaught

3. Hon Sir William Bourke (d. 2 Feb 1625), mar. Joan O'Shaughnessy, dau. of Dermot O'Shaughnessy, of Gort (mar. (2) Teige O'Brien), and had issue:

1a. Richard Bourke, later 6th Earl of Clanricarde

2a. William Bourke, later 7th Earl of Clanricarde

4. Hon John Bourke, later 1st Viscount Burke

5. Hon Edmond Bourke, of Kilcornan, co. Galway (d. 22 Jun 1639), mar. Katherine St Lawrence, dau. of Thomas St Lawrence, of co. Tipperary, and had issue from whom descended the Burkes of Kilcornan, and the Burkes of Greenfield, co. Galway

died

20 May 1601

suc. by

son

note

had grants of land in Connaught and in England; supported the English during the Earl of Tyrone's rebellion 1598-1901; Commander of the Forces in Connaught 1599/1600

 

Richard [Bourke], 4th Earl of Clanricarde

born

c. 1572

mar.

bef. 8 Apr 1603 Frances Devereux (widow of (1) Sir Philip Sydney, and (2) Robert [Devereux], 2nd Earl of Essex; bur. 17 Feb 1631/2 at Tunbridge, co. Kent), dau. and hrss. of Sir Francis Walsingham, Principal Secretary of State to Queen Elizabeth I, by his second wife Ursula Worsley, widow of Sir Richard Worsley, and dau. of John St Barre, of Ashington, co. Somerset

children

1. Hon Ulick Bourke, later 5th Earl of Clanricarde later 1st Marquess of Clanricarde

1. Lady Mary Bourke, mar. as his second wife Hon Edward Butler, of Cloughlinche, 6th son of James [Butler], 9th Earl of Ormonde and 2nd Earl of Ossory, by his wife Lady Joan FitzGerald, dau. and hrss. of James FitzMaurice [FitzGerald], 10th Earl of Desmond, and had issue

2. Lady Honora Bourke (d. 10 Mar 1661), mar. (1) Garratt McCoghlan, of Clonecknose (d. 17 Apr 1629), son and heir of Sir John McCoghlan, and (2) bef. 4 Oct 1633 as his second wife John [Paulet], 5th Marquess of Winchester, and had issue by her second husband

died

12 Nov 1635 (bur. at Tunbridge, co. Kent)

created

3 Apr 1624 Baron of Somerhill and Viscount Tunbridge (Peerage of England)

23 Aug 1628 Earl of St Albans (Peerage of England)

23 Aug 1628 Baron of Imanney and Viscount Galway, with a special remainder, failing heirs male of his own body, to those of his father, Earl Ulick (Peerage of Ireland)

suc. by

son

note

distinguished himself fighting with his father against the Irish rebels led by the Earl of Tyrone and was knighted on the field at the Battle of Kinsale 1601; Col of a Regiment of Foot; Governor of Connaught; Constable of Athlone Castle and Keeper of the King's House 1603; Lord President of Connaught 1603-16; Governor of Galway 1616; Privy Councillor [I] 1625

 

Ulick [Bourke], 5th Earl of Clanricarde later 1st Marquess of Clanricarde, PC

created

21 Feb 1645/6 Marquess of Clanricarde

 

The Earldom of Clanricarde was held by the1st Marquess of Clanricarde from 21 Feb 1645/6 until his death in Jul 1657, when the Marquessate of Clanricarde became extinct and the Earldom of Clanricarde passed to his cousin,

 

Richard [Bourke], 6th Earl of Clanricarde

born

mar.

Lady Elizabeth Butler (d. bef. 1668), 7th dau. of Walter [Butler], 11th Earl of Ormonde and 4th Earl of Ossory, by his wife and second cousin Hon Helen Butler, 1st dau. of Edmund [Butler], 2nd Viscount Mountgarret

children

1. Lady Mary Bourke, mar. Sir John Burke, of Derrymaclaughna, co. Galway, and had issue

2. Lady Margaret Bourke, mar. Col Garret Moore

died

s.p.m. Aug 1666

suc. by

brother

note

was in receipt of a Government pension of 1,500 until his estate, which had been sequestrated under Cromwell, should be restored to him

 

William [Bourke], 7th Earl of Clanricarde, PC

born

mar. (1)

Lettice Shirley (b. c. 1617; bur. 25 Sep 1655 at Bredon on the Hill, co. Leicester), only dau. of Sir Henry Shirley, 2nd Bt., of Stanton Harold, co. Leicester, by his wife Lady Dorothy Devereux, sister and cohrss. in her issue of Robert [Devereux], 3rd Earl of Essex, 13th/6th Baron Ferrers of Chartley, etc., and 2nd dau. of Robert [Devereux], 2nd Earl of Essex, by his wife Frances Sydney, widow of Sir Philip Sydney and only dau. and hrss. by his second wife of Sir Francis Walsingham, Principal Secretary of State to Queen Elizabeth I

children by first wife

1. Hon Richard Bourke, later 8th Earl of Clanricarde

2. Hon John Bourke, later 9th Earl of Clanricarde

3. Hon Thomas Bourke (k. at Buda, Hungary)

mar. (2)

Lady Helen FitzGerald (widow of Sir John FitzGerald, of Dromana, co. Waterford; mar. (3) bef. 1 Feb 1699/1700 Thomas Bourke; d. betw. 6 Aug 1720 and 29 Jun 1722), 1st dau. of Donough [McCarthy], 1st Earl of Clancarty, by his wife Lady Eleanor Butler, sister of James [Butler], 1st Duke of Ormonde, and dau. of Hon Thomas Butler, styled Viscount Thurles (by his wife Elizabeth Poyntz, dau. of Sir John Poyntz, of Iron Acton, co. Gloucester), 1st son and heir ap. of Walter [Butler], 11th Earl of Ormonde and 4th Earl of Ossory

children by second wife

4. Hon Ulick Bourke, later 1st Viscount Galway

5. Hon William Bourke (dsp.)

1. Lady Margaret Bourke (b. 1673; d. 19 Jul 1744), mar. (1) 1689 Bryan [Magennis], 5th Viscount Magennis, and (2) 1696 her second cousin Col Thomas Butler, of Kilcash, co. Tipperary, and had issue by both husbands

2. Lady Honora Bourke, outlawed for her adherence to King James II 1690 (b. c. 1675; d. 16 Jan 1698; bur. in the English convent at Pontoise, France), mar. (1) c. 9 Jan 1689/90 Brig Gen Patrick Sarsfield, titular 1st Earl of Lucan, 2nd son of Patrick Sarsfield, of Lucan, co. Dublin, by his wife Anne O'More, dau. of Roger/Rory O'More, of Balyna, co. Kildare (d. 29 Jul 1693), and (2) 26 Mar 1695 as his first wife James [FitzJames], 1st Duke of Berwick-upon-Tweed, and had issue by both husbands

died

Oct 1687

suc. by

son by first wife

note

a Col in the Royal service 1640; Lieut. of co. Galway 1680 and Chief Governor 1687; Privy Councillor [I] 1681

 

Richard [Bourke], 8th Earl of Clanricarde

born

mar.

22 Jun 1669/70 "the Court Beauty" Elizabeth Bagnall (d. after 26 Apr 1683), yst. dau. of ..... Bagnall, Page of the Back Stairs to King James I

children

1. Hon ..... Bourke (dvp. young)

1. Lady Dorothy Bourke, mar. Alexander Pendarves, of Roscrowe, co. Cornwall

died

s.p.m. after Nov 1702

suc. by

brother

note

he conformed to the Established Church in or before 1681; Privy Councillor [I] to King James II 1689 after his flight from London but while he still de jure King of Ireland; in command of a Regiment of Infantry in the Irish army of King James II 1689; did not attend the Irish Parliament summoned by King James II 1689; in the same year, as Governor of Galway, he surrendered the town to Lieut Gen van Reede, the victor of the Battle of Aughrim; outlawed and attainted 1691

 

John [Bourke], 9th Earl of Clanricarde

born

1642

mar.

Oct 1684 Mary Talbot (d. 27 Jun 1711; bur. at Meelick Abbey, co. Galway), dau. of James Talbot, of Templeogue, co. Dublin, and Mount Talbot, co. Roscommon, by his wife Hon Bridget Bermingham, dau. of Francis [Bermingham], 12th Baron Athenry

children

1. Hon Michael Bourke, later 10th Baron Dunkellin later 10th Earl of Clanricarde

2. Hon John Bourke, of Clondagoff, co. Galway (dspm. Aug 1718), mar. Mary Burke, only dau. of John Burke, of Clogheroka, and had issue

3. Col Hon Ulick Bourke, in the French army (dsp. 4 Dec 1762)

4. Hon Thomas Bourke, of Lackan, co. Roscommon (dspm. 1764), mar. Mary Eustace, dau. of Alexander Eustace, and has issue

5. Gen Hon Edward Bourke, in the Spanish army (d. 7 Mar 1743 from wounds received at the Battle of Campo Santo)

6. Hon William Bourke, in the French army (k. at the Battle of Fontenoy 11 May 1745)

1. Lady Letitia Bourke, mar. Sir Festus Burke, of Glinsk

2. Lady Bridget Bourke (b. c. 1691; d. 16 Jul 1779), mar. 1720 Richard [Dillon], 9th Viscount Dillon, and had issue

3. Lady Honora Bourke, mar. John Kelly, of Clonlyon

4. Lady Mary Bourke, mar. Garrett Moore

died

27 Oct 1722

created by King James II

2 Apr 1689 by writ of summons Baron Bourke, of Bophin in the County of Galway

suc. by

son

note

Col of a Regiment of Infantry in the Army of King James II; fought for King James as a Col of Foot; he was taken prisoner at the Battle of Aughrim 1691 and attainted; he conformed to the Established Church 1699 and was acquitted of all treasons and attainders and restored in blood and estates by Act of Parliament 1702

 

Michael [Bourke], 10th Baron Dunkellin later 10th Earl of Clanricarde, PC

born

c. 1686

mar.

19 Sep 1714 Anne Parker (widow of Hugh Parker, of Honington, co. Warwick ; d. 1 Jan 1732/3; bur. in Westminster Abbey), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of John Smith, of Beaufort Buildings, London, Commissioner of Excise

children

1. Hon John Smith Bourke, later 11th Earl of Clanricarde

1. Lady Anne Bourke, mar. Denis Daly, of Raford, co. Galway, and had issue

2. Lady Mary Bourke, mar. George Jennings, and had issue

died

29 Nov 1726 (bur. in Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin)

suc. by

son

note

he conformed to the Established Church; summ. to Parliament v.p. in his father's Barony of Dunkellin 3 Aug 1711; Governor of Galway 1712; Privy Councillor [I] 1726

 

John Smith [Bourke later de Burgh], 11th Earl of Clanricarde

born

11 Nov 1720

mar.

1 Jul 1740 Hester Amelia Vincent (d. 29 Dec 1803), yst. dau. of Sir Henry Vincent, 6th Bt., of Stoke D'Abernon, co. Surrey, by his wife Elizabeth Sherman, dau. of Bezaliel Sherman, of London

children

1. Hon Henry de Burgh, later 12th Earl of Clanricarde later 1st Marquess of Clanricarde

2. Hon John Thomas de Burgh, later 13th and 1st Earl of Clanricarde

1. Lady Hester Amelia de Burgh, mar. William Trenchard

2. Lady Margaret Augusta de Burgh, mar. Luke Dillon

died

21 Apr 1782 (bur. at Athenry)

suc. by

son

note

took the surname of de Burgh in lieu of that of Bourke by Royal Warrant 1752; FRS 1753; FSA 1753; Privy Councillor [I] 1761 for eight days only

 

Henry [de Burgh], 12th Earl of Clanricarde later 1st Marquess of Clanricarde

created

17 Aug 1789 Marquess of Clanricarde

 

The Earldom of Clanricarde was held by the 1st Marquess of Clanricarde from 17 Aug 1789 until his death on 8 Dec 1797, when the Marquessate of Clanricarde became extinct and the Earldom of Clanricarde passed to his brother,

 

John Thomas [de Burgh], 13th and 1st Earl of Clanricarde, PC

born

22 Sep 1744

mar.

17 Mar 1799 Elizabeth Burke (d. 26 Mar 1854), 3rd dau. of Sir Thomas Burke, 1st Bt., of Marble Hill, co. Galway, by his wife Christian Browne, dau. of James Browne, of Limerick

children

1. Hon Ulick John de Burgh, later 14th and 2nd Earl of Clanricarde later 1st Marquess of Clanricarde

1. Lady Hester Catherine de Burgh (b. 16 Jan 1800; d. 17 Feb 1878), mar. 4 Mar 1816 Howe Peter [Browne], 2nd Marquess of Sligo, and had issue

2. Lady Emily de Burgh (b. 13 Aug 1807; d. 5 Dec 1842), mar. 9 Jan 1826 as his first wife Thomas [St Lawrence], 3rd Earl of Howth, and had issue

died

27 Jul 1808

created

29 Dec 1800 Earl of Clanricarde, with a special remainder, failing his issue male, to his first and every other daughter in priority of birth, and to the heir male of the body of such daughter

suc. by

son

note

Lt Col, 68th Regiment of Foot; Major Gen 1793; Custos Rotulorum for co. Galway 1798-1808; Lieut Gen 1798; Privy Councillor [I] 1801; Governor of Kingston-upon-Hull 1801-08; a Representative Peer for Ireland 1801-08; General 1803

 

Ulick John [de Burgh], 14th and 2nd Earl of Clanricarde later 1st Marquess of Clanricarde, KP

created

26 Nov 1825 Marquess of Clanricarde (Peerage of Ireland)

13 Dec 1826 Baron Somerhill, of Somerhill in the County of Kent (Peerage of the United Kingdom)

 

Both Earldoms of Clanricarde were held by the Marquesses of Clanricarde from 26 Nov 1825 until 12 Apr 1916, when on the death of Hubert George [de Burgh later de Burgh-Canning], 2nd Marquess of Clanricarde, 15th and 3rd Earl of Clanricarde, etc., without a male heir, all his titles became extinct except for the Earldom of Clanricarde created in 1800, which under the terms of the special remainder contained in the Letters Patent creating the title passed to his cousin once removed George Ulick [Browne], 6th Marquess of Sligo, as the next heir of the 1st Earl of Clanricarde of this creation, passing over the five sisters of the late Marquess and their descendants.

 

 First written 21 Feb 2012

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