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Cobham of Kent, Baron (E, 1313 - abeyant 1951)

 

Creation: writ sum. 8 Jan 1312/3

 

Abeyant: 20 Sep 1643, 17 Feb 1789, 10 Jun 1933 and 21 Feb 1951

 

Family name: Cobham later Brooke later Boothby later Disney later Alexander

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Arms of William [Brooke], 10th Baron Cobham (1527-1597), taken from his tomb in Cobham Church, Kent.

Note the somewhat unusual ordering of the quarterings.

 

Arms:

Paly wavy of six Or and Azure a Lion rampant Erminois on a Chief Gules three Crosses flory Ermine

Crest:

A Demi Lion Or gorged with a Plain Collar Azure charged with two Bezants and holding in the dexter claw a Battleaxe proper and resting the sinister on a Cross flory Ermine

Motto:

 Miseris succurrere disco

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Henry [de Cobham], 1st Baron Cobham of Kent

son and heir of John de Cobham, of Cobham and Cowling, co. Kent, Constable of Rochester Castle and a Baron of the Exchequer, by his first wife Joan de Septvans, dau. and cohrss. of Sir Robert de Septvans

born

c. 1260

mar.

bef Jul 1285 Maud de Columbers (widow of Matthew de Columbers), dau. of Eudes de Moreville

children

1. John de Cobham, later 2nd Baron Cobham of Kent

died

25 Aug 1339 (bur. in the Beauchamp Chapel at Stoke-under-Hamden, co. Somerset)

created

by writ of summons 8 Jan 1212/3

suc. by

son

note

in the expeditions against Scotland 1300 and 1311-15; Constable of Rochester Castle for life 1303/4; Constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports1315-16; sided with King Edward II against the rebellious barons and presided at Canterbury at the trial for treason of Lord Badlesmere 1322; Governor of Tonbridge Castle 1324

 

John [de Cobham], 2nd Baron Cobham of Kent

born

 

mar. (1)

1314 Joan de Beauchamp (d. after 1343), dau. of John [de Beauchamp], 1st Baron Beauchamp of Hache, by his wife Joan .....

children by first wife

1. John de Cobham, later 3rd Baron Cobham of Kent

1. Joan de Cobham, mar. Sir Philip le Despencer, of Camoys Manor in Toppesfield, co. Essex (b. 6 Apr 1313; d. 22/23 Aug 1349), and had issue

mar. (2)

Agnes Stone, dau. of Richard Stone, of Dartford, co. Kent

died

25 Feb 1354/5 (bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent)

suc. by

son by first wife

note

knighted bef 1326/7; Member of Parliament for Kent 1326/7, 1330, 1332, 1335, 1335/6 and 1336/7; Constable of Rochester Castle jointly with his father from 1334; Admiral of the Fleet from the Thames westwards 1335; made a knight banneret 1354, together with an annuity of 100 marks

 

John [de Cobham], 3rd Baron Cobham of Kent

born

mar.

c. 1332-33 Lady Margaret Courtenay (d. 2 Aug 1385; bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent), 1st dau. of Hugh [Courtenay], 2nd Earl of Devon, by his wife Lady Margaret de Bohun, 1st surv. dau. of Humphrey [de Bohun], 4th Earl of Hereford and 9th Earl of Essex, by his wife the Princess Elizabeth, 10th dau. by his first wife of King Edward I

only child

1. Joan de Cobham (dvp. 1388), mar. after 21 Oct 1362 Sir John de la Pole, of Chrishall, co. Essex, only son of Sir William de la Pole, of Castle Ashby, co. Northumberland (by his wife Margaret Peverel, sister and hrss. of John Peverel, of Castle Ashby, co. Northumberland), cousin of Michael [de la Pole], 1st Earl of Suffolk, and had issue:

1a. Joan de la Pole, later suo jure Baroness Cobham of Kent

died

s.p.m. 10 Jan 1407/8 (bur. in the Grey Friars Church, London; brass in Cobham Church, co. Kent)

suc. by

grand-daughter

note

served in various French campaigns 1359-76; founded the perpetual chantry or college at Cobham, co. Kent, 1362; made a knight banneret 1370; twice appointed to mediate with the French and once with the Flemings; built Cowling Castle 1380-85; a member of the Council of Regency 1386; one of the Lords Appellant 1388 ; a member of the Court of Chivalry 1389 and 1392; impeached Jan 1397/8 and verdict of hanging mitigated to banishment to Jersey for two years

 

Joan de la Pole, suo jure Baroness Cobham of Kent

born

mar. (1)

bef. Nov 1380 Sir Robert Hemenhale, of Norfolk (d. 1391; bur. in Westminster Abbey)

mar. (2)

Sir Reynold Braybroke (dspms. 20 Feb 1405; bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent)

only child by second husband

1. Joan Braybroke, later suo jure Baroness Cobham of Kent

mar. (3)

c. 1406 as his second wife Sir Nicholas Hawberk (d. 9 Oct 1407; bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent)

only child by third husband

1. John Hawberk (d. an infant)

mar. (4)

bef. 18 Jul 1408 as his third wife John [Oldcastell], 1st Baron Oldcastell

only child by fourth husband

1. Joan Oldcastell (d. young)

mar. (5)

Sir John Harpeden (d. 1458; bur. in Westminster Abbey)

died

s.p.m.s. 13 Jan 1433/4 (bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent)

suc. by

daughter by second husband

note

 

Joan Braybroke, suo jure Baroness Cobham of Kent

born

mar.

after 20 Feb 1409/10 Sir Thomas Brooke, of Brooke, co. Somerset, and Holdich in Thorncombe, co. Devon, Member of Parliament for Somerset 1417, 1421, 1422 and 1427, knighted betw. 1416 and 1421 (b. c. 1392; d. 1439 and bur. at Thorncombe, co. Devon), son of Sir Thomas Brooke

children

1. Edward Brooke, later 6th Baron Brooke of Kent

2. Reginald Brooke, of Aspall, co. Suffolk, mar., and had issue

died

after 1439

suc. by

son

note

 

Edward [Brooke], 6th Baron Cobham of Kent

born

mar.

Elizabeth Touchet (mar. (2) shortly bef. 8 Nov 1464 Christopher Worsley, "the King's servant"), 1st dau. of James [Touchet], 5th Baron Audley of Heleigh, by his second wife Eleanor Holand, illegit. dau. of Edmund [Holand], 4th or 7th Earl of Kent, by his mistress Lady Constance Plantagenet, only dau. by his first wife of Edmund "of Langley", 1st Duke of York

children

1. John Brooke, later 7th Baron Cobham of Kent

died

bef. 8 Nov 1464

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for Somerset 1442; fought on the Yorkist side at the Battles of St Alban's 1455 and Northampton 1460

 

John [Brooke], 7th Baron Cobham of Kent

born

bef. 10 Dec 1467

mar. (1)

Eleanor Austell, of Suffolk (dsp.)

mar. (2)

Margaret Nevill (d. 30 Sep 1506; bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent), 1st dau. of Edward [Nevill], 1st Baron Bergavenny, by his second wife Katherine Howard, sister of John [Howard], 1st Duke of Norfolk, and 2nd dau. of Sir Robert Howard, of Stoke Neyland, co. Suffolk, by his wife Lady Margaret de Mowbray, 1st dau. by his second wife of Thomas [Mowbray], 1st Duke of Norfolk

children by second wife

1. Thomas Brooke, later 8th Baron Cobham of Kent

died

9 Mar 1511/2

suc. by

son by second wife

note

attended the Coronation of King Richard III 1483; took part in an expedition into Flanders 1491-92 ; defeated the Cornish insurrection at Blackheath 1497

 

Thomas [Brooke], 8th Baron Cobham of Kent

born

mar. (1)

Dorothy Heydon, dau. of Sir Henry Heydon, of Baconsthorpe, by his wife Anne Boleyn, dau. of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn, of Hever, co. Kent, Lord Mayor of London 1457-58

children by first wife

1. George Brooke, later 9th Baron Cobham of Kent

1. Elizabeth Brooke (b. 1503 ; d. Aug 1560; bur. in the Tower of London), mar. (1) 1520 Sir Thomas Wyatt, the poet (b. 1503; d. 11 Oct 1542), only son of Sir Henry Wyatt, of Allington Castle, co. Kent, by his wife Anne Skinner, and (2) Edward Warner, Lieutenant of the Tower of London (b. 1511; d. 1565), and had issue by both husbands

2. Mary Brooke (d. 1535), mar. as his 4th wife George [Nevill], 3rd and 5th Baron Bergavenny

mar. (2)

Dorothy Southwell (widow of ..... Southwell; dsp. after 31 Mar 1552)

died

19 Jul 1529 (bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent)

suc. by

son by first wife

note

he took part in the wars with France, being at the Siege of Tournay and the "Battle of the Spurs" 1513; made a knight banneret 1514; attended King Henry VIII at the "Field of Cloth of Gold" 1520; one of the peers who tried the Duke of Buckingham 1521; a Commissioner for co. Kent 1525; received Cardinal Pole at Cowling Castle 1555

 

George [Brooke], 9th Baron Cobham of Kent, KG PC

born

c. 1497

mar.

bef. 1526 Hon Anne Braye (d. 1 Nov 1558; bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent), sister and cohrss. of John [Braye], 2nd Baron Braye, and 1st dau. of Edmund [Braye], 1st Baron Braye, by his wife Jane Halighwell, dau. and hrss. of Sir Richard Halighwell, of Holwell

children

1. Hon William Brooke, later 10th Baron Cobham of Kent

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7. Hon Sir Henry Brooke, of Cobham, co. Kent (b. 5 Feb 1537/8; d. c. 1591), mar. Anne Sutton (d. Jan 1611/2), dau. of Sir Henry Sutton, of co. Nottingham, and had issue:

1a. John Brooke, later 1st Baron Cobham

1a. Anne Brooke (d. after 6 May 1624), mar. Sir Edward Heron, of Cressey Hall, co. Lincoln, Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1642 (d. after 1648), 1st son and heir of Sir Edward Heron, of Langtoft, Stamford and Cressey Hall, co. Lincoln, Baron of the Exchequer, by his wife Anne Vincent, dau. of David Vincent, of Barnack, co. Northampton, and had issue

1. Hon Elizabeth Brooke (b. 12 Jun 1526; dsp. 2 Apr 1565), mar. Jan 1547/8 as his second wife William [Parr], 1st Marquess of Northampton

2. Hon Katherine Brooke, mar. John Jerningham

died

29 Sep 1558 (bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent)

suc. by

son

note

knighted 1523 by the Earl of Surrey at the taking of Morlaix; one of the 27 Peers who tried his second cousin Queen Anne Boleyn 1536; Lieut General under the Earl of Hertford against the Scots 1546; Deputy of Calais 1546; Knight of the Garter 1549; Privy Councillor 1550; at the Dissolution he had large grants of church lands, including those of the College of Cobham; one of the 4 lay Peers who tried Lord Protector Somerset; Lieut General of the forces sent to Scotland 1551; one of the 26 Peers who signed the letters patent settling the Crown on Lady Jane Grey, but defected from her and supported the succession of the Princess Mary; implicated in Wyatt's rebellion and arrested, but pardoned at the insistence of the Privy Council

 

William [Brooke], 10th Baron Cobham of Kent, KG PC

born

1 Nov 1527

mar. (1)

his second half-cousin once removed Hon Dorothy Nevill (dspm. 22 Sep 1559; bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent), 3rd dau. of George [Nevill], 3rd and 5th Baron Bergavenny, by his third wife Lady Mary Stafford, 3rd dau. of Edward [Stafford], 3rd Duke of Buckingham

only child by first wife

1. Hon Frances Brooke, mar. (1) Thomas Coppinger, of co. Kent, and (2) Edmund Beecher, and had issue by her first husband

mar. (2)

25 Feb 1559/60 Frances Newton, a Lady of the Bedchamber (c. 1539; d. 17 Oct 1592; bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent), dau. of Sir John Newton, of Barr's Court, co. Gloucester, by his wife Margaret Poyntz, dau. of Sir Anthony Poyntz

children by second wife

1. Hon Maximilian Brooke

2. Hon Henry Brooke, later 11th Baron Cobham of Kent

3. Rev Hon George Brooke, Prebendary of York, attainted and executed for his part in "Raleigh's Conspiracy" (bur. 5 Dec 1603), mar. after 17 Jan 1598/9 as her first husband Hon Elizabeth Burgh, sister and cohrss. of Robert [Burgh], 6th (or 4th) Baron Burgh, and 1st dau. of Thomas [Burgh], 5th (or 3rd) Baron Burgh, by his wife Frances Vaughan, only dau. of John Vaughan, of Sutton-on-Derwent, co. York, and had issue:

1a. Sir William Brooke KB, of Sterborough Castle, co. Surrey, and Cowling Castle, co. Kent, restored in blood by Act of Parliament 1609-10 but "not to enjoy the title of Lord Cobham without the King's special grace." but the reversal of the attainders by Act of Parliament 1916 made him retrospectively de jure 12th Baron Cobham of Kent from the death of his uncle on 24 Jan 1618/9, Knight of the Bath 1625/6, Member of Parliament for Rochester 1628-29 (bapt. 1 Dec 1601; d. 20 Sep 1643 when the restored Barony would have fallen into abeyance between his four daughters and co-heiresses), mar. (1) Hon Pembroke Lennard, 3rd dau. of Henry [Lennard], 12th Baron Dacre, by his wife Chrysogona Baker, dau. of Sir Richard Baker, of Sissinghurst, co. Kent, and had issue:

1b. Pembroke Brooke (bapt 1 Oct 1626; d. 10 Jun 1683), mar. Sir Matthew Tomlinson, the regicide and a member of Cromwell's House of Lords (d. 5 Nov 1681), and had issue:

1c. Jane Tomlinson (bur. s.p. 16 Feb 1703), mar. Philip Owen (bur. 24 Apr 1699)

2c. Elizabeth Tomlinson (d. unm. bef. 8 Sep 1692)

Sir William Brooke mar. (2) as her second husband Penelope Wilmot (widow of Arthur Wilmot; mar. (3) Hon Edward Russell, 4th son of Francis [Russell], 4th Earl of Bedford; bur. 12 Jul 1694), dau. of Sir Moyses Hill, of Hillsborough, co. Down, and had further issue:

2b. Hon Hill Brooke, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of a Baron by Royal Warrant 1665 (d. 14 May 1704), mar. after 27 Dec 1657 as his second wife Sir William Boothby, 1st Bt., of Broadlow Ash, co. Derby (d. 14 May 1704), and had issue:

1c. James Boothby, of Ashbourne, co. Derby (bur. vp. 4 Mar 1687/8), mar. 23 Apr 1685 Meriell Vernon (mar. (2) Dr Thomas Vernon), dau. of George Vernon, of Sudbury, co. Derby, and had issue:

1d. Margaret Boothby (bapt. 22 Sep 1686; d. an infant)

2c. William Boothby (bapt. 5 May 1662; dvp. 6 Aug 1662)

3c. Sir William Boothby, 3rd Bt. (bapt. 1 Jan 1663/4; d. 1731), mar. 1695 Frances Williams, dau. of Sir Trevor Williams, 1st Bt., of Llangibby, and had issue:

1d. Cobham Boothby (bapt. 26 Mar 1689; bur. vp. 2 Jun 1689)

2d. Robert Boothby (bapt. 6 Jul 1695; bur. vp. 24 Jul 1695)

3d. Gore Boothby (bapt. 24 Jul 1698; bur. vp. 19 Aug 1730), mar. 11 Jun 1720 Elizabeth Bury, dau. of John Bury, of Nottingham, and had issue:

1e. Maj Gen Sir William Boothby, 4th Bt., Master of the Horse to HRH the Duke of York, on the death of his kinswoman Mary Middleton on 8 Apr 1747 the issue of the first, third and fourth daughters and co-heiresses of Sir William Brooke became extinct and, as the heir of his great-grandmother Hill, the second daughter and co-heiress of Sir William Brooke, he became thereby entitled to the Barony of Cobham of Kent retrospectively as de jure 13th Baron Cobham of Kent following the reversal of the attainders by Act of Parliament 1916 (bapt. 4 May 1721; d. 15 Apr 1787)

1d. Frances Boothby (bapt. 22 Nov 1696), mar. after 1 Sep 1715 as his third wife William Thorp, of St Peter's, Nottingham (bur. 29 Dec 1746), and had issue:

1e. Mary Thorp, de jure suo jure Baroness Cobham of Kent from 15 Apr 1787 following the reversal of the attainders by Act of Parliament 1916 (b. 25 Oct 1716; d. 17 Feb 1789 when the restored Barony would have fallen into abeyance between her surviving daughters and their descendents), mar. 20 May 1736 Gervase Disney, of Nottingham and of Pontefract, co. York (d. 14 Nov 1786), and had issue:

1f. Martha Disney (b. 7 Mar 1737; d. 7 Jun 1805), mar. 12 Jul 1763 Rev Robert Thorp, of Buxton, co. Derby (b. c. 1743; d. Aug 1815), and had issue (see Baron Burgh)

2f. Mary Disney (b. 16 Apr 1738; dvp. 29 Oct 1770)

3f. Harriot Disney (b. 4 Sep 1744; bur. vp. 13 May 1787), mar. 12 May 1768 Dr Robert Alexander, of Halifax, co. York (d. 15 Mar 1822), and had issue:

1g. Disney Alexander (b. 26 May 1769; d. 2 Nov 1844), mar. (1) 8 Aug 1796 Agnes Haigh, dau. of Edward Haigh, of Halifax, co. York, and (2) 18 Jul 1811 Mary Edwards, dau. of William Edwards, of Halifax, co. York, and had issue by his first wife:

1h. Disney Alexander (b. 29 Aug 1799; d. young)

1h. Harriet Alexander (b. 29 May 1801; d. 2 Sep 1888)

2g. Lieut Robert Alexander (bapt. 12 Feb 1771; dvp. 4 Jul 1795)

3g. Gervase Alexander, of Halifax, co. York (b. 3 Jun 1773; d. 31 Dec 1856), mar. 25 Aug 1800 Ellen Hudson (d. 18 Nov 1857), dau. of Robert Hudson, of Fordbridge, co. Lancaster, and had issue:

1h. Dr Gervase Alexander, of London (b. 30 Sep 1802; dsp. 23 Sep 1871), mar. 16 Oct 1838 Eliza Kirkby, dau. of Samuel Kirkby, of Grove House, Sheffield, co. York

2h. John Alexander, of Manchester, co. Lancaster (b. 28 Oct 1804; dvp. 6 Nov 1837)

3h. Dr William Alexander, of Blackwell Lodge, Halifax, co. York (b. 3 Sep 1806; d. 13 Apr 1888), mar. 4 Oct 1837 Emily Kirkby (d. 26 Apr 1862), dau. of Samuel Kirkby, of Grove House, Sheffield, co. York, and had issue:

1i. Arthur William Alexander, solicitor, Registrar of Halifax County Court (b. 2 Aug 1843; d. 15 Feb 1895)

2i. Dr Reginald Gervase Alexander, of Blackwell Lodge, Halifax, co. York, consulting physician to Bradford Royal Infirmary and Halifax Royal Infirmary, declared by the Committee for Privileges on 23 Jul 1912 to be one of the co-heirs of the Barony of Burgh, and, but for the attainder, one of the co-heirs of the Barony of Cobham of Kent and on 11 May 1914 to be one of the co-heirs of the Barony of Strabolgi (b. 20 Feb 1847; d. 14 Feb 1916), mar. 29 May 1879 Alicia Mary Greenwood (d. 30 Dec 1913), only surv. dau. of John Greenwood, of Castle Hall, Mytholmroyd, co. York, and had issue:

1j. Gervase Disney Alexander, later 15th Baron Cobham of Kent

2j. Hon Robert Disney Leith Alexander, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of a Baron by Royal Warrant 1917, later 16th Baron Cobham of Kent

1j. Hon Mary Isabel Alexander, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of a Baron by Royal Warrant 1917 (b. 11 Jun 1882; d. 1978), mar. (1) 27 Apr 1916 Capt John Leslie Morton Shaw (d. 1925), and (2) 21 May 1927 John Bazley White later Bazley-White MC (d. 1940), and had issue by her first husband:

1k. Maj John Anthony Cobham Shaw MC, of 18 Abbey Mews, Amesbury Abbey, Amesbury, co. Wiltshire (b. 1917), mar. (1) 1945 Rhondda Ranking (d. 1964), dau. of Brig Gen Charles Herbert Rankin CB CMG DSO, and (2) Phyllis Rosemary Akers-Douglas (widow of Capt Ian Stanley Akers-Douglas), dau. of Arthur David Clere Parsons, and has issue by his first wife:

1l. Simon Rhys Shaw, senior co-heir to the Barony of Cobham of Kent, of 40 James Street, Oxford (b. 1949), mar. Christine Hind, dau. of Alfred Morton Hind

1l. Veronica May Shaw (b. 1946), mar. 19... (div. 1988) Peter Kamerling, and has issue

1k. Cynthia Mary Shaw (b. 1920), mar. 1946 Sidney James Fulton CMG (d. 1993), and has issue

2k. Margaret Daphne Shaw (b. 1923), mar. 1947 Charles Herbert Fowler Ransom (d. 1988), and has issue

2j. Hon Muriel Helen Alexander, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of a Baron by Royal Warrant 1917 (b. 15 Mar 1887; d. 1978), mar. 4 Mar 1916 Maj John Edmund Burnet Thornely OBE (d. 1978), and had issue

1h. Ellen Alexander (d. 27 Sep 1854), mar. 20 Feb 1839 John Clarke Prescott, of the Manor House, Wilmslow, co. Chester (d. 16 May 1863), and had issue

4g. Lewis Alexander

1g. Anne Hodgson Alexander

4f. Charlotte Disney (b. 21 Jul 1751; dvp.)

5f. Henrietta Disney (b. 13 Feb 1752/3; d. unm. after 1790)

6f. Lucy Disney (b. 19 Apr 1754; bur. 10 Nov 1792), mar. 24 Feb 1784 as his first wife Rev Thomas Lund, Rector of Barton-le-street, co. York (d. 24 Oct 1832), and had issue (see Baron Strabolgi)

7f. Anne Disney (b. 10 Oct 1756; dvp. 18 Jan 1781)

4c. Capt Charles Boothby (bapt. 5 Sep 1665; dvp. 5 Jul 1686)

5c. Henry Boothby (bapt. 19 Nov 1669; bur. vp. 20 May 1701)

6c. Brooke Boothby, of Ashbourne, co. Derby (bapt. 8 Jan 1670; bur. 10 Oct 1727), mar. (1) Anne Cavendish (dsps.), dau. of Henry Cavendish, of Doveridge, co. Derby, and (2) Elizabeth Fitzherbert, dau. of John Fitzherbert, of Somersall Herbert, and had issue by his second wife

3b. Hon Margaret Brooke, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of a Baron by Royal Warrant 1665 (dsp. 6 Jan 1666/7), mar. 25 May 1665 Sir John Denham KB, the celebrated poet, Governor of Farnham Castle 1642 (d. 1669)

4b. Hon Frances Brooke, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of a Baron by Royal Warrant 1665 (bur. 1690), mar. (1) bef. May 1665 Sir Thomas Whitmore, of Bueldas, co. Shropshire (bur. 21 May 1682), son of Sir Thomas Whitmore, of Apley, and (2) Matthew Harvey, of Twickenham, co. Surrey (dsp. 19 Jan 1693/4), and had issue by her first husband

1c. Elizabeth Whitmore (b. 7 Oct 1665; bur. vp. 4 Apr 1666)

2c. Frances Whitmore (b. 7 Nov 1666; d. 24 Jun 1694), mar. (1) 26 Aug 1675 William Whitmore, of Hackney (dsp. 1684), and (2) 19 Apr 1685 Sir Richard Middleton, 3rd Bt., of Chirk Castle, co. Kent, and had issue by her second husband:

1d. Sir William Middleton, 4th Bt. (b. 26 Feb 1693/4; d. 5 Jan 1717/8)

1d. Mary Middleton (d. unm. 8 Apr 1747)

2d. Frances Middleton (d. an infant)

3c. Dorothy Whitmore (bapt. 10 May 1668; dsp. 1688), mar. Jonathan Langley, of Shrewsbury (d. 14 Sep 1701)

1a. Frances Brooke

2a. Elizabeth Brooke

4. Hon Sir William Brooke (d. 1597)

2. Hon Elizabeth Brooke, a Lady of the Queen's Privy Chamber and of the Bed Chamber (b. 1 Jan 1562/3; d. 24 Jan 1596/7), mar. 31 Aug 1589 Robert [Cecil], 1st Earl of Salisbury, and had issue

3. Hon Frances Brooke (b. 12 Jan 1561/2; d. bef. 24 Apr 1623), mar. (1) after 5 Nov 1580 John [Stourton], 9th Baron Stourton, and (2) after 1591 as his second wife Sir Edward Moore, of Odiham, co. Hampshire, and Worth, co. Sussex (d. 1623), and had issue by her second husband

4. Hon Margaret Brooke, mar. Sir Thomas Sondes, of Throwley, co. Kent (d. 1592), and had issue:

1a. Frances Sondes (d. after 1634), mar. (1) Sir John Leveson, of Haling and Lilleshall, co. Kent (b. c. 1588; dvp. 16...), and (2) as his first wife Thomas [Savile], 1st Earl of Sussex, and had issue by her first husband:

1b. Frances Leveson, mar. as his second wife Sir Thomas Gower, 2nd Bt. MP, of Stittenham, co. York, and had issue

2b. Christian Leveson (bur. 3 Apr 1655), mar. 20 May 1630 as his second wife Sir Peter Temple, 2nd Bt., and had issue:

1c. Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Bt., mar. 1675 Mary Knapp (bur. 15 May 1726), dau. and cohrss. of Henry Knapp, of Weston, Oxfordshire, and had issue:

1d. Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt., later 1st Baron Cobham later 1st Viscount Cobham

2d. Purbeck Temple (d. unm. Mar 1698)

3d. Henry Temple (d. 1703)

1d. Hester Temple, later suo jure Viscountess Cobham and Countess Temple

2d. Christian Temple, mar. 8 May 1708 Sir Thomas Lyttelton, 4th Bt., and had issue

3d. Mary Temple (d. 16 Nov 1763), mar. (1) Rev Richard West DD, Prebendary of Winchester, and (2) Sir John Langham, 4th Bt., and had issue by both husbands

4d. Penelope Temple, mar. Moses Berenger

2c. Frances Temple (d. 1688/9), mar. 20 Sep 1650 Weston [Ridgeway], 3rd Earl of Londonderry, and had issue

3c. Christiana Temple

4c. Martha Temple

died

6 Mar 1596/7 (bur. in Cobham Church, co. Kent)

suc. by

son by second wife

note

Member of Parliament for Hythe 1547-52 and for Rochester 1555; Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Constable of Dover Castle and Lord Lieutenant of Kent 1558-96; part of an embassy in 1558 to Philip of Spain to announce the death of Queen Mary, his Consort; received Queen Elizabeth I at Cobham Hall in 1559 and 1573; part of embassies to the Spanish Governor of the Netherlands 1578 and 1588; Knight of the Garter 1585; Privy Councillor 1586; Custodian of Eltham Palace and Park 1592; Lord Chamberlain 1596-96/7

 

Henry [Brooke], 11th Baron Cobham of Kent, KG

born

22 Nov 1564

mar.

after 27 May 1601 Lady Frances FitzGerald (b. bef. 1572; widow of Henry [FitzGerald], 12th Earl of Kildare; bur. in Westminster Abbey 11 Jul 1628), 2nd dau. of Charles [Howard], 1st Earl of Nottingham, by his first wife Hon Katharine Carey, Lady of the Privy Chamber, 1st dau. of Henry [Carey], 1st Baron Hunsdon

died

s.p. 24 Jan 1618/9

note

Member of Parliament for Kent 1588-89 and for Hedon 1593; Warden of the Cinque Ports 1597-1603; Knight of the Garter 1599 (degraded 1603/4); entertained Queen Elizabeth I at his house in Blackfriars 1600; together with his brother George Brooke, Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Griffin Markham and Lord Grey of Wilton, he was arrested Jul 1603 for his involvement in a plot against King James I known as "the treason of the Maine" or "Raleigh's Conspiracy"; following his trial he was condemned to death and attainted, when his honours became forfeited; he was not, however, executed but committed to the Tower of London, where he remained for the rest of his life; following his attainder, in 1604 Cobham Hall and his other estates were granted by King James I to his wife for life

 

In 1909 Cuthbert Matthias Kenworthy, Dr Reginald Gervase Alexander, and Lt Col Alexander Henry Leith, petitioned the Crown to end the abeyances in the Baronies of Burgh, Strabolgi and Cobham of Kent.  No mention was made of the Barony of Cobham of Sterborough. Mr Kenworthy and Dr Alexander claimed jointly as co-heirs and Lt Col Leith claimed as senior co-heir. The parties were not in opposition - indeed, counsel announced that the evidence was being used in common; and it does not appear that any particular barony was specially desired by any one of the petitioners. On 23 July 1912 the Committee for Privileges reported favourably on Burgh and Cobham of Kent, subject to the attainder of the latter being reversed. Strabolgi was adjourned sine die for the production of further evidence. After a rehearing the Committee reported favourably on 7 May 1914.

 

The decision of the Committee for Privileges in respect of the Barony of Cobham of Kent was as follows:

 

1. That the Barony of Cobham is an ancient Barony in fee.

2. That Henry de Cobham who was summoned to Parliament by a writ dated the 9th January 6 Edward II (1313) was entitled to a Barony by Writ descendible to the heirs general of his body.

3. That Henry Brooke 10th Lord Cobham and his brother and heir George Brooke were attainted of high treason in or about the year 1603.

4. That but for the said attainders Sir William Brooke Knight the son and heir of the said George Brooke would have been the sole heir to the Barony of Cobham.

5. That if the said Barony of Cobham had descended to the said Sir William Brooke it would upon his death in or before the year 1643 have fallen into abeyance among his four daughters and coheirs, namely:

i. Pembroke who married Sir Matthew Tomlinson;

ii. Hill who married Sir William Boothby;

iii. Margaret who married Sir John Denham; and

iv. Frances who married Sir Thomas Whitmore and Matthew Harvey

6. That the issue of all the daughters except Hill has long since failed.

7. That the co-heirs of the said Henry de Cobham first Lord Cobham aforesaid and the said Hill are the following persons:

i. The Petitioner Alexander Henry Leith who but for the said attainders would be a co-heir to the said Barony of Cobham;

ii. John Francis Bude Russell who has presented no petition and makes no claim;

iii. The Petitioner Reginald Gervase Alexander; and

iv. The Petitioner Cuthbert Matthias Kenworthy.

8. That the said Barony of Cobham would if the effect of the said attainders be removed be in abeyance and at His Majesty's disposal.

 

Following the decision of the Committee for Privileges on 23 July 1912, the attainders of 1603 were removed by Act of Parliament in 1916. This had the retrospective effect of allowing the Barony of Cobham of Kent to Sir William Brooke and also recognising that on his death in 1643 the Barony fell into abeyance between his four daughters. This possibility was alluded to in paragraph 5 of the Committee's decision. However, what the decision does not mention is that with the death of Mary Middleton, a great-grand-daughter of Sir William Brooke, on 8 April 1747, the issue of his first, third and fourth daughters and co-heiresses became extinct, leaving Maj Gen Sir William Boothby, 4th Bt., as the heir of his second daughter and co-heiress, Hill. Sir William Boothby would have succeeded to the title had it not been for the attainders. Following Sir William Boothby's death in 1787 the claim to the Barony of Cobham of Kent passed to his cousin, Mary Thorp, the wife of Gervase Disney. On her death in 1789 the Barony fell into abeyancy again, this time between her daughters and their descendants. It is this abeyancy, and not that of 1643, that was terminated on 8 Sep 1916 in favour of

 

Gervase Disney [Alexander], 15th Baron Cobham of Kent

born

6 May 1880

died

10 Jun 1933

note

he received a writ of summons to Parliament on 8 Sep 1816 following the termination of the 1789 abeyancy in his favour

 

On the death of the 15th Baron Cobham of Kent the Barony again fell into abeyancy. This was terminated in favour of the late Baron's brother,

 

Robert Disney Leith [Alexander], 16th Baron Cobham of Kent

born

23 Apr 1885

mar. (1) and (3)

1923 (div. 1934) and 1949 Christina Jean Honeybone, dau. of Albert Edward Honeybone

mar. (2)

10 Dec 1934 Evelyn Sinclair Britt (widow of P J Britt; d. 1937), only dau. of John Turnure, of New York, USA

died

s.p. 21 Feb 1951

note

granted the style and precedence of the younger son of a Baron by Royal Warrant 1917; he received a writ of summons to Parliament on 5 Dec 1933 following the termination of the Jun 1933 abeyancy in his favour

 

On the death of the 16th Baron Cobham of Kent the Barony again fell into abeyancy. The senior co-heir to the Barony of Cobham of Kent is Simon Rhys Shaw, a great-nephew of the last Baron.

 

 First written 13 May 2007

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