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Cornwallis, Earl (GB, 1753 - 1852)

 

Creation: let.pat. 30 Jun 1753

 

Extinct: 21 May 1852

 

Family name: Cornwallis later Mann

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Arms:

See Marquess Cornwallis

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Charles [Cornwallis], 5th Baron Cornwallis later 1st Earl Cornwallis, PC

1st son and heir of Charles [Cornwallis], 4th Baron Cornwallis, by his wife Lady Charlotte Butler, dau. and sole hrss. by his second wife of Richard [Butler], 1st Earl of Arran

born

29 Mar 1700

mar.

28 Nov 1722 Hon Elizabeth Townshend (d. 1 Dec 1785), 1st dau. of Charles [Townshend], 2nd Viscount Townshend, by his first wife Hon Elizabeth Pelham, only dau. and hrss, by his first wife of Thomas [Pelham], 1st Baron Pelham

children

1. Hon Charles Cornwallis, later 2nd Earl Cornwallis later 1st Marquess Cornwallis

2. Hon James Cornwallis (b. 10 Sep 1740; dvp. Apr 1761)

3. Rt Rev Hon James Cornwallis DD, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry later 4th Earl Cornwallis

4. Admiral Hon Sir William Cornwallis GCB, Admiral of the Red (b. 1743/4; d. 1819)

1. Lady Elizabeth Cornwallis (d. 20 Mar 1796), mar. Jul 1753 Bowen Southwell

2. Lady Charlotte Cornwallis (d. 11 Mar 1794), mar. Rt Rev Spencer Madan DD, Bishop of Peterborough

3. Lady Mary Cornwallis (d. Dec 1770), mar. as his second wife Samuel Whitbread MP, of Cardington and Southill, co. Bedford, the eminent brewer, and had issue

died

23 Jun 1762

created

30 Jun 1753 Viscount Brome, of Brome in the County of Suffolk, and Earl Cornwallis

suc. by

son

note

suc. his father 20 Jan 1721/2 as 5th Baron Cornwallis; Groom of the Bedchamber 1721-22; Chief Justice in Eyre, South of Trent 1722-40; Constable of the Tower and Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets 1740-62; Privy Councillor 1740

 

Charles [Cornwallis], 2nd Earl Cornwallis later 1st Marquess Cornwallis, KG PC

created

8 Oct 1792 Marquess Cornwallis

 

The Earldom of Cornwallis was held by the Marquesses Cornwallis from 8 Oct 1792 until 9 Aug 1823, when on the death of Charles [Cornwallis], 2nd Marquess Cornwallis, 3rd Earl Cornwallis, etc., without a son, the Marquessate of Cornwallis became extinct and the Earldom of Cornwallis, etc. was inherited by his uncle,

 

James [Cornwallis], 4th Earl Cornwallis

born

25 Feb 1742/3

mar.

30 Apr 1771 Catherine Mann (b. 1742; d. 17 Apr 1811), sister of Sir Horace Mann, 1st Bt., and dau. of Galfridus Mann, of Egerton, co. Kent, by his wife Sarah Gregory, dau. of John Gregory, of London

only child

1. Hon James Cornwallis, later 4th Earl Cornwallis

died

20 Jan 1824

suc. by

son

note

Rector of Ickham, co. Kent 1769-73; Rector of Addisham-with-Staple, co. Kent 1770-81; Prebend of Westminster 1770-75; Rector of Newington, co. Oxford 1770; Vicar of Wrotham, co. Kent 1771-85; Rector of Boughton Malerbe, co. Kent 1773-85; Dean of Canterbury 1775-81; Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry 1721-84; Dean of Windsor 1791-94; Dean of Durham 1794-1824

 

James [Cornwallis later Mann], 5th Earl Cornwallis

born

20 Sep 1778

mar. (1)

18 Dec 1804 Maria Isabella Dickens (d. 16 Jan 1823), 1st dau. of Francis Dickens, of Woollaston House, co. Northampton

children by first wife

1. Hon Charles James Cornwallis later Mann, styled Viscount Brome (b. 17 Dec 1813; dvp. 27 Dec 1835)

1. Lady Jemima Isabella Cornwallis (d. 17 Dec 1836). mar. 12 Apr 1828 Charles Wykeham-Martin, of Leeds Castle, co. Kent, and had issue

mar. (2)

22 Jan 1829 Laura Hayes (dsp. 3 Aug 1840) , dau. of William Hayes

mar. (3)

4 Aug 1842 Julia Bacon (d. 4 Nov 1847), 4th dau. of Thomas Bacon, of Redlands, co. Berkshire

only child by third wife

2. Lady Julia Cornwallis (b. 2 Jul 1844; dsp. 1 Sep 1883), mar. 27 Aug 1862 as his first wife William Archer [Amherst], 3rd Earl Amherst

died

s.p.m.s. 21 May 1852

note

Member of Parliament (Tory) for Eye 1799-1806 and 1807; took the name of Mann in lieu of Cornwallis by Royal Licence 1814 on the death of his maternal uncle Sir Horace Mann, 1st Bt.

 

On the death of the 5th Earl Cornwallis all his titles became extinct.

 

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