Cracroft's Peerage
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Cornwallis, Marquess (GB, 1792 - 1823)


Creation: let.pat. 8 Oct 1792


Extinct: 9 Aug 1823


Family name: Cornwallis




Sable guttée d'eau on a Fess Argent three Cornish Choughs proper


On a Mount Vert a Stag lodged reguardant Argent attired Or gorged with a Chaplet of Laurel Vert and vulned on the shoulder Gules


On either side a Stag Argent attired and gorged as the Crest


Virtus Vincit Invidiam



Charles [Cornwallis], 2nd Earl Cornwallis later 1st Marquess Cornwallis, KG PC

1st son and heir of Charles [Cornwallis], 1st Earl Cornwallis, by his wife Hon Elizabeth Townshend, 1st dau. by his first wife of Charles [Townshend], 2nd Viscount Townshend


31 Dec 1738


14 Jul 1768 Jemima Tulikens Jones (d. 14 Apr 1779), sister of Arnold Jones later Skelton, of Branthwaite, co. Cumberland, and dau. of Col James Jones by his wife Mary Tulikens


1. Lord Charles Cornwallis, later 2nd Marquess Cornwallis

1. Lady Mary Cornwallis, mar. 1785 Mark Singleton MP, Principal Storekeeper to the Ordnance (d. 17 Jul 1840)


5 Oct 1805


8 Oct 1792 Marquess Cornwallis

suc. by



Ensign, Grenadier Guards 1756; ADC to the Marquess of Granby 1758-59; Lt Col, 12th Foot 1761 (fought at Minden 1759 and Kirch Donkern 1762); Member of Parliament (Whig) for Eyre 1760-62; suc. his father as 2nd Earl Cornwallis 23 Jun 1762; a Lord of the Bedchamber 1765; ADC to the King 1765-66; Chief Justice in Eyre, South of Trent 1766-69; Col, 33rd Foot 1766-1805, Maj Gen 1775, Lieut Gen 1777 and General 1793; Vice-Treasurer of Ireland 1769-70; Privy Councillor 1770; Constable of the Tower of London 1770-84 and 1784-1805; in the War with America under Lord Howe as Commander-in-Chief, winning victories at Brandywine 1777, Camden 1780 and Guildford 1781 but defeated at Yorktown 1781; Governor General of Bengal and Commander in Chief in the East Indies 1786-93, 1797 and 1805, winning the siege of Seringapatam 1792; Knight of the Garter 1786; Master General of the Ordnance 1795-1801; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1798-1801


Charles [Cornwallis], 2nd Marquess Cornwallis


19 Oct 1774


17 Apr 1797 Lady Louisa Gordon (b. 27 Dec 1776; d. 5 Dec 1850), 4th dau. of Alexander [Gordon], 4th Duke of Gordon, by his first wife Jane Maxwell, 2nd dau. of Sir William Maxwell of Monreith, 3rd Bt.


1. Lady Jane Cornwallis (b. 5 Oct 1798; d. 23 Sep 1856), mar. 13 May 1819 Richard [Aldworth-Neville later Griffin], 3rd Baron Braybrooke, and had issue

2. Lady Louisa Cornwallis

3. Lady Jemima Cornwallis (b. 24 Dec 1803; d. 1 Jul 1856), mar. 2 Sep 1824 Edward Granville [Eliot], 3rd Earl of St Germans, and had issue

4. Lady Mary Cornwallis, mar. 7 Apr 1825 Charles Ross MP (d. 22 Mar 1860)

5. Lady Elizabeth Cornwallis


s.p.m. 9 Aug 1823


Member of Parliament (Tory) for Eyre 1795-96 and for Suffolk 1796-1805; Master of the Buckhounds 1807-23


On his death the Marquessate of Cornwallis became extinct and the Earldom of Cornwallis, etc., was inherited by his uncle, Rt Rev Hon James Cornwallis, Bishop of Coventry.




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