Cracroft's Peerage
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Cranbrook, Earl of (UK, 1892)

 

Creation: let. pat. 22 Aug 1892

 

Family name: Hardy later Gathorne-Hardy

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Argent on a Bend invected plain cotised Gules three Catherine Wheels Or on a Chief of the second as many Leopard's' Faces of the third (Hardy); 2nd and 3rd, Per pale Argent and Or a Bend company Azure and Gules between two Pellets each within an Annulet Sable (Gathorne)

Crests:

1st:  a Dexter Arm embowed in armour proper garnished Or entwined with a Branch of Oak Vert charged with two Catherine Wheels Gules one above and the other below the elbow Gules the hand grasping a Dragon's Head erased proper (Hardy);  2nd:  in front of a Wolf's Head erased Argent a Staff raguly fesswise Or (Gathorne)

Supporters:

On either side a Leopard guardant proper gorged with a Collar Gules therefrom suspended an Escutcheon of the last charged with a Catherine Wheel Or

Motto:

Arme De Foi Hardi (Armed with hardy faith)

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Gathorne [Hardy later Gathorne-Hardy], 1st Viscount Cranbrook later 1st Earl of Cranbrook, GCSI PC

3rd son of John Hardy MP, of Dunstall Hall, co. Stafford, by his wife Isabel Gathorne, dau. of Richard Gathorne, of Kirkby Lonsdale, co. Westmorland

born

1 Oct 1814

mar.

29 Mar 1838 Jane Orr CI (d. 13 Nov 1897), 3rd dau. of James Orr, of Ballygowan and Hollywood House, co. Down, by his wife Jane Stewart, 1st dau. of Richard Stewart, of Ballymena, co. Antrim

children

1. Hon John Stewart Hardy later Gathorne-Hardy, later 2nd Earl of Cranbrook

2. Col Hon Charles Gathorne Hardy later Gathorne-Hardy (b. 11 May 1841; d. 17 Feb 1919), mar. 16 Apr 1872 Lady Cicely Louisa Nevill (b. 10 Sep 1851;  d. 1 May 1932), 1st dau. of William [Nevill], 1st Marquess of Abergavenny, by his wife Caroline Vanden-Bempdé Johnstone, 1st dau. of Sir John Vanden-Bempdé Johnstone, 2nd Bt., of Hackness Hall, co. York, and had issue

3. Hon Alfred Erskine Hardy later Gathorne-Hardy DL, Member of Parliament for Canterbury 1878-80 and for East Grinstead 1886-95 (b. 27 Feb 1845; d. 11 Nov 1918), mar. 3 Aug 1875 Isabella Louisa Malcolm (d. 17 Aug 1824), only dau. of John Malcolm of Poltalloch by his wife Isabella Harriett Wingfield-Stratford, 2nd dau. of Lt Col Hon John Wingfield later Wingfield-Stratford, of Addington Place, co. Kent (by his first wife Frances Bartholomew, only child of Leonard Bartholomew, of Addington Place, co. Kent), 2nd son of Richard [Wingfield], 3rd Viscount Powerscourt, and had issue

1. Lady Edith Elizabeth Gathorne-Hardy (d. 8 Jan 1875), mar. 15 Jun 1869 Sir Henry John Lowndes Graham KCB (d. 5 Dec 1930), and had issue

2. Lady Margaret Evelyn Gathorne-Hardy CI DGStJ (b. 27 May 1858; d. 11 Jul 1943), mar. 26 Jan 1893 George Joachim [Goschen], 2nd Viscount Goschen, and had issue

died

30 Oct 1906

created

4 May 1878 Viscount Cranbrook, of Hemsted in the County of Kent

22 Aug 1892 Baron Medway, of Hemsted Park in the County of Kent, and Earl of Cranbrook

suc. by

son

note

barrister, Inner Temple 1840; Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Leominster 1856-65 and for Oxford University 1865-78; Under-Secretary for Home Department 1858-59; Privy Councillor 1866; President of the Poor Law Board 1866-67; Home Secretary 1867-68; Secretary of State for War 1874-78 and 1886; took the additional name and arms of Gathorne by Royal Licence 1878; Secretary of State for India 1878-80; GCSI 1880; Lord President of the Council 1885-86 and 1886-92; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1886

 

John Stewart [Hardy later Gathorne-Hardy], 2nd Earl of Cranbrook, DL

born

22 Mar 1839

mar.

12 Jun 1867 Cicely Margueritte Wilhelmina Ridgway (d. 20 Feb 1931), dau. and hrss. of John Ridgway, of Fairlawn, co. Kent, and Wallsuches, co. Lancaster

children

1. Hon Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, later 3rd Earl of Cranbrook

2. General Hon Sir (John) Francis Gathorne-Hardy GCB GCVO CMG DSO, Director of Military Training 1922-25, Officer Commanding Deccan District 1926-28, General Officer Commander-in-Chief Northern Command 1931-33, General Officer Commander-in-Chief Aldershot Command 1933-37, ADC General to George V 1934-36, Edward VIII 1936 and George VI 1936-37 (b. 14 Jan 1874; d. 21 Aug 1949), mar. 10 Dec 1898 Lady Isobel Constance Mary Stanley DCVO, Woman of the Bedchamber to Queen Mary (b. 2 Sep 1875; d. 30 Dec 1963), 2nd dau. of Frederick Arthur [Stanley], 16th Earl of Derby, by his wife Lady Constance Villiers, 1st dau. of George William Frederick [Villiers], 4th Earl of Clarendon, and had issue

3. Cdr Hon Ralph Cecil North Gathorne-Hardy RN (b. 19 Mar 1876; d. 30 Dec 1911)

4. Lt Col Hon Nigel Charles Gathorne-Hardy DSO, ADC to Governor-General of New Zealand 1907-10 (b. 31 Mar 1880; d. 27 Dec 1958), mar. 11 Jun 1910 Doris Cecilia Featherstone Johnston (d. 17 Dec 1973), dau. of Hon Sir Charles John Johnston, Speaker of the New Zealand Legislative Council, of Karori, New Zealand, and had issue

1. Lady Selina Marguerite Gathorne-Hardy (d. 29 May 1934), mar. 2 Dec 1897 Capt Reginald Hughes-D'Aeth, of Woodlands View, Ashurst, co. Hampshire, Governor of HM Prison, Parkhurst, Isle of Wight (b. 21 Feb 1865; d. 29 Jul 1947), 4th son of Narborough Hughes-D'Aeth, of Knowlton Court, by his wife Agnes Charlotte Knight, only dau. of Henry Knight, of Milgate, co. Kent, and had issue

2. Lady Jane Ethel Gathorne-Hardy (d. 26 Jan 1943)

3. Lady Dorothy Milner Gathorne-Hardy (d. 21 Feb 1977), mar. (1) 6 Jun 1907 (div. 1942) Rupert D'Oyly Carte, 2nd son of Richard D'Oyly Carte, and (2) 2 Jul 1942 St Yves de Verteuil (b. c. 1875; d. 2 Sep 1963), and had issue by her first husband

died

13 Jul 1911

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for Rye 1868-80 and for Mid-Kent 1884-92

 

Gathorne [Gathorne-Hardy], 3rd Earl of Cranbrook, DL

born

18 Dec 1870

mar.

25 Apr 1899 Lady Dorothy Montagu Boyle (b. 14 Mar 1879; d. 17 Mar 1968), 3rd dau. of David [Boyle], 7th Earl of Glasgow, by his wife Dorothea Elizabeth Thomasina Hunter Blair, 1st dau. of Sir Edward Hunter Blair, 4th Bt.

children

1. Hon John David Gathorne-Hardy, later 4th Earl of Cranbrook

2. Hon (Ralph) Edward Gathorne-Hardy (b. 4 Jun 1901; d. 18 Jun 1978)

3. Hon Robert Gathorne-Hardy, poet and novelist, Chairman Bradfield Rural District Council 1953-61 (b. 31 Jul 1902; d. 11 Feb 1973)

4. Surgeon Cdr Hon Antony Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy OStJ (b. 13 Jul 1907; d. 1976), mar. (1) 8 Jul 1931 his second half-cousin once removed Ruth Elizabeth Thorowgood (d. 8 Jul 1973), 1st dau. of Cdr Andrew Penton Napier Thorowgood DSO RN, of The Green Cottage, Trull, co. Somerset, by his wife Elizabeth Montgomery Hunter-Blair, 2nd dau. of John Hunter-Blair (by his wife Emily Williams Grant, yst. dau. of Edward Grant), 1st son by his second wife of Sir David Hunter-Blair, 3rd Bt., and (2) 1974 Mary Catherine ....., and had issue by his first wife

1. Lady Anne Catherine Dorothy Gathorne-Hardy (b. 12 Oct 1911; d. 22 Oct 2006), mar. 9 Feb 1938 (George) Heywood Hill (d. 1986), only son of Maj George Bernard Hill OBE, of Great Orchard, Bignor, co. Sussex, by his wife Frances Grace Johnstone, 1st dau. of John Heywood Johnstone MP, of Bignor Park, co. Sussex, and has issue

died

23 Dec 1915

suc. by

son

 

John David [Gathorne-Hardy], 4th Earl of Cranbrook, CBE

born

15 Apr 1900

mar. (1)

7 Oct 1926 (div. 1931) his cousin Bridget Cicely D'Oyly Carte DBE (d. 1985), dau. of Rupert D'Oyly Carte by his wife Lady Dorothy Milner Gathorne-Hardy, 3rd dau. of John Stewart [Hardy later Gathorne-Hardy], 2nd Earl of Cranbrook

mar. (2)

26 Jul 1932 Fidelity Seebohm OBE (b. c. 1912; d. 25 Mar 2009), only dau. of Hugh Exton Seebohm, of Poynder's End, Hitchin, co. Hertford, by his first wife Leslie Gribble, dau. of George James Gribble, of Kingston Russell, co. Dorset

children by second wife

1. Hon Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, later 5th Earl of Cranbrook

2. Hon Hugh Gathorne-Hardy, of The Hall Farm, Great Glemham, Saxmundham, co .Suffolk (b. 30 Dec 1941), mar. 4 Jul 1971 Caroline Elizabeth Ritchie (b. 9 Aug 1943), only dau. of William Nigel Ritchie, of Ockley Lodge, Newdigate, co. Surrey (by his wife Baroness Sibylla von Hirschberg, 1st dau. of Baron von Hirschberg, of Murnau, Bavaria, Germany), 2nd son of Lt Col Hon Harold Ritchie DSO (by his wife Ella Priestley, dau. of Robert Chambers Priestley OBE, of Terrier's House, High Wycombe, co. Buckingham) ,3rd but 2nd surv. son of Charles Thomason [Ritchie], 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee, and has issue

1. Lady Juliet Gathorne-Hardy (b. 12 Dec 1934), mar. 30 Aug 1958 (div. 1970) (Charles) Colin Simpson TD, only son of Charles Walter Simpson MC, of Seeley's Orchard, Beaconsfield, co. Buckingham, and has issue

2. Lady (Catherine) Sophia Gathorne-Hardy (b. 11 Mar 1936), mar. 13 Jul 1957 Simon Robert Jasper Meade, of Bron Fedw, Meifod, co. Powys (b. 13 Feb 1928), 1st son of Charles Francis Mead, of Penylan, Meifod, co. Montgomery (by his wife Lady Aileen Hilda Brodrick, 3rd dau. by his first wife of William St John Fremantle [Brodrick], 1st Earl of Midleton), only son of Hon Robert Henry Meade GCB, Under Secretary of State for the Colonies (by his second wife Caroline Georgiana Grenfell, sister of William Henry [Grenfell], 1st Baron Desborough, and 1st dau. of Capt Charles William Grenfell MP), 2nd son of Richard [Meade], 3rd Earl of Clanwilliam, and has issue

3. Lady Christina Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1 May 1940), mar. 11 Jun 1967 Dr Stanley Edward Letanka, son of Simon John Letanka, of Krom Kuil, South Africa, and has issue

died

22 Nov 1978

suc. by

son by second wife

note

Parliamentary Private Secretary to First Commissioner of Works 1927-28; Alderman, London County Council 1928-30; Deputy Regional Commissioner East Civil Defence Region 1940-45; Chairman, East Anglian Regional Hospital Board 1948-50; Chairman, East Suffolk County Council 1950-57; CBE 1955; Treasurer and Vice President Linnean Society 1958; Trustee, Natural History Museum 1964-73

 

Gathorne [Gathorne-Hardy], 5th Earl of Cranbrook, DL

born

20 Jun 1933

mar.

9 May 1967 his second cousin once removed Caroline Jarvis (b. 18 Dec 1935), only dau. of Col Ralph George Edward Jarvis, of Doddington Hall, co. Lincoln (by his wife Antonia Mary Hilda Meade, 1st dau. of Charles Francis Meade, of Pen-y-lan, Meifod, co. Montgomery, by his wife Lady Aileem Hilda Brodrick, 3rd dau. by his first wife of William St John Fremantle [Brodrick], 1st Earl of Midleton), only son and heir of Lt Col Charles Francis Cracroft Jarvis OBE, of Doddington Hall, co. Lincoln (by his first wife Helen Constance Johnston Stewart, widow of Capt Stair Hathorn Johnston Johnston Stewart of Physgill and 3rd dau. of Sir Edward Hunter-Blair, 4th Bt.), only son and heir of Canon Francis Amcotts Jarvis, Rector of Kettlethorpe and Vicar of Burton-Stather, co. Lincoln, 1882-1921 (by his wife Caroline Octavia Mary Vere Lloyd, dau. of Canon Charles Lloyd, Rector of Chalfont St Giles). 3rd son of Rev Edwin George Jarvis, Vicar of Hackthorn and Rector of Cold Hanworth, co. Lincoln, by his wife Frances Amcotts Cracroft-Amcotts, 1st dau. of Robert Cracroft later Cracroft-Amcotts, of Hackthorn Hall, co. Lincoln

children

1. Hon John Jason Gathorne-Hardy, styled Lord Medway (b. 26 Oct 1968)

2. Hon Angus Edward Gathorne-Hardy (b. 28 Mar 1973)

1. Lady Flora Gathorne-Hardy (b. 10 Oct 1971)

note

Assistant, Sarawak Museum 1956-58; Fellow, Jajasan Siswa Lokantara 1960-61; Senior Lecturer in Zoology, University of Kuala Lumpur 1961-70; Chairman: Panel of Enquiry into Shooting and Angling 1976-79, Institute for European Environmental Policy since 1990, English Nature 1990-98, ENTRUST 1996-2002, International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature since 2001; Member: Suffolk Coastal District Council 1976-83, Harwich Haven Authority 1980-87, Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution 1981-82, Natural Environment Research Council 1982-88, Broads Authority 1988-89, United Kingdom Round Table on Sustainable Development 1994-99; President, Suffolk Wildlife Trust since 1979; Trustee, Natural History Museum 1981-86; Lord Cranbrook holds several degrees and fellowships and is an author on natural history

 

 Last updated 7 Apr 2009

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Titles:

5th Earl of Cranbrook

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 22 Aug 1892)

5th Viscount Cranbrook, of Hemsted in the County of Kent

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 4 May 1878)

5th Baron Medway, of Hemsted Park in the County of Kent

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 22 Aug 1892)

 

Address:

Glemham House, Great Glemham, Saxmundham, Suffolk IP17 1LP

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