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Crewe, Marquess of (UK, 1911 - 1945)

 

Creation: let.pat. 3 Jul 1911

 

Extinct: 20 Jun 1945

 

Family name: Milnes later Crewe-Milnes

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Arms:

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Azure a Chevron between three Windmill Sails Or (Milnes);  2nd and 3rd, Azure a Lion rampant Argent (Crewe)

Crests:

1st:  A Garb Or charged with a Fess dancettée Azure thereon three Mullets Argent (Milnes);  2nd:  Out of a Ducal Coronet Or a Lion's Gamb erect Argent (Crewe)

Supporters:

On either side a Pegasus Argent gorged with a Collar dancettée Azure thereon three Mullets Argent in the mouth a Branch of Laurel proper

Motto:

Scio Cui Credidi

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Robert Offley Ashburton [Milnes later Crewe-Milnes], 2nd Baron Houghton later 1st Earl of Crewe later 1st Marquess of Crewe, KG PC

only son and heir of Richard Monckton [Milnes], 1st Baron Houghton, by his wife Hon Annabella Hungerford Crewe, sister and hrss. in her issue of Hungerford [Crewe], 3rd Baron Crewe, and only surv. dau. of John [Crewe], 2nd Baron Crewe

born

12 Jun 1858

mar. (1)

3 Jun 1880 Sibyl Marcia Graham (b. 23 Jul 1857; d. 19 Sep 1887), 4th dau. of Sir Frederick Ulric Graham, 3rd Bt., of Netherby, co. Cumberland, by his wife Lady Jane Hermione St Maur, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Edward Adolphus [Seymour later St Maur], 12th Duke of Somerset

children by first wife

1. Hon Richard Charles Rodes Milnes (b. 30 Jul 1882; dvp. 20 Mar 1890)

1. Lady Annabel Hungerford Milnes later Crewe-Milnes (b. 31 Aug 1881; d. 14 Jun 1948), mar. (1) 21 Jan 1902 Capt Hon Arthur Edward Bruce O'Neill MP (dvp. 5 Nov 1914), 1st surv. son and heir app. of Edward [O'Neill], 2nd Baron O'Neill, and (2) 9 Feb 1922 Maj James Hugh Hamilton Dodds later Crewe-Dodds CMG, Consul General at Nice, and had issue by her first husband

2. Lady Celia Hermione Milnes later Crewe-Milnes (b. 20 May 1884), mar. 8 Oct 1906 Sir Edward Clive Coates later Milnes-Coates, 2nd Bt. OBE, of Helperby, co. York (b. 21 May 1879; d. 4 Sep 1971), and had issue

3. Lady (Helen) Cynthia Milnes later Crewe-Milnes DCVO DBE OStJ, a Woman of the Bedchamber to Queen Mary 1923-53 (b. 20 May 1884; d. 15 Jun 1968), mar. 21 Jan 1908 Hon George Charles Colville MBE, barrister, High Sheriff of London 1930 (b. 22 Feb 1867; d. 19 Sep 1943), 3rd son of Charles John [Colville], 1st Viscount Colville of Culross, and had issue

mar. (2)

20 Apr 1899 Lady Margaret Etrenne Hannah Primrose CI (b. 1 Jan 1881; d. 13 Mar 1967), 2nd dau. of Archibald Philip [Primrose], 5th Earl of Rosebery, by his wife Baroness Hannah de Rothschild, only dau. and hrss. of Baron Mayer Amschel de Rothschild, of Mentmore, co. Buckingham

children by second wife

2. Lord Richard George Archibald John Lucian Hungerford Milnes-Coates, styled Earl of Madeley (b. 7 Feb 1911; dvp. 31 Mar 1922)

4. Lady Mary Evelyn Hungerford Milnes-Coates (b. 23 Mar 1915), mar. 24 Oct 1935 (div. 1953) as his first wife George Victor Robert John [Innes-Ker], 9th Duke of Roxburghe

died

s.p.m.s. 20 Jun 1945

created

17 Jul 1895 Earl of Crewe, in the County Palatine of Chester

3 Jul 1911 Earl of Madeley, in the County of Stafford, and Marquess of Crewe

note

suc. his father 11 Aug 1885 as 2nd Baron Houghton; a Lord in Waiting 1886; Privy Councillor 1892; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1892-95; on 3 Jan 1894 he inherited the estates of his maternal uncle, Hungerford [Crewe], 3rd Baron Crewe, and took the additional surname of Crewe by Royal Licence 8 Jun 1894; Lord President of the Council 1905-08 and 1915-16; Knight of the Garter 1908; Lord Privy Seal 1908-11 and 1912-15; Colonial Secretary 1908-10; Secretary of State for India 1910-15; Elder Brother of Trinity House 1911-45; Royal Victorian Chain 1912; Lord Lieutenant of London 1912-45; President of the Board of Education 1916; Chairman of the London County Council 1917-18; Chancellor of the University of Sheffield 1918-45; Ambassador to France 1922-28; Secretary of State for War and President of the Army Council 1931; Lord High Constable of England at the Coronation of King George VI 1937

 

On the death of the 1st Marquess of Crewe all his titles became extinct.

 

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