Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage

If you have found this page useful, why not make a donation to The Peerage Research Trust so that we can continue to maintain and develop Cracroft's Peerage?


| Search this site | Introduction | Contents | The Monarchy | The Peerage | The Baronetage | Untitled Families | Orders of Chivalry | Miscellaneous | Forums | Contact Us | Links |

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Cromer, Earl of (UK, 1901)

 

Creation: let. pat. 8 Aug 1901

 

Family name: Baring

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Arms:

Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Azure a Fess Or in chief a Bear's Head proper muzzled and ringed Or, differenced by an Escallop Azure;  2nd and 3rd, Gules a Cross Patée fitchée Or between three Fish haurient Argent within an Orle of eight Cross Crosslets of the second

Crest:

A Mullet Erminois between two Wings Argent

Supporters:

On either side a Bear proper muzzled Or, the dexter collared checky Argent and Azure and charged on the shoulder with a Lion's Head erased Or, the sinister collared Azure and charged on the shoulder with an Escallop Or

Motto:

Probitare Et Labore (By probity and industry)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Evelyn [Baring], 1st Baron Cromer later 1st Viscount Cromer later 1st Earl of Cromer, GCB OM GCMG KCSI CIE PC

6th son of Henry Baring MP, of Cromer Hall, co. Norfolk, by his second wife Cecilia Anne Windham, 1st dau. of Vice Adm William Windham, of Felbrigge Hall, co. Norfolk

born

26 Feb 1841

mar. (1)

28 Jun 1876 Ethel Errington (d. 15 Oct 1898), 1st dau. and cohrss. of Sir Rowland Stanley later Errington, 11th Bt., by his wife Julia Macdonald, dau. of Lieut Gen Sir John Macdonald KCB

children by first wife

1. Hon Rowland Thomas Baring, later 2nd Earl of Cromer

2. Hon Windham Baring, Managing Director, Baring Brothers, etc. (b. 29 Sep 1880; d. 28 Dec 1922), mar. 10 Jul 1913 Lady Gweneth Frida Ponsonby (b. 15 Jun 1888; mar. (2) 4 Feb 1926 Col Ralph Henry Voltelin Cavendish CBE MVO DL, only son of Col Alfred Edward John Cavendish CMG by his wife Alice Isabella Van der Byl, 2nd dau. of Hon John Van der Byl, of Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; d. 1984), 3rd dau. of Edward [Ponsonby], 8th Earl of Bessborough, by his wife Blanche Vere Guest, sister of Ivor Bertie [Guest], 1st Baron Wimborne, and 5th dau. by his second wife of Sir Josiah John Guest, 1st Bt. MP, and had issue

mar. (2)

22 Oct 1901 Lady Katherine Georgiana Louisa Thynne (b. 22 Jul 1865; d. 4 Mar 1933), 2nd dau. of John Alexander [Thynne], 4th Marquess of Bath, by his wife Hon Frances Isabella Catherine Vesey, 1st dau. of Thomas [Vesey], 3rd Viscount de Vesci

only child by second wife

3. Hon Evelyn Baring, later 1st Baron Howick of Glendale

died

29 Jan 1917

created

20 Jun 1892 Baron Cromer, of Cromer in the County of Norfolk

25 Jan 1899 Viscount Cromer, of Cromer in the County of Norfolk

8 Aug 1901 Viscount Errington, of Hexham in the County of Northumberland, and Earl of Cromer

suc. by

son by first wife

note

entered the Army 1858 and retired as a Major, Royal Artillery 1879 ; ADC to the Governor of the Ionian Islands 1861; Private Secretary to the Viceroy of India 1872-76; CSI 1876; Commissioner of the Egyptian Public Debt 1877-79; Comptroller General in Egypt 1879-80; Financial member of the Council to the Viceroy of India 1880-83; CIE 1880; KCSI 1883; Consul General and Minister Plenipotentiary to Egypt 1883-1907; Assistant to the conference in London on Egyptian finance 1884; CB 1885; KCB 1887; GCMG 1888; GCB 1895; Privy Councillor 1900; Order of Merit 1906

 

Rowland Thomas [Baring], 2nd Earl of Cromer, GCB GCIE GCVO PC

born

29 Nov 1877

mar.

4 Apr 1908 Lady Ruby Florence Mary Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound GCStJ (b. 26 Sep 1886; d. 1961), 2nd dau. of Gilbert John [Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound], 4th Earl of Minto, by his wife Mary Caroline Grey, 4th dau. of Gen Hon Charles Grey (2nd son of Charles [Grey], 2nd Earl Grey)

children

1. Hon George Rowland Stanley Baring, later 3rd Earl of Cromer

1. Lady Rosemary Ethel Baring (b. 17 Dec 1908), mar. 8 Oct 1932 Lt Col John David Mills MC, Head Master of Bradfield 1940-55 (d. Jul 1975), 1st son of Rev Henry Gardner Hills, of Bryn Eglwys, Criccieth, and has issue

2. Lady Violet Mary Baring (b. 17 Dec 1911; d. 2 Jul 1978), mar. 28 Jan 1937 Maj Mervyn Sydney Bobus Vernon MVO (b. 8 Apr 1912; d. 1991), 2nd son of Rupert Robert Vernon DSO, of Bowldown Farm, Tetbury, co. Gloucester (by his wife Dorothy Inez Elinor Thorneycroft, dau. of George Benjamin Thorneycroft, of Dunston, co. Stafford), 5th son of Hon Greville Richard Vernon MP DL, of Auchans House, Kilmarnock (by his wife Susan Cockerell, 2nd dau. of Cdr Richard Howe Cockerell RN), 4th son of Robert [Smith later Vernon], 1st Baron Lyveden, and had issue

died

13 May 1953

suc. by

son

note

Diplomatic Service 1900-11; MVO 4th Class 1908; Managing director, Baring Brothers 1913-14; Lieut, Grenadier Guards 1914-20; ADC to Viceroy of India 1915-16; Assistant Private Secretary and Equerry in Ordinary to George V 1916-20; CVO 1920; Chief-of-Staff in India to Duke of Connaught 1920-21 and Prince of Wales 1921-22; KCIE 1921; Lord Chamberlain of the Household 1922--38; Privy Councillor 1922; GCIE 1922; GCVO 1927; GCB 1932; Royal Victorian Chain 1935; Permanent Lord in Waiting 1938-53; Receiver General, Venerable Order of St John 1943-47; GCStJ ; Lord Cromer was chairman or director of many public companies and other organisations

 

George Rowland Stanley [Baring], 3rd Earl of Cromer, KG GCMG MBE PC DL

born

28 Jul 1918

mar.

10 Jan 1942 Hon Esme Mary Gabrielle Harmsworth CVO, Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Elizabeth II 1974-93 and Extra Woman of the Bedchamber since 1993 (b. 6 Jul 1922; mar. (2) 1993 as his second wife Capt (Renier) Gerrit Anton van der Voude), 2nd dau. of Esmond Cecil [Harmsworth], 2nd Viscount Rothermere, by his first wife Margaret Hunam Redhead, dau. of William Redhead, of Carville Hall, Brentford, co. Middlesex

children

1. Hon Evelyn Rowland Esmond Baring, later 4th Earl of Cromer

2. Hon Vivian John Rowland Baring, of The Stone House, Lower Swell, Stow-on-the-Wold, co. Gloucester, Chairman St John Council for Kent 1985-87 and St John Council for Gloucestershire 1989-93 (b. 12 Jun 1950), mar. 11 Dec 1974 his second cousin Lavinia Gweneth Baring, Extra Lady-in-Waiting to the Princess of Wales 1981-92 (b. 1 Aug 1951), 1st dau. of Maj Sir Mark Baring KCVO (by his wife Victoria Winifred Russell, only dau. of Col Reginald Edmund Maghlin Russell CVO CBE DL, of Hurst House, Church Crookham, co. Hampshire), 2nd son of Hon Windham Baring (by his wife Lady Gweneth Frida Ponsonby, 3rd dau. of Edward [Ponsonby], 8th Earl of Bessborough), 2nd son of Evelyn [Baring], 1st Earl of Cromer, and has issue

1. Lady Lana Mary Gabriel Baring (b. 1 Mar 1943 ; d. 17 Oct 1974), mar. 11 Jul 1963 Anthony James Gray, of The Old Coach House, Reepham, co. Norfolk, adopted son of Prof Sir James Gray CBE MC, of Cambridge, and had issue

died

Mar 1991

suc. by

son

note

Page of Honour to King George V 1931-35 and to Queen Mary at the Coronation 1937; Lt Col, Grenadier Guards during World War II; MBE 1945; Managing Director, Baring Brothers 1948-60 and 1966-71; Lieutenant of the City of London 1961; Governor of the Bank of England 1961-66; Privy Councillor 1966; Deputy Lieutenant, Kent 1968; Ambassador to the USA 1971-74; GCMG 1974; Knight of the Garter 1977; Lord Cromer held directorships of many public companies and other organisations

 

Evelyn Rowland Esmond [Baring], 4th Earl of Cromer

born

3 Jun 1946

mar. (1)

25 Oct 1971 (div. 1992) Plern Isarangkul Na Ayudhya, 1st dau. of Dr Charanphat Isarangkul Na Ayudhya, of Thailand

mar. (2)

1993 Shelley Hu Cheng-Yu, dau. of Hu Guoquin, of Shanghai, China

children by second wife

1. Hon Alexander Rowland Harmsworth Baring, styled Viscount Errington (b. 5 Jan 1994)

1. Lady Venetia Baring (b. 22 Feb 1998)

 

 Last updated 9 August 2005

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Titles:

4th Earl of Cromer

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 8 Aug 1901)

4th Viscount Cromer, of Cromer in the County of Norfolk

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 25 Jan 1899)

4th Viscount Errington, of Hexham in the County of Northumberland

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 8 Aug 1901)

4th Baron Cromer, of Cromer in the County of Norfolk

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 20 Jun 1892)

 

Addresses:

6 Sloane Terrace Mansions, London SW1X 9DG

Drayton Court, Drayton, Somerset

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

ã Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

"