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Cromwell, Baron (E, 1540 - 1687)

 

Creation: let.pat. 18 Dec 1540

 

Extinct: 26 Nov 1687

 

Family name: Cromwell

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Arms:

See Earl of Ardglass

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Gregory [Cromwell], 1st Baron Cromwell

only son of Thomas [Cromwell], 1st Earl of Essex, by his wife Elizabeth Williams, widow of Thomas Williams, Yeoman of the Guard, and dau. of Henry Wykes, of Putney, co. Surrey, Usher of the Chamber to King Henry VII

born

mar.

bef. 1538 Elizabeth Ughtred (widow of Sir Anthony Ughtred; mar. (3) c. 1 Apr 1554 as his second wife John [Paulet], 2nd Marquess of Winchester; d. bef. 9 Jun 1563), younger sister of Jane, Queen Consort (1536-37) to King Henry VIII and mother of King Edward VI, sister of Edward [Seymour], 1st Duke of Somerset, and 2nd dau. of Sir John Seymour, of Wolf Hall, co. Wiltshire, by his wife Margery Wentworth, dau. of Sir Henry Wentworth, of Nettlested, co. Suffolk, de jure 4th Baron le Despencer

children

1. Hon Henry Cromwell, later 2nd Baron Cromwell

2. Hon Edward Cromwell

3. Hon Thomas Cromwell

1. Hon Frances Cromwell, mar. Richard Strode, of co. Devon, and had issue

2. Hon Catherine Cromwell, mar. John Strode, of co. Dorset

died

4 Jul 1551

created

18 Dec 1540 Baron Cromwell

suc. by

son

note

Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King Edward VI

 

Henry [Cromwell], 2nd Baron Cromwell

born

bef. 1538

mar.

bef. 1560 Lady Mary Paulet (d. 10 Oct 1592), only dau. of his step-father John [Paulet], 2nd Marquess of Winchester, by his first wife Hon Elizabeth Willoughby, 1st dau. and cohrss. by his second wife of Robert [Willoughby], 2nd Baron Willoughby de Broke

children

1. Hon Edward Cromwell, later 3rd Baron Cromwell

2. Hon Sir Gregory Cromwell

1. Hon Catherine Cromwell, mar. Sir Lionel Tollemache, 1st Bt., of Helmingham, co. Suffolk, and had issue

died

20 Nov 1592

suc. by

son

 

Edward [Cromwell], 3rd Baron Cromwell

born

c. 1580

mar. (1)

1581 Elizabeth Upton (dspm. 5 Jan 1592/3), dau. of William Upton, of Puslinch, co. Devon, Serjeant-at-Arms, by his wife Mary Kirkham, dau. of Thomas Kirkham, of Blakedon, co. Devon

only child by first wife

1. Hon Elizabeth Cromwell. mar. (1) Sir John Shelton, of Shelton, co. Norfolk, and (2) Thomas Fitzhughes, of co. Oxford

mar. (2)

c. 1593 Frances Rugge (mar. (2) Richard [Wingfield], 1st Viscount Powerscourt; d. bef. 30 Nov 1631), 1st dau. of William Rugge, of Felmingham, co. Norfolk, by his wife Thomasine Townshend, dau. of Sir Robert Townshend, Justice of Chester

children by second wife

1. Hon Thomas Cromwell, later 4th Baron Cromwell later 1st Viscount Lecale later 1st Earl of Ardglass

2. Hon Frances Cromwell, mar. Sir John Wingfield, of Tickencote, co. Rutland, and had issue

3. Hon Anne Cromwell (d. 11 Jul 1636), mar. Sir Edward Wingfield, of Carnew, co. Wicklow (d. 22 Apr 1638), 1st son and heir of Richard Wingfield, of Robertstown, co. Limerick, by his wife Honora O'Brien, dau. and cohrss. of Hon Teige O'Brien, of Smithstown (by his wife and cousin More O'Brien, dau. by his first wife of Sir Donal O'Brien), 2nd son of Murrough [O'Brien], 1st Baron Inchiquin, and had issue

died

27 Apr 1607

suc. by

son by second wife

note

served in the expedition against Spain with the Earl of Leicester and knighted by him 1599; joined in the Earl's rebellion, for which he was fined £3,000 and imprisoned for some months, but received a special pardon 1601; purchased the Barony of Lecale, co. Down, in 1606

 

Thomas [Cromwell], 4th Baron Cromwell later 1st Viscount Lecale later 1st Earl of Ardglass

created

22 Nov 1624 Viscount Lecale, of Lecale in Ulster

15 Apr 1645 Earl of Ardglass

 

The Barony of Cromwell was held by the 1st Viscount Lecale from 22 Nov 1624 and by the Earls of Ardglass from 15 Apr 1645 until 26 Nov 1687, when on the death of Vere Essex [Cromwell], 4th Earl of Ardglass and 7th Baron Cromwell, both titles became extinct.

 

 First written 27 Nov 2005

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