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Cumberland, Earl of (E, 1525 - 1643)

 

Creation: let.pat. 18 Jun 1525

 

Extinct: 11 Dec 1643

 

Family name:Clifford

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Arms:

Chequy Or and Azure a Fess Gules

Crest:

Out of a Ducal Coronet Or a Wyvern rising Gules

Supporters:

Dexter:  a Wyvern Gules;  Sinister:  a Monkey proper chained Or

Motto:

Desormais

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Henry [Clifford], 11th Baron Clifford later 1st Earl of Cumberland, KG

1st son and heir of Henry [Clifford], 10th Baron Clifford, by his first wife Anne St John, dau. of Sir John St John, of Bletso, co. Bedford

born

1493

mar. (1)

Lady Margaret Talbot (dsp. soon after the marriage), dau. of George [Talbot], 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, by his first wife Hon Anne Hastings, only dau. of William [Hastings], 1st Baron Hastings

mar. (2)

c.1516 Lady Margaret Percy (d. 25 Nov 1540), only dau. of Henry Algernon [Percy], 4th Earl of Northumberland, by his wife Catherine Spencer, dau. and cohrss. of Sir Robert Spencer, of Spencer Combe, co. Devon, by his wife Lady Eleanor Beaufort, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Edmund [Beaufort], 1st Duke of Somerset

children by second wife

1. Hon Henry Clifford, later 2nd Earl of Cumberland

2. Hon Sir Ingelram Clifford, of Cowthorpe, co. York (bur. spm. 15 Jan 1577/8), mar. Anne Rowcliffe (bur. Dec 1571), dau. and sole hrss. of John Rowcliffe, of Cowthorpe, co. York

1. Lady Catherine Clifford (d. 1598), mar. (1) c. 1530 John [Scrope], 8th Baron Scrope of Bolton, and (2) 20 Jan 1557/8 as his second wife Sir Richard Cholmley MP, of Roxby, Thornton and Whitby Abbey, co. York (bur. 17 May 1583), and had issue by both husbands

2. Lady Maude Clifford (dspm.), mar. bef. 28 Oct 1539 John [Conyers], 3rd Baron Conyers, and had issue

3. Lady Elizabeth Clifford, mar. Sir Christopher Metcalfe, of Nappa, co. York

4. Lady Jane Clifford, mar. Sir John Hudlestone, of Millum Castle, co. Cumberland

died

22 Apr 1542

created

18 Jun 1525 Earl of Cumberland

suc. by

son by second wife

note

Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King Henry VIII 1509; Sheriff of Yorkshire 1522; suc. his father 23 Apr 1523 as 11th Baron Clifford and Hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland; subscribed to the letter to the Pope pleading for the King's divorce from Catherine of Aragon and was rewarded with a large grant of former monastic land in Yorkshire including the Priory of Bolton; defended Skipton Castle during Aske's rebellion 1536; Warden of the West Marches and Captain of Carlisle 1525-28 and 1534-42; Constable and Steward of Knaresborough, Penrith, etc.; Knight of the Garter 1537

 

Henry [Clifford], 2nd Earl of Cumberland

born

c.1517

mar. (1)

1537 Lady Eleanor Brandon (dspms. 27 Sep 1547), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Charles [Brandon], 1st Duke of Suffolk, by his third wife Princess Mary of England (widow of King Louis XII of France), 3rd dau. of Henry VII, King of England

children by first wife

1. Hon Henry Clifford (dvp. an infant)

2. Hon Charles Clifford (dvp. and infant)

1. Lady Margaret Clifford (d. 29 Sep 1596), mar. 12 Feb 1554/5 Henry [Stanley], 4th Earl of Derby, and had issue

mar, (2)

c.1552 Hon Anne Dacre (bur. 31 Jul 1581), 2nd dau. of William [Dacre], 3rd Baron Dacre of Gilsland, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Talbot, 5th dau. of George [Talbot], 4th Earl of Shrewsbury

children by second wife

1. Hon George Clifford, later 3rd Earl of Cumberland

2. Hon Francis Clifford, later 4th Earl of Cumberland

1. Lady Frances Clifford (b. 1556; d. 16 Apr 1592), mar. 24 Jun 1577 Philip [Wharton], 3rd Baron Wharton, and had issue

2. Lady Mary Clifford (b. 1556; dvp. c.1559)

3. Lady Eleanor Clifford (b. 1557; d. 1575)

died

2 Jan 1569/70

suc. by

son by second wife

note

Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of Queen Anne Boleyn 1523; Constable and Steward of Knaresborough 1542; Lord Lieutenant of Westmorland 1553-59; High Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster's estates in Yorkshire 1557

 

George [Clifford], 3rd Earl of Cumberland, KG PC

born

8 Aug 1558

mar.

24 Jun 1577 Lady Margaret Russell (b. 7 Jul 1560; d. 22 May 1616), 3rd dau. of Francis [Russell], 2nd Earl of Bedford, by his wife Margaret Gostwick (widow of Sir John Gostwick), sister of Oliver [St John], 1st Baron St John of Bletso, and dau. of Sir John St John, of Bletso, co. Bedford

children

1. Hon Francis Clifford, styled Lord Clifford (b. 10 Apr 1584; dvp. 8 Dec 1588)

2. Hon Robert Clifford, styled Lord Clifford (b. 21 Sep 1585; dvp. 24 May 1591)

1. Lady Anne Clifford, de jure Baroness de Clifford

died

s.p.m.s. 29 Oct 1605

suc. by

brother

note

Councillor of the North 1582; knighted 1588; Knight of the Garter 1592; Constable and Steward of Knaresborough 1597; Admiral 1598; Lieutenant General in London 1599 and 1601; Colonel of the London Trained Bands 1599; High Steward of the Honour of Grafton and Ranger of Salcey Forest 1602; Privy Councillor 1603; Warden of the West and Middle Marches, Governor of Carlisle and Harbottle Castle and Custos Rotulorum of Cumberland 1603; on his death it was assumed at the time that the Barony of Clifford (cr. by writ 1299) passed with the Earldom of Cumberland to his brother - however it has subsequently been held by the House of Lords that the right to this barony in fact passed to his daughter Lady Anne Clifford, de jure Baroness de Clifford

 

Francis [Clifford], 4th Earl of Cumberland

born

1559

mar.

Mar 1589 Grissel Nevill (widow of Edward [Nevill], de jure 7th Baron Bergavenny; d. 15 Jun 1613), dau. of Thomas Hughes, of Uxbridge, co. Middlesex, by his wife Elizabeth Dwnn, dau. of Sir Griffith Dwnn

children

1. Hon George Clifford (dvp. an infant)

2. Hon Henry Clifford, later 1st Baron Clifford later 5th Earl of Cumberland

1. Lady Margaret Clifford (b. 1594; dsp. 21 Sep 1622), mar. 22 Oct 1611 as his first wife Thomas [Wentworth], 1st Earl of Strafford

2. Lady Frances Clifford (b. c. 1594; d. 22 Oct 1627; bur. at Clifton, co. Nottingham), mar. about 1614 as his second wife Sir Gervase Clifton, 1st Bt., of Clifton, co. Nottingham, and had issue

died

21 Jan 1640/1

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for Westmorland 1584-87 and for Yorkshire 1604-05; Sheriff of Yorkshire 1600; Joint Constable and Steward of Knaresborough 1604; Knight of the Bath at the creation of the Duke of York 1604/5; Custos Rotulorum of Cumberland 1606-39 ; Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland 1607-41, and of Northumberland, Westmorland and Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1611-39

 

Henry [Clifford], 1st Baron Clifford later 5th Earl of Cumberland

born

28 Feb 1591/2

mar.

25 Jul 1610 Lady Frances Cecil (b. 1593; d. 14 Feb 1643/4), dau. of Robert [Cecil], 1st Earl of Salisbury, by his wife Hon Elizabeth Brooke, 1st dau. by his second wife of William [Brooke], 10th Baron Cobham of Kent

children

1. Hon Francis Clifford (dvp. an infant)

2. Hon Charles Clifford (bapt. 10 Aug 1620; dvp. 19 Feb 1621/2)

3. Hon Henry Clifford (dvp. 30 Aug 1622)

1. Lady Elizabeth Clifford, suo jure Baroness Clifford

2. Lady Frances Clifford (bapt. 3 Sep 1626; bur. vp. 3 May 1643)

died

s.p.m.s. 11 Dec 1643

note

Knight of the Bath at the creation of the Prince of Wales 1610; Member of Parliament for Westmorland 1614 and 1621-22; Councillor of the North 1619; sum. to Parliament v.p. 17 Feb 1627/8 in what was assumed to be his father's Barony of Clifford but which was held to be the creation of a new barony by writ; Lord Lieutenant of Westmorland 1926-42 and of Yorkshire 1642; General of the Royal Forces in the North 1642

 

On the death of the 5th Earl of Cumberland the Earldom of Cumberland became extinct, the Barony of Clifford (cr. by writ 1628) passed to his daughter and sole heiress, Lady Elizabeth Boyle, Countess of Cork, and the Hereditary Shrievality of Westmorland passed to his cousin, Lady Anne Clifford, de jure Baroness de Clifford

 

 Last updated 3 Jun 2009

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