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Dacre of Gilsland, Baron (E, 1473 - abeyant 1569)

 

Creation: let.pat. 8 Apr 1473

 

Abeyant: 17 May 1569

 

Family name: Dacre

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Arms:

Gules three Escallops Argent

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Humphrey [Dacre], 1st Baron Dacre of Gilsland

3rd son of Thomas [Dacre], 6th Lord Dacre, by his wife Lady Philippa Nevill, 2nd dau. by his first wife of Ralph [Nevill], 1st Earl of Westmorland

born

mar.

Mabel Parr (d. 14 Nov 1508; bur. at Lanercost Priory), dau. of Sir Thomas Parr, of Kendal, co. Westmorland, by his wife Alice Tunstall, dau. of Sir Thomas Tunstall, of Thurland Castle, co. Lancaster

children

1. Thomas Dacre, later 2nd Baron Dacre of Gilsland

2. Philip Dacre (d. after 15 Nov 1509)

3. Humphrey Dacre (d. bef. 15 Nov 1509)

4. Hugh Dacre, a priest (d. after 15 Nov 1509)

5. Christopher Dacre (d. after 15 Nov 1509)

1. Elizabeth Dacre, mar. Thomas Huddleston

2. Katherine Dacre, mar. (1) bef. 15 Nov 1509 George [FitzHugh], 7th Baron FitzHugh, and (2) as his first wife Sir Thomas Nevile, of Mereworth, co. Kent, Speaker of the House of Commons

3. Anne Dacre, mar. Sir Thomas Strangways, of Harlsey

died

30 May 1485 (bur. at Lanercost Priory)

created

8 Apr 1473 Baron Dacre of Gilsland

suc. by

son

note

attainted with his brother Randolf after the Battle of Towton 1461, pardoned 1468; Chief Forester of Inglewood Forest 1469/70 ; the attainder was reversed 8 Feb 1472/3, whereupon he became heir to the Dacre estates under the entails created by his father, though this disputed by the heir general, his niece Joan Fiennes, the only child of his late eldest brother, Thomas Dacre; on 8 Apr 1473 King Edward IV allotted Gilsland as heir male of his father, allowed the Barony of Dacre to pass to the heir general, and declared "that the said Humfrey Dacre, Knight, and the heirs male of the body of the said Thomas, late Lord Dacre, comyng, bee reputed, had, named and called the Lord Dacre of Gillesland"; Governor of Carlisle Castle; Warden of the West Marches 1484

 

Thomas [Dacre], 2nd Baron Dacre of Gilsland, KG

born

25 Nov 1467

mar.

c. 1488 Elizabeth de Greystock, suo jure Baroness Greystock (b 10 Jul 1471; d. 14 Aug 1516; bur. at Lanercost Priory), dau. and sole hrss. of Sir Robert de Greystock (by his second wife Lady Elizabeth Grey, 1st dau. of Edmund [Grey], 1st Earl of Kent), 1st son and heir ap. of Ralph [de Greystock], 5th Baron Greystock

children

1. Hon William Dacre, later 7th Baron Greystock later 3rd Baron Dacre of Gilsland

2. Hon Humphrey Dacre

1. Hon Mary Dacre (d. 29 Mar 1538), mar. bef. 30 Nov 1523 as his first wife Francis [Talbot], 5th Earl of Shrewsbury, and had issue

2. Hon Mabel Dacre (d. aft. Dec 1533), mar. as his second wife Henry [Scrope], 7th Baron Scrope of Bolton, and had issue

3. Hon Anne Dacre (d. betw. 16 Dec 1547 and 21 Apr 1548), mar. 28 Sep 1515 Christopher [Conyers], 2nd Baron Conyers, and had issue

4. Hon Jane Dacre, mar. ..... Tailboys

5. Hon Philippa Dacre

died

24 Oct 1525 (bur. at Lanercost Priory)

suc. by

son

note

Lieutenant of the West Marches 1486; fought at the siege of Norham Castle 1494; Knight of the Bath 1503/4; commanded a troop of horse at the Battle of Flodden 1513; Knight of the Garter 1518

 

William [Dacre], 7th Baron Greystock later 3rd Baron Dacre of Gilsland

born

29 Apr 1500

mar.

betw. 18 May 1519 and 1527 Lady Elizabeth Talbot (d. after 6 May 1552), 5th dau. of George [Talbot], 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, by his first wife and second cousin Anne Hastings, only dau. of William [Hastings], 1st Baron Hastings of Hastings

children

1. Hon Thomas Dacre, later 4th Baron Dacre of Gilsland

2. Hon Leonard Dacre, of Naworth Castle, co. Cumberland, and West Harlsey, co. York, claimed the Barony of Dacre of Gilsland as heir male of the original grantee on the death of his nephew in 1569, Deputy Warden of the West Marches during his father's absence 1558, Member of Parliament for Cumberland 1558-59 and 1563-67, joined the Rebellion of the North 1569 but was defeated near his own castle of Naworth, attainted 2 Apr 1571 and fled to Brussels (d. 12 Aug 1573; bur. in St Nicholas's Church, Brussels)

3. Hon George Dacre (dsp.)

4. Hon Edward Dacre, of Morton, co. York, attainted with his brother in 1571 and fled to the Continent, being in Madrid in 1571 and Flanders in 1573, claimed the Barony of Dacre of Gilsland on the death of his brother in 1573 (d. 2 Sep 1584)

5. Hon Francis Dacre, of Croglin, co. Cumberland, Member of Parliament for Westmorland 1588-89, claimed the Barony of Dacre of Gilsland on the death of his brother in 1584, lost any remaining family estates when they were declared forfeit to the Crown, left for the Continent and attainted 1591 (d. 19 Feb 1632/3), mar. (1) bef. Jan 1573/4 Dorothy Radcliffe (d. betw. 1588 and 17 Sep 1589), dau. and hrss. of John Radclyffe, of Derwentwater, co. Cumberland, by his wife Catherine Grimston, and (2) 17 Jun 1607 Avice Tyrrell, dau. of Thomas Tyrrell, of Heron Hall, East Horndon, co. Essex, by his wife Mary Sulliard, dau. of Sir John Sulliard, of Wetherden, co. Suffolk, and had issue by his second wife,

1a. Randal Dacre, claimed the Barony of Dacre of Gilsland on the death of his father in 1633 (bapt. 8 Mar 1607/8; d. 10 Dec 1634; bur. at Greystoke, co. Cumberland)

1a. Elizabeth Dacre

2a. Mary Dacre

3a. Frances Dacre

4a. Ann Dacre

1. Hon Magdalen Dacre (b. 1538; d. 8 Apr 1608), mar. bef. 10 Dec 1558 as his second wife Anthony [Browne], 1st Viscount Montagu, and had issue

2. Hon Anne Dacre (bur. 31 Jul 1581), mar. c. 1552 as his second wife Henry [Clifford], 2nd Earl of Cumberland, and had issue

3. Hon Eleanor Dacre, mar. as his first wife Henry Jerningham, of Cossey Hall, co. Norfolk, 1st son and heir of Sir Henry Jerningham, of Huntingfield and Wingfield, co. Suffolk, and of Cossey, co. Norfolk, by his wife Frances Baynham, dau. of Sir George Baynham, of Clowerwall, co. Gloucester, and had issue

4. Hon Mary Dacre, mar. Alexander Colepepper

5. Hon Dorothy Dacre (dspms. after 4 Jun 1561), mar. 29 Nov 1544 Hon Sir Thomas Windsor (dspm. and vp. Dec 1552), 2nd but 1st surv. son and heir ap. of William [Windsor], 2nd Baron Windsor, by his first wife Margaret Sambourne, dau. and hrss. of William Sambourne, of Fernham in Shrivenham, co. Berkshire, and had issue

died

18 Nov 1563 (bur. in Carlisle Cathedral)

suc. by

son

note

suc. his mother as 7th Baron Greystock 14 Aug 1516; Captain of Norham Castle 1522/3; Steward of Penrith; Warden of the West Marches 1527-34 and 1555-63, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle 1549-1550/1 and Warden of the West and Middle Marches 1553/4-1555

 

Thomas [Dacre], 4th Baron Dacre of Gilsland

born

c. 1527

mar. (1)

Lady Elizabeth Nevill (dsp.), 6th dau. of Ralph [Nevill], 4th Earl of Westmorland, by his wife Lady Catherine Stafford, 2nd dau. of Edward [Stafford], 3rd Duke of Buckingham

mar. (2)

Elizabeth Leyburn (mar. (2) after 9 Sep 1566 as his third wife Thomas [Howard], 4th Duke of Norfolk; d. 4 Sep 1567), 1st dau. of Sir James Leyburne, of Cunswick, co. Westmorland, by his second wife Helen Preston, dau. of Thomas Preston, of Levens, co. Westmorland

children by second wife

1. Hon Francis Dacre (d. an infant)

2. Hon George Dacre, later 5th Baron Dacre of Gilsland

1. Hon Anne Dacre (b. 12 Apr 1557; d. 19 Apr 1630), mar. 1571 her step-brother St Philip [Howard], 20th or 13th Earl of Arundel, 1st son of Thomas [Howard], 4th Duke of Norfolk, by his first wife Lady Mary FitzAlan, 2nd dau. by his first wife and sole hrss. in her issue of Henry [FitzAlan], 19th or 12th Earl of Arundel, and had issue

2. Hon Mary Dacre (b. 4 Jul 1563; dsp. 7 Apr 1578), mar. bef. 9 May 1577 as his first wife her step-brother Thomas [Howard], 1st Earl of Suffolk, 1st son of Thomas [Howard], 4th Duke of Norfolk, by his second wife Hon Margaret Dudley, widow of Lord Henry Dudley (sic?) and 1st dau. and eventual sole hrss. by his second wife of Thomas [Audley], 1st Baron Audley of Walden

3. Hon Elizabeth Dacre (b. 12 Dec 1564), mar.28 Oct 1577 her step-brother Lord William Howard, of Naworth Castle, co. Cumberland, and Henderskelfe Castle, co. York (b. 19 Dec 1563;  d. 7 Oct 1640), 2nd son of Thomas [Howard], 4th Duke of Norfolk, by his second wife Hon Margaret Dudley, widow of Lord Henry Dudley (sic?) and 1st dau. and eventual sole hrss. by his second wife of Thomas [Audley], 1st Baron Audley of Walden, and had issue

died

1 Jul 1566 (bur. in Carlisle Cathedral)

suc. by

son by second wife

note

knighted 1547; Member of Parliament for Cumberland 1553

 

George [Dacre], 5th Baron Dacre of Gilsland

born

c. 1561

died

17 May 1569

note

on his death the Barony of Greystock fell into abeyance between his three sisters and their descendants

 

On the death of the 5th Baron Dacre of Gilsland there was no agreement as to whether the Barony of Dacre of Gilsland had fallen into abeyance between the three sisters of the late Baron (as it would were it a barony created by writ) or should pass to the heir male (as it would were it a barony created by patent with limitation to the heirs male of the body of the grantee). Under normal circumstances such a matter would be referred to the Duke of Norfolk, the Earl Marshal, for adjudication, but as he was stepfather of Hon Anne Dacre, one of the three sisters and coheirs of the last Baron, the matter was referred to specially appointed Commissioners. Totally failing to take into account the terms of the award by King Edward IV in 1472, the Commissioners arrived at the conclusion that the Barony of Dacre of Gilsland was one created by writ of summons and therefore had fallen into abeyance between the three sisters and coheirs. This decision appears to have been heavily influenced by the views and interests of the Duke of Norfolk, who afterwards married the two unmarried coheirs to another two of his sons.

 

 First written 5 May 2004

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Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

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