Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage

If you have found this page useful, why not make a donation to The Peerage Research Trust so that we can continue to maintain and develop Cracroft's Peerage?


| Search this site | Introduction | Contents | The Monarchy | The Peerage | The Baronetage | Untitled Families | Orders of Chivalry | Miscellaneous | Forums | Contact Us | Links |

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Devonshire, Earl of (E, 1618)

 

Created: let. pat. 7 Aug 1618

 

Family name: Cavendish

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Arms:

See Duke of Devonshire

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

William [Cavendish], 1st Baron Cavendish of Hardwicke later 1st Earl of Devonshire

2nd son of Sir William Cavendish, of Hardwicke, co. Derby, by his third wife Elizabeth Hardwicke (the famous "Bess of Hardwicke"), dau. and eventually cohrss. of John Hardwicke, of Hardwicke, co. Derby

born

27 Dec 1552

mar. (1)

21 Mar 1580/1 Anne Keighley, dau. of Henry Keighley, of Keighley, co. York, and St Botolph's, Aldersgate, London, by his wife Mary Carus, dau. of Sir Thomas Carus, Justice of the Queen's Bench

children by first wife

1. Hon William Cavendish, later 2nd Earl of Devonshire

1. Lady Frances Cavendish (dspm. 1 Sep 1613), mar. 12 Jul 1608 as his first wife William [Maynard], 1st Baron Maynard, and had issue

mar. (2)

Elizabeth Wortley (widow of Sir Richard Wortley; d. c.1642), dau. of Edward Broughton, of Causton, co. Warwick

child by second wife

2. Hon Sir John Cavendish

died

3 Mar 1625/6

created

4 May 1605 Baron Cavendish of Hardwicke

7 Aug 1618 Earl of Devonshire

suc. by

son by first wife

note

knighted 1580;  Member of Parliament for Newport, co. Cornwall 1588;  Sheriff of Derbyshire 1595;  suc. his elder brother Henry Cavendish in the estate of Chatsworth, co. Derby 1616;  Bailiff of Tutbury Castle 1618;  joint Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire with his son 1619-26

 

William [Cavendish], 2nd Earl of Devonshire

born

1590

mar.

10 Apr 1608 Hon Christian Bruce (d. 16 Jun 1674), only dau. of Edward [Bruce], 1st Lord Kinloss, by his wife Magdalen Clerk, dau. of Alexander Clerk, of Balbirnie, co. Fife

children

1. Hon William Cavendish, later 3rd Earl of Devonshire

2. Hon Charles Cavendish

1. Lady Anne Cavendish (b. c. 1611; d. 24 Aug 1638), mar. 9 Apr 1632 as his first wife Robert [Rich], 3rd Earl of Warwick, and had issue

died

20 Jun 1628

suc. by

son

note

knighted 1608/9;  Member of Parliament for Derbyshire 1621-26;  joint Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire with his father 1619-26, sole Lord Lieutenant 1626-28

 

William [Cavendish], 3rd Earl of Devonshire

born

10 Oct 1617

mar.

4 Mar 1638/9 Lady Elizabeth Cecil (b. c. 1620; d. 19 Nov 1689), 2nd dau. of William [Cecil], 2nd Earl of Salisbury, by his wife Lady Catharine Howard, 3rd dau. by his second wife of Thomas [Howard], 1st Earl of Suffolk

children

1. Hon William Cavendish, later 4th Earl of Devonshire later 1st Duke of Devonshire

1. Lady Anne Cavendish (d. 18 Jun 1703), mar. (1) 2 Sep 1662 Hon Charles Rich, styled Lord Rich (b. 28 Sep 1643;  dsp. and vp. 16 May 1664), only son and heir ap. of Charles [Rich], 4th Earl of Warwick, and (2) 4 May 1670 John [Cecil], 5th Earl of Exeter, and had issue by her second husband

died

23 Nov 1684

suc. by

son

note

Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King Charles I 1625/6;  Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire 1638-42 and 1660-84;  a founding Fellow of the Royal Society 1663;  Commissioner of Trade 1668-69

 

William [Cavendish], 4th Earl of Devonshire later 1st Duke of Devonshire, KG PC

created

12 May 1694 Marquess of Hartington and Duke of Devonshire

 

The Earldom of Devonshire has been held by the Dukes of Devonshire since 12 May 1694

 

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

ã Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

"