Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage

If you have found this page useful, why not make a donation to The Peerage Research Trust so that we can continue to maintain and develop Cracroft's Peerage?


| Search this site | Introduction | Contents | The Monarchy | The Peerage | The Baronetage | Untitled Families | Orders of Chivalry | Miscellaneous | Forums | Contact Us | Links |

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Douglas, Earl of (S, 1358 - forfeited 1455)

 

Creation: let.pat. 26 Jan 1357/8

 

Forfeited: 10 Jun 1455

 

Family name: Douglas

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

Garter stall plate of James [Douglas], 9th Earl of Douglas, KG

(Plate LXXII from W H St John Hope: The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Order of the Garter 1348-1485)

 

Arms:

Quarterly:  1st, Argent a Heart Gules on a Chief azure three Mullets of the field (Douglas);  2nd, Azure fretty Or (Lordship of Lauderdale);  3rd, Azure three Mullets Or within a Double Tressure flory counterflory (Moray of Bothwell);  4th, Or six Piles Gules (Brechin or the Lordship of Ettrick Forest); on an escutcheon of pretence, Azure a Lion rampant crowned Argent (Galloway)

Crest:

A Boar sejant Sable

Supporters:

On either side a Wildman girt about the temples and loins with Leaves and holding in the exterior hand a Club all proper

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

William [Douglas], 1st Earl of Douglas

2nd but only surv. son and heir of Sir Archibald Douglas, Regent of Scotland, by his wife Beatrice Lindsay, dau. of Sir Alexander Lindsay of Crawford

born

 

mar.

bef. 13 Nov 1357 as her first husband Lady Margaret of Mar, suo jure Countess of Mar (mar. (2) bef. 27 Jul 1388 as his first wife Sir John Swinton of Swinton (d. 14 Sep 1402 at the Battle of Homildon); d.s.p.m.s. bef. 22 Nov 1393), sister and hrss. of Thomas, 9th Earl of Mar, and only dau. of William, 8th Earl of Mar, by his wife Isabel Stewart

children

1. Sir James Douglas, later 2nd Earl of Douglas

1. Lady Isabel Douglas, suo jure Countess of Mar

died

May 1384 (bur. at Melrose Abbey)

created

26 Jan 1357/8 Earl of Douglas

suc. by

son

note

obtained the vast estates of the Douglas family on the resignation of the Lordship of Douglas by his uncle Hugh Douglas, Lord of Douglas, in 1342;  attained full age c.1348;  fought in Scotland against the English 1346-56;  killed his kinsman Sir William Douglas of Liddesdale 1353;  wounded at the Battle of Poitiers 1356 fighting for the French;  a surety for the release of King David II by the English;  attended the Coronation of King Robert II 1371;  Warden of the Marches, during which time he brought Teviotdale under the Scottish Crown; by his mistress and sister-in-law Lady Margaret Stewart, suo jure Countess of Angus, 1st dau. and heir of line of Thomas [Stewart], 2nd Earl of Angus, he was father of George [Douglas], 1st Earl of Angus, ancestor of the Earls of Angus, Marquesses of Douglas, Dukes of Hamilton, etc.

 

James [Douglas], 2nd Earl of Douglas

born

c. 1358

mar.

after 23 Sep 1371 Lady Isabella Stewart (mar. (2) betw. 1358 and 1390 Sir John Edmonstone of Duntreath; d. c.1410), 2nd dau. of King Robert II, by his first wife Elizabeth Mure, dau. of Sir Adam Mure of Rowallan

died

s.p.s. 14 Aug 1388 (bur. at Melrose Abbey)

suc. by

cousin once removed

note

knighted 1378; raided into England and took prisoner Sir Henry Percy, known as "Hotspur"; killed at the Battle of Otterburn (Chevy Chase); he was father of two illegitimate sons: William Douglas, ancestor of the Douglases of Drumlanrig, later Earls, Marquesses and Dukes of Queensberry, and Archibald Douglas, ancestor of the Douglases of Cavers

 

Archibald [Douglas], 3rd Earl of Douglas

illegitimate son of Sir James Douglas "the Good", Lord of Douglas

born

c. 1325

mar.

after 23 Jul 1362 Lady Joan Moray (widow of Sir Thomas Moray, Lord of Bothwell; d. bef. Aug 1409), only child and hrss. of Maurice [Moray], 1st Earl of Strathearn, by his wife Joan Campbell, widow of Malise, 7th Earl of Strathearn, and of John [Campbell], 1st Earl of Atholl, and dau. of Sir John Menteith of Rusky

children

1. Sir Archibald Douglas, later 4th Earl of Douglas later 1st Duke of Touraine

2. Sir James Douglas, later 1st Earl of Avondale later 7th Earl of Douglas

1. Lady Marjorie Douglas (d. bef. 11 May 1421), mar. (1) Feb 1399/1400 David, Prince of Scotland and Duke of Rothesay (b. 24 Oct 1378; dvp. and sp. 26 Mar 1402), 1st son and heir ap. of Robert III, King of Scotland, by his wife Annabella Drummond, dau. of Sir John Drummond of Stobhall, and (2) 1403 Sir Walter Haliburton of Dirleton, Treasurer of Scotland

illegitimate child

3. Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale (d. c. 1392), mar. c 1387 Lady Egidia Stewart, 2nd dau. of Robert II, King of Scotland, by his second wife Lady Euphemia Randolph, widow of John [Randolph], 3rd Earl of Moray, and dau. of Hugh, 6th Earl of Ross, and had issue:

1a. Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale, fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill 1402, taken prisoner following a skirmish and imprisoned in the Tower of London 1419 (d. after 1419)

1a. Egidia Stewart (d. after 1438), mar. (1) bef 17 Nov 1407 Henry [Sinclair], 2nd Earl of Orkney, and (2) after 29 Apr 1422 her second cousin Sir Alexander Stewart (beheaded at Stirling the day after his brother 25 May 1425), 3rd son of Murdoch [Stewart], 2nd Duke of Albany, by his wife Lady Elizabeth, suo jure Countess of Lennox, dau. of Duncan, 8th Earl of Lennox, and had issue by her first husband

died

bef. 9 Feb 1400/1 (bur. at Bothwell)

suc. by

son

note

named in the settlement of 1342 by his uncle Hugh Douglas, Lord of Douglas; with his cousin the 1st Earl of Douglas at the Battle of Poitiers 1356; Lord Warden of the Marches 1368-1400 ; a Conservator of a truce with the English 1390

 

Archibald [Douglas], 4th Earl of Douglas later 1st Duke of Touraine

born

c. 1370

mar.

bef. 1390 Lady Margaret Stewart (d. betw. 26 Jan 1449/50 and Sep 1456; bur. in Lincluden Church), dau. of King Robert III by his wife Annabella Drummond, dau. of Sir John Drummond of Stobhall

children

1. Sir Archibald Douglas, later 5th Earl of Douglas

2. Sir James Douglas, frequently acted as a hostage for his father, killed with his father at the Battle of Verneuil (d. 17 Aug 1424)

1. Lady Elizabeth Douglas (d. Martinmas 1451), mar. (1) Nov 1413 her first cousin once removed John [Stewart], 3rd Earl of Buchan, (2) c. 1425 Sir Thomas Stewart, styled Master of Mar (dsp. and vp.), illegit. son of Sir Alexander Stewart, jure uxoris Earl of Mar, and (3) as his first wife her cousin William [Sinclair], 3rd Earl of Orkney later 1st Earl of Caithness, and had issue by her third husband

died

17 Aug 1424 (bur. in the Cathedral of Tours)

created

19 Apr 1424 Duke of Touraine and Peer of France, with a grant of the Duchy to him and the heirs male of his body

suc. by

son

note

Lord Warden of the Marches 1400; in command of an invasion of England 1401 and at the Battle of Homildon Hill 1402, where he was wounded, lost an eye and was taken prisoner by Henry Hotspur; he later joined his captor in a rebellion against King Henry IV, where he was wounded and taken prisoner at the Battle of Shrewsbury; he returned to Scotland in 1408; obtained the Lordship of Annandale 1409; a Lieut General in the French service; following the grant of the Duchy of Touraine he made his solemn entry into Tours, but was slain a few months later at the Battle of Verneuil, fighting against the Duke of Bedford

 

Archibald [Douglas], 5th Earl of Douglas and 2nd Duke of Touraine

born

c. 1390

mar.

bef. 26 Apr 1425 Lady Eupheme Graham (mar. (2) after 25 Feb 1440/1 as his first wife James [Hamilton], 1st Lord Hamilton; d. betw. 1 Aug 1468 and 1 Nov 1468), 1st dau. of Sir Patrick Graham of Kilpont by his wife Lady Eupheme, suo jure Countess of Strathearn

children

1. William Douglas, later 6th Earl of Douglas

2. David Douglas (executed with his brother 24 Nov 1440)

1. Lady Margaret Douglas, the "Fair Maid of Galloway" (d. c. 1475), mar. (1) after 24 Jul 1444 her cousin William [Douglas], 8th Earl of Douglas and 2nd Earl of Avondale, (2) after 26 Feb 1452/3 (div. c 1455) her later husband's brother James [Douglas], 9th Earl of Douglas amd 3rd Earl of Avondale, and (3) 1459/60 as his first wife John [Stewart], 1st Earl of Atholl, and had issue by her third husband

died

26 Jun 1439 (bur. at St Bride's, Douglas)

suc. by

son

note

a hostage in England for his father 1407; part of the French force that defeated the English at the Battle of Baugé 1420/1; created v.p. Count of Longueville by King Charles VII of France; one of the ambassadors sent to England 1424 for the ransom of King James I; one of the Regents of Scotland on the King's death 1437; Lieut General of Scotland 1438

 

William [Douglas], 6th Earl of Douglas and 3rd Duke of Touraine

born

c. 1424

mar.

Lady Janet Lindsay(d. 1483 or 1484), 1st dau. of David [Lindsay], 3rd Earl of Crawford, by his wife Marjory Ogilvy, dau. of Alexander Ogilvy of Auchterhouse

died

s.p. 24 Nov 1440

suc. by

great uncle

note

he defied the Government and after a brief trial was convicted of high treason and beheaded within Edinburgh Castle 1440

 

On the death of the 6th Earl of Douglas his French titles of Touraine and Longueville became extinct. His Scottish titles and estates should all have been forfeited on his conviction for high treason. However, the Lordships of Annandale and Bothwell passed to the Crown and the other Douglas estates were divided between the late Earl's sister, Lady Margaret Douglas, who received the Lordship of Galloway, and his great uncle and heir male, the Earl of Avondale, received the Earldom of Douglas itself and other property as if there had been no attainder of the 6th Earl

 

James [Douglas], 1st Earl of Avondale later 7th Earl of Douglas

born

mar. (1)

Lady Beatrice Stewart (dsp. c. 1424), 5th dau. of Robert [Stewart], 1st Duke of Albany, by his first wife Lady Margaret Drummond, suo jure Countess of Menteith, widow of (1) Sir John Murray of Bothwell, (2) Thomas, 9th Earl of Mar, and (3) Sir John Drummond of Concraig, and dau. of Sir John Graham by his wife Lady Mary, suo jure Countess of Menteith

mar. (2)

bef. 7 Mar 1425/6 his great niece Lady Beatrice Sinclair, attainted 1455 (d. bef. 8 Feb 1462/3; bur. in St Bride's, Douglas), only dau. of Henry [Sinclair], 2nd Earl of Orkney, by his wife Egidia Douglas, dau. and hrss. of Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale (by his wife Lady Egidia Stewart, 2nd dau. by his second wife of Robert II, King of Scotland), illegit. son of Archibald [Douglas], 3rd Earl of Douglas

children by second wife

1. Sir William Douglas, later 8th Earl of Douglas and 2nd Earl of Avondale

2. James Douglas, later 9th Earl of Douglas and 3rd Earl of Avondale

3. Archibald Douglas, later jure uxoris Earl of Moray

4. Hugh Douglas, later 1st Earl of Ormond

5. James Douglas of Balvany, joined his brothers the Earls of Moray and Ormond in their rebellion and was present at their defeat at the Battle of Arkinholm 1455, joined his mother and brother James in England, returned to Scotland and eventually arrested and beheaded for sedition (d. c. 1463)

6. Henry Douglas (d. young)

1. Lady Margaret Douglas (d. bef. 3 Sep 1473), mar. her second cousin once removed Henry Douglas of Dalkeith and Borg (d. bef. 1456), 3rd son of Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith by his wife Lady Elizabeth Stewart, 4th dau. of Robert III, King of Scotland, and had issue

2. Lady Beatrix Douglas (d. after 1490), mar. (1) bef. 17 Mar 1449/50 William [Hay], 1st Earl of Erroll, and (2) bef. 12 Oct 1463 Arthur Forbes, and had issue by her first husband

3. Lady Janet Douglas, mar. bef. 23 Jul 1451 as his first wife her second cousin once removed Robert [Fleming], 1st Lord Fleming, and had issue

4. Lady Elizabeth Douglas, mar. Sir John Wallace of Craigie

died

28 Mar 1443 (bur. at Douglas)

created

c. 1437 Lord of Balveny and Earl of Avondale

suc. by

son by second wife

note

sat on the trial of the Duke of Albany 1425; Warden of the West Marches

 

William [Douglas], 8th Earl of Douglas and 2nd Earl of Avondale

born

c. 1425

mar.

after 24 Jul 1444 his cousin Lady Margaret Douglas, Lady of Galloway (mar. (2) after 26 Feb 1452/3 (div. c 1455) James [Douglas], 9th Earl of Douglas, and (3) 1459/60 as his first wife John [Stewart], 1st Earl of Atholl; d. c. 1475), sister and hrss. of William [Douglas], 6th Earl of Douglas, and only dau. of Archibald [Douglas], 5th Earl of Douglas, by his wife Lady Eupheme Graham, 1st dau. of Sir Patrick Graham of Kilpont by his wife Lady Eupheme, suo jure Countess of Strathearn

died

s.p. 22 Feb 1451/2

suc. by

brother

note

knighted 1430; a great favourite of King James II; Lieut General of Scotland; Warden of the Marches 1450-52; in Rome for the Jubilee 1450; joined the Earl of Crawford and others in opposition to the Court party and Lord Chancellor Crichton, he was fatally stabbed by the King at Stirling Castle

 

James [Douglas], 9th Earl of Douglas and 3rd Earl of Avondale, KG

born

mar. (1)

after 26 Feb 1452/3 (div. c. 1455) his cousin (and the widow of his late brother) Lady Margaret Douglas (mar. (3) 1459/60 as his first wife John [Stewart], 1st Earl of Atholl; d. c. 1475), sister and hrss. of William [Douglas], 6th Earl of Douglas, and only dau. of Archibald [Douglas], 5th Earl of Douglas, by his wife Lady Eupheme Graham, 1st dau. of Sir Patrick Graham of Kilpont by his wife Lady Eupheme, suo jure Countess of Strathearn

mar. (2)

Lady Anne Nevill (widow of (1) Sir John Nevill, styled Lord Nevill, only son and heir ap. by his first wife of Ralph [Nevill], 2nd Earl of Westmorland, and (2) John [Nevill], 1st Baron Nevill; d. 26 Dec 1486), only dau. of John [de Holand], 1st Duke of Exeter, by his second wife Lady Anne Montacute, 1st dau. of John [Montacute], 3rd Earl of Salisbury

died

22 May 1491 (bur. at Lindores Abbey)

note

tried to avenge his brother's murder but was reconciled with King James II Aug 1452; he joined with the Duke of York in 1454 and with a force of 40,000 men he openly accused King James of murder; Lord Hamilton and others deserted him, his force dispersed and he fled into Annandale; attainted by Act of Parliament 1455, when all his titles and estates were forfeited; he escaped to England and became dependent upon King Henry VI; Knight of the Garter 1463; the Scottish Parliament offered a reward for his capture and death 1482; he joined the Duke of Albany in an invasion of Scotland but was defeated and taken prisoner at Lochmaben 1484, and sentenced to imprisonment in Lindores Abbey

 

The Earldom of Douglas (and also the Earldom of Avondale) was forfeited on the attainder of the 9th Earl of Douglas in 1455.

 

 First written 4 Jan 2010

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

ã Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

"