Cracroft's Peerage
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Dufferin and Ava, Marquess of (UK, 1888-1988)

 

Creation: let.pat. 17 Nov 1888

 

Extinct: 26 Jul 1691

 

Family name: Blackwood later Hamilton-Blackwood later Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood

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Arms:

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Azure a Fess Or in chief a Crescent Argent between two Mullets of the second and in base a Mascle of the third (Blackwood);  2nd, quarterly, 1st and 4th, Or an Eagle displayed Sable, 2nd and 3rd, Argent two Bars Sable each charged with three Martlets Or (Temple);  3rd, Gules three Cinquefoils pierced Ermine on a Chief Or a Lion passant of the field (Hamilton, Earl of Clanbrassill)

Crests:

1st:  On a Cap of Maintenance Gules turned up Ermine a Crescent Argent (Blackwood);  2nd, On a Ducal Coronet Or a Martlet Gold (Temple);  3rd, a Demi-Antelope affrontée Ermine attired and unguled Or holding between his hoofs a Heart Gules (Hamilton, Earl of Clanbrassill)

Supporters:

Dexter:  a Lion Gules armed and langued Azure gorged with a Tressure flory-counterflory Or;  Sinister:  an Heraldic Tiger Ermine gorged with a like Tressure Gules;  each supporter supporting a Flag Staff proper therefrom flowing a Banner Or charged with a Peacock in his Pride also proper

Motto:

Per Vias Rectas

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Francis Temple [Blackwood later Hamilton-Blackwood later Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood], 5th Baron Dufferin and Clandeboye later 1st Earl of Dufferin later 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, KP GCB GCSI GCMG GCIE PC

only son and heir of Price [Blackwood], 4th Baron Dufferin and Clandeboye, by his wife Helen Selina Sheridan, 1st dau. of Thomas Sheridan

born

21 Jun 1826

mar.

23 Oct 1862 Harriet Georgina Rowan-Hamilton VA CI DBE (b. 5 Feb 1843; d. 25 Oct 1936), 1st dau. of Archibald Rowan-Hamilton, of Killyleagh Castle, co. Down, by his wife Catherine Anne Caldwell, dau. of Rev George Caldwell

children

1. Lieut Lord Archibald James Leofric Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, styled Viscount Clandeboye and later styled Earl of Ava, ADC to his father when Viceroy of India (b. 28 Jul 1863; dvp. 11 Jan 1900)

2. Lord Terence John Temple Hamilton-Temple Blackwood, later 2nd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

3. Lord Ian Basil Gawaine Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Deputy Judge Advocate South Africa 1900, Secretary to High Commissioner 1902, Assistant Colonial Secretary to Orange River Colony 1903, Colonial Secretary Barbados 1907-09, Assistant Secretary to Development Commissioner 1910-14, Intelligence Corps 1914-16, Private Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1916, Lieut Grenadier Guards 1916 (b. 4 Nov 1870; d. 3 Jul 1917)

4. Lord Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, later 3rd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

1. Lady Helen Hermione Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood GBE (b. 1863; d. 9 Apr 1941), mar. 31 Aug 1889 Ronald Craufurd [Munro-Ferguson], 1st Viscount Novar

2. Lady Hermione Catherine Helen Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood (b. 1869; d. 19 Oct 1960)

3. Lady Victoria Alexandrina Helen Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood (b. 1873; d. 11 Feb 1968), mar. (1) 4 Jun 1894 William Lee [Plunket], 5th Baron Plunket, and (2) 1 Oct 1920 Col Francis Powell Braithwaite CBE DSO MC (d. 23 Dec 1952), 2nd son of Rev John Masterman Braithwaite, Vicar of Croydon, and had issue by her first husband

died

12 Feb 1901

created

22 Jan 1850 Baron Clandeboye, of Clandeboye in the County of Down

13 Nov 1871 Viscount Clandeboye, of Clandeboye in the County of Down, and Earl of Dufferin, in the said County of Down

17 Nov 1888 Earl of Ava, in the Province of Burma, and Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, in the County of Down and Burma aforesaid

suc. by

son

note

suc. his father 21 Jul 1841 as 4th Baron Dufferin and Clandeboye; a Lord-in-Waiting 1849-52 and 1854-58; Special Commissioner to Syria 1860-61; KCB 1861; took the additional surname of Hamilton by Royal Licence 1862 and the additional surname of Temple by Royal Licence 1872; Knight of St Patrick 1864; Lord Lieutenant of Co. Down 1864-1902; Under Secretary of State for India 1864-66 and for War 1866; Privy Councillor 1868; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Paymaster General 1868-72; Governor General of Canada 1872-78; GCMG 1876; ambassador to St Petersburg 1879-81 and to Constantinople 1881-84; Special Commissioner to Egypt 1882; GCB 1883; GCSI 1884; Viceroy of India 1884-88; GCIE 1887; Ambassador to Rome 1888-91 and to Paris 1891-96; Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports 1891-95; Privy Councillor [I] 1897; Chancellor of the Royal University of Ireland 1886-1902; Lord Rector of St Andrew's University 1889-91 and of Edinburgh University 1899-1902

 

Terence John Temple [Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood], 2nd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

born

16 Mar 1866

mar.

16 Oct 1893 Florence Davis (mar. (2) 11 Dec 1919 as his second wife Richard George Penn [Curzon], 4th Earl Howe; d. 14 Apr 1925), dau. of John H Davis, of 24 Washington Square, New York, USA

children

1. Lady Doris Gwendoline Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood (b. 14 Dec 1895; d. 198.), mar. 19 Oct 1922 Capt Cecil Gunston MC (d. 9 Dec 1934), 1st son of Maj Bernard Hamilton Gunston, and had issue

2. Lady Ursula Florence Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood (b. 9 Feb 1899; d. 198.), mar. 10 Feb 1926 Capt Arthur Swithin Newton Horne (d. 18 Mar 1954), son of Arthur Horne

3. Lady Patricia Ethel Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood (b. 20 Mar 1902; d. 198.), mar. 11 Jun 1926 Henry Russell (d. 10 Oct 1937)

died

s.p.m. 7 Feb 1918

suc. by

brother

note

Foreign Office and Diplomatic Service 1891-1918

 

Frederick Temple [Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood], 3rd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, DSO PC

born

26 Feb 1875

mar.

20 Jun 1908 Brenda Woodhouse (mar. (2) 28 Jan 1932 Henry Charles Somers Augustus Somerset (d. 25 Nov 1945), son of Lord Henry Somerset; d. 17 Jul 1946), only dau. of Maj Robert Woodhouse, of Orford House, Bishops Stortford, co. Hertford

children

1. Lord Basil Sheridan Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, later 4th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

1. Lady Veronica Brenda Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood (b. 13 Dec 1910; d. 30 Jul 1971), mar. (1) 17 Dec 1931 (div. 1940) as his first wife Sir (Roger) Anthony Hornby (d. 1987), son of Charles Harry St John Hornby, of Shelley House, Chelsea, London, and Chantmarle, co. Dorset, and (2) Oct 1941 (div. 1947) S/Ldr Ernest Henry Maddick RAF, son of Ernest Robert James Maddick, of Putney, London, and has issue by her first husband

died

21 Jul 1930

suc. by

son

note

Capt 9th Lancers 1897-1913; served in the Boer War 1899-1900; DSO 1900; Grenadier Guards 1914-17; Military Secretary to Governor General of Australia 1914; Privy Councillor [I] 1921 and [NI] 1922; Capt RNVR 1924; ADC to HM King George V, Vice-Admiral of Ulster and Speaker of the Northern Ireland Senate 1921-30

 

Basil Sheridan [Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood], 4th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

born

6 Apr 1909

mar.

3 Jul 1930 Maureen Constance Guinness (b. 31 Jan 1907; mar. (2) 14 Sep 1948 (div. 1954) Maj (Harry Alexander) Desmond ("Kelpy") Buchanan MC, son of Lt Col James Claud Buchanan, of Hales Hall, Market Drayton, co. Salop, and (3) 20 Aug 1955 His Hon Judge John Cyril Maude QC (d. 1986); d. 3 May 1998), 2nd dau. of Hon Arthur Ernest Guinness (2nd son of Edward Cecil [Guinness], 1st Earl of Iveagh), by his wife Marie Clothilde Russell, only dau. of Sir George Russell, 4th Bt., of Swallowfield, co. Berkshire, Recorder of Wokingham, by his wife Constance Charlotte Elisa Lennox, 1st dau. of Lt Col Lord Arthur Lennox MP (by his wife Adelaide Constance Campbell, 4th dau. of Col John Campbell, 4th of Islay, by his wife and fourth cousin Lady Charlotte Susan Maria Campbell, 2nd dau. of John [Campbell], 5th Duke of Argyll), 7th son of Charles [Lennox], 4th Duke of Richmond

children

1. Lord Sheridan Frederick Terence [Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood], later 5th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

1. Lady Caroline Maureen Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood (b. 16 Jul 1931; d. 14 Feb 1996), mar. (1) 9 Dec 1953 (div. 1958) Lucien Michael Freud OM, painter (b. 1922), son of Ernst Freud, son of Sigmund Freud, (2) 15 Aug 1959 (div. 19..) Israel Citkowitz (b. 1909; d. 1974), composer, and (3) 1972 as his third wife Robert (Traill Spence) Lowell IV, the American poet (b. 1917; d. 12 Sep 1977), and had issue by her second and third husbands

2. Lady Perdita Maureen Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood (b. 17 Jul 1934)

died

25 Mar 1945

suc. by

son

note

Member of the Indian Franchise Committee 1932; Parliamentary Private Secretary to Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for India 1932, to President of the Board of Education 1932-35, to Secretary of State for War 1935, to Lord Privy Seal 1935-36 and to Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for the Colonies 1937-40; Lord in Waiting 1936-37; Capt Royal Horse Guards

 

Sheridan Frederick Terence [Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood], 5th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

born

9 Jul 1938

mar.

21 Oct 1964 Serena Belinda ("Lindy") Rosemary Guinness (b. 25 Mar 1941), only dau. of Grp Capt (Thomas) Loel Evelyn Bulkeley Guinness OBE MP by his second wife Lady Isabel Violet Manners, 2nd dau. of John Henry Montagu [Manners], 9th Duke of Rutland

died

s.p. 29 May 1988

note

Trustee of the Wallace Collection 1976-88

 

On the death of the 5th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava all his titles except for the Barony of Dufferin and Clandeboye became extinct - the barony was inherited by his fourth cousin once removed, Sir Francis George Blackwood, 7th Bt., who succeeded as 10th Baron Dufferin and Clandeboye.

 

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