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Erskine, Baron (UK, 1806)

 

Creation: let.pat. 10 Feb 1806

 

Family name: Erskine

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st, Argent a Pale Sable (Erskine);  2nd, Azure a Bend between six Cross Crosslets fitchée Or (Mar);  3rd, Or a Fess chequy Azure and Argent (Stewart);  4th, Argent three Bars Gemel Gules surmounted of a Lion rampant Sable armed and membered Azure (Fairfax)

Crest:

A Dexter Arm embowed couped below the elbow the Hand grasping Club all proper

Supporters:

Dexter:  A Stork holding in the beak a Snake both proper;  Sinister:  A Griffin Gules charged on the breast with a Mullet Or

Motto:

 Trial by jury

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Thomas [Erskine], 1st Baron Erskine, KT PC

3rd son of Henry David [Erskine], 10th Earl of Buchan, by his wife Agnes Steuart, 2nd dau. of Sir James Steuart of Goodtrees, Bt., Solicitor General of Scotland

born

10 Jan 1749/50

mar. (1)

29 Mar 1770 Frances Moore (d. 26 Dec 1805), dau. of Daniel Moore, Member of Parliament for Great Marlow

children by first wife

1. Hon David Montagu Erskine, later 2nd Baron Erskine

2. Very Rev Hon Henry David Erskine, Dean of Ripon (b. 1786; d. 27 Jul 1859), mar. 4 May 1813 Lady Mary Harriet Dawson, 3rd dau. of John [Dawson], 1st Earl of Portarlington, by his wife Lady Caroline Stuart, 4th dau. of John [Stuart], 3rd Earl of Bute, and had issue

3. Rt Hon Thomas Erskine, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas (b. 12 Mar 1788; d. 9 Nov 1868), mar. 10 Dec 1814 Henrietta Eliza Trail (d. 21 Aug 1865), only dau. of Henry Trail, and had issue

4. Lt Col Hon Esmé Stuart Erskine, Deputy Adjutant General at the Battle of Waterloo 1815 (b. 1789; d. 18...), mar. 1809 Eliza Bland Smith (mar. (2) 3. Nov 1819 James Norton), dau. of Lt Col ..... Smith, and had issue

1. Hon Frances Erskine (d. 25 Mar 1859), mar. 20 Jun 1802 Rev Dr Samuel Holland, Precentor of Chichester Cathedral, Rector of Poynings, co. Sussex (d. 16 Apr 1857)

2. Hon Elizabeth Erskine (d. 2 Aug 1800), mar. 17 Nov 1798 her cousin Sir David Erskine, illegit. son of David Steuart [Erskine], 11th Earl of Buchan

3. Hon Mary Erskine (d. 1864), mar. 29 Jan 1805 Edward Morris, Master in Chancery (d. 29 Jan 1815)

mar. (2)

12 Oct 1818 (separated 1821) Sarah Buck (d. 25 Oct 1825)

only child by second wife

5. Hon Hampden Erskine (b. 5 Dec 1821)

died

17 Nov 1823

created

10 Feb 1806 Baron Erskine, of Restormel Castle in the County of Cornwall

suc. by

son by first wife

note

joined the Royal Navy 1764; joined the Army 1768, Lieut 1773, retired 1774; barrister, Lincoln's Inn 1778; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Portsmouth 1783-84 and 1790-1806; King's Counsel 1783; Attorney-General to the Prince of Wales 1783-92; Chancellor of the Duchy of Cornwall 1802-06; Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain 1806-07; Privy Councillor 1806; presided as Lord High Steward at the trial of Lord Melville 1806; Knight of the Thistle 1815

 

David Montagu [Erskine], 2nd Baron Erskine

born

1777

mar. (1)

16 Dec 1799 Frances Cadwallader (d. 25 Mar 1843), dau. of Gen John Cadwallader, of Philadelphia, USA, one of the leaders of the American Revolution

children by first wife

1. Hon Thomas Americus Erskine, later 3rd Baron Erskine

2. Hon John Cadwallader Erskine, later 4th Baron Erskine

3. Lt Col Hon David Erskine, Colonial Secretary in Natal (b. 1816; d. 21 Jun 1903), mar. (1) 12 Nov 1839 Anne Maria Spode (d. 3 Nov 1860), 1st dau. of Josiah Spode, and (2) 26 Sep 1870 Emma Florence Mary Harford (d. 5 Apr 1927), 1st dau. of Capt Charles Joseph Harford, of Frenchay Lodge, Bristol, and had issue by both wives

4. Hon Edward Morris Erskine CB, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Genoa 1864-72, Minister at Stockholm 1872-81 (b. 28 Mar 1817; d. 19 Apr 1883), mar. 24 Jul 1847 Caroline Loughnan (widow of Andrew Loughnan; d. 23 Oct 1877), dau. of Robert Hamilton Vaughan, and had issue

5. Hon James Stuart Erskine, cr. Baron Erskine (Bavaria) 18 Jan 1872 (b. 4 Sep 1821; d. 4 Jun 1904), mar. 27 Feb 1849 Countess Wilhelmina Toerring Minucci (d. 23 Feb 1880), dau. of Anton Joseph Clemens, Count Toerring Minucci, and had issue

1. Hon Frances Erskine (d. 7 Jun 1876), mar. 1824 Gabriel Shawe

2. Hon Mary Erskine (d. 15 Mar 1874), mar. 16 Jun 1832 Count Herman von Paumgarten, of Bavaria (d. 11 Jan 1846)

3. Hon Sevilla Erskine (d. 12 Mar 1835), mar. 23 Dec 1830 as his first wife Sir Henry Francis Howard GCB, diplomat (b. 3 Nov 1809; d. 28 Jan 1898), 2nd son of Henry Howard, of Corby Castle, co. Cumberland, by his second wife Catherine Mary Neave, 2nd dau. of Sir Richard Neave, 1st Bt., and had issue

4. Hon Steuarta Erskine (d. 17 Sep 1863), mar. 6 Oct 1828 Yeats Brown, of Stuppington, co. Kent, British Consol in Genoa

5. Hon Elizabeth Erskine (b. c. 1812; d. 19 Jul 1886), mar. 1 Apr 1832 Sir St Vincent Keene Hawkins-Whitshed of Killincarrick, 2nd Bt., and had issue

6. Hon Harriett Erskine (d. 19 Nov 1855), mar. 29 Aug 1833 Charles Woomass, of Alveston, co. Warwick

7. Hon Jane Plumer Erskine (d. 30 Mar 1846), mar. 29 Aug 1837 James Henry Callander of Craigforth (d. 31 Jan 1851)

mar. (2)

28 Jul 1843 his first wife's cousin Anne Bond Travis (d. 18 Apr 1851), dau. of John Travis, of co. Lancaster

mar. (3)

21 Dec 1852 Anna Durham (widow of Thomas Calderwood Durham, of Largo, co. Fife; mar. (3) 3 Apr 1856 as his second wife Ven John Sandford, Archdeacon of Coventry (d. 22 Mar 1873); d. 26 Mar 1866), dau. of William Cunningham-Graham, of Gartmore, co. Peebles

died

19 Mar 1855

suc. by

son by first wife

note

barrister, Lincoln's Inn 1802; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Portsmouth 1806; British Envoy at Washington 1806-10, at Stuttgart 1824-28 and at Berlin 1828-43

 

Thomas Americus [Erskine], 3rd Baron Erskine

born

3 May 1802

mar.

12 May 1830 Louisa Legh (b. c. 1791; widow of Thomas Legh, of Adlington, co. Chester; d. 10 Mar 1867), dau. of George Lewis Newnham, of Newtimber Place, co. Sussex, by his wife Mary Diana Aston, only dau. of Sir William Aston, of Addington, co. Surrey

died

s.p. 10 May 1877

suc. by

brother

note

Attaché at Turin, Naples and Lisbon 1824-27

 

John Cadwallader [Erskine], 4th Baron Erskine

born

1804

mar. (1)

30 Apr 1829 Margaret Martyn (d. 21 Jun 1862), yst. dau. of John Martyn, of co. Tyrone

children by first wife

1. Hon William Macnaghten Erskine, later 5th Baron Erskine

1. Hon Fanny Macnaghten Erskine (d. 5 May 1872), mar. 12 Jun 1861 Standish G Rowley, of Sylvan Park, co. Meath, and had issue

2. Hon Margaret Catherine Erskine (d. 25 Jul 1940), mar. (1) 30 Apr 1878 (div. 1886) Rev Evelyn Henry Villebois Burnaby, Rector of Burrough-on-the-Hill (d. 15 Feb 1924), 2nd son of Rev Canon Gustavus Andrew Burnaby, of Somerby Hall, co. Leicester, and (2) 7 Jun 1887 Sydney Beaumont Willoughby (b. 29 Mar 1859; d. 5 Aug 1921), 4th son of Rev Hon Percival George Willoughby, Rector of Durweston-cum-Bryanston, co. Dorset (by his wife Sophia Beaumont, 1st dau. of Edward Blackett Beaumont, of Woodhall, co. York), brother of Henry [Willoughby], 8th Baron Middleton, and 4th son of Henry Willoughby, of Birdsall and Settrington, co. York, and had issue by both husbands

mar. (2)

25 Jan 1865 Maria Louisa Cullen Campbell (mar. (2) 20 Oct 1886 Philip Henry Egerton, of Gladwyn, nr. Wrexham; d. 12 Apr 1889), 1st dau. of Col Alexander Campbell CB, of Blackburn House, co. Ayr

died

28 Mar 1882

suc. by

son by first wife

note

in the Honourable East India Company's service 1826-53, being political agent at Subathoo 1841 and later British Resident in Nepaul

 

William Macnaghten [Erskine], 5th Baron Erskine, DL

born

7 Jan 1841

mar.

2 Jul 1864 Caroline Alice Martha Grimble (d. 2 Mar 1922), dau. of William Grimble

children

1. Hon Montagu Erskine, later 6th Baron Erskine

2. Hon (Stuart) Ruaraidh Joseph Erskine (b. 15 Jan 1869; d. 5 Jan 1960), mar. (1) 18 Jul 1891 Muriel Lillas Colquhoun Graham (d. 27 Apr 1895), 1st dau. of Maj Gen G Irving Graham, and (2) 6 Aug 1902 Dona Maria Guadalupe Zaara Cecilia Heaven y Ramirez de Arellano (d. 25 May 1956), only dau. of Joseph Robert Heaven, of The Forest of Birse, co. Aberdeen, and had issue by his first wife

3. Sub Lieut Hon Esmé Standish Erskine RNVR (b. 5 Mar 1873; d. 13 Jan 1924)

1. Hon Margaret Erskine (b. 27 Apr 1866; d. 12 Jul 1947), mar. (1) 23 Oct 1890 Capt Henry Edmund Lacon, of The Lodge, Bramford, Ipswich, co. Suffolk (d. 18 Mar 1924), son of Capt Henry James Lacon RN (by his wife Caroline Louisa Bartlett Roberts, 2nd dau. of John Roberts, of Buckingham), 3rd son of Sir Edmund Knowles Lacon, 2nd Bt., and (2) 10 Sep 1928 Maj Robert Cattley Carr (d. 6 Feb 1945), and had issue by her first husband

died

8 Dec 1913

suc. by

son

note

Capt, 9th Lancers; barrister, Lincoln's Inn 1873; Deputy Lieutenant, Northamptonshire

 

Montagu [Erskine], 6th Baron Erskine

born

13 Apr 1865

mar.

16 Jan 1895 Florence Flower (d. 3 Dec 1936), 4th dau. of Edgar Flower, of The Hill, Stratford-upon-Avon, co. Warwick, and Middlehill, Broadway, co. Worcester, by his wife Isabella Dennis, dau. of J M Dennis, of Union Hill, co. Westmeath

children

1. Hon Donald Cardross Flower Erskine, later 7th Baron Erskine later 16th Earl of Buchan

2. Hon (Richard) Alastair Erskine (b. 8 Jan 1901; d. 1987), mar. 20 Oct 1933 Patricia Norbury (d. 1989), dau. of Maj Paul FitzGerald Norbury DSO, of The Lench House, Stratford-on-Avon, co. Warwick, and had issue

1. Hon Victoria Esmée Erskine (b. 3 Jan 1897; d. 19...), mar. 5 Oct 1932 A/Cdre Harry Aitken Hewat CBE RAF (d. 4 Apr 1970), son of Richard George Hewat, of Edinburgh

died

9 Feb 1957

suc. by

son

note

Lt Cmdr RNVR during World War I 1914-18

 

Donald Cardross Flower [Erskine], 7th Baron Erskine later 16th Earl of Buchan

note

suc. his kinsman 18 Dec 1960 as 16th Earl of Buchan

 

The Barony of Erskine has been held by the Earls of Buchan since 18 Dec 1960.

 

 First written 20 Mar 2005

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