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Essex, Earl of (E, 1572 - 1646)

 

Creation: let. pat. 4 May 1572

 

Extinct: 14 Sep 1646

 

Family name: Devereux

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Arms:

See Viscount Hereford

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Walter [Devereux], 2nd Viscount Hereford later 1st Earl of Essex, KG

son and heir of Hon Sir Richard Devereux (by his wife Lady Dorothea Hastings, dau. of George [Hastings], 1st Earl of Huntingdon), 2nd surv. son and heir ap. by his first wife of Walter [Devereux], 1st Viscount Hereford

born

16 Sep 1539

mar.

c.1562 Lettice Knollys (mar. (2) 21 Sep 1578 as his 3rd wife Robert [Dudley], 1st Earl of Leicester;  mar. (3) bef. Aug 1589 Sir Charles Blount MP, 3rd son of James [Blount], 6th Baron Mountjoy;  d. 25 Dec 1634), sister of William [Knollys], 1st Earl of Banbury, and 1st dau. of Sir Francis Knollys KG, by his wife Mary Carey, sister of Henry [Carey], 1st Baron Hunsdon, and only dau. of William Carey, Esquire of the Body to King Henry VIII (by his wife Lady Mary Boleyn, mistress of King Henry VIII and elder sister of Lady Anne Boleyn, suo jure Marchioness of Pembroke, herself second wife of King Henry VIII and mother of Queen Elizabeth I, 1st dau. and cohrss. in her issue of Thomas [Boleyn], 1st Earl of Wiltshire and 1st Earl of Ormonde), 2nd son of Sir Thomas Carey, of Chilton Foliat, co. Wiltshire, by his wife Margaret Spencer, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Sir Robert Spencer, of Spencercombe, co. Devon, by his wife Lady Eleanor Butler, widow of James [Butler], 5th Earl of Ormonde, and 1st dau. and cohrss. of Edmund [Beaufort], 1st Duke of Somerset

children

1. Hon Robert Devereux, later 2nd Earl of Essex

2. Hon Walter Devereux (d. young)

1. Lady Penelope Devereux (d. 7 Jul 1607), mar. (1) Oct 1581 (div. 1605) as his first wife Robert [Rich], 1st Earl of Warwick, and (2) 26 Dec 1605 (marriage not recognised) Charles [Blount], 1st Earl of Devonshire, and had issue by both her husbands

2. Lady Dorothy Devereux (d. 3 Aug 1619), mar. (1) Jul 1583 Sir Thomas Perrot, and (2) 1594 Henry [Percy], 3rd Earl of Northumberland, and had issue by both husbands

died

22 Sep 1576

created

4 May 1572 Earl of Essex

suc. by

son

note

suc. his grandfather 27 Sep 1558 as 2nd Viscount Hereford, 11th Baron Ferrers of Chartley and 4th Baron de Ferrers and his cousin 28 Jan 1570/1 as 8th Baron Bourchier;  Joint Custodian of the Queen of Scots 1568;  Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire 1569-76;  Marshal of the Army in the North 1569;  Knight of the Garter 1572;  Captain General and Governor of Ulster 1573;  Earl Marshal of Ireland 1574/5

 

Robert [Devereux], 2nd Earl of Essex, KG PC

born

19 Nov 1566

mar.

1590 Frances Sydney (widow of Sir Philip Sydney;  mar. (3) bef. 8 Apr 1603 Richard [Bourke], 4th Earl of Clanricarde and 1st Earl of St Albans;  bur. 17 Feb 1631/2), only dau. and hrss. of Sir Francis Walsingham, Principal Secretary of State to Queen Elizabeth I, by his second wife Ursula Worsley, widow of Sir Richard Worsley, and dau. of John St Barre, of Ashington, co. Somerset

children

1. Hon Robert Devereux, later 3rd Earl of Essex

1. Lady Frances Devereux (d. 24 Apr 1674), mar. 3 Mar 1616/7 as his second wife William [Seymour], 2nd Duke of Somerset, and had issue

2. Lady Dorothy Devereux (d. 30 Mar 1636; bur. at Blatherwick, co. Northampton), mar. (1) 1 Aug 1616 Sir Henry Shirley, 2nd Bt., of Staunton Harold, co. Leicester, and (2) 1634 William Stafford, of Blatherwick, co. Northampton (d. 6 Jul 1637), and had issue by her first husband

died

by execution 25 Feb 1600/1

suc. by

son

note

cr. knight banneret 1586 by his stepfather, the Earl of Leicester, for his gallantry at the Battle of Zutphen;  Master of the Horse 1587-1601;  Knight of the Garter 1588;  General of the Horse at Tilbury Camp 1588;  Privy Councillor 1592/3;  Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire 1594-1601;  Master-General of Ordnance 1597-1601;  Earl Marshal of England 1597-1600/1;  Chancellor of the University of Cambridge 1598-1601;  Chancellor of the University of Dublin 1598-1601;  High Steward of Yarmouth 1598-1600/1;  Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1599;  found guilty of high treason and attainted

 

Robert [Devereux], 3rd Earl of Essex, PC

bapt.

22 Jan 1590/1

mar. (1)

5 Jan 1604/5 (div. Oct 1613) Lady Frances Howard (mar. (2) 26 Dec 1613 Robert [Carr], 1st Earl of Somerset), 2nd dau. of Thomas [Howard], 1st Earl of Suffolk, by his second wife Katherine Rich, widow of Hon Richard Rich and 1st dau. and cohrss. of Sir Henry Knyvett, of Charlton by Malmesbury, co. Wiltshire

mar. (2)

11 Mar 1630/1 Elizabeth Paulet (mar. (2) Sir Thomas Higgons, of Grewell, Hants.;  bur. 16 Sep 1656), dau. of Sir William Paulet, of Eddington, co. Wiltshire (illeg. son of William [Paulet], 3rd Marquess of Winchester)

only child by second wife

1. Hon Robert Devereux, styled Viscount Hereford (b. 5 Nov 1632; dvp. 1637)

died

s.p.s. 14 Sep 1646

note

restored in blood and titles by Act of Parliament 18 Apr 1604;  Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire 1612-46;  Lieutenant General of the Army of the North 1639;  Privy Councillor 1640/1;  Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire 1641-42;  Lord Chamberlain of the Household 1641-42;  Captain General, South of the Trent 1641;  Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire, Staffordshire, Montgomeryshire, Herefordshire and Shropshire for Parliament 1642;  General of the Army of the Parliament 1642-45;  Recorder of Coventry 1643-16;  voted a dukedom by Parliament 1645

 

On the death of the 3rd Earl of Essex the Earldom of Essex became extinct, the Viscountcy of Hereford passed to his first cousin twice removed, Walter Devereux, and the Baronies of Ferrers of Chartley, de Ferrers and Bourchier fell into abeyance between his two sisters, Lady Frances Seymour, wife of William [Seymour], 2nd Duke of Somerset, and Lady Dorothy Shirley, wife of Sir Henry Shirley, 2nd Bt.;  the Barony of Ferrers of Chartley was called out of abeyance in 1677 in favour of Sir Robert Shirley, 7th Bt., later Robert [Shirley], 1st Earl Ferrers

 

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