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Gloucester, Earl of (E, c.1122 - 1314)

 

Creation: let.pat. betw. Jun and Sep 1122

 

Extinct: 24 Jun 1314

 

Family name:FitzRobert later de Clare

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Arms:

 

Crest:

 

Supporters:

 

Motto:

 

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Robert of Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester

Illegitimate son of King Henry I, probably by his mistress Sibyl Corbet, dau. of Robert Corbet, a burgess of Caen

born

c.1090

mar.

Mabel FitzHamon (d. 1157), dau. of Robert FitzHamon by his wife Lady Sibyl de Montgomery, 4th dau. by his first wife of Roger [de Montgomery], 1st Earl of Shrewsbury

children

died

31 Oct 1147

created

betw. Jun and Sep 1122 Earl of Gloucester

suc. by

son

note

 

William [FitzRobert], 2nd Earl of Gloucester

born

 

mar.

c. 1150 Lady Hawise de Beaumont (d. 24 Apr 1197), 2nd dau. of Robert [de Beaumont], 2nd Earl of Leicester, by his wife Amice de Montfort, dau. of Ralph, Seigneur de Montfort de Gael in Brittany

children

1. Robert FitzWilliam (dvp. 1166)

1. Lady Mabel FitzRobert, mar. c.1170 Aumerie de Montfort, Count of Evreux (d. 1191), and had issue:

1a. Aumerie de Montfort, Count of Evreux, later styled Earl of Gloucester from 1199 to 1213 (dsp. bef. Nov 1213), mar. c.1203 Milicent de Gurnay (mar. (2) bef. Jul 1215 William de Cauntelo the younger), dau. of Hugh de Gurnay

2. Lady Amice FitzRobert, de jure Countess of Gloucester (d. 1 Jan 1224/5), mar. Richard [de Clare], 3rd Earl of Hertford, and had issue:

1a. Gilbert de Clare, later 4th Earl of Hertford later 4th Earl of Gloucester

1a. Lady Joane de Clare, mar. Rhys-Grig, Prince of South Wales

3. Lady Isabel FitzRobert, later suo jure Countess of Gloucester

died

s.p.m.s. 23 Nov 1183

suc. by

daughter

note

 

Lady Isabel FitzRobert, suo jure Countess of Gloucester

born

 

mar. (1)

29 Aug 1189 (div. 1199) John, Lord of Ireland and Count of Mortain, later King John, 5th son of King Henry II by his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine, suo jure Duchess of Aquitaine, dau. of William IX, Duke of Aquitaine

mar. (2)

betw. 16 and 26 Jan 1213/4 Geoffrey [de Mandeville], 2nd Earl of Essex

mar. (3)

very shortly bef. 14 Oct 1217 as his second wife Hubert [de Burgh], 1st Earl of Kent

died

s.p. 14 Oct 1217

suc. by

nephew

note

 

Gilbert [de Clare], 4th Earl of Hertford later 4th Earl of Gloucester

born

c.1180

mar.

9 Oct 1217 Lady Isabel Marshal, Lady of Kilkenny (mar. (2) 30 Mar 1231 as his first wife Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall and King of the Romans, 2nd son of King John; d. 17 Jan 1239/40; bur. at Beaulieu, co. Hampshire, her heart being sent to Tewkesbury Abbey), sister and cohrss. in her issue of Anselm [Marshal], 9th Earl of Pembroke, and 3rd dau. of William [Marshal], jure uxoris 4th Earl of Pembroke, by his wife Lady Isabel de Clare, suo jure Countess of Pembroke, sister and heiress of Gilbert [de Clare], de jure 3rd Earl of Pembroke, and only dau. of Richard [FitzGilbert or de Clare], 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known as "Strongbow"

children

1. Richard de Clare, later 5th Earl of Gloucester

2. William de Clare

3. Gilbert de Clare

1. Lady Amicia de Clare, foundress of Buckland Abbey (b. 27 May 1220; d. shortly bef. 21 Jan 1283/4), mar. 1226 Baldwin [de Reviers], 6th Earl of Devon, and had issue

2. Lady Agnes de Clare

3. Lady Isabel de Clare (b. 1226; d. bef. 1275), mar. 1240 as his first wife Robert de Bruce, Lord of Annandale, a Regent of Scotland 1255 and a Competitor for the Crown of Scotland 1291 (b. c. 1210; d. bef. 3 May 1294), only son and heir of Robert de Bruce, Lord of Annandale, by his wife Isabel "the Scot", 2nd dau. and cohrss. in her issue of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, and had issue

died

25 Oct 1230

suc. by

son

note

 

Richard [de Clare], 5th Earl of Gloucester

born

4 Aug 1222

mar. (1)

Lady Margaret de Burgh (d. Nov 1237), 1st dau. of Hubert [de Burgh], 1st Earl of Kent, by his third wife Margaret of Scotland, 1st dau. of William I "the Lion", King of Scotland

mar. (2)

25 Jan 1237/8 Lady Maud de Lacy (d. bef. 10 Mar 1288/9), 1st dau. of John [de Lacy], 1st Earl of Lincoln, by his second wife Margaret de Quincy, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Robert de Quincy (by his wife Lady Hawise de Meschines, suo jure Countess of Lincoln, sister and cohrss. of Ranulph "de Blundeville" [de Meschines], 4th Earl of Chester and 1st Earl of Lincoln, and 4th dau. of Hugh "of Kevelioc" [de Meschines], 3rd Earl of Chester), 1st son of Saher [de Quincy], 1st Earl of Winchester

children by second wife

1. Gilbert de Clare, later 6th Earl of Gloucester

2. Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, mar. Julian FitzMaurice, 2nd dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Sir Maurice FitzMaurice, Lord Justice of Ireland, and had issue:

1a. Gilbert de Clare (bapt. 3 Feb 1280/1; dsp. bef. 16 Nov 1307), mar. Isabella (d. after 20 Apr 1322)

2a. Richard de Clare, sum. to Parliament in 1309 (d. 7 Jun 1318), mar. Joan (d. after 20 Apr 1322, and had issue:

1b. Thomas de Clare, Steward of the Forest of Essex (d. bef. 10 Apr 1321)

1a. Margaret de Clare (b. c. 1287; d. 1333), mar. (1) Gilbert de Umfreville (dvp. and sp. bef. 23 May 1303), son and heir ap. of Gilbert [de Umfreville], 8th Earl of Angus, and (2) bef. 30 Jun 1308 Bartholomew [de Badlesmere], 1st Baron Badlesmere, and had issue by her second husband

2a. Maud de Clare (d. betw. 4 Mar 1326/7 and 24 May 1327), mar. Robert [de Clifford], 1st Baron Clifford, and had issue

1. Lady Rose de Clare, mar. Roger [de Mowbray], 1st Baron Mowbray, and had issue

2. Lady Margaret de Clare (b. c.1249; dsp. Feb 1313), mar. 6 Oct 1272 (div. Feb 1293) Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall

died

15 Jul 1262

suc. by

son by second wife

note

 

Gilbert [de Clare], 6th Earl of Gloucester

born

2 Sep 1243

mar. (1)

after 2 Feb 1252/3 (div. 18 Jul 1271) Alice de Lusignan, dau. of Hugh X de Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Angoulême, by his wife Yolande of Brittany, dau. of Peter Mauclerk, Duke of Brittany

children by first wife

1. Lady Isabel de Clare (b. 10 Mar 1262/3; dsp. 1333), mar. (1) bef. 11 May 1297 (dissolved) Guy [de Beauchamp], 10th Earl of Warwick, and (2) c. 1316 as his second wife Maurice [de Berkeley], 2nd and 1st Baron Berkeley

2. Lady Joan de Clare (d. after 1323), mar. (1) Duncan [MacDuff], 7th Earl of Fife, and (2) after 22 Apr 1299 Sir Gervase Avenel, and had issue by her first husband

mar. (2)

1290 Princess Joan "of Acre" (b. 1272; mar. (2) c. 1297 Ralph [de Monthermer], 1st Baron Monthermer, styled Earl of Gloucester and Hertford c.1297-1307; d. 23 Apr 1307), 2nd surv. dau. of King Edward I by his first wife Eleanor of Castile, dau. of Ferdinand III, King of Castile

children by second wife

1. Gilbert de Clare, later 7th Earl of Gloucester

3. Lady Eleanor de Clare (b. Oct 1292; d. 30 Jun 1337), mar. (1) after 14 Jun 1306 Hugh [le Despencer], 1st and de jure 2nd Baron le Despencer, and (2) c. Jan 1328/9 as his second wife William [de Mortimer later la Zouche], 1st Baron la Zouche, and had issue by both husbands

4. Lady Margaret de Clare (d. Apr 1342), mar. (1) 1309 Piers [de Gaveston], 1st Earl of Cornwall, and (2) 28 Apr 1317 Hugh [de Audley], 1st Earl of Gloucester, and had issue by both husbands

5. Lady Elizabeth de Clare (b. 16 Sep 1295; d. 4 Nov 1360), mar. (1) 30 Sep 1308 John de Burgh (b. c. 1290; dvp. 18 Jun 1313), 2nd but 1st surv. son and heir ap. of Richard [de Burgh], 2nd Earl of Ulster, by his wife Margaret de Burgh, dau. of Sir John de Burgh, of Lanvalley, (2) 4 Feb 1315/6 as his second wife Theobald [de Verdun], 2nd and 1st Baron Verdun; and (3) bef. 3 May 1317 Roger [Damory], 1st Baron Damory, and had issue by each husband

died

7 Dec 1295

suc. by

son by second wife

note

 

Gilbert [de Clare], 7th Earl of Gloucester

born

11 May 1291

mar.

29 Sep 1308 Lady Maud de Burgh (dsps. 1320), 3rd dau. of Richard [de Burgh], 2nd Earl of Ulster, by his wife Margaret de Burgh, dau. of Sir John de Burgh, of Lanvalley

only child

1. John de Clare (b. 3 Apr 1312; dvp. 1312)

died

s.p.s. 24 Jun 1314

note

 

On the death of the 7th Earl of Gloucester at the Battle of Bannockburn the Earldom of Gloucester became extinct

 

 First written 3 Jan 2007

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