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Hardwicke, Earl of (GB, 1754)

 

Creation: let. pat. 2 Apr 1754

 

Family name: Yorke

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Arms:

Argent on a Saltire Azure a Bezant

Crest:

A Lion's Head erased proper gorged with a Collar Gules charged with a Bezant

Supporters:

Dexter:  a Lion rampant guardant Or gorged with a Collar Gules charged with a Bezant;  Sinister:  a Stag proper attired and unguled Or and gorged as the Lion

Motto:

Nec Cupias, Nec Metuas (Neither covet nor fear)

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Philip [Yorke], 1st Baron Hardwicke later 1st Earl of Hardwicke, PC

son of Philip Yorke, of Dover, co. Kent, by his wife Elizabeth Gibbon (widow of Edward Gibbon, of Westcliffe, co. Kent), dau. and hrss. of Richard Gibbon, of Dover, co. Kent

born

1 Dec 1690

mar.

16 May 1719 Margaret Lygon (widow of John Lygon;  d. 19 Feb 1761; bur. at Wimpole, co. Cambridge), dau. of Charles Cocks MP, of Worcester, by his wife Mary Somers, sister of John [Somers], 1st Baron Somers, and dau. of John Somers, of Worcester

children

1. Hon Philip Yorke, later 2nd Earl of Hardwicke

2. Hon Charles Yorke, Solicitor-General 1756-65, Attorney-General 1765-70, and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain 1770 (b. 30 Dec 1722; d. 20 Jan 1770), mar. (1) 19 May 1755 Catherine Freeman (d. 10 Jul 1759), only child and heir of William Freeman, of Aspeden, co. Hertford, by his wife Catherine Blount, sister and eventual hrss. of Sir Harry Pope Blount, 3rd Bt., of Tittenhanger, co. Hertford, and dau. of Sir Thomas Pope Blount, 2nd Bt., of Tittenhanger, co. Hertford, and had issue:

1a. Philip Yorke, later 3rd Earl of Hardwicke

Hon Charles Yorke mar. (2) 30 Dec 1762 Agneta Johnson, dau. and cohrss. of Henry Johnson. of Great Berkhampstead, co. Berkshire, and had further issue:

2a. Rt Hon Charles Philip Yorke, a Teller of the Exchequer, First Lord of the Admiralty (b. 12 Mar 1764; dsp. 13 Mar 1834), mar. 1 Jul 1790 Harriott Manningham, dau. of Charles Manningham

3a. Vice Admiral Sir Joseph Sydney Yorke KCB MP (b. 6 Jun 1768; d. 5 May 1831), mar. (1) 29 Mar 1798 Elizabeth Weake Rattray (d. 29 Jan 1812), dau. of James Rattray of Atherston, and (2) 22 May 1813 Lady Urania Annie Kington (b. c. 1767; widow of (1) Henry [de Burgh], 1st Marquess of Clanricarde, and (2) Col Peter Kington (d. 6 Jul 1807); d. 27 Dec 1843), only dau. of George [Paulet], 12th Marquess of Winchester, by his wife Martha Ingoldsby, only surv. dau. and hrss. of Thomas Ingoldsby, of Waldridge, co. Buckingham, and had issue by his first wife:

1b. Charles Philip Yorke, later 4th Earl of Hardwicke

2b. Ven Hon Henry Reginald Yorke, Archdeacon of Huntingdon and Canon of Ely, Rector of Wimpole, co. Cambridge, and of Aspeden, co. Hertford (b. 30 Oct 1803; d. 26 Sep 1871), mar. 19 Nov 1833 Flora Elizabeth Campbell (d. 12 Jan 1852), only dau. of Gen Sir Alexander Campbell, 1st Bt. KCB, by his second wife Elizabeth Ann Pemberton, dau. of Rev Thomas Pemberton, and had issue

3b. Hon Eliot Thomas Yorke DL, Member of Parliament for Cambridge 1834-65 (b. 29 Apr 1805; dsp. 3 May 1885), mar. 31 Jan 1833 Emily Anna Milicent Delmé-Radcliffe (d. 1 Jan 1894), only dau. of Emilius Henry Delmé later Delmé-Radcliffe, of Hitchin Priory, co. Hertford, by his wife Anne Melicent Clarke, sister and hrss. of Charles John Clarke, of Hitchin Priory, co. Hertford, and dau. of Charles Clarke, of Addiscombe, co. Surrey by his wife Anne Radcliffe, sister and hrss. in her issue of John Radcliffe MP, of Hitchin Priory, co. Hertford, and only dau. of John Radcliffe, of Hitchin Priory, co. Hertford

4b. Very Rev Grantham Munton Yorke DD, Dean of Worcester (b. 14 Feb 1809; d. 2 Oct 1879), mar. 10 Mar 1830 Marian Emily Montgomery (d. 9 Sep 1895), 1st dau. of Sir Henry Conyngham Montgomery, 1st Bt., of the Hall, co. Donegal, by his wife Sarah Mercer Grove, dau. of Leslie Grove, of Grove Hall, co. Donegal, and had issue

1b. Lady Agneta Elizabeth Yorke (d. 8 Jul 1851), mar. 24 Feb 1836 Robert Cooper Lee Bevan, of Fosbury House, co. Wiltshire, and Trent Park, co. Middlesex (b. 8 Feb 1809; d. 22 Jul 1890), 1st son and hr. of David Bevan, of Fosbury House, co. Wiltshire, and Belmont, co. Hertford, by his wife Favell Bourke Lee, dau. of Robert Cooper Lee, of Bedford Square, London, and of Rosehall, Jamaica, and had issue

1a. Caroline Yorke (b. 29 Aug 1765; dsp. 26 Jul 1818), mar. 8 Sep 1790 as his first wife John [Eliot], 1st Earl of St Germans

3. Hon Sir Joseph Yorke KB, later 1st Baron Dover

4. Hon John Yorke (b. 27 Aug 1728; d. 1769), mar. Elizabeth Lygon, dau. of Reginald Lygon, of Madresfield, and had issue

5. Rt Rev Hon James Yorke DD, Bishop of Ely (b. 9 Mar 1730; d. 26 Aug 1808), mar. 29 Jun 1762 Mary Madocks, dau. of Rt Rev Isaac Madocks DD, Bishop of Worcester, and had issue

1. Lady Elizabeth Yorke (dsp. 1 June 1760), mar. 25 Apr 1748 George [Anson], 1st Baron Anson

2. Lady Margaret Yorke (dsp. 10 Aug 1769), mar. 22 Jun 1749 as his first wife Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 3rd Bt. MP

died

6 Mar 1764 (bur. at Wimpole, co. Cambridge)

created

23 Nov 1733 Baron Hardwicke, of Hardwicke in the County of Gloucester

2 Apr 1754 Viscount Royston, of Royston in the County of Cambridge, and Earl of Hardwicke

suc. by

son

note

student at Middle Temple 1708; barrister 1715; Recorder of Dover; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Lewes 1719-22 and for Seaford 1722-33; Solicitor-General 1720-24; knighted 1720; Attorney General 1723/4-33; Bencher, Lincoln's Inn 1724; Privy Councillor 1733; Chief Justice of the King's Bench 1733-37; Speaker of the House of Lords 1734 and 1736; Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain 1736/7-56; a Lord Justice (Regent) of the Realm 1740, 1743, 1745, 1748, 1750, 1752 and 1755; presided as Lord High Steward at the trial of the Earls of Cromartie and Kilmarnock 1746 and that of Lord Lovat 1747; Hugh Steward of the University of Cambridge 1749-64; FRS 1753; Cotton Trustee of the British Museum 1757-64

 

Philip [Yorke], 2nd Earl of Hardwicke

born

9 Dec 1720

mar.

22 May 1740 Lady Jemima Campbell, suo jure Baroness Lucas of Crudwell and Marchioness Grey (b. 9 Oct 1722; d. 10 Jan 1797), only child of John [Campbell], 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, by his first wife Lady Amabel Grey, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Henry [Grey], 1st Duke of Kent

children

1. Lady Amabel Yorke, later suo jure Baroness Lucas of Crudwell and Countess de Grey

2. Lady Mary Jemima Yorke (b. 9 Feb 1757; d. 7 Jan 1830), mar. 17 Aug 1780 Thomas [Robinson], 2nd Baron Grantham, and had issue

died

s.p.m. 16 May 1796

suc. by

nephew

note

a Teller of the Exchequer 1738-96; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Reigate 1741-47 and for Cambridgeshire 1747-64; FRS 1741; FSA 1744; Trustee of the British Museum 1753-96; Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire 1757-90; Privy Councillor 1760; High Steward of the University of Cambridge 1764-90; Minister without portfolio 1766

 

Philip [Yorke], 3rd Earl of Hardwicke, KG PC

born

31 May 1757

mar.

24 Jul 1782 Lady Elizabeth Lindsay (b. 11 Oct 1763; d. 26 May 1858), 3rd dau. of James [Lindsay], 5th Earl of Balcarres, by his wife Anne Dalrymple, dau. by his second wife of Sir Robert Dalrymple of Castleton

children

1. Hon Philip Yorke, styled Viscount Royston, Member of Parliament for Reigate 1806-08. lost in a storm off Lubeck (b. 7 May 1784; dvp. 7 Apr 1808)

2. Hon Charles Yorke, styled Viscount Royston (b. 21 Jul 1797; dvp. 30 Apr 1810)

1. Lady Anne Yorke (b. 13 Apr 1783; d. 17 Jul 1870), mar. 29 Aug 1807 John [Savile], 3rd Earl of Mexborough, and had issue

2. Lady Catherine Freeman Yorke (b. 14 Apr 1786; d. 8 Jul 1863), mar. 16 Oct 1811 Dupré [Alexander], 2nd Earl of Caledon, and had issue

3. Lady Elizabeth Margaret Yorke (b. 14 Jan 1789; dspm. 23 Jun 1867), mar. 6 Feb 1816 Charles [Stuart], 1st Baron Stuart de Rothesay, and had issue

4. Lady Caroline Harriet Yorke (b. 15 Oct 1794; d. 27 May 1873), mar. 4 Feb 1815 John Somers [Cocks later Somers-Cocks], 2nd Earl Somers, and had issue

died

s.p.m.s. 18 Nov 1834 (bur. at Wimpole, co. Cambridge)

suc. by

half-nephew

note

Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire 1780-90; Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire 1790-1834; FRS 1790; FSA 1791; Col in the Army 1794; Privy Councillor 1801; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1801-06; Trustee of the British Museum 1802-34; Knight of the Garter 1803; High Steward of the University of Cambridge 1806-34

 

Charles Philip [Yorke], 4th Earl of Hardwicke, PC

born

2 Apr 1799

mar.

14 Oct 1833 Hon Susan Liddell (b. 11 Jan 1810; d. 22 Nov 1886; bur. at Hamble, co. Hampshire), 6th dau. of Thomas Henry [Liddell], 1st Baron Ravensworth, by his wife Maria Susanna Simpson, dau. of John Simpson, of Bradley Hall, co. Durham

children

1. Hon Charles Philip Yorke, later 5th Earl of Hardwicke

2. Hon John Manners Yorke, later 7th Earl of Hardwicke

3. Lieut Hon Victor Alexander Yorke (b. 24 Mar 1842; dvp. 23 Dec 1867)

4. Capt Hon Eliot Constantine Yorke DL MP, Equerry to HRH the Duke of Edinburgh (b. 13 Jul 1843; dsp. 21 Dec 1878), mar. 11 Feb 1878 Annie de Rothschild (d. 21 Nov 1926), 2nd dau. of Sir Anthony de Rothschild, 1st Bt., by his wife and cousin Louisa Montefiore, 1st dau. by his second wife of Abraham Montefiore, of Stamford Hill, co. Middlesex

5. Capt Hon Alexander Grantham Yorke CVO, Equerry to HRH the Duke of Albany 1874-84, Groom-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria 1884-1901, Extra Groom-in-Waiting to King Edward VII 1901-10 (b. 20 Nov 1847; d. 17 Mar 1911)

1. Lady Elizabeth Philippa Yorke VA, Extra Woman of the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria (b. 15 Nov 1834; d. 13 Jan 1916), mar. (1) 5 Jun 1860 Henry John Adeane MP, of Babraham, co. Cambridge (b. 9 Jun 1833; d. 17 Feb 1870), 2nd but 1st surv. son and hr. of Henry John Adeane MP, of Babraham, co. Cambridge, by his second wife Hon Matilda Abigail Stanley, dau. of John Thomas [Stanley], 1st Baron Stanley of Alderley, and (2) 16 Jul 1877 as his second wife Michael [Biddulph], 1st Baron Biddulph, and had issue by her first husband

2. Lady Mary Catherine Yorke (b. 19 May 1837; d. 14 Dec 1890), mar. 20 Jul 1857 William George Craven (b. 12 May 1835; d. 2 Jan 1906), 1st son and heir of Hon George Augustus Craven (by his wife Georgiana Smythe, dau. of Walter Smythe, of Bambridge House, co. Hampshire), 2nd son of William [Craven], 1st Earl of Craven, and had issue

3. Lady Agneta Harriett Yorke, Lady of the Bedchamber to HRH Princess Christian (b. 13 Dec 1838; d. 11 Mar 1919), mar. 28 Nov 1867 Rear Admiral Hon Victor Alexander Montagu CB RN (b. 20 Apr 1841; d. 30 Jan 1915), 2nd son of John William [Montagu], 7th Earl of Sandwich, by his wife Lady Mary Paget, 2nd dau. by his second wife of Henry William [Paget], 1st Marquess of Anglesey, and had issue

died

17 Sep 1873 (bur. at Wimpole, co. Cambridge)

suc. by

son

note

entered the Royal Navy 1815 and served at the bombardment of Algiers 1816; Post Capt 1825; Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Reigate 1831-32 and for Cambridgeshire 1832-34; Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire 1834-73; a Lord in Waiting 1841-46; President of the Royal Agricultural Society 1843; FRS 1847; Councillor to the Duchy of Lancaster 1847; Privy Councillor 1852; Postmaster General 1852; Rear Admiral 1854; Vice Admiral 1858; Lord Privy Seal 1858-59; Admiral 1863

 

Charles Philip [Yorke], 5th Earl of Hardwicke, PC

born

23 Apr 1836

mar.

16 Feb 1863 Lady Sophie Georgiana Robertine Wellesley (b. 1840; d. 3 Jun 1923), 2nd dau. of Henry Richard Charles [Wellesley],  1st Earl Cowley, by his wife Hon Olivia Cecilia FitzGerald-de Ros, 1st dau. of Lord Henry FitzGerald (by his wife Charlotte Boyle-Walsingham later FitzGerald-de Ros, suo jure Baroness de Ros), 4th son of James [FitzGerald], 1st Duke of Leinster

children

1. Hon Albert Edward Philip Henry Yorke, later 6th Earl of Hardwicke

1. Lady Feodorowna Yorke (d. 27 Jun 1934), mar. 29 Jun 1883 Humphrey Napier [Sturt], 2nd Baron Alington, and had issue

2. Lady Magdalen Yorke (d. 27 Jan 1940), mar. 10 Dec 1885 Sir Richard Henry Williams-Bulkeley, 12th Bt. KCB, and had issue

died

18 May 1897 (bur. at Finchley, co. Middlesex)

suc. by

son

note

joined the Army 1857; served in the Indian Campaign 1858-59; retired from the Army 1861; Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Cambridgeshire 1865-73; Privy Councillor 1866; Comptroller of the Household 1866-68; Master of the Buckhounds 1874-80

 

Albert Edward Phillip Henry [Yorke], 6th Earl of Hardwicke

born

14 Mar 1867

died

29 Nov 1904 (but. at Finchley, co. Middlesex)

suc. by

uncle

note

Attaché to the Embassy at Vienna 1886-91; a stockbroker 1892; Member of the LCC for East Marylebone 1897-1901; Under-Secretary of State for India 1901-02 and 1903-04; Under-Secretary of State for War 1902-03

 

John Manners [Yorke], 7th Earl of Hardwicke

born

30 Oct 1840

mar.

9 Jan 1869 Edith Mary Oswald (d. 27 Jul 1930), 2nd dau. of Alexander Haldane Oswald, of Auchencruive, co. Ayr, by his wife Lady Louisa Elizabeth Frederica Craven, 2nd dau. of William [Craven], 1st Earl of Craven

children

1. Hon Charles Alexander Yorke, later 8th Earl of Hardwicke

2. Lieut Hon Alfred Ernest Frederick Yorke (b. 11 Jul 1871; d. 24 Aug 1928), mar. 22 Jul 1905 (div. 1918) Gladys Dunlop Best OBE (d. 6 Nov 1933), only child of Andrew Vans Dunlop Best, of Rutland Gate, London, and had issue:

1a. Philip Grantham Yorke, later 9th Earl of Hardwicke

3. Hon Claude John Yorke (b. 17 Oct 1872; d. 15 Sep 1940), mar. 28 Apr 1914 Fay Zarifi (d. 13 May 1928), only child of John Michel Zarifi, of Mayfair, London, and had issue:

1a. Richard Charles John Yorke (b. 25 Jul 1916; d. 1992)

2a. David John Napier Edward Yorke (b. 17 Oct 1919; d. 12 Jul 1997), mar. (1) 2 Feb 1950 Anne Margaret Mackail (d. 1984), 2nd dau. of Denis George Mackail, and had issue:

1b. Charles Edward Yorke, heir presumptive to the Earldom of Hardwicke, of Flat 4, 3 Vicarage Gate, London W8 (b. 18 Mar 1951)

2b. James Alexander Yorke, of 64 Peterborough Road, London SW6 (b. 30 Mar 1954), mar. 25 Apr 1986 Primrose Alexandra Mary Kitson, only dau. of Brig Harold Kitson CBE, and has issue

David Yorke mar. (2) 1990 June Rose Charlotte Rachel Fyfe (widow of Robert Duncan Fyfe), only dau. of Daniel Walter Thomas Gurney MC

1a. Mary Susan Yorke (b. 4 Apr 1915; dvp. 5 Apr 1915)

4. Lieut Hon Bernard Elliot Yorke (b. 5 Jun 1874; d. 23 Dec 1943)

1. Lady Susan Yorke (b. 7 May 1881; d. 21 Aug 1965), mar. (1) 7 Apr 1910 Capt Augustus Arthur Cornwallis FitzClarence (b. 16 Mar 1880; dsp. in action 28 Jun 1915), only son of Henry Edward FitzClarence (by his wife Mary Isabel Templer Parsons, only dau. of John Parsons), 2nd but 1st surv. son of Rev Lord Augustus FitzClarence, Chaplain to his cousin Queen Victoria, Rector of Maple Durham, co. Oxford (by his wife Sarah Elizabeth Catherine Gordon, 1st dau. of Maj Lord Henry Gordon (by his wife Louisa Payne), 4th son of George [Gordon], 9th Marquess of Huntly), 5th son of King William IV by his mistress Dorothy Bland, and (2) 23 Jun 1920 Maj Wyndham Birch DSO MBE (d. 16 Apr 1950), 2nd son of Sir Arthur Birch KCMG, and had issue by her second husband

died

13 Mar 1909 (bur. at Hamble, co. Hampshire)

suc. by

son

note

entered the Royal Navy and served in the Baltic 1854 and in the Crimea 1854-55; commanded the Coastguard at Folkestone 1870-74

 

Charles Alexander [Yorke], 8th Earl of Hardwicke

born

11 Nov 1869

mar. (1)

27 Apr 1911 (div. 1927) Ellen Russell CBE (d. 16 Feb 1968), dau. of James Russell, of Auckland, New Zealand

only child by first wife

1. Lady Elizabeth Mary Yorke CVO, Lady of the Bedchamber to HM the Queen 1953 (b. 10 Mar 1912; d. 1985), mar. 1 Oct 1931 Thomas William Edward [Coke], 5th Earl of Leicester, and had issue

mar. (2)

20 Aug 1930 Mary Radley Twist (mar. (2) 5 Jul 1938 W E L Jennings, Dist Officer, Nyasaland;  d. 16 Jul 1938), dau. of Edward Robert Twist, of Liverpool

died

s.p.m. 1 Feb 1936

suc. by

nephew

 

Philip Grantham [Yorke], 9th Earl of Hardwicke

born

9 Apr 1906

mar. (1)

1 Jun 1934 Sarah Katharine Lindley (d. 8 Nov 1965), 3rd dau. of Rt Hon Sir Francis Oswald Lindley GCMG CB CBE, Ambassador to Vienna 1920-21, Athens 1922-23, Oslo 1929-30, Lisbon 1929-31 and Tokyo 1931-34 (by his wife Hon Ethelreda Mary Fraser, 3rd dau. of Simon [Fraser], 13th Lord Lovat), 5th son of Nathaniel [Lindley], Baron Lindley (Law Lord)

children by first wife

1. Hon Philip Simon Prospero Lindley Rupert Yorke, styled Viscount Royston (b. 20 Apr 1938; dvp. 1 Jan 1973), mar. 20 Nov 1968 Virginia Anne Lyon (d. 1988), dau. of Geoffrey Lyon, of Hambledon, Godalming, co. Surrey, and had issue:

1a. Hon Joseph Philip Sebastian Yorke, later 10th Earl of Hardwicke

1a. Lady Jemima Rose Yorke, granted the style and precedence of an earl's daughter by Royal Licence 1977 (b. 17 May 1969)

1. Lady Amabel Mary Maud Yorke (b. 2 Apr 1935), mar. 16 Dec 1955 Hon Patrick Lindsay (d. 1986), 2nd son of David Alexander Robert [Lindsay], 28th Earl of Crawford, by his wife Mary Katherine Cavendish, 3rd dau. of Col Lord Richard Cavendish CB CMG PC (raised to the precedence of a Duke's younger son, Nov 1908;  2nd son of Lt Col Lord Edward Cavendish (by his wife and second cousin Emma Elizabeth Lascelles, 4th. dau of Hon William Saunders Sebright Lascelles (by his wife Lady Caroline Georgiana Howard, 1st dau. of George [Howard], 6th Earl of Carlisle), 3rd son of Henry [Lascelles], 2nd Earl of Harewood), 3rd son of William [Cavendish], 7th Duke of Devonshire), by his wife Lady Moyra de Vere Beauclerk, 1st dau. by his second wife of William Amelius Aubrey de Vere [Beauclerk], 10th Duke of St Albans, and has issue

2. Lady Victoria Mary Verenia Braganca Yorke (b. 22 Feb 1947; d. 1 Sep 2004), mar. 17 Sep 1976 (div. 1998) Nigel Waymouth, son of W/Cdr T H Waymouth, and had issue

3. Lady Rose Mary Sydney Yorke (b. 10 Jul 1951), mar. (1) 19... (div. 19...) Kenneth Dalbray, (2) 1981 (div. 1985) Herbert Richard Vaughan (d. 1987), and (3) 1990 Tony Turner

mar. (2)

27 Apr 1970 Enid Munnick Boulting (former wife of Roy Boulting), dau. of Pieter Grunwald, of South Africa

died

31 Dec 1974

suc. by

grandson

 

Joseph Philip Sebastian [Yorke], 10th Earl of Hardwicke

born

3 Feb 1971

 

The heir presumptive to the Earldom of Hardwicke is Charles Edward Yorke, a great-grandson of the 7th Earl of Hardwicke and second cousin of the present Earl.

 

Last updated 26 Jan 2008

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Titles:

10th Earl of Hardwicke

(Great Britain, let. pat. 2 Apr 1754)

10th Viscount Royston

(Great Britain, let. pat. 2 Apr 1754)

10th Baron Hardwicke, of Hardwicke in the County of Gloucester

(Great Britain, let. pat. 23 Nov 1733)

 

Address:

12 Lansdowne Road, London W11 3LW

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ã Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

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