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Hereford, Earl of (E, 1200 - merged in the Crown 1399)

 

Creation: charter 28 Apr 1200

 

Merged in the Crown: 30 Sep 1399

 

Family name: de Bohun

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Garter stall plate of Humphrey [de Bohun], 7th Earl of Hereford, KG

A small and thin quadrangular plate of gilded copper with the arms, gilt helm with red

mantling branched gold and lined ermine.

 

(Plate XL from W H St John Hope: The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Order of the Garter 1348-1485)

 

Arms:

Azure a Bend argent between two Cotises and six Lions rampant Or

Crest:

On a Chapeau Gules turned up Ermine a Lion statant guardant and crowned Or

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Henry [de Bohun], 1st Earl of Hereford

son and heir of Humphrey de Bohun, Hereditary Constable of England (by his wife Margaret of Huntingdon, widow of Conan "le Petit", Duke of Brittany and Earl of Richmond, and dau. of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, by his wife Lady Ada de Warenne, dau. of William [de Warenne], Earl of Surrey), son of Humphrey de Bohun by his wife Lady Margaret, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Miles of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford

born

 

mar.

Lady Maud de Mandeville, suo jure Countess of Essex (mar. (2) Roger de Dauntsey, of Dauntsey, co. Wiltshire; d. 27 Aug 1236), sister amd hrss. of William [de Mandeville], 5th Earl of Essex, and dau. of Geoffrey [FitzPiers], 3rd Earl of Essex, by his first wife Beatrice de Say, 1st dau. and hrss. of William de Say, of Kimbolton, co. Huntingdon, and Saham, co. Norfolk

children

1. Henry de Bohun (d. young)

2. Humphrey de Bohun, later 2nd Earl of Hereford and 7th Earl of Essex

3. Ralph de Bohun

4. Lady Margery de Bohun, mar. as his first wife Waleran [de Beaumont], 4th Earl of Warwick, and had issue

died

1 Jun 1220 (bur. at Llanthony by Gloucester)

created

by charter 28 Apr 1200 Earl of Hereford

suc. by

son

note

Hereditary Constable of England;

 

Humphrey [de Bohun], 2nd Earl of Hereford and 7th Earl of Essex

born

 

mar. (1)

Maud de Lusignan (d. 14 Aug 1241; bur. at Llanthony by Gloucester), dau. of Raoul de Lusignan, Count of Eu, by his wife Alice of Eu, sister and hrss. of Raoul of Eu and dau. of Henry, Count of Eu and Lord of Hastings

children by first wife

1. Sir Humphrey de Bohun, of Kimbolton, co. Huntingdon, and Walden and Debden, co. Essex (dvp. 27 Oct 1265; bur. at Combermere Abbey), mar. (1) Eleanor de Braose (bur. at Llanthony by Gloucester), 4th dau. and cohrss. of Sir William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny, Brecknock, etc., by his wife Lady Eve Marshall, Lady of Abergavenny, sister and in her issue cohrss. of Anselm [Marshal], 9th Earl of Pembroke, and 5th dau. of William [Marshal], jure uxoris 4th Earl of Pembroke, by his wife Lady Isabel de Clare, only dau. and hrss. of Richard [FitzGilbert or de Clare], 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known as "Strongbow", and (2) Joan de Quincy (dsp. 25 Nov 1283), 1st dau. and cohrss. of Robert de Quincy (by his wife Helen of North Wales, 1st dau. of Llewellyn the Great, Prince of North Wales), 3rd son of Saher [de Quincy], 1st Earl of Winchester, and had issue by his first wife:

1a. Humphrey de Bohun, later 3rd Earl of Hereford and 8th Earl of Essex

1a. Alianore de Bohun (d. 20 Feb 1313/4; bur. at Walden Abbey, co. Essex), mar. 26 Jun 1269 as his second wife Sir Robert de Ferrers, of Chartley, co. Stafford, formerly 6th Earl of Derby, and had issue

1. Lady Maud de Bohun (dsp. 20 Oct 1252), mar. (1) Anselm [Marshal], 9th Earl of Pembroke, and (2) after Jan 1245/6 as his second wife Roger [de Quincy], 2nd Earl of Winchester

2. Lady Alice de Bohun (bur. sp. at Llanthony Priory at Gloucester), mar. as his first wife Ralph de Toeni V

mar. (2)

Maud de Avenbury (d. 8 Oct 1275; bur. at Sorges, Gascony, and later at Llanthony by Gloucester)

died

24 Sep 1275 (bur. at Llanthony by Gloucester)

suc. by

son

note

 

 

Humphrey [de Bohun], 3rd Earl of Hereford and 8th Earl of Essex

born

c. 1249

mar.

1275 Maud de Fiennes (d. bef. 1298; bur. at Walden Abbey, co. Essex), dau. of Enguerrand de Fiennes, Seigneur de Fiennes in Guisnes (by his wife ..... , dau. of Jacques, Seigneur de Condé, Bailleul and Moriammez in Hainault), son of Guillaume de Fiennes, Seigneur de Fiennes in Guisnes, by his wife Agnes of Dammartin, dau. of Alberic II, Count of Dammartin 1187-1200, and sister of Simon of Dammartin, Count of Aumale 1200-1239, grandfather of Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I

children

1. Humphrey de Bohun, later 4th Earl of Hereford and 9th Earl of Essex

died

31 Dec 1298 (bur. at Walden Abbey, co. Essex)

suc. by

son

note

 

 

Humphrey [de Bohun], 4th Earl of Hereford and 9th Earl of Essex

born

c. 1276

mar.

14 Nov 1302 his third cousin Princess Elizabeth (b. Aug 1282; d. 5 May 1316; bur. at Walden Abbey, co. Essex), widow of John I, Count of Holland and Zealand, and 10th dau. of King Edward I by his first wife Eleanor of Castile, dau. of Ferdinand III, King of Castile

children

1. Humphrey de Bohun (dvp. an infant 10 Sep 1304)

2. John de Bohun, later 5th Earl of Hereford and 10th Earl of Essex

3. Humphrey de Bohun, later 6th Earl of Hereford and 11th Earl of Essex

4. Edward de Bohun

4. William [de Bohun]. 1st Earl of Northampton, KG (cr. Earl of Northampton 16 Mar 1336/7; d. Sep 1360; bur. at Walden Abbey, co. Essex), mar. after5 1335 Elizabeth Mortimer (b. c. 1297; widow of Edmund [de Mortimer], 1st Baron Mortimer; d. 8 Jun 1355), sister and cohrss. of Giles [de Badlesmere], 2nd Baron Badlesmere, and 3rd daughter of Bartholomew [de Badlesmere], 1st Baron Badlesmere, by his wife Margaret de Umfreville, widow of Gilbert de Umfreville, son and heir ap. of Gilbert [de Umfreville], 8th Earl of Angus, and only dau. of Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal (by his wife Julian FitzMaurice, 2nd dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Sir Maurice FitzMaurice, Lord Justice of Ireland), 2nd son by his second wife of Richard [de Clare], 5th Earl of Gloucester, and had issue:

1a. Humphrey de Bohun, later 2nd Earl of Northampton later 7th Earl of Hereford and 12th Earl of Essex

1a. Lady Elizabeth de Bohun (d. 3 Apr 1385; bur. at Lewes, co. Sussex), mar. 1359 as his first wife Richard [FitzAlan], 11th or 4th Earl of Arundel, and had issue

1. Lady Eleanor de Bohun (d. 7 Oct 1363), mar. (1) 1327 James [Butler], 1st Earl of Ormonde, and (2) bef. 20 Apr 1344 Thomas [de Dagworth], 1st Baron Dagworth, and had issue by both husbands

2. Lady Margaret de Bohun (d. 16 Dec 1391; bur. in Exeter Cathedral), mar. 11 Aug 1325 Hugh [de Courtenay], 2nd Earl of Devon, and had issue

died

16 Mar 1321/2 (bur. in the Church of the Friars Preachers, York)

suc. by

son

note

 

 

John [de Bohun], 5th Earl of Hereford and 10th Earl of Essex

born

23 Nov 1306

mar. (1)

1325 Lady Alice FitzAlan, 1st dau. of Edmund [FitzAlan], 9th or 2nd Earl of Arundel, by his wife Alice de Warenne, sister and in her issue hrss. of John [de Warenne], 7th Earl of Surrey, and only dau. of William de Warenne (by his wife Lady Joan de Vere, 1st dau. of Robert [de Vere], 5th Earl of Oxford), only son of John [de Warenne], 6th Earl of Surrey

mar. (2)

Margaret Basset, dau. of Ralph [Basset], 2nd Baron Basset of Drayton, by his wife Joan de Grey, dau. by his first wife of John [de Grey], 2nd Baron Grey of Wilton

died

s.p. 20 Jan 1335/6 (bur. at Stratford Abbey, near London)

suc. by

brother

note

 

Humphrey [de Bohun], 6th Earl of Hereford and 11th Earl of Essex

born

c. 1309

died

15 Oct 1361 (bur. in the Church of the Augustinian Friars, London)

suc. by

nephew

note

 

Humphrey [de Bohun], 2nd Earl of Northampton later 7th Earl of Hereford and 12th Earl of Essex, KG

born

25 Mar 1342

mar.

after 9 Sep 1359 Lady Joan FitzAlan (d. 7 Apr 1419; bur. in Walden Abbey, co. Essex), dau. of Richard [FitzAlan], 10th or 3rd Earl of Arundel, by his second wife Lady Eleanor Beaumont, widow of John [de Beaumont], 2nd Baron Beaumont, and 5th dau. of Henry of Lancaster, 3rd Earl of Lancaster

children

1. Lady Elizabeth de Bohun, suo jure Countess of Essex

2. Lady Mary de Bohun, suo jure Countess of Hereford and Northampton

died

s.p.m. 16 Jan 1372/3 (bur. in Walden Abbey, co. Essex)

suc. by

daughter

note

 

 

Lady Mary de Bohun, suo jure Countess of Hereford and Northampton

born

c. 1369

mar.

bef. 10 Feb 1381 Henry "of Bolingbroke" styled Earl of Derby later 1st Duke of Hereford later 2nd Duke of Lancaster later King Henry IV

died

4 Jun 1394

note

she proved her age 22 Dec 1384 and the fees of the Earldoms of Hereford and of Northampton were paid to her husband from that date until his own death, 20 Mar 1412/3, and then to his son, King Henry V, until 1421, when there was a re-arrangement of the disposition of the three Earldoms of Hereford, Essex and Northampton. All of the Duke of Lancaster's honours were merged in the Crown when he succeeded the Throne as King Henry IV in 1399. In 1414 King Henry V annexed his portion of the Bohun inheritance to the Duchy of Lancaster.

 

 First written 28 Jan 2009

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