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Holland, Baron (GB, 1762 - 1859)

 

Creation: let.pat. 3 May 1762

 

Extinct: 18 Dec 1859

 

Family name: Fox

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Arms:

Ermine on a Chevron Azure three Foxes' Heads erased Or on a Canton of the second a Fleur-de-lis of the third

Crest:

On a Chapeau Azure turned up Ermine a Fox sejant Or

Supporters:

Dexter:  A Fox Argent gorged with a Collar gobony Gules and of the first thereon three Roses of the second and holding in the mouth a Rose slipped and leaved proper;  Sinister: A Fox Argent similarly gorged chained Or

Motto:

 Et vitam impendere vero

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Lady Georgiana Caroline Lennox later Fox, suo jure Baroness Holland

1st dau. of Charles [Lennox], 2nd Duke of Richmond, by his wife Lady Sarah Cadogan, 1st dau. and cohrss. of William [Cadogan], 1st Earl Cadogan

born

27 Mar 1723

mar.

2 May 1744 Rt Hon Henry Fox, Member of Parliament for Hindon 1735-41, for Windsor 1741-61 and for Dunwich 1761-63, Surveyor-General of Works 1737-43, a lord of the Treasury 1743-46, Privy Councillor 1746, Secretary at War 1746-55, Secretary of State for the South 1755, Leader of the House of Commons 1756 and 1762, Paymaster-General 1757-65, Clerk of the Pells [I] 1762, cr. 17 Apr 1763 Baron Holland of Foxley, of Foxley in the County of Wiltshire (b. 28 Sep 1705; mar. (1) Feb 1732/3 Penelope Dyne, a Maid of Honour 1724/5, dau. of John Dyne by his wife Dorothy Aston, dau. and hrss. of Walter Aston, of Millwick, co. Stafford; d. 1 Jul 1774), younger brother of Stephen [Fox], 1st Earl of Ilchester, and 2nd son of Rt Hon Sir Stephen Fox MP, of Farley, co. Wiltshire, and Chiswick, co. Middlesex, by his second wife Christian Hopes, dau. and cohrss. of Rev Francis Hopes, Rector of Haceby and Aswarby, co. Lincoln

children

1. Hon Stephen Fox, later 2nd Baron Holland of Foxley later 2nd Baron Holland

2. Rt Hon Charles James Fox, Member of Parliament for Midhurst 1768 and for Westminster 1780-1806, a Lord of the Admiralty 1770-72, a Junior Lord of the Treasury 1772-74, Foreign Secretary 1782, 1783 and 1806, Privy Councillor 1798 (b. 13 Jan 1748/9; dspl. 13 Sep 1806), mar. 28 Sep 1795 Elizabeth Bridget Cane aka Armistead (b. c. 1760; dsp. 8 Jul 1842)

3. Gen Hon Henry Edward Fox (d. 1811), mar. Marianne Clayton, dau. of William Clayton, and had issue:

1a. Henry Stephen Fox (b. 22 Sep 1791; d. Oct 1846)

1a. Louisa Amelia Fox (d. 1828), mar. 4 Apr 1807 as his first wife Lt Gen Sir Edward Bunbury, 7th Bt KCB MP, Under-Secretary of War 1809-16, and had issue

2a. Caroline Amelia Fox (d. 26 Mar 1860), mar. 14 Mar 1812 her first cousin once removed Gen Sir William Francis Patrick Napier KCB (b. 17 Dec 1785; d. 12 Feb 1860), 3rd son of Col Hon George Napier (by his second wife Lady Sarah Lennox, 4th dau. of Charles [Lennox], 2nd Duke of Richmond), 1st son of Francis [Scott later Napier], 6th Lord Napier of Merchistoun, by his second wife Henrietta Maria Johnston, dau. of Capt George Johnston, of Dublin, and had issue

died

24 Jul 1774

created

3 May 1762 Lady Holland, Baroness of Holland in the County of Lincoln, with remainder to the heirs male of her body by her husband, Rt Hon Henry Fox

suc. by

son

note

 

Stephen [Fox], 2nd Baron Holland of Foxley later 2nd Baron Holland

born

20 Feb 1745

mar.

20 Apr 1766 Lady Mary Fitzpatrick (d. 6 Oct 1778), 1st dau. of John [Fitzpatrick], 1st Earl of Upper Ossory, by his wife Lady Evelyn Leveson-Gower, 6th dau. by his first wife of John [Leveson-Gower], 1st Earl Gower

children

1. Hon Henry Richard Fox later Vassall Fox, later 3rd Baron Holland

1. Hon Caroline Fox (d. 12 Mar 1845)

died

26 Dec 1774

suc. by

son

note

suc. his father as 2nd Baron Holland of Foxley 1 Jul 1774 and his mother as 2nd Baron Holland 24 Jul 1774; Clerk of the Pells [I] 1774

 

Henry Richard [Fox later Vassall Fox], 3rd Baron Holland, PC

born

21 Nov 1773

mar.

6 Jul 1797 Elizabeth Webster (b. c. 1770; former wife of Sir Godfrey Webster, 4th Bt.; d. 16 Nov 1845), dau. and hrss. of Richard Vassall, of Jamaica, by his wife Mary Clarke, dau. of Thomas Clarke, of New York, USA

children

1. Hon Henry Edward Fox, later 4th Baron Holland

1. Hon Mary Elizabeth Fox (b. 19 Feb 1806 ; d. 7 Dec 1891), mar. 24 May 1830 Thomas Atherton [Powys], 3rd Baron Lilford, and had issue

died

22 Oct 1840

suc. by

son

note

Privy Councillor 1806; Lord Privy Seal 1806-07; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1830-34 and 1835-40; FRS 1811

 

Henry Edward [Fox], 4th Baron Holland

born

7 Mar 1802

mar.

9 May 1833 Lady Mary Augusta Coventry (b. 11 May 1812; dsp. 23 Sep 1889), only dau. of George William [Coventry], 8th Earl of Coventry, by his second wife Lady Mary Beauclerk, only child by his first wife of Aubrey [Beauclerk], 6th Duke of St Albans

died

s.p. 18 Dec 1859

note

Member of Parliament (Whig) for Horsham 1826-27; entered the Diplomatic Service 1831: Secretary of the Legation at Turin 1832-35 ; Attaché at St Petersburg; Secretary to the Embassy at Vienna 1835-38, to the German Confederation 1838, and to Florence 1839-46

 

On the death of the 4th Baron Holland both the Baronies of Holland became extinct.

 

 First written 22 Aug 2006

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