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Hungerford, Baron (E, 1425/6)

 

Creation: writ sum. 7 Jan 1425/6

 

Family name: Hungerford later Hastings later Rawdon later Abney-Hastings later Philipps

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Garter stall plate of Walter [Hungerford], 1st Baron Hungerford, KG

A fine quadrangular plate in the form of a banner with wreathed and gilded staff and gold fringe. On

the field, which is cross-hatched and coloured a dull black, are the arms: Sable two bars Argent in

chief three Plates, and a silver helm covered by a mantling barry of ermine and gules within and

without, and with dagged edges and red and gold tassels, surmounted by the crest: within a Crest

Coronet Azure a Garb Or between two Sickles Argent. The garb is filled in with red, and the

sickles have serrated cutting edges. A single sickle was used as a badge by the Hungerford

family. The helm is turned to the sinister so as to face the High Altar.

 

(Plate XLIX from W H St John Hope: The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Order of the Garter 1348-1485)

 

Arms:

See Viscount St Davids

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Walter [Hungerford], 1st Baron Hungerford, KG

1st surv son and heir of Sir Thomas Hungerford, of Farleigh and Wellow, co. Somerset, and Heytesbury, Wiltshire, Speaker of the House of Commons, by his second wife Joan Hussey, dau. and cohrss. of Sir Edmund Hussey

born

c. 22 June 1378

mar. (1)

bef. 18 Sep 1402 Catherine Peverell (d. aft. 14 Jun 1426; bur. with her husband in Salisbury Cathedral), 2nd dau. and hrss. in her issue of Thomas Peverell, of Parke, Hamatethy and Penhale, co. Cornwall, by his wife Margaret de Courtenay, sister and cohrss. of Hugh de Courteney, and 1st dau. of Sir Thomas de Courteney, of Woodhuish, co. Devon, and Wootton Courteney, co. Somerset

mar. (2)

bef. 8 May 1439 Eleanor Poynings (widow of (1) John [FitzAlan], 13th or 6th Earl of Arundel, and (2) Sir Richard Poynings, 1st son and heir app. of Robert [Poynings], 5th Baron Poynings;  d. 1 Aug 1455), dau. of Sir John Berkeley, of Beverstone, co. Gloucester, by his first wife Elizabeth Betteshorne, dau. and hrss. of Sir John Betteshorne, of Betteshorne in Sopley, Hants.

died

9 Aug 1449 (bur. with his first wife in Salisbury Cathedral)

created

by writ of summons 7 Jan 1425/6 Baron Hungerford

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Knight of the Bath 1399;  Member of Parliament for Wiltshire 1400, 1404, 1407, 1413 and 1414, and for Somerset 1409;  Sheriff of Wiltshire 1406 and of Somerset and Dorset in 1414;  Speaker of the House of Commons 1414;  Admiral of the Fleet 1416;  Steward of the Household and Constable of Windsor Castle 1417;  Knight of the Garter 1421; Lord High Treasurer of England 1426-32

 

Robert [Hungerford}, 2nd Baron Hungerford

born

mar.

c.1420 Margaret de Botreaux, suo jure Baroness Botreaux (d. 7 Feb 1477/8), only child of William [de Botreaux], 3rd Baron Botreaux, by his first wife Elizabeth Beaumont, dau. of John [Beaumont], 4th Baron Beaumont

died

18 May 1459

suc. by

son

 

Robert [Hungerford], 1st Baron de Moleyns later 3rd Baron Hungerford

born

bef. 1429

mar.

bef. 5 Nov 1440 Eleanor de Moleyns (mar. (2) 24 Mar 1468/9 Sir Oliver Manyngham;  d. 1476), dau. and hrss. of Sir William de Moleyns, of Stoke Poges, co. Buckingham, by his wife Anne Whalesborough, dau. of John Whalesborough, of Cornwall

died

18 May 1464

created

v.p. by writ of summons 13 Jan 1444/5 Baron de Moleyns

suc. by

son

note

attainted following the Battle of Towton 4 Nov 1461 when both his baronies were forfeited; he was executed at Newcastle following the Battle of Hexham

 

Sir Thomas Hungerford, de jure 4th Baron Hungerford

born

mar.

bef. 16 Oct 1460 Lady Ann Percy (mar. (2) Sir Laurence Raynsford), 3rd dau. of Henry [Percy], 2nd Earl of Northumberland, by his wife Eleanor Poynings, suo jure Baroness Poynings, only dau. and hrss. of Sir Richard Poynings (by his wife Eleanor FitzAlan or Arundel (step great-grandmother of the 4th Baron Hungerford), widow of John [FitzAlan or Arundel], 13th or 6th Earl of Arundel, and dau. by his first wife of Sir John Berkeley, of Beverstone, co. Gloucester), 1st son and heir app. of Robert [Poynings], 5th Baron Poynings

died

18 Jan 1468/9

suc. by

daughter

note

attainted and executed at Salisbury; with the reversal of both his own and his father's attainders in 1485 he would under modern peerage law be regarded as the 4th Baron Hungerford

 

Mary Hungerford, suo jure Baroness Botreaux, Hungerford and de Moleyns

born

c. 1467

mar. (1)

bef. 18 Feb 1480/1 Edward [Hastings], 2nd Baron Hastings of Hastings (sum. to Parliament by writ 15 Nov 1482 as Baron Hastings of Hungerford), only son and heir of William [Hastings], 1st Baron Hastings of Hastings, by his wife Lady Catherine Bonville, widow of William [Bonville], 6th Baron Harington, and 5th dau. of Richard [Nevill], jure uxoris 5th Earl of Salisbury

mar. (2)

1 May 1509 Sir Richard Sacheverell, of Ratcliffe-on-Sour, co. Nottingham (d. 14 Apr 1534; bur. with his wife in the Collegiate Church of St Mary in the Newark at Leicester)

died

bef. 10 Jul 1533 (bur. in the Collegiate Church of St Mary in the Newark at Leicester)

suc. by

son by first husband

note

suc. her great-grandmother 7 Feb 1477/8 as Baroness Botreaux;  suc. to the Baronies of Hungerford and de Moleyns in 1485 on the reversal of the attainders on Robert [Hungerford], 3rd Baron Hungerford and his son Sir Thomas Hungerford, whom modern Peerage law would recognise as de jure 4th Baron Hungerford

 

George [Hastings], 3rd Baron Hastings of Hastings and 2nd Baron Hastings of Hungerford later 1st Earl of Huntingdon

created

8 Dec 1529 Earl of Huntingdon

note

suc. on his father's death 8 Nov 1506 as 3rd Baron of Hastings of Hastings (cr. 1461) and 2nd Baron Hastings of Hungerford (cr. 1482), and on his mother's death in c. 1531 as 6th Baron Botreaux (cr. 1367), 6th Baron Hungerford (cr. 1425/6) and 3rd Baron de Moleyns (cr. 1444/5)

 

The Barony of Hungerford and the other baronies by writ were held by the Earls of Huntingdon from 8 Dec 1529 in respect of the Baronies of Hastings of Hastings and Hastings of Hungerford, and from c. 1531 in respect of the Baronies of Botreaux, Hungerford and de Moleyns, until 2 Oct 1789, when on the death unmarried of Francis [Hastings], 10th Earl of Huntingdon, 15th Baron Botreaux, 15th Baron Hungerford, 12th Baron de Moleyns, 12th Baron Hastings of Hastings and 11th Baron Hastings of Hungerford, the Earldom of Huntingdon passed to the heir male and the baronies by writ (together with the co-heirship to the Baronies of Strange of Knokyn and Stanley, inherited from his mother by Ferdinando [Hastings], 6th Earl of Huntingdon) were inherited by his only surviving sister and heir general:

 

Lady Elizabeth Hastings later Rawdon, suo jure Baroness Hungerford, etc.

only surv. dau. of Theophilus [Hastings], 9th Earl of Huntingdon, 13th Baron Hungerford, etc., by his wife Lady Selina Shirley, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Washington [Shirley], 2nd Earl Ferrers

born

23 Mar 1731

mar.

26 Feb 1752 as his third wife her cousin John [Rawdon], 1st Earl of Moira (d. 20 Jun 1793), 1st surv. son of Sir John Rawdon, 3rd Bt. MP, of Moira, co. Down, by his wife Dorothy Levinge, 2nd dau. of Rt Hon Sir Richard Levinge, 1st Bt. MP, of Parwich, Speaker of the Irish House of Commons

died

11 Apr 1808

suc. by

son

 

Francis [Rawdon later Rawdon-Hastings], 1st Baron Rawdon later 2nd Earl of Moira, 17th Baron Hungerford, etc. later 1st Marquess of Hastings, KG GCB GCH

created

v.p. 5 Mar 1783 Baron Rawdon, of Rawdon in the County of York

3 Feb 1817 Viscount Loudoun, Earl of Rawdon and Marquess of Hastings

note

suc. his father 20 Jun 1793 as 2nd Earl of Moira and his mother 11 Apr 1808 as 17th Baron Botreaux, 17th Baron Hungerford, 14th Baron de Moleyns, 14th Baron Hastings of Hastings and 13th Baron Hastings of Hungerford

 

The Barony of Hungerford and the other baronies by writ were held by the Earls of Moira from 11 Apr 1808 and by the Marquesses of Hastings from 3 Feb 1817 until 10 Nov 1868, when on the death without issue of Henry Weysford Charles Plantagenet [Rawdon-Hastings], 4th Marquess of Hastings, 5th Earl of Moira, 9th Earl of Loudoun, 20th Baron Hungerford, etc., the Marquessate of Hastings, the Irish Earldom of Moira and the other titles created in 1783 and 1816 became extinct, the Scottish Earldom of Loudoun was inherited by his eldest sister and heir of line, and the English baronies by writ (including the Barony of Grey of Ruthin which had been inherited from his mother by the 4th Marquess of Hastings) fell into abeyance between his four sisters and co-heiresses:  Lady Edith Maud Abney-Hastings, suo jure Countess of Loudoun;  Lady Bertha Lelgarde Clifton, later suo jure Baroness Grey of Ruthin;  Lady Victoria Maria Louise Kirwan;  and Lady Francis Augusta Constance Marsham, Countess of Romney.  On 6 Nov 1871 the abeyances of the baronies of Botreaux, Hungerford, de Moleyns and Hastings of Hastings were terminated by letters patent in favour of the eldest sister:

 

Lady Edith Maud Rawdon-Hastings later Clifton later Abney-Hastings, suo jure Countess of Loudoun, Baroness Hungerford, etc.

1st dau. of George Augustus Francis [Rawdon-Hastings], 2nd Marquess of Hastings, 18th Baron Hungerford, etc., by his wife Hon Barbara Yelverton, suo jure Baroness Grey of Ruthin, only dau. and hrss. of Henry Edward [Gould later Yelverton], 19th Baron Grey of Ruthin

note

suc. her brother 10 Nov 1868 as Countess of Loudoun in her own right

 

The Baronies of Botreaux, Hungerford, de Moleyns and Hastings of Hastings were held by the Earls of Loudoun from 6 Nov 1871 until 17 May 1920, when on the death of Charles Edward Hastings [Abney-Hastings], 11th Earl of Loudoun, 22nd Baron Hungerford, etc. the Barony of Donington (granted to the husband of the Countess of Loudoun) passed to his second and surviving brother; the Scottish Earldom of Loudoun passed to his niece and heir of line, the eldest daughter of his deceased first brother; and the English baronies by writ fell into abeyance between his four nieces, being the daughters of his deceased first brother, all four of whom were granted by Royal Warrant on 9 Oct 1920 the style and precedence of the daughters of an Earl:  Lady Edith Maud Abney-Hastings, suo jure Countess of Loudoun;  Lady Elizabeth Frances Philipps, Viscountess St Davids;  Lady Flora Anne Rawdon-Hastings;  and Lady Isabel Jacqueline Rostron.  On 23 Feb 1921 the abeyance of the Baronies of Botreaux, Stanley and Hastings of Hastings was determined by Letters Patent in favour of the eldest niece, Lady Edith Maud Abney-Hastings, suo jure Countess of Loudoun, and by Letters Patent dated the same day the abeyance of the Baronies of Hungerford, de Moleyns and Strange of Knokyn, was determined in favour of the second niece:

 

Lady Elizabeth Frances Rawdon-Hastings later Philipps, suo jure Baroness Hungerford, de Moleyns and Strange of Knokyn

2nd dau. of Maj Hon Paulyn Francis Cuthbert Abney-Hastings later Rawdon-Hastings (by his wife Lady Maud Grimston, 3rd dau. of James Walter [Grimston], 2nd Earl of Verulam), 2nd son of Charles Frederick [Clifton later Abney-Hastings], 1st Baron Donington, by his wife Lady Edith Maud Rawdon-Hastings, suo jure Countess of Loudoun, Baroness Hungerford, etc.

born

19 Jun 1884

mar.

27 Apr 1916 as his second wife John Wynford [Philips], 1st Viscount St Davids (d. 28 Mar 1938), 1st son and heir of Rev Sir James Erasmus Philips, 12th Bt., of Picton, co. Pembroke, Vicar of Warminster, by his wife Mary Margaret Best, sister of George [Best], 5th Baron Wynford, and 1st dau. of Rev Hon Samuel Best, Rector of Abbots Anne, Hants. (by his second wife Emma Duke, dau. of Lt Col Charles Duke), 3rd son of William Draper [Best], 1st Baron Wynford

died

12 Dec 1974

suc. by

son

note

granted by Royal Warrant 9 Oct 1920 the rank style and precedence of the daughter of an Earl

 

Jestyn Reginald Austen Plantagenet [Philipps], 2nd Viscount St Davids, 24th Baron Hungerford, etc.

note

suc. his father 28 Mar 1938 as 2nd Viscount St Davids and suc. his mother 12 Dec 1974 as 24th Baron Hungerford, 21st Baron de Moleyns and 15th Baron Strange de Knokyn

 

The Baronies of Hungerford, de Moleyns and Strange of Knokyn have been held by the Viscounts St David since 12 Dec 1974.

 

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