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Callendar, Earl of (S, 1641 - forfeited 1716)
Creation: let.pat. 6 Oct 1641
Forfeited: 17 Feb 1715/6
Family name: Livingston
Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Argent three Cinquefoils Gules within a Double Tressure flory counterflory Vert (Livingston); 2nd and 3rd, Sable a Bend between six Billets Or (Callender); a Crescent in the centre for difference
A Dexter Hand holding a Sword proper
On either side a Lion Gules
Et Domi Et Foris
James [Livingston], 1st Lord Livingston of Almond later 1st Earl of Callendar, PC
3rd son of Alexander [Livingston], 1st Earl of Linlithgow, by his wife Lady Eleanor Hay, only dau. by his first wife and cousin of Andrew [Hay], 8th Earl of Erroll
1633 Hon Margaret Seton (widow of Alexander [Seton], 1st Earl of Dunfermline; d. 30 Dec 1659), sister of John [Hay], 1st Earl of Tweeddale, and only dau. of James [Hay], 7th Lord Hay of Yester, by his wife Lady Margaret Kerr, 3rd dau. of Mark [Kerr], 1st Earl of Lothian
s.p. 25 Mar 1674
19 Jun 1633 Lord Livingston of Almond, with remainder to "his heirs male for ever"
6 Oct 1641 Lord Livingston and Almond and Earl of Callendar; he was given a power on 22 Jul 1646, failing heirs male of his body, to nominate a successor to this title, which appears to have been exercised on 19 May 1657 and on 7 May 1660, the last nomination containing an ultimate remainder to heirs general; he obtained a novodamus on 21 Nov 1660 wherein the remainder, failing heirs male of his body. was (1) to his nephew Alexander Livingston, in tail male, (2) to Alexander Livingston, great nephew of the grantee (being 2nd son of his nephew, George, Earl of Linlithgow) in like manner, and (3) to Alexander Livingston, son of Sir Alexander Livingston of Dalderse, decd., in like manner
a Gentleman of the Bedchamber; knighted 1629; Lieut General of the Scottish Army against the King 1640 but in support of the King the next year; commanded the forces against the Duke of Montrose 1640; in favour with the King 1646 and 1647; Sheriff of Sterlingshire 1647; Lieut General of the Scottish Army raised to rescue the King but was defeated at Preston 1648, after which he fled to Holland; Privy Councillor [S] 1660/1
Alexander [Livingston], 2nd Earl of Callendar
2nd son of Alexander [Livingston], 2nd Earl of Linlithgow, by his second wife Lady Mary Douglas, 2nd dau. of William [Douglas], 10th Earl of Angus
28 Aug 1663 Lady Elizabeth Hamilton (mar. (2) 28 Jun 1690 Sir James Livingston of Westquarter, and (3) Oct 1703 as his second wife James [Ogilvy], 3rd Earl of Findlater), 3rd dau. of William [Hamilton], 2nd Duke of Hamilton, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Maxwell, 1st dau. and cohrss. of James [Maxwell], 1st Earl of Dirletoun
d.s.p. legit. Aug 1685
Alexander [Livingston], 3rd Earl of Callendar
2nd son of George [Livingston], 3rd Earl of Linlithgow, by his first wife Lady Elizabeth Lyon, widow of John [Lyon], 2nd Earl of Kinghorne, and 2nd dau. by his first wife of Patrick [Maule], 1st Earl of Panmure
Lady Anne Graham (d. after Feb 1704), 1st dau. of James [Graham], 2nd Marquess of Montrose, by his wife Lady Isabel Ker, widow of Robert [Ker], 1st Earl of Roxburgh, and 5th dau. of William [Douglas], 7th Earl of Morton
1. Hon James Livingston, later 4th Earl of Callendar later 5th Earl of Linlithgow
2. Lady Harriet Livingston (d. 25 May 1738)
3. Lady Mary Livingston (d. 26 Mar 1734), mar. James Graham of Airth, Judge of the Court of Admiralty in Scotland, and had issue
James [Livingston], 4th Earl of Callendar later 5th Earl of Linlithgow
suc. his uncle 7 Aug 1695 as 5th Earl of Linlithgow
The Earldom of Callendar was held by the 5th Earl of Linlithgow from 7 Aug 1695 until 17 Feb 1715/6, when he was attainted of high treason and all his titles became forfeited.
First written 12 Aug 2003
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