Cracroft's Peerage
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Keith, Viscount (UK, 1814 - 1823)


Creation: let.pat. 1 Jun 1814


Extinct: 10 Mar 1823


Family name: Elphinstone




Argent a Chevron Sable between three Boars' Heads erased Gules


A Lady from the middle well attired proper holding in her dexter hand a Tower Argent and in her sinister a Laurel Branch proper


Dexter:  A Savage proper wreathed head and middle with Oak Leaves Vert in his exterior hand a Club resting on his right shoulder on his breast a Shield Azure charged with three Fleur de lis Or, at his feet an Anchor Sable;  Sinister:  A Stag proper attired and unguled Or collared Azure the Collar charged with three Cinquefoils Argent and pendent therefrom a Shield of the last with a Chief Gules charged with three Pallets Or, the dexter hind foot resting on an Anchor Sable


 Cause Causit



George Keith [Elphinstone], 1st Baron Keith later 1st Viscount Keith, GCB

5th son of Charles [Elphinstone], 10th Lord Elphinstone, by his wife Lady Clementina Fleming, heiress of the family of Keith on the death of her uncle, George [Keith], 9th Earl Marischal, in 1778, 2nd dau. and event. sole hrss. of John [Fleming], 6th Earl of Wigtown, by his second wife Lady Mary Keith, 1st dau. of William [Keith], 8th Earl Marischal


7 Jan 1745/6

mar. (1)

10 Apr 1787 Jane Mercer (d. 12 Dec 1789), dau. and cohrss. of Col William Mercer of Aldie (by his wife Margaret Murray, dau. of William Murray of Pitkaithly), 2nd but 1st surv. son and heir of Hon Robert Nairne later Mercer of Aldie (by his wife Jean Mercer, dau. and hrss. of Sir Laurence Mercer of Aldie), 2nd son of William [Murray], 2nd Lord Nairne

only child by first wife

1. Hon Margaret Elphinstone, later suo jure Baroness Keith and Lady Nairne

mar. (2)

10 Jan 1808 Hester Maria Thrale (b. 1762; d. 31 Mar 1857), 1st dau. and cohrss. of Henry Thrale, of Streatham, co. Surrey, brewer, by his wife Hester Lynch Salusbury, dau. and cohrss. of John Salusbury, of Bachecraig


s.p.m. 10 Mar 1823 (bur. at Tullyallan on the Firth of Forth)


16 May 1797 Baron Keith, of Stonehaven Marischal, with a special remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to his daughter Margaret Mercer Elphinstone [Peerage of Ireland]

15 Dec 1801 Baron Keith, of Stonehaven Marischal in the County of Kincardine [Peerage of the United Kingdom]

17 Sep 1803 Baron Keith, of Banheath in the County of Dunbarton, with a special remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to his daughter Margaret Mercer Elphinstone [Peerage of the United Kingdom]

1 Jun 1814 Viscount Keith


entered the Navy 1761;  Member of Parliament (Whig) for Dunbartonshire 1781-90, and for Stirlingshire 1796-1801;  FRS 1790;  distinguished himself against the French off Toulon 1793;  Rear Admiral 1794;  Knight of the Bath 1794;  Vice Admiral 1795;  commanded the expedition which captured Cape Town 1795;  the Dutch Fleet at Saldanha Bay surrendered to him 1796;  as Commander at Sheerness he quelled the mutiny at the Nore;  Commander-in-Chief in the Mediterranean 1799-1802, aiding in the Battle of Aboukir Bay and the capture of Alexandria;  Admiral of the Blue 1801;  Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth 1803;  Commander-in-Chief in the North Sea and the East Channel 1803-07;  Admiral of the White 1805;  Admiral of the Red 1810;  Commander-in-Chief of the Channel Fleet 1812;  Keeper of the Signet and Councillor of State for Scotland;  Treasurer and Comptroller of the Household of the Duke of Clarence;  GCB 1815


On the death of the 1st Viscount Keith the Viscountcy of Keith and the UK Barony of Keith (cr. 1801) became extinct. The 1797 Irish Barony of Keith and the 1803 UK Barony of Keith passed to his only child, Hon Margaret Elphinstone. In 1837 she also became suo jure Lady Nairne.


 First written 7 Mar 2012



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