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Kent, Earl of (E, 1360 - 1408)

 

Creation: let.pat. 20 Nov 1360

 

Extinct: 15 Sep 1408

 

Family name: Holand

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Arms:

England a Bordure Argent

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Thomas [de Holand], 1st Baron Holand later 1st or 4th Earl of Kent, KG

3rd son of Robert [de Holand], 1st Baron Holand, by his wife Maud la Zouche, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Alan [la Zouche], 1st Baron Zouche

born

mar.

c. 1339 Lady Joan Plantagenet, suo jure Countess of Kent, etc. (b. c. 1328; mar. (2) 10 Oct 1361 her first half-cousin once removed Edward "of Woodstock", Prince of Wales, 1st son and heir ap. of Edward III, King of England; d. 8 Aug 1385), sister and heiress of John [Plantagenet], 3rd Earl of Kent, and only surv. dau. of Edmund "of Woodstock", 1st Earl of Kent (by his wife Margaret Comyn, suo jure Baroness Wake, widow of John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch, and dau. of John [Wake], 1st Baron Wake), 2nd son by his second wife of Edward I, King of England

children

1. Sir Thomas de Holand, later 2nd or 5th Earl of Kent

2. Edmund de Holand

3. John de Holand, later 1st Duke of Exeter

1. Lady Maud de Holand (dsp. after 13 Apr 1392), mar. (1) c. 1365 as his second wife Hugh [de Courtenay], 1st Baron Courtenay, and (2) 1380 Waleran de Luxembourg, Count of Ligny and St Pol

died

28 Dec 1360

created

by writ of summons 15 Mar 1353/4 Baron Holand

20 Nov 1360 Earl of Kent (jure uxoris?)

suc. by

son

note

part of an embassy to the Count of Hainault 1337 ; took part in the Battle of Sluys and the siege of Tournai 1340; at the siege of Nantes and the assault on Vannes 1343; captured the Count of Eu at the fall of Caen 1346; fought at the Battle of Crécy 1346; at Calais 1347; Founder Knight of the Garter 1347; Lieutenant and Captain in the Duchy of Brittany and the parts of Poitou adjacent 1353/4; Keeper of the Channel Islands 1356; Keeper of the Fortalice of Crocy 1357; Keeper of the Castle and Fortress of Saint Sauveur le Vicomte 1358/9; Joint Lieutenant and Captain of the Duchy of Normandy 1359; Captain and Lieutenant in France and Normandy 1360

 

Thomas [de Holand], 2nd or 5th Earl of Kent, KG

born

c. 1351

mar.

after 10 Apr 1364 Lady Alice FitzAlan (b. c. 1350; d. 17 Mar 1415/6), 2nd dau. of Richard [FitzAlan], 10th or 3rd Earl of Arundel, by his second wife Lady Eleanor de Beaumont, widow of John [de Beaumont], 2nd Baron Beaumont,  and 3rd dau. of Henry [Plantagenet], 3rd Earl of Lancaster

children

1. Thomas de Holand, later 3rd or 6th Earl of Kent later 1st Duke of Surrey

2. Edmund de Holand, later 4th or 7th Earl of Kent

1. Lady Alianore de Holand (d. 23 Oct 1405), mar. (1) c. 1388 Roger [de Mortimer], 4th Earl of March, and (2) Jun 1399 as his first wife Edward [Cherleton], 5th Baron Cherleton, and had issue by both husbands

2. Lady Margaret de Holand (b. c. 1381; d. 30 Dec 1439), mar. (1) bef. 28 Sep 1397 John [Beaufort], 1st Marquess of Somerset, and (2) after 10 Nov 1411 Thomas [Plantagenet], 1st Duke of Clarence, and had issue by her first husband

3. Lady Joane de Holand (b. c. 1380; dsp. 12 Apr 1434), mar. (1) bef. 4 Nov 1393 as his first wife Edmund "of Langley", 1st Duke of York, (2) bef. 9 Aug 1404 William [Willoughby], 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, (3) 6 Sep 1410 Henry [Scrope], 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham, and (4) bef. 27 Apr 1416 Henry [Bromflete], 1st Baron de Vesci

4. Lady Eleanor de Holand, mar. 23 May 1399 as his first wife Thomas [de Montacute], 4th Earl of Salisbury, and had issue

5. Lady Elizabeth de Holand, mar. c. 1394 Sir john Nevill, styled Lord Nevill, 1st son and heir ap. of Ralph [de Nevill], 1st Earl of Westmorland, by his first wife Lady Margaret de Stafford, 1st dau. of Hugh [de Stafford], 2nd Earl of Stafford, and had issue

6. Lady Bridget de Holand, a nun at Barking Abbey, co. Essex

died

25 Apr 1397

suc. by

son

note

knighted 1367; fought at the Battle of Najera 1367; Knight of the Garter between 1375 and 1376; Keeper of the King's Forest, South of Trent 1377; Marshal of England 1379/80-85; Ambassador to treat concerning King Richard II's marriage to Anne of Bohemia 1380; Keeper of the King's Forest and Master of the Game, South of Trent together with custody of the New Forest and the castle and town of Southampton for life 1383; had custody of the castle and town of Cherbourg 1384; with the King on the expedition to Scotland 1385; suc. his mother 8 Aug 1385 as 6th Baron Wake and 5th Baron Woodstock; granted the Manor of Brockenhurst, co. Hampshire, for life 1386; granted the custody of the Tower of London for life 1387; a Commissioner to hear Sir Robert Grosvenor's appeal against the decision in Scrope v Grosvenor; Constable of Corfe Castle 1391; accompanied the King to Ireland 1394

 

Thomas [de Holand], 3rd or 6th Earl of Kent later 1st Duke of Surrey, KG

born

c. 1371

mar.

after 20 Oct 1392 Lady Joan de Stafford (d. 30 Sep 1442), 3rd dau. of Hugh [de Stafford], 2nd Earl of Stafford, by his wife Lady Philippa de Beauchamp, 2nd dau. of Thomas [de Beauchamp], 11th Earl of Warwick

died

s.p. 7 Jan 1399/1400

created

29 Sep 1397 Duke of Surrey

suc. by

brother

note

Knight of the Garter between 1397 and 1399; Constable of Southborough Castle for life 1397; given the custody of Thomas "of Woodstock", Duke of Gloucester 1397; one of the accusers of the "Lord Appellant" (the Duke of Gloucester and the Earls of Warwick and Arundel) in Parliament 1397; granted the castle and manor of Warwick 1397; Marshal of England 1397/8, with the reversion of the offices of Marshal of the King's Bench, of the Exchequer and of the King's Household, which offices were to be annexed to that of Marshal of England; had licence to found the Priory of Mountgrace, co. York 1397/8 ; Lieutenant of Ireland for three years 1398; granted the county of Uriel and the town and customs of Drogheda 1398/9; granted the territorial Barony of Norvagh and the custody of the castle of Carelogh 1399; returned from Ireland with the King 1399 and granted a guarantee of safety, despite which following the abdication of King Richard II he was sent to the Tower of London; examined in Parliament before King Henry IV and the Council concerning the extent of his involvement in the murder of the Duke of Gloucester, and adjudged to "lese and forgo" the name of Duke, and the worship thereof, and also to forfeit all grants made to him since 1397; part of the conspiracy to seize King Henry IV, but on the failure of the plot he fled to Cirencester, where he and others were captured by the mob and beheaded, 1399/1400

 

Edmund [de Holand], 4th or 7th Earl of Kent, KG

born

6 Jan 1382/3

mar.

24 Jan 1406/7 Lucy Visconti (d. 14 Apr 1424), 10th dau. of Barnabo Visconti, Lord of Milan, by his wife Beatrice della Scala, dau. of Mastin della Scala, Lord of Verona

died

s. p. legit.15 Sep 1408

note

had a grant of the manors of Ayton and Huntington, co. York, 1401; fought at the Battle of Shrewsbury 1403; Knight of the Garter c. 1404; granted custody of the Abbey of Beaulieu 1404/5; in command of an English fleet which harried the coast of France 1405; a Justice for Hampshire 1406-07, Surrey and Sussex 1406-07, Kent 1406-07 and Dorset 1407; Admiral of the Fleet to the West and North 1407; killed in the attack on the Isle de Bréhat, Britanny 1408; by his mistress Lady Constance Plantagenet, only dau. by his first wife of Edmund "of Langley", 1st Duke of York, he had an illegitimate daughter, Eleanor de Holand, who married as his second wife James [Touchet], 5th Baron Audley of Heleigh

 

The Earldom of Kent became extinct on the death of the 4th/7th Earl of Kent in 1408. On his death the Baronies of Wake, Woodstock and Holand fell into abeyance between his sisters and their descendants.

 

First written 18 Jan 2004

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