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Linlithgow, Earl of (S, 1600 - forfeited 1716)

 

Creation: let.pat. 25 Dec 1600

 

Forfeited: 17 Feb 1715/6

 

Family name: Livingston

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Arms:

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Argent three Cinquefoils Gules within a Double Tressure flory counterflory Vert (Livingston); 2nd and 3rd, Sable a Bend between six Billets Or (Callender);  overall on an Escutcheon Azure a Tree growing out of the base Or within a Bordure Argent charged with eight Cinquefoils Gules (Linlithgow)

Crest:

A Demi Savage proper holding a Baton erect Or in his dexter hand and round the sinister arm a Serpent twined Vert

Supporters:

On either side a Savage wreathed about the head and loins with Laurel proper and holding in his exterior hand a Baton erect Or

Motto:

Si Je Pais

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Alexander [Livingston], 7th Lord Livingston later 1st Earl of Linlithgow, PC

1st son and heir of William [Livingston], 6th Lord Livingston, by his wife Hon Agnes Fleming, 3rd dau. of Malcolm [Fleming], 3rd Lord Fleming, by his wife Lady Janet Stewart, illeg. dau. of James IV, King of Scotland

born

mar.

26 Jan 1583/4 Lady Helen Hay, only dau. of Andrew [Hay], 8th Earl of Erroll, by his first wife and cousin Lady Jean Hay, only child of William [Hay], 6th Earl of Erroll

children

1. Hon John Livingston, styled Lord Livingston (dvp. bef. 17 Aug 1610)

2. Hon Alexander Livingston, later 2nd Earl of Linlithgow

3. Hon James Livingston, later 1st Earl of Callendar

1. Lady Anne Livingston, Maid of Honour to Queen Anne of Denmark (d. 12 Nov 1632), mar. 22 Jun 1612 as his first wife Alexander [Seton later Montgomerie], 6th Earl of Eglinton, and had issue

2. Lady Margaret Livingston (d. c. 10 Dec 1651), mar. after 18 Feb 1608/9 John [Fleming], 2nd Earl of Wigtown, and had issue

died

24 Dec 1621

created

25 Dec 1600 Lord Livingston and Callendar, and Earl of Linlithgow

suc. by

son

note

a supporter of Esmé [Stewart], Duke of Lennox; a Gentleman of the Chamber 1580 ; suc. his father as 7th Lord Livingston betw. 18 Oct and 29 Nov 1592; Privy Councillor [S] 1593/4 ; Guardian of the infant Princess Elizabeth 1596-1603; Bailie of all the King's lands in the County of Linlithgow 1597; Constable and Keeper of Blackness Castle 1598/9; Keeper of Linlithgow Palace 1599; Commissioner for the Northern and Western Isles 1608

 

Alexander [Livingston], 2nd Earl of Linlithgow, PC

born

mar. (1)

4 May 1611 Lady Elizabeth Gordon (d. Jul 1616), 2nd dau. of George [Gordon], 1st Marquess of Huntly, by his wife Lady Henrietta Stuart, 1st dau. of Esmé [Stuart], 1st Duke of Lennox

only child by first wife

1.Hon George Livingston, later 3rd Earl of Linlithgow

mar. (2)

17 Oct 1620 Lady Mary Douglas, 2nd dau. of William [Douglas], 10th Earl of Angus, by his wife Hon Elizabeth Oliphant, 1st dau. of Laurence [Oliphant], 4th Lord Oliphant

children by second wife

2.Hon Alexander Livingston, later 2nd Earl of Callendar

1.Lady Margaret Livingston (d. 1674), mar. (1) Sir Thomas Nicholson of Carnock, 2nd Bt., (2) 1666 as his fourth wife Sir George Stirling, 6th of Keir, and (3) 6 Feb 1668 as his first wife her late husband's cousin Sir John Stirling, 8th of Keir, and had issue by her first husband

2.Lady Eleanor Livingston (d. unm.)

died

betw. 11 Jun and 20 Dec 1648

suc. by

son by first wife

note

an Extraordinary Lord of Session 1609/10-26; Hereditary Constable of Linlithgow Palace 1627; Privy Councillor [S] 1623/4; Lord High Admiral of Scotland 1627 during the minority of the Duke of Lennox ; Commissioner for the plantations in Nova Scotia 1631 ; Lieutenant and Commissioner in co. Stirling 1640

 

George [Livingston], 3rd Earl of Linlithgow, PC

born

Jul 1616

mar. (1)

30 Jul 1650 Lady Elizabeth Lyon (widow of John [Lyon], 2nd Earl of Kinghorne; d. Oct 1659), 2nd dau. of Patrick [Maule], 1st Earl of Panmure, by his first wife Frances Stanhope, dau. of Sir Edward Stanhope, of Grimston, co. York

children by first wife

1. Hon George Livingston, later 4th Earl of Linlithgow

2. Hon Alexander Livingston, later 3rd Earl of Callendar

1. Lady Henrietta Livingston (dsp. Nov 1683), mar. Jul 1666 as his first wife Robert [Makgill], 2nd Viscount of Oxfuird

mar. (2)

Jun 1677 Agnes Scott (widow of Alexander Scott, of Edinburgh, goldsmith), dau. and cohrss. of George Wauchope, of Edinburgh

died

1 Feb 1690

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Constable and Keeper of Linlithgow Palace and Blackness Castle 1642; a leader of the Scottish army which invaded England 1644 and took part in the storming of Newcastle 1644; although a Scottish peer sat in the English Parliament as Member of Parliament for Perth; Privy Councillor [S] 1661 and President of the Privy Council 1682; Lt Col, Scots Guards 1662, Col 1664-84, Maj General and Commander-in-Chief for Scotland 1677-79; Lord Justice General of Scotland 1684-88

 

George [Livingston], 4th Earl of Linlithgow, PC

born

mar.

Hon Henrietta Sutherland, dau. of Alexander [Sutherland], 1st Lord Duffus

died

s. p. 7 Aug 1695

suc. by

nephew

note

Capt, Scots Guards 1668; fought at the Battle of Bothwell Bridge 1679; Lieut, King's Life Guards, 1680; Capt, 1684; Privy Councillor [S] 1681; Provost of Linlithgow 1683-84 and 1686-87; following the Battle of Killiecrankie 1689 he was accused of being a rebel along with his brother Alexander, Earl of Callendar, and his brother-in-law Lord Duffus, arrested and imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle 1689, being released only after taking an oath of allegiance to King William III; Privy Councillor [S] 1692; Commissioner of the Scottish Treasury 1692-95

 

James [Livingston], 4th Earl of Callendar later 5th Earl of Linlithgow

only son and heir of Alexander [Livingston], 3rd Earl of Callendar (by his wife Lady Anne Graham, 1st dau. of James [Graham], 2nd Marquess of Montrose), 2nd son of George [Livingston], 3rd Earl of Linlithgow

born

mar.

after 20/31 May 1707 Lady Margaret Hay, sister of Lady Mary Hay, suo jure Countess of Erroll, and 2nd dau. of John [Hay], 12th Earl of Erroll, by his wife Lady Anne Drummond, only dau. of James [Drummond], 3rd Earl of Perth

children

1. Hon James Livingston, styled Lord Livingston (b. 13 Nov 1710; dvp. 30 Apr 1715)

1. Lady Anne Livingston (bapt. 18 Jan 1709; d. 16 Sep 1747), mar. 15 Jun 1724 William [Boyd], 4th Earl of Kilmarnock, and had issue

died

s.p.m.s. 25 Apr 1723

note

suc. his father Dec 1692 as 4th Earl of Callendar; Capt of the Company of Foot in Blackness Fortress 1712; a Scottish Representative Peer 1712/3; a fervent Jacobite, he joined the 1715 Rising and commanded a Squadron of Horse in the Jacobite defeat at Sheriffmuir 1715; despite surrendering to the Duke of Argyll, he was attainted of high treason 17 Feb 1715/6 following which his estates and all his titles were forfeited to the Crown; he escaped to the Continent 1716 and joined the titular King James III in exile at Urbino

 

Following the attainder of the 5th Earl of Linlithgow the Earldom of Linlithgow and all his other peerages including the Earldom of Callendar were forfeited.

 

First written12 Aug 2003

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