Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage

If you have found this page useful, why not make a donation to The Peerage Research Trust so that we can continue to maintain and develop Cracroft's Peerage?


| Search this site | Introduction | Contents | The Monarchy | The Peerage | The Baronetage | Untitled Families | Orders of Chivalry | Miscellaneous | Forums | Forums | Contact Us | Links |

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Londonderry, Marquess of (I, 1816)

 

Creation: let. pat. 13 Jan 1816

 

Family name: Stewart later Vane later Vane-Tempest later Vane-Tempest-Stewart

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Arms:

Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Or a Bend counter-company Argent and Azure between two lions Rampant Gules (Stewart);  2nd, Argent a Bend engrailed between six Martlets Sable (Tempest);  3rd, Azure three Sinister Gauntlets Or (Vane)

Crests:

1st:  A Griffin's Head erased per pale Argent and Sable beaked Gules (Tempest);  2nd:  A Dragon statant Or (Stewart);  3rd:  A Dexter Cubit Arm in armour the hand in a Gauntlet proper grasping a Sword also proper pommelled and hilted Or (Vane)

Supporters:

Dexter:  a Moor wreathed about the temples Argent and Azure holding in the exterior hand a Shield of the last garnished of the last and charged with a Sun in Splendour Gold;  Sinister:  a Lion Or gorged with a Collar Argent charged with three Mullets Sable

Motto:

Metuenda Corolla Draconis (The dragon's crest is to be feared)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Robert [Stewart], 1st Baron Londonderry later 1st Viscount Castlereagh later 1st Earl of Londonderry later 1st Marquess of Londonderry

1st son of Alexander Stewart MP, of Mount Stewart, Co. Down, and Ballylawn Castle. Co. Donegal, by his wife and cousin Mary Cowan, sister and hrss. of Sir Robert Cowan, Governor of Bombay, and only surv. dau. of Alderman John Cowan, of Londonderry

born

27 Sep 1739

mar. (1)

3 Jun 1766 Lady Sarah Frances Seymour-Conway (b. 27 Sep 1747; d. 18 Jul 1770), 2nd dau. of Francis [Seymour-Conway[, 1st Marquess of Hertford, by his wife Lady Isabella FitzRoy, 2nd dau. of Charles [FitzRoy], 2nd Duke of Grafton

only child by first wife:

1. Lord Robert Stewart, later 2nd Marquess of Londonderry

mar. (2)

7 Jun 1775 Lady Frances Pratt (b. c.1751; d. 18 Jan 1833), 1st dau. of Charles [Pratt], 1st Earl Camden, by his wife Elizabeth Jeffreys, dau. and event. sole hrss. of Nicholas Jeffreys, son and heir of Sir Jeffrey Jeffreys, of Brecknock Priory, co. Brecknock

children by second wife:

2. Lord Charles William Stewart later Vane, later 1st Baron Stewart later 3rd Marquess of Londonderry

1. Lady Frances Anne Stewart (b. 24 Jun 1777;  d. 9 Feb 1810), mar. 10 Mar 1799 as his second wife Gen Lord Charles FitzRoy (b. 14 Jul 1764;  d. 20 Dec 1820), 2nd son by his first wife of Augustus Henry [FitzRoy], 3rd Duke of Grafton, and had issue

2. Lady Caroline Stewart (d. 10 Aug 1865), mar. 23 Dec 1801 Col Thomas Wood MP, of Littleton, co. Middlesex, and Gwernyfed, co. Brecon (b. 21 Apr 1777; d. 26 Jan 1860), 1st son and heir of Thomas Wood, of Littleton, co. Middlesex, by his wife Mary Williams, only dau. and hrss. of Sir Edward Williams, 5th Bt., of Elham and Gwernyfed, co. Brecon, and had issue

3. Lady Georgina Stewart (dsp. 17 Nov 1804), mar. 13 Jul 1803 as his first wife George [Canning], 1st Baron Garvagh

4. Lady Selina Stewart (d. 5 Feb 1871), mar. 22 Feb 1814 David Kerr, of Portave, co. Down (d. 30 Dec 1844), and had issue

5. Lady Matilda Stewart (d. 3 Oct 1842), mar. 14 Sep 1815 Michael Edward Ward, Minister :Plenipotentiary at Dresden (b. 5 Feb 1789; d. 12 Sep 1832), 1st son and heir of Col Hon Robert Ward (by his first wife Sophia Frances Whalley, 3rd dau. of Richard Chapel Whalley, of Whalley Abbey, co. Wicklow), 3rd son of Bernard [Ward], 1st Viscount Bangor, and had issue

6. Lady Emily Jane Stewart (d. 18 Oct 1865), mar. (1) 29 Jun 1814 John James (d. 4 Jun 1818), 2nd son of Sir Walter James, Bt., and (2) 10 Dec 1821 Henry [Hardinge], 1st Viscount Hardinge, and had issue

7. Lady Octavia Stewart (b. 14 Oct 1792; dsp. 5 Mar 1819), mar. 11 Dec 1813 as his first wife Edward [Law], 1st Earl of Ellenborough

died

8 Apr 1821

created

20 Sep 1789 Baron Londonderry

1 Oct 1795 Viscount Castlereagh

8 Aug 1796 Earl of Londonderry

13 Jan 1816 Marquess of Londonderry

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Member of Parliament for co. Down 1771-83; Privy Councillor [I] 1782; Custos Rotulorum of co. Down 1801-21 and of co. Londonderry 1803-21 ; a Representative Peer of Ireland 1800-21

 

Robert [Stewart], 2nd Marquess of Londonderry, KG GCH PC

born

18 Jun 1769

mar.

9 Jun 1794 Lady Amelia Anne Hobart (b. 20 Feb 1772; dsp. 12 Feb 1829), only child of John [Hobart], 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire, by his second wife Caroline Conolly, 5th dau. of Rt Hon William Conolly MP, of Castletown, co. Kildare

died

s.p. 12 Aug 1822

suc. by

half-brother

note

Member of the Irish Parliament for co. Down 1790-1800 and Member of the UK Parliament (Tory) for Tregony 1794-96, for Orford 1796-97 and 1821-22, for co. Down 1801-05 and 1812-21, for Boroughbridge 1806 and for Plympton 1806-12; Privy Councillor [I] 1797 and [GB] 1798; Secretary of State for Ireland 1797-1801; Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1798-1800; a Lord of the Irish Treasury 1797-1804; Keeper of the Privy Seal of Ireland 1797-1801; President of the India Board 1802-06; Secretary for War and the Colonies 1805-06 and 1807-09; Foreign Secretary 1812-22; Knight of the Garter 1814; Elder Brother of the Trinity House 1817-22; GCH 1821

 

Charles William [Stewart later Vane], 1st Baron Stewart later 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, KG GCH GCB PC

born

18 May 1778

mar. (1)

8 Aug 1804 Lady Catherine Bligh (b. 6 May 1774; d. 11 Feb 1812), 4th dau. of John [Bligh], 3rd Earl of Darnley, by his wife Mary Stoyte, dau. and hrss. of John Stoyte, of Street, co. Westmeath

only child by first wife:

1. Lord Frederick William Robert Vane, later 4th Marquess of Londonderry

mar. (2)

3 Apr 1819 Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane-Tempest (b. 7 Feb 1800; d. 20 Jan 1865), only dau. and hrss. of Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Bt. of Wynyard and Long Newton, co. Durham, by his wife Lady Anne Catharine MacDonnell, suo jure Countess of Antrim, 1st dau. of Randall William [MacDonnell], 1st Marquess of Antrim

children by second wife:

2. Lord George Henry Robert Charles William Vane later Vane-Tempest, later 2nd Earl Vane later 5th Marquess of Londonderry

3. Lt Col Lord Adolphus Frederick Charles William Vane later Vane-Tempest MP (b. 2 Jul 1825;  d. 11 Jun 1864), mar. 23 Apr 1860 Lady Susan Charlotte Catherine Pelham-Clinton (d. 6 Sep 1875), only dau. of Henry Pelham [Pelham-Clinton], 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyme, and had issue

4. Lord Ernest McDonnell Vane later Vane-Tempest (b. 29 Feb 1836;  d. 14 Aug 1885), mar. 12 Jan 1869 Mary Townshend Hutchinson (d. 8 Oct 1891), dau. of Thomas Hutchinson, of Howden Hall, co. Durham, and had issue

1. Lady Francis Anne Emily Vane VA (b. 15 Apr 1822;  d. 16 Apr 1899), mar. 12 Jul 1843 John Winston [Spencer-Churchill], 7th Duke of Marlborough, and had issue

2. Lady Alexandrina Octavia Maria Vane (b. 29 Jul 1823;  dsp. 15 Jan 1874), mar. 2 Sep 1847 Henry John Reuben [Dawson-Damer], 3rd Earl of Portarlington

3. Lady Adelaide Emelina Caroline Vane (d. 3 Feb 1882), mar. 11 Feb 1852 Rev Frederick Henry Law, Rector of Lee, co. Kent

died

6 Mar 1854

created

1 Jul 1814 Baron Stewart, of Stewart's Court and Ballylawn in the County of Donegal

28 Mar 1823 Viscount Seaham, of Seaham in the County of Durham, and Earl Vane, with remainder to the heirs male of his body by his second wife

suc. by

son by second wife (later 5th Marquess of Londonderry) as Viscount Seaham and Earl Vane, and by son by first wife in the other peerages

note

entered in the Army: Lieut 1794, Maj Gen 1810, Lieut Gen 1814, Gen 1837; Member of Parliament (Tory) for Thomastown 1800 and co. Derry 1800 and 1801-14; ADC to the King 1803; Under Secretary of State for War and the Colonies 1807-09; Governor of Fort Charles, Jamaica 1809-22; Adjutant General under Sir John Moore 1809-12; a Groom of the Bedchamber 1812-14; Col of the 25th Light Dragoons 1813-18, of the 10th Hussars 1820-43 and of the 2nd Life Guards 1843-54; KB 1813; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Berlin 1813-14; Privy Councillor 1814; a Lord of the Bedchamber 1814-27; Ambassador to Vienna 1814-23; GCB 1815; GCH 1816; Custos Rotulorum of co. Londonderry 1821-54 and of co. Down 1822-54; assumed 5 May 1821 by Royal Licence the surname of Vane in lieu of that of Stewart; Governor of co. Londonderry 1823; Lord Lieutenant and Vice Admiral of co. Durham 1842-54; Knight of the Garter 1853

 

Frederick William Robert [Vane], 4th Marquess of Londonderry, KP PC

born

7 Jul 1805

mar.

2 May 1846 Lady Elizabeth Frances Charlotte Wingfield (b. 13 Dec 1813; widow of Richard [Wingfield], 6th Viscount Powerscourt;  d. 2 Sep 1884), 1st dau. of Robert [Jocelyn], 3rd Earl of Roden, by his first wife Hon Maria Frances Catherine Stapleton, 1st dau. of Thomas [Stapleton], 15th Baron le Despencer

died

s.p. 25 Nov 1872

suc. by

half-brother

note

Member of Parliament (Tory) for co. Down 1826-52; a Lord of the Admiralty 1828-30; Vice Chamberlain of the Household 1834-35; Privy Councillor 1835; Lord Lieutenant of co. Down 1845-64; Knight of St Patrick 1856

 

George Henry Robert Charles William [Vane later Vane-Tempest], 2nd Earl Vane later 5th Marquess of Londonderry, KP

born

26 Apr 1821

mar.

3 Aug 1846 Mary Cornelia Edwards (d. 19 Sep 1906), only dau. and hrss. of Sir John Edwards, 1st and last Bt. of Garth, co. Montgomery, by his second wife Harriet Johnson, dau. of Rev Charles Johnson, Prebendary of Wells

children:

1. Lord Charles Stewart Vane-Tempest later Vane-Tempest-Stewart, later 6th Marquess of Londonderry

2. Lt Col Lord Henry John Vane-Tempest, of Machynlleth, co. Montgomery (b. 1 Jul 1854;  d. 28 Jan 1905)

3. Lt Col Lord Herbert Lionel Henry Vane-Tempest KCVO VD, of Machynlleth, co. Montgomery (b. 6 Jul 1862;  d. 26 Jan 1921)

1. Lady Frances Cornelia Harriet Emily Vane-Tempest (d. 2 Mar 1872)

2. Lady Avarina Mary Vane-Tempest (d. 26 Jun 1873)

3. Lady Alexandrina Louisa Maud Vane-Tempest (d. 31 Jul 1945), mar. 12 Nov 1889 Wentworth Canning Blackett [Beaumont], 1st Viscount Allendale, and had issue

died

5 Nov 1884

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament (Conservative) for North Durham 1847-54; assumed 28 Jun 1851 by Royal Licence the additional surname of Tempest;  suc. his father 6 Mar 1854 as 2nd Earl Vane; Knight of St Patrick 1874; Lord Lieutenant of co. Durham 1880-84

 

Charles Stewart [Vane-Tempest later Vane-Tempest-Stewart], 6th Marquess of Londonderry, KG GCVO CB PC

born

19 Jul 1852

mar.

2 Oct 1875 Lady Theresa Susey Helen Chetwynd-Talbot (b. 6 Jun 1856; d. 16 Mar 1919), 1st dau. of Charles John [Chetwynd-Talbot], 19th Earl of Shrewsbury, by his wife Anna Theresa Cockerell, 1st dau. of Cmdr Richard Howe Cockerell RN

children:

1. Lord Charles Stewart Henry Vane-Tempest-Stewart, later 7th Marquess of Londonderry

2. Lord Charles Stewart Reginald Vane-Tempest-Stewart (b. 4 Dec 1879;  d. 9 Oct 1899)

1. Lady Helen Mary Theresa Vane-Tempest-Stewart (b. 8 Sep 1876;  d. 14 Jan 1956), mar. 25 Jan 1902 Giles Stephen Holland [Fox-Strangways], 6th Earl of Ilchester, and had issue

died

8 Feb 1915

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament (Conservative) for co. Down 1878-84; assumed 3 Aug 1885 by Royal Licence the additional surname of Stewart;  Privy Councillor [GB] 1886 and [I] 1892; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1886-89; Knight of the Garter 1888; Volunteer ADC to Queen Victoria 1897-1901 and Edward VII 1901; Lord Lieutenant of Belfast 1900-15 and of co. Down 1902-15; Postmaster General 1900-02; President of the Board of Education 1902-05; Lord President of the Council 1903-05; GCVO 1903

 

Charles Stewart Henry [Vane-Tempest-Stewart], 7th Marquess of Londonderry, KG MVO PC

born

13 May 1878

mar.

28 Nov 1899 Hon Edith Chaplin DBE (b. 1 Dec 1879; d. 23 Apr 1959), 1st dau. of Henry [Chaplin], 1st Viscount Chaplin, by his wife Lady Florence Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 1st dau. of George Granville William [Sutherland-Leveson-Gower], 3rd Duke of Sutherland

children:

1. Lord Edward Charles Stewart Robert Vane-Tempest-Stewart, later 8th Marquess of Londonderry

1. Lady Maureen Helen Vane-Tempest-Stewart (b. 6 Dec 1900;  d. 20 Jun 1942), mar. 4 Nov 1920 Rt Hon Oliver Frederick George Stanley MC MP, Minister of Transport 1933-34, Minister of Labour 1934-35, Education Secretary 1935-37, President of the Board of Trade 1937-40, Secretary of State for War 1940 and Colonial Secretary 1942-45, 2nd son of Edward George Villiers [Stanley], 17th Earl of Derby, and had issue

2. Lady Margaret Frances Anne Vane-Tempest-Stewart (b. 9 Mar 1910;  dsp. 19 Oct 1966), mar. (1) 21 Nov 1934 (div. 1939) Frederick Alan Irving Muntz, and (2) 18 Jul 1952  (div. 1958) Hugh Falkus, son of James Everest Falkus

3. Lady Helen Malton Vane-Tempest-Stewart (b. 8 Jul 1911), mar. (1) 14 Feb 1935 (div. 1960) Edward Herbert [Jessel], 2nd Baron Jessel, and (2) 23 Mar 1960 Dennis Cecil Hartington Walsh, 1st son of Sir Cecil Henry Walsh QC, and has issue by her first husband

4. Lady Mairi Elizabeth Vane-Tempest-Stewart (b. 25 Mar 1921; d. 16 Nov 2009), mar. 10 Dec 1940 (div. 1958) as his first wife Hon Derek William Charles Keppel, styled Viscount Bury (dvp. 8 Nov 1968), 1st son and heir ap. of Walter Egerton George Lucien [Keppel], 9th Earl of Albemarle, and has issue

died

11 Feb 1949

suc. by

son

note

Lieut Royal Horse Guards 1899, Adjutant 1900-04, Capt 1904-10, Maj 1914-18, ADC to General Officer Com. 3rd Corps; Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Maidstone 1906-15; Privy Councillor [I] 1918, [NI] 1922 and [GB] 1925; Knight of the Garter 1919; Under Secretary of State for Air 1920-21 and 1931-35; Northern Ireland Minister of Education and Leader of the Senate 1921-26; Chancellor of Queen's University, Belfast 1923-49 and of University of Durham 1931-49; Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords 1935; Mayor of Durham 1936

 

Edward Charles Stewart Robert [Vane-Tempest-Stewart], 8th Marquess of Londonderry

born

18 Nov 1902

mar.

31 Oct 1931 Romaine Combe (d. 19 Dec 1951), 1st dau. of Maj Boyce Combe, of Great Holt, Dockenfield, co. Surrey

children:

1. Lord Alexander Charles Robert Vane-Tempest-Stewart, later 9th Marquess of Londonderry

1. Lady Jane Antonia Frances Vane-Tempest-Stewart (b. 11 Aug 1932), mar. (1) 2 Jun 1965 as his second wife Max [Rayne], Baron Rayne (Life Peer), and (2) Aug 2012 Robert Lacey, author and broadcaster (b. 3 Jan 1944), and has issue by her first husband

2. Lady Annabel Vane-Tempest-Stewart (b. 13 Jun 1934), mar. (1) 10 Mar 1954 (div. 1975) Marcus Lecky Oswald Hornby Birley, only son of Sir Oswald Joseph Hornby Birley MC, and (2) 1978 as his third wife Sir James Michael Goldsmith (d. 19 Jul 1997), and has issue by both her husbands

died

17 Oct 1955

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for co. Down 1931-45

 

Alexander Charles Robert [Vane-Tempest-Stewart], 9th Marquess of Londonderry

born

7 Sep 1937

mar. (1)

16 May 1958 (div. 1970) Nicolette Elaine Katherine Harrison (mar. (2) Georgie Fame, the singer;  d. 13 Aug 1993), only dau. of Michael Harrison, of Nether Hampton House, Nether Hampton, Wiltshire, by his wife Baroness Maria Madeleine Benita von Koskull, dau. of Baron Alexander Karl Wilhelm von Koskull

children by first wife:

1. Lady Sophia Frances Anne Vane-Tempest-Stewart (b. 23 Feb 1959), mar. 1967 Jonathan Mark Pilkington, yst. son of Ronald Charles Leslie Pilkington, of Hill House, Stanstead Abbots, co. Hertford, and has issue

2. Lady Cosima Maria-Gabriella Vane-Tempest-Stewart (b. 25 Dec 1961), mar. (1) 1 Oct 1982 (div. 1986) Cosmo Fry, son of Jeremy Fry, of Bath, and (2) 1990 (div. 1996) Lord John Robert Somerset, 3rd son by his first wife of David Robert [Somerset], 11th Duke of Beaufort, and has issue by her second husband

mar. (2)

10 Mar 1972 (div. 1989) Doreen Patricia Wells, ballerina

children by second wife:

1. Lord Frederick Aubrey Vane-Tempest-Stewart, later 10th Marquess of Londonderry

2. Lord Reginald Alexander Vane-Tempest-Stewart, heir presumptive to the Marquessate of Londonderry (b. 1977), mar. Chloe B Guinness, only dau. of William Loel Seymour Guinness, of 10 Bourne Street, London (by his wife (Agnes Elizabeth) Lynn Day, dau. of Ian T M Day, of Natal, South Africa, and Brampton Ash, co. Northampton), 1st son of G/Capt (Thomas) Loel Evelyn Bulkeley Guinness OBE by his second wife Lady Isabel Violet Kathleen Manners, 2nd dau. of John Henry Montagu [Manners], 9th Duke of Rutland, and has issue

died

20 Jun 2012

suc. by

son by second wife

 

Frederick Aubrey [Vane-Tempest-Stewart], 10th Marquess of Londonderry

born

6 Sep 1972

 

The heir presumptive to the Marquessate of Londonderry is Lord Reginald Alexander Vane-Tempest-Stewart, second son of the 9th Marquess of Londonderry and brother of the present Marquess.

 

 Last updated 20 Aug 2012

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Titles:

10th Marquess of Londonderry

(Ireland, let. pat. 13 Jan 1816)

10th Earl of Londonderry

(Ireland, let. pat. 8 Aug 1796)

7th Earl Vane

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 8 Jul 1823)

10th Viscount Castlereagh

(Ireland, let. pat. 1 Oct 1795)

7th Viscount Seaham, of Seaham in the County of Durham

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 8 Jul 1823)

10th Baron Londonderry

(Ireland, let. pat. 20 Sep 1789)

8th Baron Stewart, of Stewart's Court and Ballylawn in the County of Donegal

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 1 Jul 1814)

 

Address:

PO Box No 8, Shaftesbury, Dorset SP7 0LR

 

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

"