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Longford, Earl of (I, 1785)

 

Creation: let. pat. 20 Jun 1785

 

Family name: Pakenham

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Arms:

Quarterly: 1st, Per quarter Or and Gules in the first quarter an Eagle displayed Vert  (Pakenham); 2nd, Argent on a Bend indented Sable cotised Azure three Fleurs-de-lis of the field each Cotise charged with three Bezants  (Cuff); 3rd, Ermine a Griffin segreant Azure (Aunger); 4th, Per bend embattled Argent and Gules (Boyle)

Crest:

Out of a Mural Crown Or an Eagle displayed Gules

Supporters:

Dexter: a Lion Azure charged on the shoulder with an Escarbuncle Or; Sinister: a Griffin segreant Azure wings Ermine beaked and legged Or

Motto:

Gloria Virtutis Umbra (Glory is the shadow of virtue)

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Elizabeth Cuffe later Pakenham, suo jure Countess of Longford

dau. and sole hrss. of Michael Cuffe MP, of Ballinrobe, co. Mayo (by his wife Frances Sandford, dau. of Henry Sandford, of Castlereagh, co. Roscommon), 2nd son and eventual sole hr. of Francis Cuffe MP, 1st son and hr. of Sir James Cuffe MP by his wife Hon Alice Aungier, sister of Ambrose [Aungier], 2nd Earl of Longford, and 2nd dau. of Hon Ambrose Aungier DD (by his wife Griseld Bulkeley, 2nd dau. of Most Rev Lancelot Bulkeley DD, Archbishop of Dublin), 2nd son of Francis [Aungier], 1st Baron Aungier

bapt.

26 Jul 1719

mar.

5 Mar 1739/40 Thomas Pakenham, Member of Parliament for Longford 1745-56 (b. May 1713; cr. 7 May 1756 Baron Longford, of co. Longford;  d. 30 Apr 1766), 1st son and hr. of Edward Pakenham MP, of Pakenham Hall, co. Westmeath, by his wife Margaret Bradestan (mar. (2) Rev Ossory Medlicott), dau. and hrss. of John Bradestan

children

1. Edward Michael [Pakenham], 2nd Baron Longford, served in the Royal Navy 1761-66 retiring as Post-Captain, Member of Parliament for co. Longford 1765-66, Privy Councillor [I] 1777 (b. 1 Apr 1743; dvm. 3 Jun 1792), mar. 25 Jun 1768 Catherine Rowley (b. 1748; d. 12 Mar 1816), 2nd dau. of Rt Hon Hercules Langford Rowley MP, of Summerhill, co. Meath, by his wife Elizabeth Upton, suo jure Viscountess Langford, dau. and hrss. of Clotworthy Upton, of Castle Upton, co. Antrim, and had issue:

1a. Hon Thomas Pakenham, later 3rd Baron Longford later 2nd Earl of Longford

2a. Maj Gen Hon Sir Edward Michael Pakenham (b. 19 Mar 1778; killed in action at the Battle of New Orleans 8 Jan 1815 commanding the British forces defeated by Gen Andrew Jackson)

3a. Lieut Gen Hon Sir Hercules Robert Pakenham KCB (b. 29 Sep 1781; d. 7 Mar 1850), mar. Hon Emily Stapleton (d. 26 Jan 1875), 4th dau. of Thomas [Stapleton], 15th Baron le Despencer, by his wife Elizabeth Eliot, 2nd dau. of Samuel Eliot, of Antigua, West Indies, and had issue

4a. Capt Hon William Pakenham RN (d. by drowning 4 Dec 1811)

5a. Very Rev Hon Henry Pakenham, Dean of St Patrick's (b. 24 Aug 1787; d. 26 Dec 1863), mar. 15 Jan 1822 Eliza Catherine Sandford (d. 1867), sister and cohrss. of Henry [Sandford], 2nd Baron Mount Sandford, and dau. of Rev William Sandford by his wife Jane Oliver, 2nd dau. of Rt Hon Silver Oliver, of Castle Oliver, co. Limerick, and had issue

1a. Hon Elizabeth Pakenham (d. 10 Aug 1851), mar. Jan 1793 Henry Stewart, of Trycallen, co. Donegal (d. Sep 1840), and had issue

2a. Hon Catherine ("Kitty") Sarah Dorothea Pakenham (b. 1772; d. 24 Apr 1831), mar. 10 Apr 1806 Arthur [Wesley later Wellesley], 1st Duke of Wellington, and had issue

3a. Hon Helen Pakenham (d. 1807), mar. 1799 James Hamilton (d. 1805), 1st son of John Hamilton, of Brown Hall, co. Donegal

4a. Hon Caroline Penelope Pakenham (d. Aug 1854), mar. 1808 Henry Hamilton (d. 1850), 1st son of Rt Hon Sackville Hamilton MP

2. Capt Hon Robert Pakenham, Member of Parliament for co. Longford 1768-75 (dvm. 7 Jul 1775)

3. Hon William Pakenham (b. 1756; dvm. 1769)

4. Admiral of the Red Hon Sir Thomas Pakenham GCB RN, Member of Parliament for Longford 1783-90 and 1797-1800 and for Kells 1790-97, Master-General of the Ordnance for Ireland (b. 1757; d. 2 Feb 1836), mar. 24 Jun 1785 Louisa Anne Staples (d. 1833), 1st dau. of Rt Hon John Staples MP (by his first wife Ann Conolly, dau. of Rt Hon William Conolly MP, of Castletown, co. Kildare, by his wife Lady Ann Wentworth, sister and cohrss. of William [Wentworth], 2nd Earl of Strafford, and 1st dau. of Thomas [Wentworth], 1st Earl of Strafford), 1st son and hr. of Rev Thomas Staples, Rector of Derryloran (by his wife Grace Houston, dau. of John Houston, of Castle Stewart, co. Tyrone), 3rd son of Sir Robert Staples, 4th Bt. MP, of Lissan, co. Tyrone, and had issue

1. Lady Elizabeth Pakenham (d. 1818)

2. Lady Frances Pakenham (b. 1744; dvm. 1776), mar. John Ormsby Vandeleur, of Maddenstoun, co. Kildare, and had issue

3. Lady Helena Pakenham (b. 1745; dvm. 1777), mar. William Sherlock, of Sherlockstoun, co. Kildare, and had issue

4. Lady Mary Pakenham (b. 1749; dvm. 1775), mar. 1768 Thomas Fortescue, Member of Parliament for Dromlaken, and had issue

died

27 Jan 1794

created

20 Jun 1785 Countess of Longford

suc. by

grandson

 

Thomas [Pakenham], 3rd Baron Longford later 2nd Earl of Longford, KP

born

14 May 1744

mar.

23 Jan 1817 Lady Georgiana Emma Charlotte Lygon (b. c. 1798; d. 12 Feb 1880), 5th dau. of William [Lygon], 1st Earl Beauchamp, by his wife Catherine Denn, dau. by his second wife of James Denn

children

1. Hon Edward Michael Pakenham, later 3rd Earl of Longford

2. Hon William Lygon Pakenham, later 4th Earl of Longford

3. Rear Admiral Hon Thomas Alexander Pakenham (b. 3 Mar 1820; d. Jan 1889), mar. 21 Sep 1853 Sophia Frances Sykes (d. 15 Nov 1898), 2nd surv. dau. of Sir Tatton Sykes, 4th Bt., of Sledmere House, co. York, by his wife Mary Anne Foulis, 2nd dau. of Sir William Foulis, 7th Bt., of Ingleby Manor, co. York, and had issue

4. Hon Charles Reginald Pakenham (b. 21 Sep 1821; d. 1 Mar 1857)

5. Rev Hon Henry Robert Pakenham (b. 26 Sep 1822; d. Apr 1856)

6. Maj Hon Frederick Beauchamp Pakenham (b. 25 Sep 1823; d. 15 Feb 1901)

7. Hon Sir Francis John Pakenham KCMG, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Sweden and Norway 1895-1901 (b. 29 Feb 1832; dsp. 29 Jan 1905), mar. 29 Jul 1879 Caroline Matilda Ward (d. 25 Jun 1938), 7th dau. of Rev Hon Henry Ward, Rector of Killinchy, co. Down (by his wife Anne Mahon, dau. of Rev Henry Mahon, of Killigally), brother of Edward Southwell [Ward], 3rd Viscount Bangor, and 3rd son of Hon Edward Ward MP (by his wife and cousin Lady Arabella Crosbie, 3rd dau. by his first wife of William [Crosbie], 1st Earl of Glandore), 2nd son of Bernard [Ward], 1st Viscount Bangor

1. Lady Katherine Felicia Pakenham (d. 26 Dec 1911), mar. 14 Oct 1851 Col Hon Fenton John Evans-Freke (d. 3 Sep 1889), brother of George Patrick Percy [Evans-Freke], 7th Baron Carbery, and 3rd son of Percy Evans-Freke (by his wife Dorothea Harvey, dau. of Rev Christopher Harvey DD, of Kyle, co. Wexford), brother of John [Evans-Freke], 6th Baron Carbery, and 3rd son of Sir John Evans later Evans-Freke, 1st Bt., and had issue

2. Lady Georgina Sophia Pakenham (b. 11 Oct 1827; d. 26 Mar 1909), mar. 17 Oct 1848 William Alleyne [Cecil], 3rd Marquess of Exeter, and had issue

3. Lady Louisa Elizabeth Pakenham (d. 7 Jun 1863)

died

24 May 1835

created

17 Jul 1821 Baron Silchester, of Silchester in the County of Southampton (Peerage of the United Kingdom)

suc. by

son

note

a Representative Peer for Ireland 1800-35; FSA 1807; Knight of St Patrick 1813; Custos Rotulorum of co. Westmeath 1815-35

 

Edward Michael [Pakenham], 3rd Earl of Longford

born

30 Oct 1817

died

27 Mar 1860

suc. by

brother

note

served in the Life Guards 1836-59 retiring as Major

 

William Lygon [Pakenham], 4th Earl of Longford, GCB

born

31 Jan 1819

mar.

12 Nov 1862 Hon Selina Rice-Trevor (b. 11 Sep 1836; d. 22 Jan 1918), 4th dau. and cohrss. of George [Rice later Rice-Trevor], 4th Baron Dynevor, by his wife Frances FitzRoy, only dau. of Gen Lord Charles FitzRoy (by his second wife Lady Frances Anna Stewart, 1st dau. by his first wife of Robert [Stewart], 1st Marquess of Londonderry), 2nd son by his first wife of Augustus Henry [FitzRoy], 3rd Duke of Grafton

children

1. Hon William Pakenham (twin), styled Lord Silchester (b. 19 Oct 1864; dvp. 16 Feb 1876)

2. Hon Thomas Pakenham (twin), later 5th Earl of Longford

3. Maj Hon Edward Michael Pakenham, served in the Boer War 1866-1902 and in World War I 1914-18 (b. 20 Feb 1866 ; d. 27 Dec 1937)

1. Lady Georgiana Frances Henrietta Pakenham (b. 1 Sep 1863; d. 30 Jul 1943), mar. 5 Oct 1889 Hugh [Gough], 3rd Viscount Gough, and had issue

2. Lady Katherine Louisa Pakenham (d. 9 Mar 1954), mar. 27 Jan 1904 Col Hon William Lyonel Vane (b. 30 Aug 1859; d. 23 Jan 1920), brother of Henry de Vere [Vane], 9th Baron Barnard, and 4th son of Sir Henry Morgan Vane by his wife Louisa Farrer, dau. and cohrss. of Rev Richard Farrer, of Ashley, co. Northampton, and had issue

died

19 Apr 1887

suc. by

son

note

Adjutant-General to the Forces in Turkey 1855; CB 1855; served in the Crimea; Deputy Adjutant-General to the Forces in India 1857-58, and Adjutant-General there 1858-60; KCB 1861; Under-Secretary of War (Conservative) 1866-68; Major Gen 1868; Col, 5th Regiment of Foot (Northumberland Fusiliers) 1871-87; Lord Lieutenant of co. Longford 1874-87; Lieut Gen 1877; General 1879; GCB 1881

 

Thomas [Pakenham], 5th Earl of Longford, KP MVO

born

19 Oct 1864

mar.

8 Nov 1899 Lady Mary Julia Child-Villiers (b. 26 May 1877; d. 21 Nov 1933), 3rd dau. of Victor Albert George [Child-Villiers], 7th Earl of Jersey, by his wife Hon Margaret Elizabeth Leigh, 1st dau. of William Henry [Leigh], 2nd Baron Leigh

children

1. Hon Edward Arthur Henry Pakenham, later 6th Earl of Longford

2. Hon Francis Aungier Pakenham, later 1st Baron Pakenham later 7th Earl of Longford

1. Lady (Margaret) Pansy Felicia Pakenham, authoress (b. 18 May 1904; d. 19 Feb 1999), mar. 15 Aug 1928 Henry Taylor Lamb MC (d. 8 Oct 1960), son of Prof Sir Horace Lamb, and had issue

2. Lady Mary Katharine Pakenham, authoress (b. 23 Aug 1907; d. 2010), mar. 30 Dec 1939 Maj Meysey George Dallas Clive (b. 25 Apr 1907; died in action in North Africa 1 May 1943), 1st son and hr. of Lt Col Percy Archer Clive MP DL, of Whitfield, co. Hereford, by his wife Alice Muriel Dallas, yst. dau. of Col George Frederick Dallas, and has issue

3. Lady Violet Georgiana Pakenham, authoress (b. 13 Mar 1912; d. 12 Jan 2002), mar. 1 Dec 1934 Anthony Dymoke Powell CH CBE, writer and author, of The Chantry, co. Somerset, writer (b. 21 Dec 1905; d. 28 Mar 2000), only child of Lt Col Philip Lionel William Powell CBE DSO by his wife Maud Mary Wells-Dymoke, 2nd dau. of Edmund Lionel Wells-Dymoke, of The Grange, East Molesey, co. Surrey, and had issue

4. Lady Julia Agnes Cynthia Pakenham (b. 5 Nov 1913; d. 10 Sep 1956), mar. 5 Mar 1938 as his first wife Robert Francis Mount (b. 7 Jun 1907; d. 22 Aug 1969), 2nd son of Sir William Arthur Mount, 1st Bt. CBE DL, by his wife Hilda Lucy Adelaide Low OBE, 2nd dau. of Malcolm Low MP, of Clatto, co. Fife, and had issue

died

21 Aug 1915

suc. by

son

note

2nd Lieut, 2nd Regiment of Life Guards 1887; Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of co. Longford 1887-1915; Lieut 1888; Capt 1895; served in the South African War 1900-02; Knight of St Patrick 1901; Major 1903; Brevet Lt Col 1906; MVO 1909; served in World War I as Brig General, 2nd South Midland Mounted Brigade; killed in action at Suvla Bay, Gallipoli

 

Edward Arthur Henry [Pakenham], 6th Earl of Longford

born

29 Dec 1902

mar.

18 Jul 1925 Christine Patti Trew (d. 1980), dau. of Richard Trew, of Cheddar, co. Somerset

died

s.p. 4 Feb 1961

suc. by

brother

 

Francis Aungier [Pakenham], 1st Baron Pakenham later 7th Earl of Longford, KG PC

born

5 Dec 1905

mar.

3 Nov 1931 Elizabeth Harman CBE, authoress, dau. of Nathaniel Bishop Harman, of Harley Street, London W1

children

1. Hon Thomas Frank Dermot Pakenham, later 8th Earl of Longford

2. Hon Patrick Maurice Pakenham. of 24 Chesil Court, Chelsea Manor Street, London SW3, barrister Inner Temple since 1966 (b. 17 Apr 1937), mar. 27 Jul 1968 Mary Elizabeth Plummer, 1st dau. of Maj Henry Aldren James Plummer, of Winchester, co. Hampshire, and has issue

3. Hon Michael Aidan Pakenham CMG, UK Permanent Representative to the European Community 1987-91, Ambassador and Consul General to Luxembourg 1991-94, Minister in Paris 1994-97, seconded to Cabinet Office 1997-2000, Ambassador to Poland since 2001 (b. 3 Nov 1943), mar. 1980 Meta Landreth Lavine (former wife of ..... Lavine), 1st dau. of William Conway Doak, of Philadelphia, USA, and has issue

4. Hon Kevin John Toussaint Pakenham, Managing Director John Govett (b. 1 Nov 1947), mar. (1) 1972 (div. 1984) Ruth Lesley Jackson, dau. of Leslie Douglas Colbeck Jackson, and (2) as he second husband Claire Chatel (former wife of ..... Chatel; the novelist Clare Harkness), 1st dau. of John Edward Melvill Hoare, of Montague House, Holton St Peter, co. Suffolk, and has issue by both wives

1. Lady Antonia Pakenham CBE, prolific writer, author and broadcaster (b. 27 Aug 1932), mar. (1) 25 Sep 1956 (div. 1977) Rt Hon Sir Hugh Charles Patrick Joseph Fraser MBE, Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Stone 1945-50 and for Stafford and Stone 1950-84, Parliamentary Under-Secretary for War and Financial Secretary War Office 1958-60, Parliamentary Under-Secretary for the Colonies 1960-62, Secretary of State for Air 1962-64, Minister of Defence RAF 1964 (b. 23 Jan 1918; d. 1984), 2nd son of Simon Joseph [Fraser of Lovat], 14th Lord Lovat, by his wife Hon Laura Lister, 2nd dau. by his first wife of Thomas [Lister], 4th Baron Ribblesdale, and (2) 1980 Harold Pinter CH CBE, of 52 Campden Hill Square, London W8, playwright (b. 10 Oct 1930; d. 24 Dec 2008), and has issue by her first husband

2. (Lady) Judith Elizabeth Pakenham, poet, writer and artist (b. 14 Aug 1940), mar. (1) 26 Feb 1963 (div. 1982) Alexander John Kazantzis, 2nd son of Constantine Kazantzis, of Ealing, London, and (2) 1998 Irving Weinman, novelist and has issue by her first husband

3. Lady Rachel Mary Pakenham, authoress (b. 11 May 1942), mar. 1967 Kevin Billington, of The Court House, Poyntington, co. Dorset, film, theatre and television director, and has issue

4. Lady Catherine Rose Pakenham, journalist, killed in a car crash (b. 25 Feb 1946; dvp. 11 Aug 1969)

died

3 Aug 2001

created

12 Oct 1945 Baron Pakenham, of Cowley in the City of Oxford

16 Nov 1999 Baron Pakenham of Cowley, of Cowley in the County of Oxfordshire (Life Peerage)

suc. by

son

note

Personal Assistant to Lord Beveridge 1941-44; a Lord-in-Waiting 1945-46; Parliamentary Under-Secretary for War 1946-47; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1946-47; Minister of Civil Aviation 1948-51; Privy Councillor 1948; First Lord of the Admiralty 1951; Chairman, National Bank 1955-63; Lord Privy Seal 1964-65 and 1966-68; Leader of the House of Lords 1964-68; Secretary of State for the Colonies 1965-66; Chairman, National Youth Employment Council 1968-71; Knight of the Garter 1971; Chairman, Sidgwick and Jackson 1970-80; author of many political and religious books; on his death the Life Barony of Pakenham of Cowley became extinct

 

Thomas Frank Dermot [Pakenham], 8th Earl of Longford

born

14 Aug 1933

mar.

23 Jul 1964 Valerie Susan Scott (b. 13 Nov 1939), 3rd dau. of Maj Ronald McNair Scott, of Huish House, Old Basing, co. Hampshire, by his wife Hon Mary Cecilia Berry, 1st dau. of William Ewart [Berry], 1st Viscount Camrose

children

1. Hon Edward Melchior Pakenham, styled Lord Silchester (b. 6 Jan 1970)

2. Hon Frederick Augustus Pakenham (b. 27 Nov 1971)

1. Lady Anna Maria Pakenham (b. 26 Jul 1965)

2. Lady Eliza Pakenham (b. 3 Nov 1966), mar. 1983 Alexander James Chisholm (b. 2 Jan 1968), 3rd son of Dr Ian Duncan Chisholm, of The Manor House, Stratton-on-the-Fosse, Bath, by his wife Hon Annabel Jane Hennessy, 3rd dau. by his first wife of James Bryan George [Hennessy], 2nd Baron Windlesham, and has issue

note

journalist with the Times Education Supplement 1958-60, the Sunday Telegraph 1961 and the Observer 1961-64; Treasurer, British Irish Association since 1972; Secretary and Co-Founder, Christopher Ewart-Biggs Memorial Trust since 1976; Founder and Chairman, Irish Tree Society since 1990; author

 

 Last updated 19 Feb 2011

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Titles:

8th Earl of Longford

(Ireland, let. pat. 20 Jun 1785)

9th Baron Longford, of the County of Longford

(Ireland, let. pat. 7 May 1756)

7th Baron Silchester, of Silchester in the County of Southampton

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 17 Jul 1821)

2nd Baron Pakenham, of Cowley in the City of Oxford

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 12 Oct 1945)

 

Addresses:

111 Elgin Crescent, London W11 2JF

Tullynally Castle, Castlepollard, Co. Westmeath

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