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March, Earl of (E, 1328 - 1424)

 

Creation: let.pat. 27 Oct 1328

 

Extinct: 15 Jan 1424/5

 

Family name: Mortimer

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Arms:

 Barry of six Or and Azure on a chief of the first two Pallets between two Base Esquierres of the second over all an Inescutcheon Argent

Crest:

 Out of a Ducal Coronet a Plume of Feathers Argent

Supporters:

 Two Lions guardant Argent

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Roger [de Mortimer], 2nd Baron Mortimer later 1st Earl of March

son and heir of Edmund [de Mortimer], 1st Baron Mortimer, by his wife Margaret de Fiennes, dau. of Sir William de Fiennes

born

25 Apr 1287

mar.

bef. 6 Oct 1306 Joan de Geneville (b. 2 Feb 1285/6; d. 19 Oct 1356), dau. and hrss. of Sir Piers de Geneville, of Ludlow, co. Salop (by his wife Joan d'Albret, widow of Bernard-Ezy I, Sire d'Albret, and dau. of Hugh XII, Count of La Marche and Angoulême, by his wife Jehanne, dau. and hrss. of Raoul, Seigneur de Fougéres), 2nd but 1st son and heir ap. of Geoffrey [de Geneville], 1st Baron Geneville

children

1. Edmund de Mortimer, sum. to Parliament by writ 20 Nov 1331 as Baron Mortimer (b. c. 1305; d. bef. 21 Jun 1331/2), mar. 27 Jun 1316 Elizabeth de Badlesmere(b. c. 1313; mar. (2) 1335 William [de Bohun], 1st Earl of Northampton; d. 8 Jun 1355), sister and cohrss. of Giles [de Badlesmere], 1st Baron Badlesmere, and 3rd dau. of Bartholomew [de Badlesmere], 1st Baron Badlesmere, by his wife Margaret de Umfreville, widow of Gilbert de Umfreville, son and heir ap. of Gilbert [de Umfreville], 8th Earl of Angus, and only dau. of Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal (by his wife Julian FitzMaurice, 2nd dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Sir Maurice FitzMaurice, Lord Justice of Ireland), 2nd son by his second wife of Richard [de Clare], 5th Earl of Gloucester, and had issue:

1a. Roger de Mortimer, later 2nd Baron Mortimer later 2nd Earl of March

2. Sir Roger de Mortimer, mar. 1321 Lady Joane Butler

3. Sir Geoffrey de Mortimer, Lord of Towyth

4. John de Mortimer (d. young)

1. Lady Katherine de Mortimer (d. bef. 6 Sep 1369), mar. aft. 22 Feb 1324/5 Thomas [de Beauchamp], 11th Earl of Warwick, and had issue

2. Lady Joane de Mortimer (d. betw. 1337 and 1351), mar. bef. 13 Jun 1330 as his first wife James [Audley], 2nd Baron Audley of Heleigh, and had issue

3. Lady Agnes de Mortimer (d. 25 Jul 1368), mar. (1) aft. 29 May 1328 Laurence [Hastings], 12th or 1st Earl of Pembroke, and (2) bef. 12 Nov 1351 John de Hakelut (d. bef. 12 Feb 1357), and had issue by her first husband

4. Lady Margaret de Mortimer (d. 5 May 1337), mar. c. 25 Jul 1320 as his first wife Thomas [de Berkeley], 3rd Baron Berkeley, and had issue

5. Lady Maud de Mortimer (d. after Aug 1345), mar. bef. 13 Apr 1319 John [Cherleton], 2nd Baron Cherleton, and had issue

6. Lady Blanche de Mortimer (dsp. 1347), mar. bef. 10 Jun 1330 Peter [de Grandison], 2nd Baron Grandison

7. Lady Beatrice de Mortimer (d. 16 Oct 1383), mar. (1) Edward (b. c.1320; dvp. and sp. 13 Sep 1337), 1st son and heir ap. of Thomas "of Brotherton", 1st Earl of Norfolk, and (2) Thomas [de Braose], 1st Baron Braose, and had issue by her second husband

died

29 Nov 1330

created

27 Oct 1328 Earl of March

suc. by

grandson

note

suc. his father 17 Jul 1304 as 2nd Baron Mortimer; knighted 1306; a signatory of the Baron's letter in 1309; Constable of Builth Castle 1309/10; King's Lieutenant in Ireland 1316-18; Justiciar of Ireland 1318/9-20/1; Keeper of the Castles of Roscommon, Randown and Athlone 1320/1; involved in Lancaster's uprising and tried for treason in 1322; fled to France and became the lover of Queen Isabella (the infamous "She-wolf of France"); led an invasion force against the Despencers in 1326 and captured both them and King Edward II (deposed 1327); Justiciar of Wales 1328; obtained many grants of lands and offices from the young King Edward III which caused great resentment; in 1330 he was arrested by the King, impeached in Parliament and condemned to death; following his attained all his lands and titles became forfeit

 

Roger [de Mortimer], 2nd Baron Mortimer later 2nd Earl of March, KG

born

11 Nov 1328

mar.

Lady Philippa de Montacute (d. 5 Jan 1381/2), 2nd dau. of William [de Montacute], 1st Earl of Salisbury, by his wife Katherine de Grandison, aunt and cohrss. in her issue of Thomas [de Grandison], 4th Baron Grandison, and 3rd dau. of William [de Grandison], 1st Baron Grandison

children

1. Roger de Mortimer

2. Edmund de Mortimer, later 3rd Earl of March

died

26 Feb 1359/60

suc. by

son

note

suc. his father 16 Dec 1331 as 2nd Baron Mortimer; knighted 1346; Founder Knight of the Order of the Garter 1348; in 1354 obtained a reversal of the attainder of his grandfather and was restored to his titles and estates; Keeper of Clarendon Chase 1354; Constable of Corfe Castle 1354; Warden of Dover and the Cinque Ports 1355; Member of the King's Council 1358; Constable of Bridgnorth 1359

 

Edmund [de Mortimer], 3rd Earl of March

born

1 Feb 1351/2

mar.

May 1368 Lady Philippa Plantagenet, suo jure Countess of Ulster (b. 16 Aug 1355; d. 21 Nov 1378), only child of Lionel "of Antwerp", 1st Duke of Clarence, by his first wife and third cousin Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, suo jure Countess of Ulster, only child of William [de Burgh], 3rd Earl of Ulster

children

1. Roger de Mortimer, later 4th Earl of March

2. Sir Edmund de Mortimer

3. Sir John de Mortimer (exec. for treason)

1. Lady Elizabeth de Mortimer (b. 12 Feb 1370/1; d. 20 Apr 1417), mar. (1) bef. 10 Dec 1379 Sir Henry Percy KG, styled Lord Percy, 1st son and heir ap. of Henry [de Percy], 1st Earl of Northumberland, and (2) as his second wife Thomas [Camoys], 1st Baron Camoys, and had issue by her first husband

2. Lady Philippa de Mortimer (b. 21 Nov 1375; d. 24 Sep 1401), mar. (1) as his second wife John [de Hastings], 14th or 3rd Earl of Pembroke, (2) as his second wife Richard [Fitzalan], 11th or 4th Earl of Arundel, and (3) c. Apr 1398 John [Poynings], 5th Baron St John of Basing

died

27 Dec 1381

suc. by

son

note

jure uxoris Earl of Ulster 1328; Marshal of England 1374; a member of the Council of Regency 1377; King's Lieutenant in Ireland 1379

 

Roger [de Mortimer], 4th Earl of March

born

11 Apr 1374

mar.

c. 1388 Lady Eleanor de Holand (mar. (2) Jun 1399 as his first wife Edward [Cherleton], 5th Baron Cherleton; d. 23 Oct 1405), 1st dau. of Thomas [de Holand], 2nd or 5th Earl of Kent, by his wife Lady Alice FitzAlan, 2nd dau. by his second wife of Richard [FitzAlan], 10th or 3rd Earl of Arundel

children

1. Edmund de Mortimer, later 5th Earl of Kent

2. Roger de Mortimer (b. 1393)

1. Lady Anne de Mortimer (b. 27 Dec 1390; d. Sep 1411), mar. c. May 1406 as his first wife Richard "of Conisburgh", 3rd Earl of Cambridge, 2nd son by his first wife of Edmund "of Langley", 1st Duke of York, and had issue

2. Lady Alianore de Mortimer (dsp. aft. Jan 1413/4), mar. c. 1408 Sir Edward Courtenay, styled Lord Courtenay (b. c. 1388; dvp. and sp. Aug 1418), 1st son and heir ap. of Edward [Courtenay], 3rd Earl of Devon

died

20 Jul 1398

suc. by

son

note

Lieutenant of Ireland 1381/2-83 and 1392-1400; proclaimed heir presumptive to the Crown by Richard II 1385; knighted 1390

 

Edmund [de Mortimer[, 5th Earl of March

born

6 Nov 1391

mar.

Lady Anne Stafford (mar. (2) bef. 6 Mar 1426/7 John [Holand], 1st Duke of Exeter; d. 20 Sep 1432), 2nd dau. of Edmund [de Stafford], 5th Earl of Stafford, by his wife Lady Anne Plantagenet, suo jure Countess of Buckingham, Hereford and Northampton), 1st dau. and eventually sole hrss. of Thomas "of Woodstock", 1st Duke of Gloucester

died

s.p. 18 Jan 1425/6

note

Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King Henry V 1413; at the siege of Harfleur; justice of the Peace in Essex, Hereford, Salop and Suffolk 1415; Admiral 1417; King's Lieutenant in Normandy 1418; Captain of Nantes 1419; member of the Council of Regency 1422; Lieutenant of Ireland 1423

 

On the death of the 5th Earl of March the Earldom of March became extinct but the two Baronies of Mortimer (cr. 1295 and 1331) are deemed to have fallen into abeyance between his two sisters. Following the death of Lady Courtenay in 1413/7 the right to the two baronies would have passed to her nephew, Richard [Plantagenet], 3rd Duke of York. In 1460/1 his eldest son, Edward [Plantagenet], 4th Duke of York, was proclaimed king as Edward IV and any rights to the Baronies of Mortimer would have then merged in the Crown. Both Duke Richard and his son Duke Edward (later King Edward IV) used the style Earl of March.

 

 Last updated 3 Jun 2009

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