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Maxwell, Lord (S, 1445 - forfeited 1716)

 

Creation: let.pat. c. 1445

 

Forfeited: 19 Mar 1715/6

 

Family name: Maxwell

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Arms:

See Earl of Nithsdale

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Herbert [Maxwell], 1st Lord Maxwell

son and heir of Sir Herbert Maxwell of Caerlaverock, by his wife Katherine Stewart, dau. of John Stewart of Dalswinton

born

mar. (1)

..... Herries, dau. of Sir Herbert Herries of Terregles

children by first wife

1. Robert Maxwell, later 2nd Lord Maxwell

2. Edward Maxwell, mar., and had issue

3. Gavin Maxwell (d. after 28 May 1454)

1. Katherine Maxwell, mar. c. 1440 and bef. 3 Aug 1450 as his first wife Gilbert [Kennedy], 1st Lord Kennedy, and had issue

mar. (2)

Catherine Stewart (widow of Sir Alan Stewart of Darnley; d. bef. 7 Feb 1477/8), dau. of Sir William Seton of Seton

children by second wife

4. George Maxwell of Carnsalloch, mar. (1) bef. 1477 Agnes ....., and (2) bef. 1490 Isabella Galbraith, and had issue

5. David Maxwell

6. Adam Maxwell of Southbar (d. after 1488), mar. Marion Stewart, dau. of Thomas Stewart of Minto, and had issue

7. John Maxwell

8. William Maxwell

2. Janet Maxwell

3. Mariot Maxwell

died

bef. 14 Feb 1453/4

created

betw. 8 Jun 1440/1 and 3 Jul 1445 Lord Maxwell

suc. by

son by first wife

note

knighted 1424; arrested as a supporter of the Duke of Albany 1425 and his castle of Caerlaverock taken into the King's hands; joint commander of the Scottish right wing at the Battle of the Sark 1448

 

Robert [Maxwell], 2nd Lord Maxwell

born

mar.

betw. 13 Jan and 4 Feb 1424/5 Janet Forrester (d. after 1488), dau. of Sir John Forrester of Corstorphine, by his wife Lady Jane Sinclair, 3rd dau. of Henry [Sinclair], 1st Earl of Orkney

children

1. John Maxwell, Master of Maxwell, granted the Stewardry of Annandale by his father 1454/5 (dvp. 22 Jul 1484), mar. c. 1454 Lady Janet Crichton, dau. by his second wife of George [Crichton], 1st Earl of Caithness, and had issue:

1a. John Maxwell, later 3rd Lord Maxwell

2b. George Maxwell of Bernetoun (d. after 25 Mar 1460)

3b. Robert Maxwell (d. after 8 May 1485)

4b. James Maxwell of Cavens, mar., and had issue

5b. Homer Maxwell of Portrack, mar., and had issue

6b. John Maxwell, Abbot of Holywood

7b. Thomas Maxwell of Gleneslin, mar., and had issue

8b. William Maxwell (d, after 1495)

1b. Janet Maxwell, mar. bef. 12 Jul 1487 William [Carlyle], 2nd Lord Carlyle of Torthorwald, and had issue

2b. Christian Maxwell (d. after 14 Oct 1497)

2. Thomas Maxwell of Kirkconnell, mar. Agnes Maxwell of Kirkconnell, and had issue

3. David Maxwell (d. after 22 Apr 1485)

4. Robert Maxwell (d. after 23 Jul 1468)

5. Aymer Maxwell (d. after 23 Sep 1473)

1. Agnes Maxwell (dsp.), mar. John Glendoning of Parton

2. Christian Maxwell

died

betw. 22 Apr 1485 and 29 Apr 1486

suc. by

grandson

note

on the side of the Crown against the Douglas family; Admiral and Warden of the West March

 

John [Maxwell], 3rd Lord Maxwell

born

after 1454

mar.

betw. 15 Feb 1490/1 and 20 Feb 1491/2 Agnes Stewart (d. after 25 Jul 1530), 1st dau. of Sir Alexander Stewart of Garlies, by his wife Elizabeth Douglas, dau. of Sir Archibald Douglas of Cavers

children

1. Robert Maxwell, later 4th Lord Maxwell

2. Herbert Maxwell of Clowden, mar., and had issue

3. John Maxwell, Abbot of Dundrennan (d. after 1524)

4. Edward Maxwell (d. after 6 Jun 1540)

1. Mary Maxwell, mar. James Johnstone of that Ilk

2. Agnes Maxwell, mar. Robert Charteris of Amisfield

3. ..... Maxwell, mar. ..... Jardine of Applegirth

4. Katherine Maxwell, mar. Ninian Glendoning of Parton, and had issue

died

9 Sep 1513 at the Battle of Flodden

suc. by

son

note

Steward of Annandale after the death of his father 1484; Warden of the West March 1486

 

Robert [Maxwell], 4th Lord Maxwell, PC

born

c. 1494

mar. (1)

after 4 Jul 1509 Janet Douglas, dau. of Sir William Douglas of Drumlanrig, by his wife Elizabeth Gordon, dau. of Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar

children by first wife

1. Hon Robert Maxwell, later 5th Lord Maxwell

2. Hon Sir John Maxwell, jure uxoris Lord Herries of Terregles, mar. bef. 18 Mar 1547/8 Hon Agnes Herries, suo jure Lady Herries of Terregles, and had issue

1. Hon Margaret Maxwell (d. 1593), mar. (1) bef. 9 Apr 1543 as his second wife Archibald [Douglas], 6th Earl of Angus, and (2) bef. Sep 1560 Sir William Baillie of Lamington

mar. (2)

betw. 1520 and 15 Nov 1525 Lady Agnes Home (widow of (1) Adam [Hepburn], 2nd Earl of Bothwell and (2) Alexander [Home], 3rd Lord Home; mar. (4) bef. 13 Dec 1549 Cutherbert Ramsay, son of Nicholas Ramsay of Dalhousie; legitimated 31 Oct 1552; d. Feb 1557), illeg. dau. of James [Stewart], 1st Earl of Buchan, by his mistress Margaret Murray of Philiphaugh

died

9 Jul 1546

suc. by

son by first wife

note

served in the Royal Household; knighted bef. 1510 ; Steward of Annandale on his father's resignation 1513; Warden of the West Marches 1515; Steward and Hereditary Sheriff of Kirkcudbright 1515; Captain of the Guard 1524; Provost of Edinburgh 1524; a Lord of the Articles 1524; in receipt of a pension from the English Court 1525; Privy Councillor [S] 1526; Chief Carver to the King 1528; First Gentleman of the King's Bedchamber; an Extraordinary Lord of Session 1533; Joint Warden of the West Marches and a Lord of the Regency 1537; taken prisoner after the defeat of the Scottish army at the Battle of Solway Moss 1542; released on parole 1542/3 but never trusted again by either the English or the Scottish

 

Robert [Maxwell], 5th Lord Maxwell, PC

born

mar.

after 25 Jul 1530 Lady Beatrice Douglas (d. after 31 Oct 1583), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of James [Douglas], 3rd Earl of Morton, by his wife Lady Katherine Stewart, illegitimate dau. of James IV, King of Scotland

children

1. Hon Robert Maxwell, later 6th Lord Maxwell

2. Hon John Maxwell, later 7th Lord Maxwell

died

13 Sep 1552

suc. by

son

note+

Warden of the West Marches 1542-45; a joint Commissioner in drawing up the Treaty of Northam with the English 1551; Privy Councillor [S] 1551

 

Robert [Maxwell], 6th Lord Maxwell

born

c. 1550

died

betw. 21 Dec 1553 and 16 Jan 1554/5

suc. by

brother

note

 

John [Maxwell], 7th Lord Maxwell later 1st Earl of Morton

born

24 Apr 1553

mar.

17 Feb 1571/2 Lady Elizabeth Douglas (mar. (2) as his second wife Sir Alexander Stewart of Garlies, and (3) bef. 17 Apr 1598 John Wallace of Craigie; d. Feb 1636/7), 2nd dau. of David [Douglas], 7th Earl of Angus, by his wife Margaret Hamilton, dau. of Sir John Hamilton of Clydesdale

children

1. Hon John Maxwell, later 8th Lord Maxwell

2. Hon Robert Maxwell, later 9th Lord Maxwell later 1st Earl of Nithsdale

3. Hon James Maxwell of Kirkconnel, mar., and had issue

1. Lady Elizabeth Maxwell, mar. her second cousin John [Maxwell], 6th Lord Herries of Terregles, and had issue

2. Lady Margaret Maxwell, mar. after Nov 1597 John Wallace of Craigie

3. Lady Jean Maxwell (d. unm.)

4. Lady Agnes Maxwell, mar. after 3 Apr 1603 William Douglas of Greenlaw, Lincluden and Penzerie

died

6 Dec 1593

created

5 Jun 1581 Earl of Morton

suc. by

son

note

Warden of the West Marches 1571-77; created Earl of Morton on the attainder of his maternal uncle James [Douglas], 4th Earl of Morton, which title was taken from him when the attainder of the Earl of Morton was reversed 1585/6; a devout Catholic, he was given leave to depart Scotland during the King's pleasure and fled to Madrid 1587, where he joined in the planning of the Spanish Armada; returning to Scotland without permission in 1588 he was declared a traitor and arrested ; released on a bond of £100,000 in 1589, he was restored to the Stewardry of Annandale 1590 and the Wardenship of the West Marches 1592; he was killed in a fight with the Johnstone's at Dryffe Sands

 

John [Maxwell], 8th Lord Maxwell

born

bef. May 1583

mar.

bef. 19 Apr 1600 Lady Margaret Hamilton (d. betw. 10 Jun 1606 and 21 May 1613), only dau. of John [Hamilton], 1st Marquess of Hamilton, by his wife and second cousin Hon Margaret Kennedy, widow of Gilbert [Kennedy], 4th Earl of Cassillis, and only dau. of John [Lyon], 7th Lord Glamis

died

s.p.s. 21 May 1613

suc. by

brother

note

unhappy with his father being deprived of the Earldom of Morton he caused great trouble on the West March; in 1607 the Privy Council decided it would be unsafe for both Lord Maxwell and the Earl of Morton to attend Parliament together, and so Lord Maxwell was ordered to return home; nevertheless Lord Maxwell attended and challenged the Earl's right to the title, for which he was arrested and imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle, from where he escaped; in Apr 1608 he avenged his father's death by killing Sir James Johnstone; he fled to England and was declared guilty of treason by the Scottish Parliament in 1609; returning to Scotland in 1612 he was arrested and the next year beheaded at Edinburgh

 

Robert [Maxwell], 9th Lord Maxwell later 1st Earl of Nithsdale, PC

created

29 Aug 1620 Lord Maxwell, Eskdale and Carleill and Earl of Nithsdale, with remainder to heirs male whatsoever and precedence from 29 Nov 1581, when his father had been created Earl of Morton

 

The Lordship of Maxwell was held by the Earls of Nithsdale from 29 Aug 1620 until 19 Jan 1715/6, when William [Maxwell], 5th Earl of Nithsdale, 13th Lord Maxwell, etc., was attainted for high treason and his titles forfeited to the Crown.

 

 First written 25 May 2004

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