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Mowbray, Baron (E, 1283 or 1640)

 

Creation: writ sum. 28 Jun 1283

 

Family name: Mowbray later Howard later Stourton

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Arms:

Quarterly of six:  1st, Sable a Bend Or between six Fountains (Stourton);  2nd, Gules on a Bend between six Cross Crosslets Argent an Escutcheon Or charged with a Demi Lion rampant pierced through the mouth with an Arrow within a Double Tressure flory counterflory of the first (Howard);  3rd, Gules a Lion rampant Argent (Mowbray);  4th, Sable a Lion rampant Argent ducally crowned Or (Segrave);  5th, Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or a Label of three points Argent (Plantagenet of Norfolk);  6th, Gules a Lion rampant Or a Bordure engrailed of the last (Talbot)

Crest:

A Demi Monk habited in russet his Girdle Or and wielding in his dexter hand a Scourge also Or thereon five knotted lashes

Supporters:

Dexter:  A Lion Argent ducally crowned Or;  Sinister:  A Sea Dog Sable scaled and finned Or

Motto:

Loyal Je Serai Durant Ma Vie (I will be loyal during my life)

Badge:

A Sledge Or

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Roger [de Mowbray], 1st Baron Mowbray

1st son and heir of Roger de Mowbray, Lord of Thirsk, Axholme, etc., by his wife Maud de Beauchamp, 1st dau. William de Beauchamp, Lord of Bedford, by his wife Lady Ida Longspee, dau. of William [Longspee], jure uxoris 3rd Earl of Salisbury

born

mar.

Lady Rose de Clare, 1st dau. of Richard [de Clare], 5th Earl of Gloucester, by his second wife Lady Maud de Lacy, 1st dau. of John [de Lacy], 1st Earl of Lincoln

children

1. John de Mowbray, later 2nd Baron Mowbray

2. Alexander de Mowbray, of Kirklington, co. Oxford, mar. Elizabeth Muster, dau. of Henry Muster, and had issue

died

1296/7

created

by writ of summons 28 Jun 1283 Baron Mowbray

suc. by

son

 

John [de Mowbray], 2nd Baron Mowbray

born

2 Nov 1286

mar.

Aliva de Braose (mar. (2) Sir Richard Peshal;  d. 1331), 1st dau. and cohrss. of William [de Braose], 1st Baron Braose, by his wife Elizabeth de Sully, dau. and hrss. of Edmund de Sully

children

1. John de Mowbray, later 3rd Baron Mowbray

1. Christian de Mowbray, mar. (1) Richard de Emeldon, and (2) Sir William de Plumpton

died

23 Mar 1321/2

suc. by

son

note

executed and attainted after the Battle of Boroughbridge

 

John [de Mowbray], 3rd Baron Mowbray

born

c.1306

mar. (1)

c.1325 Lady Joan Plantagenet (d. 7 Jul 1349), 4th dau. of Henry [Plantagenet], 3rd Earl of Lancaster, by his wife Maud de Chaworth, dau. and hrss. of Sir Patrick de Chaworth, of Kidwelly, co. Carmarthen, and Kempsford, co. Gloucester

children by first wife

1. John de Mowbray, later 4th Baron Mowbray

1. Alianore de Mowbray (d. bef. 18 Jun 1387), mar. (1) bef. 23 Jul 1358 as his third wife Roger [la Warre], 3rd Baron la Warre, and (2) bef. 12 Feb 1372/3 Sir Lewis de Clifford KG, Ambassador to France 1392 (d. 1404), 5th son of Robert [de Clifford], 3rd Baron Clifford, and had issue by both her husbands

2. Blanche de Mowbray (d. 21 Jul 1409), mar. (1) c. 1349 John de Segrave, (2) as his second wife Sir Robert Bertram, of Bothal, (3) bef. 5 Jun 1372 Sir Thomas [de Poynings], 2nd Baron Poynings, (4) betw. 28 Jun 1377 and 21 Mar 1377/8 Sir John de Worth, Steward to the Princess of Wales (d. 1391), and (4) bef. Nov 1394 Sir John Wiltshire

mar. (2)

Lady Elizabeth de Courtenay (widow of Hugh de Courtenay, son and heir of Hugh [de Courtenay], 2nd Earl of Devon; mar. (3) before 18 Jan 1368/9 Sir William de Cosynton, son and heir of Stephen de Cosynton, of Cosynton in Aylesford, co. Kent; d. Aug or Sep 1375), 3rd dau. of John [de Vere], 7th Earl of Oxford, by his wife Maud FitzPayn, widow of Robert FitzPayn, son and heir ap. by his first wife of Robert [FitzPayn], 2nd Baron FitzPayn, and 2nd dau. of Bartholomew [de Badlesmere], 1st Baron Badlesmere

died

4 Oct 1361

suc. by

son by first wife

note

had his lands restored by King Edward III; took part in the Scottish and French wars; died of the plague

 

John [de Mowbray], 4th Baron Mowbray

born

1326

mar.

c.1363 Lady Elizabeth Segrave, suo jure Baroness Segrave (d. 1375), dau. and hrss. of John [Segrave], 4th Baron Segrave, by his wife Lady Margaret Plantagenet, suo jure Duchess and Countess of Norfolk, dau. of Thomas "of Brotherton", 1st Earl of Norfolk (by his wife Alice Halys, dau. of Sir Roger Halys, of Harwich, co. Essex), 1st son by his second wife of King Edward I

children

1. John de Mowbray, later 5th Baron Mowbray later 1st Earl of Nottingham

2. Thomas de Mowbray, later 6th Baron Mowbray later 1st Earl of Nottingham later 1st Duke of Norfolk

1. Eleanor de Mowbray (b. bef. 25 Mar 1364; d. c. 1399), mar. bef. May 1386 as his first wife John [de Welles], 5th Baron Welles, and had issue

2. Anne de Mowbray, Abbess of Barking

died

9 Oct 1368

suc. by

son

note

in the French wars; slain by the Turks near Constantinople on his way to the Holy Land on the feast day of St Denis

 

John [de Mowbray], 5th Baron Mowbray later 1st Earl of Nottingham

born

c.1364

died

s.p. 10 Feb 1381/2

created

15 Jul 1377 Earl of Nottingham

suc. by

brother

note

suc. his mother 1375 as 6th Baron Segrave;  on his death the Earldom of Nottingham became extinct

 

Thomas [de Mowbray], 6th Baron Mowbray and 7th Baron Segrave later 1st Earl of Nottingham later 1st Duke of Norfolk

created

12 Feb 1382/3 Earl of Nottingham

29 Sep 1397 Duke of Norfolk

 

The Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave were held by the Mowbray Dukes of Norfolk from 29 Sep 1397 to 17 Jan 1475/6, when on the death of John [Mowbray], 5th Duke of Norfolk, 10th Baron Mowbray, 11th Baron Segrave, etc., the Dukedom of Norfolk became extinct and the Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave devolved on his only daughter:

 

Lady Anne Mowbray later Plantagenet, suo jure Baroness Mowbray and Segrave

only dau. of John [Mowbray], 5th Duke of Norfolk, 10th Baron Mowbray, 11th Baron Segrave, etc., by his wife Lady Elizabeth Talbot, dau. by his second wife of John [Talbot], 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury

born

c.1472

mar.

15 Jan 1477/8 Richard [Plantagent], 1st Duke of York (d. 23 Jun 1483), 2nd son of King Edward IV by his wife Lady Elizabeth Wydville, 1st dau. of Richard [Wydville], 1st Earl Rivers

died

s.p. c.1481

 

On her death the Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave are deemed to have fallen into abeyance between the heirs of the two daughters by his second wife of Thomas [de Mowbray], 1st Duke of Norfolk, 6th Baron Mowbray, 7th Baron Segrave, etc.:  (1) Lady Margaret Mowbray, wife of Sir Robert Howard;  and (2) Lady Isabel Mowbray, wife firstly of Sir Henry Ferrers, of Groby, co. Leicester, and secondly of James [Berkeley], 1st Baron Berkeley.  There is no record of the Barony of Mowbray (cr. 1283) or the Barony of Segrave (cr. 1283) having been called out of abeyance. The decision by the House of Lords in the Mowbray Case of 1877 that the abeyance of the two baronies must have been terminated in favour of John [Howard], 1st Duke of Norfolk, because King Richard III styled him in a treaty dated 24 Sep 1484 as "John, Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal and Admiral of England, Lord Mowbray Segrave and Howard", is generally recognised as being unsound. However, following the 1877 decision, from c. 1484 the holders of the Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave were:

 

John [Howard], 1st Baron Howard later 1st Duke of Norfolk, 12th Baron Mowbray and 13th Baron Segrave

son and heir of Sir Robert Howard, of Stoke Neyland, co. Suffolk, by his wife Lady Margaret de Mowbray, 1st dau. and cohrss. by his second wife of Thomas [de Mowbray], 1st Duke of Norfolk, 6th Baron Mowbray, 7th Baron Segrave, etc.

created

15 Oct 1470 Baron Howard

28 Jun 1483 Duke of Norfolk

 

In 1485 the 1st Duke of Norfolk was attainted and all his titles, including any baronies called out of abeyance, were forfeited . His son Thomas Howard was restored in 1489 as Earl of Surrey only, and it was as such alone that he was created Earl Marshal in 1510 and Duke of Norfolk in 1514.

 

In 1589 Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel, son and heir of Thomas [Howard], 4th Duke of Norfolk, was attainted and all his titles forfeited. In 1604 his son, Thomas Howard, was restored in blood by Act of Parliament as Earl of Arundel and Earl of Surrey, and to such Baronies as had been held by his grandfather. Although no Baronies were named, it was assumed in the Mowbray Case in 1877 that these Baronies were those of Mowbray, Segrave and Howard. However, when Earl Thomas obtained an Act of Parliament in 1627 annexing his dignities to the tenure of Arundel Castle, the only Baronies named in the Act were those of Fitzalan, Clun, Oswaldestre and Maltravers, the second and third of which had never existed as peerages.

 

On 13 Apr 1640 Earl Thomas's first surviving son and heir, Hon Henry Frederick Howard, was summoned to Parliament v.p. as Lord Mowbray. The House of Lords in 1877 regarded this as being a determination of the abeyance of the 1283 Barony of Mowbray (and, in some unexplained way, of the abeyance of the Barony of Segrave as well). This could not be, not only because the doctrine of abeyance in baronies by writ had not been invented in 1640, but also because, applying the law on abeyances which had evolved between 1640 and 1877, the co-heirship to the 1283 Barony of Mowbray and to the 1283 Barony of Segrave was vested in the father, not the son. Consequently any writ addressed to the son during the lifetime of his father can only be regarded as the creation of a new Barony by writ. If this is the case, then it was this new Barony of Mowbray that fell into abeyance in 1777 on the death of Edward [Howard], 9th Duke of Norfolk, who would have been the 6th holder of the new Barony.

 

However, following the 1877 decision of the House of Lords the Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave are now deemed to have been held by the Howard Dukes of Norfolk from c. 1484 to 20 Sep 1777, when on the death of Edward [Howard], 9th Duke of Norfolk, 22nd or 6th Baron Mowbray, 23rd or 6th Baron Segrave, etc., the Dukedom of Norfolk, etc. devolved to his cousin and heir male but the Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave fell into abeyance between his two nieces, the daughters and coheiresses of his brother Philip Howard, or their representatives.  In 1777 these were (1) Charles Philip [Stourton], 17th Baron Stourton, son and heir of Winifred Howard, the first daughter, late wife of William [Stourton], 16th Baron Stourton;  and (2) Anne Howard, the second daughter, wife of Robert Edward [Petre], 9th Baron Petre.

 

Following the conclusion of the Mowbray Case, on 3 Jan 1878 the abeyance of the Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave were terminated in favour of:

 

Alfred Joseph [Stourton], 20th Baron Stourton later 23rd or 7th Baron Mowbray and 24th or 7th Baron Segrave, DL

1st surv. son and heir of Charles [Stourton], 19th Baron Stourton (by his wife Hon Mary Lucy Clifford, 6th dau. of Charles [Clifford], 6th Baron Clifford of Chudleigh), 1st son of William Joseph [Stourton], 18th Baron Stourton (by his wife Catherine Winifred Weld, 2nd dau. of Thomas Weld, of Lulworth Castle, co. Dorset), 1st son of Charles Philip [Stourton], 17th Baron Stourton (by his wife Hon Mary Langdale, 2nd dau. and eventually sole hrss. of Marmaduke [Langdale], 5th Baron Langdale), 1st son of William [Stourton], 18th Baron Stourton, by his wife Winifred Howard, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Philip Howard, of Buckenham, co. Norfolk (by his first wife Winifrede Stonor, 1st dau. by his second wife of Thomas Stonor, of Stonor Park, co. Oxford), younger brother of Edward [Howard], 9th Duke of Norfolk, 22nd or 6th Baron Mowbray, etc.

born

28 Feb 1829

mar.

13 Sep 1865 Mary Margaret Corbally (b. 17 Dec 1845; d. 26 Nov 1925; bur. at Allerton Park, co. York), only child of Matthew Ellis Corbally DL MP, of Corbalton Hall, co. Meath, by his wife Hon Matilda Gormanston, only dau. of Jenico [Preston], 12th Viscount Gormanston

children

1. Hon Charles Botolph Joseph Stourton, later 24th or 8th Baron Mowbray

2. Capt Hon Alfred Edward Corbally Joseph Stourton, served in the Boer War 1900-01 and in World War I (b. 24 Oct 1872; d. 4 Nov 1926)

3. Hon Nigel Roger Plantagenet Joseph Stourton (b. 9 Feb 1879; dsp. 23 Jan 1908), mar. 26 Sep 1901 Florence Anne Piggott (dsp. 8 Jul 1961), dau. of Jonathan Piggott

4. Col Hon Edward Plantagenet Joseph Stourton later Corbally-Stourton DSO (b. 24 Mar 1880; d. 6 Mar 1966), mar. 14 Jul 1934 Beatrice Cicely Page, only dau. of Harold Ethelbert Page, of Wragby, co. Lincoln, and Tichwell, co. Norfolk, and had issue

1. Hon Mary Lucy Agnes Stourton (d. 11 Oct 1950), mar. 4 Oct 1894 Cecil Henry Maxwell Lyte (d. 26 Jan 1926)

2. Hon Edith Matilda Mary Stourton (d. 6 Oct 1924)

3. Hon Hilda Mary Stourton (d. 6 Dec 1958)

4. Hon Alison Mary Stourton (d. 24 Aug 1957)

5. Hon Ethel Mary Josephine Stourton (d. 21 Mar 1948)

6. Hon Matilda Margaret Mary Josephine Stourton, mar. 24 Nov 1910 Lt Col Baron Herbert Alexander von Metzsch-Reichenbach, Gentleman-in-Waiting to HRH Princess Mathilde of Saxony (d. 8 Aug 1932), yst. son of Baron Gustav von Metzsch-Reichenbach, of Schloss Friessen, Reichenbach, Germany, by his wife Emily Louisa Goschen, sister of George Joachim [Goschen], 1st Viscount Goschen, and 3rd dau. of William Henry Goschen, of Templeton House, Roehampton, co. Surrey, and Villa Goschen, Oberlosnitz, Saxony, Germany, by his wife Henrietta Ohmann, dau. of William Alexander Ohmann

died

18 Apr 1893 (bur. at Allerton Park, co. York)

suc. by

son

note

Lieut, Yorkshire Hussars 1853-65; suc. his father 23 Dec 1872 as 20th Baron Stourton

 

Charles Botolph Joseph [Stourton], 24th or 8th Baron Mowbray, DL

born

23 May 1867

mar.

26 Jul 1893 Mary Constable (b. 22 Jun 1870; d. 9 Dec 1961), only child of Thomas Angus Constable, of The Manor House, Otley, co. York, by his wife Countess Elizabeth Ducarel, dau. of Henry Pierre Ducarel, 3rd Marquis de la Pasture

children

1. Hon William Marmaduke Stourton, later 25th or 9th Baron Mowbray

2. Maj Hon John Joseph Stourton TD, Member of Parliament for South Salford 1931-45 (b. 5 Mar 1899; d. 1992), mar. (1) 18 Dec 1923 (div. 1933) Kathleen Alice Gunther (d. 1986), 1st dau. of Robert Louis George Gunther, of Englefield Green, co. Surrey, and (2) 14 May 1934 (div. 1947) Gladys Leila Waldron (d. 3 Jun 1953), dau. of Col Sir William James Waldron, of Winkfield and South Kensington, and had issue by his first wife

1. Hon Winifred Mary Stourton (b. 21 Aug 1894; dvp. 2 Dec 1904)

2. Hon Charlotte Mary Stourton (b. 20 Jan 1904; d. 4 Jun 2003)

died

29 Jul 1936 (bur. at Allerton Park, co. York)

suc. by

son

note

Lieut, 3rd Battalion East Yorkshire Regiment (Militia) 1887-89; claim to the Earldom of Norfolk (cr. 1312) rejected by the Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords 27 Nov 1906

 

William Marmaduke [Stourton], 25th or 9th Baron Mowbray, MC

born

31 Aug 1895

mar.

6 Dec 1921 Sheila Gully (d. 19 Feb 1975), 1st dau. of Hon Edward Walford Karslake Gully CB (by his wife Ada Symon, 1st dau. of Robert Symon, of Park Street, London), 2nd son of William Court [Gully], 1st Viscount Selby

children

1. Hon Charles Edward Stourton, later 26th or 10th Baron Mowbray

1. Hon Patricia Winifred Mary Stourton (b. 2 Nov 1924), mar. 12 Jul 1948 (Frederick) Petre Crowder QC MP (d. 1999), only son of Capt Sir John Frederick Ellenborough Crowder MP, of Belgravia, London, by his wife Florence Gertrude Petre, 1st dau. of Alfred William Ralph Glynn Petre, and has issue

died

7 May 1965

suc. by

son

note

served in World War I 1914-18 as Lieut, 8th (King's Royal Irish) Hussars; MC 1918; Capt, Grenadier Guards, retired 1928

 

Charles Edward [Stourton], 26th or 10th Baron Mowbray, CBE

born

11 Mar 1923

mar. (1)

28 Jun 1952 Hon Jane Faith de Yarburgh-Bateson (b. 20 Mar 1933; d. 2 Apr 1998), only child of Stephen Nicholas [de Yarburgh-Bateson], 5th Baron Deramore, by his wife Nina Marion Macpherson-Grant, 1st dau. of Alastair Macpherson-Grant

children by first wife

1. Hon Edward William Stephen Stourton, later 27th or 11th Baron Mowbray

2. Hon James Alastair Stourton, of 21 Moreton Place, London SW1 (b. 3 Jul 1956), mar. 9 Oct 1993 (div. 1996) Hon Sophia Ulla Stonor (b. 29 Sep 1971), 3rd dau. of Ralph Thomas Campion Sherman [Stonor], 7th Baron Camoys, by his wife Elizabeth Mary Hyde Parker, only dau. of Sir William Hyde Parker, 11th Bt., of Melford Hall, Long Melford, co. Suffolk

mar. (2)

24 Feb 1999 Joan Marion Holland (widow of Sir Guy Hope Holland, 3rd Bt.; d. 22 Dec 2006), only dau. of Capt Herbert Edmund Street

died

12 Dec 2006

suc. by

son

note

served in World War II 1944-45 in France as Lieut, Grenadier Guards; Knight of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta; elected to the House of Lords 1999

 

Edward William Stephen [Stourton], 27th or 11th Baron Mowbray

born

17 Apr 1953

mar.

12 Jul 1980 Penelope Lucy Brunet, 1st dau. of Dr Peter Cameron Jamieson Brunet, of 4 Rawlinson Road, Oxford

children

1. Hon James Charles Peter Stourton (b. 12 Dec 1991)

1. Hon Sarah Louise Stourton (b. 28 Feb 1982)

2. Hon Isabel Laura Stourton (b. 13 Nov 1983)

3. Hon Camilla Charlotte Stourton (b. 1987)

4. Hon Francesca Jane Stourton (b. 1988)

 

 Last updated 1 Jan 2007

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Titles:

27th or 11th Baron Mowbray

(England, writ sum. 28 Jun 1283 or 13 Apr 1640)

28th or 11th Baron Segrave

(England, writ sum. 28 Jun 1283 or 13 Apr 1640)

24th Baron Stourton

(England, writ sum. 13 May 1448)

Premier Baron of England (if the Barony of Mowbray was created in 1283)

 

Address:

The Estate Office, Allerton Park, Knaresborough

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Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

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