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Nairne, Lord (S, 1681)

 

Creation: let.pat. 27 Jan 1680/1

 

Family name: Nairne later Keith later de Flahault later Petty-Fitzmaurice later Bigham

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Ermine on a Bend Azure a Magnetic Needle pointing to a Polar Star Or (Petty), 2nd and 3rd, Argent a Saltire Gules and Chief Ermine (FitzMaurice);  on an Escutcheon of Pretence, Quarterly:  1st grand quarter, Parted per pale Sable and Argent on a Chaplet four Quatrefoils counterchanged (Nairne);  2nd grand quarter counter-quartered:  1st and 4th, Or on a Fess Gules between three Crosses Patée in chief of the second a Mullet Azure in base three Bezants (Mercer);  2nd and 3rd, Argent a Chevron Sable between three Boars' Heads erased Gules (Elphinstone);  3rd grand quarter counter-quartered: 1st and 4th, Paly of six Or and Sable (Atholl);  2nd, Or a Fess chequy Azure and Argent (Stewart);  3rd, Azure three Mullets Argent within a Double Tressure flory counterflory Or (Murray);  4th grand quarter: Argent three Martlets Sable on a Comble Azure a Cross Or, a Franc Quartier of the third charged with a Sword paleways point upward proper (de Flahault)

 

 Arms as recorded at Lyon Court 1878 by Emily, Lady Nairne, Marchioness of Lansdowne

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Robert [Nairne], 1st Lord Nairne

son and heir of Robert Nairne, an advocate, of Strathurd, by his wife Catherine Preston, dau. of Sir John Preston of Penicuik, Lord President of the Court of Session 1609-16

born

c. 1620

mar.

in or before 1669 Margaret Graham (bur. 3 May 1704), dau. of Patrick Graham of Inchbraco

only child

1. Hon Margaret Nairne (b. 16 Dec 1669; d. 14 Nov 1747), mar. after 28 Feb 1690 William [Murray], 2nd Lord Nairne, and had issue

died

30 May 1683

created

27 Jan 1680/1 Lord Nairne, with remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to Lord George Murray youngest son of the Marquess of Atholl and to the heirs to be procreate betwixt him and Margaret Nairne daughter of the said Sir Robert Nairne which failing to any other son of the said Marquess of Atholl whom she shall happen to marry and to the heirs betwixt them succeeding to the said Sir Robert his lands and estate contained in the infeftment to be made to him thereof for ever

suc. by

son-in-law

note

Advocate 1644;  taken prisoner with members of the Committee of Estates by General Monck 1651 and imprisoned in the Tower of London until 1660;  knighted 1661;  a Senator of the College of Justice 1660/1;  a Lord of Session 1661;  a Lord Commissioner of Justiciary 1671;  signed the Test Act 1681;  after his death the Lordship of Nairne remained suspended until shortly after 28 Feb 1690

 

William [Murray], 2nd Lord Nairne

4th son of John [Murray], 1st Marquess of Atholl, by his wife Lady Amelia Sophia Stanley, 3rd dau. of James [Stanley], 7th Earl of Derby

born

10 Dec 1664

mar.

after 28 Feb 1690 Hon Margaret Nairne (b. 16 Dec 1669; d. 14 Nov 1747), only dau. and hrss. of Robert [Nairne], 1st Lord Nairne, by his wife Margaret Graham, dau. of Patrick Graham of Inchbraco

children

1. Hon John Nairne, later 3rd Lord Nairne

2. Hon Robert Nairne later Mercer of Aldie, an ardent Jacobite, killed at the Battle of Culloden (d. 16 Apr 1746), mar. 16 Aug 1720 Jean Mercer (d. 1 Dec 1749), dau. and hrss. of Sir Laurence Mercer of Aldie, and had issue:

1a. James Mercer (dsp. 1758)

2a. Col William Mercer of Aldie (d. 19 Jan 1790), mar. 3 Apr 1762 Margaret Murray, dau. and hrss. of William Murray of Pitkaithley, and had issue:

1b. Jean Mercer (d. 12 Dec 1789), mar. 10 Apr 1787 as his first wife George Keith [Elphinstone], 1st Viscount Keith, and had issue:

1c. Hon Margaret Keith, later suo jure Baroness Keith of Stonehaven Marischal, Baroness Keith of Banheath and Lady Nairne

2b. Cochrane Mercer (d. 1801)

3b. Catherine Mercer, executrix of her sister Cochrane (d. 16 Jan 1822)

1a. Margaret Mercer, mar. 4 Apr 1758 her cousin James Robertson, 13th of Lude, 1st son and heir of John Robertson, 12th of Lude, by his wife Hon Charlotte Nairne, 5th dau. of William [Murray], 2nd Lord Nairne, and had issue

3. Hon William Nairne, of the City of London, mariner, captain of the Calmar, an East Indiaman (dsp. off St Helena 25 Mar 1743)

4. Hon James Nairne, an officer in the Army (d. 5 Oct 1788), mar., and had issue:

1a. Mary Nairne (dsp.), mar. Lieut .... Cook RN

1. Hon Margaret Nairne, imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle for her active support of the Jacobites 1746 (bapt. 19 Aug 1692; d. 28 May 1773), mar. after 1 Nov 1712 William [Drummond], 4th Viscount of Strathallan, and had issue

2. Hon Amelia Anne Sophia Nairne (d. 18 Mar 1774), mar. after 28 Sep 1719 Laurence Oliphant, 6th of Gask, cr. Lord Oliphant 14 Jul 1760 by the titular King James III & VIII (b. 1691; d. 1767), 1st son and heir of James Oliphant, 5th of Gask, by his wife Janet Murray, dau. of Rev Anthony Murray of Woodend, and had issue

3. Hon Catherine Nairne, mar. 1728 her cousin William [Murray], 3rd Earl of Dunmore, and had issue

4. Hon Marjory Nairne (d. Jan 1793), mar. Mar 1739 Duncan Robertson, 18th of Struan and 4th of Drumachuine (d. 13 Dec 1782), 1st son and heir of Alexander Robertson, 3rd of Drumachuine, by his wife Margaret Robertson, 1st dau. of Patrick Robertson of Faskally, and had issue

5. Hon Charlotte Nairne (d. 11 Aug 1787), mar. after 10 Jun 1731 John Robertson, 12th of Lude, 1st son and heir of John Robertson, 11th of Lude, by his wife Margaret Farquharson, only dau. of Alexander Farquharson of Invercauld, and had issue

6. Hon Mary Nairne (d. 2 Mar 1774)

7. Hon Louisa Nairne (d. 5 Apr 1782), mar. 27 Apr 1748 David Graham of Orchil

8. Hon Henrietta Nairne (b. 1713; d. 19 Aug 1802)

died

3 Feb 1725/6 (bur. at Auchtergaven)

suc. by

son

note

entered the Navy c. 1683; Commander of a Troop of Horse against Archibald, Earl of Argyll. 1685; Lieut, General Werden's Regiment of Horse 1687; became Lord Nairne on his marriage with Hon Margaret Nairne; a Commissioner of Supply for Perthshire 1690; was suspected of aiding the abortive invasion of Scotland by the French 1707/8 but was not arrested; took part in the Rising of 1715, commanding one of the four regiments of Atholl men, taken prisoner at the Battle of Preston 1715, sent to the Tower of London and condemned to be executed for high treason 1715/6; on his attainder the Lordship of Nairne became forfeited; his reprieve came only an hour before the time set for his execution and allowed to benefit under the Act of General Pardon 1717

 

John [Nairne], 3rd Lord Nairne

born

c. 1691

mar.

after 3 Nov 1712 his cousin Lady Catherine Murray (b. 10 Jan 1691/2; d. 9 May 1754; bur. near Porte St Martin, Paris, France), 3rd dau. of Charles [Murray], 1st Earl of Dunmore, by his wife Catherine Watts, dau. and cohrss. of Richard Watts, of Great Munden, co. Hertford

children

1. Hon James Nairne (dvp. 1737)

2. Hon William Nairne (dvp. 1729 or 1730)

3. Lt Col Hon John Nairne, de jure 4th Lord Nairne but never assumed the title, Ensign in Maj Gen St Clair's Regiment 1742, wounded and taken prisoner at the Battle of Fontenoy 1745, Capt 1st Regiment of Foot 1747, Lord Provost of St Andrews (d. 7 Nov 1782), mar. c. 1756 Brabazon Wheeler (d. 22 Apr 1801), dau. of Richard Wheeler, of Layrath, co. Kilkenny, and had issue:

1a. John Nairne, an officer in Fraser's 71st Regiment (d. 1781)

2a. William Murray Nairne, later 5th Lord Nairne

1a. Brabazon Nairne (d. 6 Mar 1783)

4. Hon Charles Nairne, an officer in the Dutch service (d. 8 Jun 1795; bur. at Auchtergaven)

5. Hon Robert Nairne (dvp. before Jul 1755)

6. Hon Edward Nairne (dvp. before 1755)

7. Hon Thomas Nairne, a Jacobite, an officer in Lord John Drummond's Regiment (d. 14 Apr 1777)

8. Hon Henry Nairne, an officer in the French service (b. 1 Nov 1727; d. 1818)

1. Hon Margaret Nairne (dvp. 1729 or 1730)

2. Hon Clementina Nairne (dvp.)

died

11 Jul 1770

suc. by

son

note

took part with his father in the 1715 Rising, being Lt Col in Lord Charles Murray's Regiment; taken prisoner at the Battle of Preston 1715 and imprisoned in the Tower of London 1716; found guilty of high treason, sentenced to be executed and attainted 31 May 1716; like his father he was reprieved and pardoned under the Act of General Pardon 1717; Col of Foot in the Jacobite forces under Lord Tullibardine 1719; cr. Viscount Stanley and Earl of Nairne 24 Jun 1721 by the titular King James III & VIII; obtained an Act of Parliament 1738 allowing him to inherit property, etc.; Master of St John's Masonic Lodge, Dunkeld 1741-48; took part in the 1745 Rising, escaping to Sweden after the Battle of Culloden; he was attainted for the second time 4 Jun 1746; both his attainders were reversed under the Act of Parliament 17 Jun 1824

 

William Murray [Nairne], 5th Lord Nairne

born

1757 or 1758

mar.

2 Jun 1806 his cousin Caroline Oliphant (b. 16 Aug 1766; d. 27 Oct 1845; bur. at Gask), 3rd dau. of Laurence Oliphant, 7th of Gask, by his wife and cousin Margaret Robertson, 1st dau. of Duncan Robertson, 18th of Struan and 4th of Drumachuine

only child

1. Hon William Murray Nairne, later 6th Lord Nairne

died

9 Jul 1830

suc. by

son

note

a Major in the Army; Assistant Inspector of Barracks in Scotland; restored in honours by Act of Parliament 17 Jun 1824 and his grandfather's and great-grandfather's attainders reversed

 

William Murray [Nairne], 6th Lord Nairne

born

1808

died

7 Dec 1837 (bur. in Brussels)

suc. by

third cousin

note

on his death the Scottish Lordship passed to his third cousin and heir of line and the two Jacobite peerages passed to his cousin and heir male, Alexander Edward [Murray], 6th Earl of Dunmore

 

Hon Margaret Keith, suo jure Baroness Keith of Stonehaven Marischal, Baroness Keith of Banheath and Lady Nairne

born

12 Jun 1788

mar.

20 Jun 1817 Auguste Charles Joseph, Comte de Flahault de la Billardrie, ADC to Napoleon Bonaparte, French Ambassador to Vienna and to London 1860, Chancellor of the Legion of Honour (b. 1785; d. 2 Sep 1870)

children

1. Hon Emily Jane Mercer Elphinstone de Flahault, later suo jure Lady Nairne

2. Hon Georgiana Gabrielle de Flahault (dsp. 16 Jul 1907), mar. 2 Feb 1871 Marquis de Lavalette (d. 1881)

died

s.p.m. 11 Nov 1867 (bur. at Tullialan Castle, co. Perth)

suc. by

daughter

note

in the Household of Princess Charlotte of Wales; suc. her father as suo jure Baroness Keith of Stonehaven Marischal and Baroness Keith of Banheath 10 Mar 1823; suc. her third cousin as suo jure Lady Nairne 7 Dec 1837; on her death the Irish Barony of Keith of Stonehaven Marischal and the United Kingdom of Keith of Banheath became extinct

 

Hon Emily Jane Mercer Elphinstone de Flahault, suo jure Lady Nairne

born

16 May 1819

mar.

1 Nov 1843 as his second wife Henry [Petty-FitzMaurice], 4th Marquess of Lansdowne

children

1. Lord Henry Charles Keith Petty-FitzMaurice, later 5th Marquess of Lansdowne later 9th Lord Nairne

2. Lord Edmond George Patty-FitzMaurice, later 1st Baron Fitzmaurice

1. Lady Emily Louisa Anne Petty-FitzMaurice (d. 2 Dec 1939), mar. 2 Jun 1886 Col Hon Everard Charles Digby (d. 16 Jan 1915), 3rd son of Edward St Vincent [Digby], 9th Baron Digby, and had issue

died

26 Jun 1895

suc. by

son

note

her claim to the Lordship of Nairne was admitted by the House of Lords 4 Aug 1874

 

Henry Charles Keith [Petty-FitzMaurice], 5th Marquess of Lansdowne and 9th Lord Nairne

note

suc. his father 5 Jul 1866 as 5th Marquess of Lansdowne and his mother 26 Jun 1895 as 9th Lord Nairne

 

The Lordship of Nairne was held by the Marquesses of Lansdowne from 26 Jun 1895 until 7 Aug 1944, when on the death of Charles Hope [Petty-FitzMaurice], 7th Marquess of Lansdowne, 11th Lord Nairne, etc., the Lordship passed to his eldest sister as heiress of line,

 

Lady Katherine Evelyn Constance Petty-FitzMaurice, suo jure Lady Nairne

born

22 Jun 1912

mar.

24 Jul 1933 Edward Clive [Bigham], 3rd Viscount Mersey

children

1. Hon Richard Maurice Clive Bigham, later 4th Viscount Mersey and 13th Lord Nairne

2. Hon David Edward Hugh Bigham, of Hurston Place, Pulborough, co. West Sussex, 2nd Lieut Royal Horse Guards, Director Tryon Gallery (b. 14 Apr 1938), mar. 2 Jan 1965 Anthea Rosemary Seymour (b. 1 Jul 1941), 1st dau. of Capt Leo Richard Seymour, by his wife Sheila Butler, dau. of Col Arnold Charles Paul Butler CBE, of Carters Hill, Therfield, Royston, co. Hertford, and has issue

3. Hon Andrew Charles Bigham, of High Mill, Coverham, co. York, 2nd Lieut Irish Guards, schoolmaster at Aysgarth School, Bedale, co. York 1968-89 and Sunningdale School, co. Berkshire 1989-94 (b. 26 Jun 1941)

died

20 Oct 1995

suc. by

son

note

 

Richard Maurice Clive [Bigham], 4th Viscount Mersey and 13th Lord Nairne

note

suc. his father 2 Aug 1979 as 4th Viscount Mersey and his mother 20 Oct 1995 as 13th Lord Nairne

 

The Lordship of Nairne has been held by the Viscounts Mersey since 20 Oct 1995.

 

 First written 16 Apr 2010

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