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Orkney, Earl of (S, 1695/6)

 

Creation: let. pat. 3 Jan 1696

 

Family name: Hamilton later O'Brien later Fitz-Maurice later St John

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st and 4th grandquarters, Argent on a Saltire Gules a Lymphad sails furled Or a Chief Ermine (Fitz-Maurice);  2nd grandquarter, quarterly:  1st and 4th, Gules three Cinquefoils Ermine (Hamilton);  2nd, Argent a Lymphad sails furled Sable (Arran);  3rd, Argent a Heart Gules imperially crowned Or on a Chief Azure three Mullets of the first (Douglas);  over all at the fess point an Escallop Or for difference (for Lord George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney);  3rd grandquarter, quarterly:  1st and 4th, Gules three Lions passant guardant per pale Or and Argent (O'Brien);  2nd, Argent three Piles meeting in the point issuing from the chief Gules;  3rd, Argent a Pheon Azure

Crests:

1st:  A Sagittarius passant proper (FitzMaurice);  2nd:  An Ancient Boat Or flagged Azure and issuant therefrom an Oak Tree fructed and penetrated by a Framesaw proper the Frame Or (Hamilton)

Supporters:

On the dexter side an Antelope Azure armed and ducally gorged with Chain reflexed across the back Or, and on the sinister a Stag proper attired and ducally gorged with a Chain reflexed over the back also Or, each supporter charged on the shoulder with a Cinquefoil Ermine

Motto:

Through Courage

Note:

The above arms were borne by the 8th Earl of Orkney

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George [Hamilton], 1st Earl of Orkney, KT

5th son of William [Douglas later Douglas-Hamilton], Duke of Hamilton for life, by his wife Lady Anne Hamilton, suo jure Duchess of Hamilton, 1st dau. of James [Hamilton], 1st Duke of Hamilton

bapt.

9 Feb 1666

mar.

25 Nov 1695 his second half-cousin once removed Elizabeth Villiers (d. 19 Apr 1733), sometime mistress of King William III, sister of Edward [Villiers], 1st Earl of Jersey, and 1st dau. of Sir Edward Villiers, Knight Marshal, of Richmond, co. Surrey, by his wife first Lady Frances Howard, 5th dau. of Theophilus [Howard], 2nd Earl of Suffolk

children

1. Lady Anne Hamilton, later suo jure Countess of Orkney

2. Lady Frances Hamilton, Lady of the Bedchamber to the Princess of Wales (d. 27 Oct 1772), mar. 27 Jun 1724 Thomas [Lumley later Lumley-Saunderson], 3rd Earl of Scarbrough, and had issue

3. Lady Henrietta Hamilton (d. 22 Aug 1732), mar. 9 May 1728 as his first wife John [Boyle], 5th Earl of Cork, and had issue

died

s.p.m. 29 Jan 1737

created

3 Jan 1695/6 Lord Dechmont, Viscount Kirkwall and Earl of Orkney, with remainder to the heirs male of his body failing which to the heirs whatsoever of his body

suc. by

daughter

note

Capt in the regiment of his uncle, Lord George Douglas, 1671, then in the French Service; Capt, Royal Scots Regiment 1684; Col, Enniskillen Regiment of Foot 1689/90, 7th Foot (Royal Fusiliers) 1692, and the Royal Scots 1692-1737; Brig Gen at the Battle of Namur 1695, Gen 1710/1 and Field Marshal 1735/6; present at the Battle of the Boyne 1690, at Aughrim and at the sieges of Athlone and Limerick 1691; in Flanders was at the Namur and Steinkirk 1692, at Landen 1693, and at the siege of Namur 1695; Brig of the King's Forces in Ireland 1700; served under the Duke of Marlborough in Flanders 1702-11 and took part in the Battles of Blenheim 1704, Ramillies 1706, Oudenarde 1708 and Malplaquet 1709; a General of Foot under the Duke or Ormonde in the 1712 campaign; Knight of the Thistle 1704; a Representative Peer for Scotland 1708-37; Lieutenant and Governor of Virginia 1710-37; Privy Councillor 1710/1-14; Governor of Edinburgh Castle 1714-37; a Lord of the Bedchamber 1716-27; Lieutenant Governor of Berwick 1733; Lord Lieutenant of Lanarkshire

 

Lady Anne Hamilton, suo jure Countess of Orkney

born

mar.

29 Mar 1720 as his first wife her first cousin William [O'Brien], 4th Earl of Inchiquin, 1st son and hr. of William [O'Brien], 3rd Earl of Inchiquin, by his wife and cousin Hon Mary Villiers, a Maid of Honour, sister of Edward [Villiers], 1st Earl of Jersey, and 6th dau. of Sir Edward Villiers, of Richmond, co. Surrey, Knight Marshal and Governor of Tynemouth Castle, by his first wife Lady Frances Howard, 5th dau. of Theophilus [Howard], 2nd Earl of Suffolk

children

1. Hon William O'Brien, styled Lord O'Brien (b. 1725; dvm. 4 Apr 1727)

2. Hon George O'Brien, styled Lord O'Brien (b. 8 Aug 1727; dvm. 26 Apr 1728)

3. Hon Augustus O'Brien, styled Lord O'Brien (dvm. an infant

4. Hon Murrough O'Brien, styled Lord O'Brien later styled Viscount Kirkwall (b. Nov 1731; dvm. 20 Sep 1741)

1. Lady Mary O'Brien, later suo jure Countess of Orkney

died

s.p.m.s. 12 Dec 1756

suc. by

daughter

 

Lady Mary O'Brien, suo jure Countess of Orkney

born

c. 1721

mar.

5 Mar 1753 as his first wife her first cousin Murrough [O'Brien], 1st Marquess of Thomond, 1st son of Hon James O'Brien MP (by his wife Mary Jephson, dau. of Very Rev William Jephson, Dean of Kilmore). 3rd son by his second wife of William [O'Brien], 3rd Earl of Inchiquin

only child

1. Lady Mary O'Brien, later suo jure Countess of Orkney

died

10 May 1790

suc. by

daughter

 

Lady Mary O'Brien, suo jure Countess of Orkney

born

4 Sep 1755

mar.

21 Dec 1777 Hon Thomas FitzMaurice, of Llewenny Hall, co. Denbigh, Member of Parliament (Whig) for Calne 1762-74, for Co. Kerry 1763-68 and for Chipping Wycombe 1774-80, High Sheriff of Denbighshire 1781-82 and for Flint 1782-83 (b. 4 Jul 1742; d. 28 Oct 1793), brother of William [FitzMaurice], 1st Marquess of Lansdowne, and 2nd son of John [FitzMaurice], 1st Earl of Shelburne, by his wife and cousin Mary FitzMaurice, 1st dau. of his paternal uncle Hon William FitzMaurice

only child

1. Hon John FitzMaurice, styled Viscount Kirkwall, Member of Parliament (Tory) for Heytesbury 1802-06 and for Denbigh Borough 1812-18 (b. 9 Oct 1778; dvm. 23 Nov 1820), mar. 11 Aug 1802 Hon Anna Maria de Blaquiere (b. 17 Nov 1780; d. 31 Jan 1843), 1st dau. of John [de Blaquiere], 1st Baron de Blaquiere, by his wife Eleanor Dawson, dau. of Robert Dawson, of Anne's Grove, co. Cork, and had issue:

1a. Hon Thomas John Hamilton FitzMaurice, later 5th Earl of Orkney

2a. Maj Hon William Edward FitzMaurice, Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire 1842-47 (b. 21 Mar 1805; d. 18 Jun 1889), mar. (1) 3 Aug 1837 Hester Harford (d. 24 Aug 1859), dau. of Henry Harford, of Down Place, co. Berkshire, and (2) 3 Oct 1870 Anne Louisa Hatton, 1st dau. of John Hatton, of Deal, co. Kent, and had issue by his first wife

died

30 Dec 1831

suc. by

grandson

 

Thomas John Hamilton [FitzMaurice], 5th Earl of Orkney

born

8 Aug 1803

mar.

14 Mar 1826 Hon Charlotte Isabella Irby (b. 11 Mar 1807; d. 7 Sep 1883), 2nd dau. of George [Irby], 3rd Baron Boston, by his wife Rachel Ives Drake, 1st dau. and cohrss. of William Drake, of Amersham, co. Buckingham

children

1. Hon George William Hamilton FitzMaurice, later 6th Earl of Orkney

2. Capt Hon Henry Warrender FitzMaurice DL, of Tregof, co. Anglesey, High Sheriff of Anglesey 1856 (b. 7 Jul 1828; d. 12 Jan 1875), mar. 5 Sep 1861 Sarah Jane Roose (d. 13 Feb 1880), only child of George Bradley Roose, of Bryntirion, Anglesey, and had issue:

1a. Lt Henry George Hamilton FitzMaurice (b. 6 Sep 1863; dvp. 27 Jan 1888)

2a. Edmond Walter FitzMaurice, later 7th Earl of Orkney

3a. Hon Alexander Edward FitzMaurice, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1890 (b. 21 Mar 1874; d. 26 Aug 1922)

1a. Lady Isabella Emily FitzMaurice, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1890 (d. 8 Apr 1928), mar. 22 Sep 1888 John Burnham Garrett, yst. son of W B Garrett, of Wallington, co. Surrey

3. Cdr Hon Frederick O'Brien FitzMaurice RN (b. 23 Apr 1830; d. 26 Oct 1867), mar. 19 Apr 1853 Mary Anne Taylor Abraham (mar. (2) 27 Apr 1869 Lt Col Archibald Mackintosh; d. 26 Jan 1924), 1st dau. of Robert Taylor Spooner Abraham, of Crewkerne, co. Somerset, and had issue:

1a. Frederick John Mangles FitzMaurice (b. 21 Jul 1855; d. 21 Feb 1869)

2a. T/Maj Douglas Commerell Menzies FitzMaurice (b. 7 Dec 1861; d. 13 Jan 1932), mar. 7 Sep 1899 Esther Davis (d. 23 May 1933), dau. of W G Davis, of Streatley, co. Berkshire, and has issue:

1b. Capt Douglas Frederick Harold FitzMaurice RNAS (b. 26 Aug 1890; d. 29 May 1937), mar. 17 Feb 1916 Dorothy Jeanette Dickie (mar. (2) 27 Sep 1939 Cdr Eric Templer Wiggins DSC RN), dau. of Capt Robert Dickie RN, and had issue:

1c. Lt Douglas Hubert Hamilton FitzMaurice (b. 29 May 1916; ka. 27 Nov 1942)

2c. Cecil O'Bryen FitzMaurice, later 8th Earl of Orkney

2b. Lt Archibald Hamilton FitzMaurice RAF (b. 27 Jun 1894; ka. 12 Mar 1918)

3b. Cecil Hamilton Kirkwall FitzMaurice (b. 24 May 1896; das. 1916)

3a. Llewellyn Abraham FitzMaurice (b. 16 Sep 1867; d. 1953), mar. 1890 Alice Ada Gay (d. 1947), dau. of Robert Gay, of Northumberland, and had issue:

1b. Frederick Maurice FitzMaurice (b. 1890; dvp. young)

2b. Capt Llewellyn O'Bryen FitzMaurice (b. 1892; d. 19...)

1a. Amicie Mary Hamilton FitzMaurice (d. 1953)

4. Hon Alexander Temple FitzMaurice, Groom of the Bedchamber to King Edward VII when Prince of Wales (b. 23 Jan 1834; dsp. 19 Jun 1894), mar. 26 Apr 1873 Adela Mary Riddell (widow of Edward Riddell, of Cheesburn Grange; d. 2 Mar 1915), dau. of Simon Thomas Scrope, of Danby, co. York

5. Capt Hon (James) Terence FitzMaurice RN, Inspector-General of Prisons, Ceylon 1867-71 (b. 26 Feb 1835; d. 8 Apr 1917), mar. (1) 21 Mar 1861 Frances Rhoda Ouseley (b. 1927; d. 2 Jun 1907), only dau. of Sir William Gore Ouseley KCB, diplomat and artist, by his wife Marcia Van Ness, 1st dau. of Cornelius Peter Van Ness, Governor of Vermont 1823-26 and United States Minister to Spain 1829-36, by his second wife Rhoda Savage, dau. of James Savage, and (2) 28 Sep 1911 Eleanor Hodges (widow of Henry Hodges, of Bolney Court, Henley-on-Thames, co. Berkshire ; d. 5 Jul 1913), 3rd dau. of Capt Septimus H Palairet, and had issue by his first wife:

1a. Lt Col James Campbell Gore Ouseley FitzMaurice, British Vice-Consul at Bruges 1805-09 (b. 13 Sep 1866 ; dsp. 13 Apr 1934), mar. (1) 13 Jun 1894 (div. 1905) Gertrude Bury, only dau. of Samuel Bury, of Timperley Hall, Cheshire, and (2) 25 Jul 1906 Sibyl Henrietta Harvey CStJ (dsp. 9 May 1949), 1st dau. of Col Sir Charles Harvey, 2nd Bt., of Rainthorpe Hall, co. Norwich, by his first wife Jane Ann Green, dau. of Benjamin Green, of Newcastle, co. Northumberland

1a. Harriett Marcia Jane FitzMaurice (dsp. 8 Jan 1933), mar. 17 Jun 1890 Hamilton Richard Boyle (b. 3 Feb 1848; dsp. 12 Nov 1909), 1st son and heir of Rev Hon Richard Cavendish Boyle, Rector of Marston Bigott, co. Somerset, Chaplain in Ordinary to Queen Victoria (by his wife Eleanor Vere Gordon, yst. dau. of Alexander Gordon of Ellon Castle), 5th son of Edmund [Boyle], 8th Earl of Cork, by his wife Isabella Henrietta Poyntz, 3rd dau. of William Poyntz, of Midgham, co. Berkshire

2a. Isabella Annie FitzMaurice (d. 29 Feb 1948), mar. 18 Apr 1882 Sir Frederic Robert St John KCMG, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Berne 1893-1901 (b. 2 Mar 1831; d. 27 Feb 1923), 4th son of Hon Ferdinand St John (by his wife Selina Charlotte Keatinge, dau. of Col Maurice St Leger Keatinge, of Narraghmore, co. Kilda, by his wife Lady Martha Brabazon, dau. of Anthony [Brabazon], 8th Earl of Meath), 1st son of George Richard [St John], 3rd Viscount Bolingbroke, by his second wife Baroness Isabella Charlotte Antoinette Sophia Hompesch, and had issue:and had issue:

1b. Lt Col (Frederick) Oliver St John DSO MC (b. 13 Oct 1886; d. 10 Feb 1977), mar. (1) 8 Jan 1923 (div. 1929) Dotie Burney, 1st dau. of Sydney Bernard Burney CBE, of Bayswater, London, and (2) 11 Nov 1931 Elizabeth Pierce, dau. of E H Pierce, of Peachland, British Columbia, Canada, and had issue by his second wife:

1c. Oliver Peter St John, later 9th Earl of Orkney

2b. Capt George Ronald St John DSC RAF (b. 26 Mar 1888; d. unm. 19...)

3b. Terence Alexander St John (b. 24 Mar 1896; d. 1951), mar. (1) 1923 (div. 1933) Simone Suzanne Marie Anne Guthmann, only dau. of Jean Baptiste Guthmann, of Paris, France, and (2) 1947 Winifred West (former wife of George Lewis Barry West), dau. of Charles Giles, and had issue by his first wife

1b. Violet Rhoda St John (dsp. May 1965), mar. 6 Nov 1914 Lt Cdr George Thomas Wolfe Perkins RN

2b. Dorothy Emily Olga St John (d. 19...), mar. 19 Jul 1906 Sir Henry Crofton Lowther GCVO KCMG (d. 23 Nov 1939), 3rd son of Brabazon Lowther, of Shrigley Park, co. Chester, by his wife Ellen Jane Legh, only child of Thomas Legh, of Lyme Park, co. Chester, and had issue

3b. Natalie Edith St John

3a. Aimée Edith Emily FitzMaurice (dsp. 13 Apr 1890), mar. 19 Jun 1889 Maj Gen David Shaw Levinge Shaw (d. 26 Jan 1930), 1st son of Maj Gen David Shaw

4a. Mabel Madeline Rhoda FitzMaurice (dsp. 25 Sep 1934), mar. 1911 Capt Arthur Fletcher

1. Lady Isabella Emma Elizabeth FitzMaurice (d. 4 Aug 1906), mar. (1) 11 Oct 1858 Samuel Leo Schuster, of The Grange, Leatherhead, co. Surrey (d. 1884), son of Leo Schuster, of Roehampton, co. Surrey, and (2) 11 Jan 1886 Lt Gen Hon Hussey Fane Keane CB (b. 14 Jun 1822; dsp. 25 Oct 1895), 4th son of John [Keane], 1st Baron Keane, by his first wife Grace Smith, dau. of Lt Gen Sir John Smith, and had issue by her first husband

2. Lady Emily Charlotte FitzMaurice (d. 13 Jan 1910)

3. Lady Maria Louisa FitzMaurice (d. 6 Oct 1917), mar. 16 Aug 1859 Capt Edmund Robert Spearman CMG, British Vice-Consul at Chantilly 1901-18 (b. 10 May 1837; d. 6 Oct 1918), 2nd son of Rt Hon Sir Alexander Young Spearman, 1st Bt., by his wife Jane Campbell, dau. of Duncan Campbell of Inveraw, and had issue

died

16 May 1877

suc. by

son

note

a Representative Peer (Conservative) for Scotland 1833-74

 

George William Hamilton [FitzMaurice], 6th Earl of Orkney, KCMG

born

6 May 1827

mar.

28 Nov 1872 Amelia de Samuel (b. c. 1812; widow of Baron de Samuel;  d. 11 Nov 1890)

died

s.p. 21 Oct 1889

suc. by

nephew

note

entered the Army 1845, ADC to the Commissioner of the Ionian Islands 1851-54, served at the siege of Sebastopol and the capture of Kertch and Yenikale, Capt Scots Fusilier Guards 1856-57; Knight (5th Class) of the Medjidie, Turkey; Grand Commander of the Order of the Saviour, Greece; CMG 1866; KCMG 1875; a Representative Peer (Conservative) for Scotland 1885-89

 

Edmond Walter [FitzMaurice], 7th Earl of Orkney

born

24 May 1867

mar.

19 Jul 1892 Constance Macdonald Gilchrist (the burlesque actress "Connie Gilchrist";  d. 9 May 1946), dau. of David Gilchrist, a civil engineer

only child

1. Lady Mary Constance Hamilton FitzMaurice (b. 26 Feb 1903; dsp. and vp. 6 Oct 1950), mar. 29 Oct 1927 Edward Lambert Gosling (d, 9 Jan 1960), 3rd son of Francis Gosling, of Welbury, co. Hertford

died

s.p.m. 21 Aug 1951

suc. by

first cousin twice removed

note

Lt Col, 3rd Battalion Oxfordshire Light Infantry 1898-1903; served in World War I 1914-18; Chairman, Stewkley District Council 1921; MFH, Whaddon Chase Hunt 1920-23

 

Cecil O'Bryen [FitzMaurice], 8th Earl of Orkney

born

3 Jul 1919

mar.

27 Nov 1953 Rose Katherine Durke Silley (d. 27 Jul 1995), 2nd dau. of Joseph William Durke Silley, of Brixham, Devon

died

s.p. 5 Feb 1998

suc. by

third cousin

note

served in World War II and in Korea

 

Oliver Peter [St John], 9th Earl of Orkney

born

27 Feb 1938

mar. (1)

1963 (div. 1985) Mary Juliet Brown, dau. of Dr W G Scott Brown CVO

children

1. Hon Oliver Robert St John, styled Viscount Kirkwall (b. 19 Jul 1969), mar. Consuela Davies

1. Lady Juliet Elizabeth St John (b. 24 Sep 1964)

2. Lady Nicola Jane St John (b. 7 Mar 1966)

3. Lady Lucy Margaret St John (b. 1972)

mar. (2)

1985 Mary Barbara Huck (widow of ...... Huck), dau. of Dr David B Albertson, of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

note

Lecturer, University College London 1963-64; Lecturer, University of Manitoba 1964-66; Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Manitoba since 1972; Visiting Professor, Carleton University 1981-82

 

Last updated 14 Dec 2009

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Titles:

9th Earl of Orkney

(Scotland, let. pat. 3 Jan 1696)

9th Viscount Kirkwall

(Scotland, let. pat. 3 Jan 1696)

9th Lord Dechmont

(Scotland, let. pat. 3 Jan 1696)

 

Addresses:

595 Gertrude Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3L 0M9, Canada

St John's College, University of Manitoba, 92 Dysart Road, Fort Garry, Manitoba R3T 2M5, Canada

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