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Pembroke, Earl of (E, 1138 - 1389)

 

Creation: let.pat. 1138

 

Extinct: 25 Dec 1245

 

Family name: FitzGilbert/de Clare later Marshal later de Valence later de Hastings

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Gilbert [FitzGilbert or de Clare], 1st Earl of Pembroke

2nd son of Gilbert FitzRichard or de Clare, Lord of Clare, Tonbridge and Cardigan, by his wife Alice of Clermont, dau. of Hugh, Count of Clermont

born

c. 1100

mar.

Lady Isabel de Beaumont, 5th dau. of Robert de Beaumont, Count of Meulan and 1st Earl of Leicester, by his wife Isabel of Vermandois, 2nd dau. of Hugh "the Great", Count of Vermandois (by his wife Adelaide, suo jure Countess of Vermandois, sister and hrss. of Odo, Count of Vermandois, the last of the Carolingian dynasty, and only dau. of Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois), 2nd son of Henry I, King of France, by his wife Anne of Kiev

children

1. Richard FitzGilbert or de Clare, later 2nd Earl of Pembroke

1. Lady Basilea FitzGilbert or de Clare, mar. (1) Raymond FitzGerald "the Fat", Constable of Leinster, and (2) Geoffrey FitzRobert

died

6 Jan 1147/8 or 1148/9 (bur. in Tintern Abbey)

created

1138 Earl of Pembroke

suc. by

son

note

attested charters of his father and of his elder brother for Clare Priory ; shortly after his father's death in 1114 he joined with his mother, his two surviving brothers and his sister Rohese in granting a charter to Thorney Abbey;  he suc. his paternal uncle Roger in the baronies and castle of Bienfaite and Orbec in Normandy, where he supported King Stephen against the Empress Maud and her husband, Geoffrey of Anjou;  he also suc. another paternal uncle, Walter, as Lord of Nether Gwent, with the castle of Strigoil, later known as Chepstow, c. 1137/8;  when he came to England in 1138 as well as creating him Earl of Pembroke King Stephen gave him the rape and castle of Pevensey;  he marched with King Stephen to Arundel to oppose the Empress Maud 1139;  at the Battle of Lincoln 1140/1 he was one of the nobles who fled when the first division of King Stephen's army was put to flight, but rallied to the Queen when she had recovered London later the same year;  at Canterbury for the King's re-crowning 1141;  with the King on his progress to the North 1142;  jointly with the Earl of Essex evicted the rebels from the Isle of Ely;  with the King at the siege of Oxford 1142;  captured Carmarthen Castle in South Wales 1144;  temporarily rebelled against the King when they argued over the possession of certain castles 1144;  a benefactor to Tintern Abbey, the Priories of Lewes, Southwark and St Neots, and the Templars.

 

Richard [FitzGilbert or de Clare], 2nd Earl of Pembroke, called "Strongbow"

born

c. 1130

mar.

c. 26 Aug 1171 Aoife (Eva) MacMurrough, dau. and de facto hrss. of Dermot MacMurrough, King of Leinster, by Mor O'Toole, either dau. of Murtough O'Toole, Lord of Omurethy, brother of St Laurence O'Toole, Archbishop of Dublin, or their sister

children

1. Gilbert de Clare, later 3rd Earl of Pembroke

1. Lady Isabel de Clare, suo jure Countess of Pembroke

died

20 Apr 1176 (bur. in Holy Trinity Church (Christ Church Cathedral), Dublin)

suc. by

son

note

 

Gilbert [de Clare], de jure 3rd Earl of Pembroke

born

1173

died

s.p. betw. 1185 and 6 Jul 1189

suc. by

sister

 

Lady Isabel de Clare, suo jure Countess of Pembroke

born

mar.

Aug 1189 William Marshal, cr. Earl of Pembroke 27 May 1199 (b. 1146; d. 14 May 1219; bur. in the Temple Church, London), 2nd son of John FitzGilbert called John the Marshal, by his second wife Sibyl de Salisbury, sister of Patrick [de Salisbury], 1st Earl of Wiltshire, and dau. of Walter de Salisbury, Hereditary Sheriff of Wiltshire and Constable of Salisbury, by his wife Sibyl de Chaworth, dau. of Patrick de Chaworth

children

1. William Marshal, later 5th Earl of Pembroke

2. Richard Marshal, later 6th Earl of Pembroke

3. Gilbert Marshal, later 7th Earl of Pembroke

4. Walter Marshal, later 8th Earl of Pembroke

5. Anselm Marshal, later 9th Earl of Pembroke

1. Lady Maud Marshal, Lady of Chepstow and Carlow, and Marshal of England (d. 27 Mar 1248), mar. (1) 1207 Hugh [le Bigod], 3rd Earl of Norfolk, and (2) bef. 13 Oct 1225 William [de Warenne], 6th Earl of Surrey, and had issue by both husbands

2. Lady Joan Marshal, Lady of Pembroke and Wexford, mar. as his first wife Sir Warin de Munchensy, of Swanscombe, co. Kent, Winfarthing and Gooderstone, co. Norfolk, etc., and had issue:

1a. Joan de Munchensy, Lady of Pembroke and Wexford, later de jure suo jure Countess of Pembroke

3. Lady Isabel Marshal, Lady of Kilkenny (d. 17 Jan 1239/40; bur. at Beaulieu, co. Hampshire, her heart being sent to Tewkesbury Abbey), mar. (1) 9 Oct 1217 Gilbert [de Clare], 4th Earl of Hertford later 4th Earl of Gloucester, and (2) 30 Mar 1231 as his first wife Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall and King of the Romans, 2nd son of King John; d. 17 Jan 1239/40), and had issue by both husbands

4. Lady Sibyl Marshal, Lady of Kildare (dspm.), mar. bef. 14 May 1219 as his first wife William [de Ferrers], 5th Earl of Derby, and had issue

5. Lady Eve Marshal, Lady of Abergavenny, mar. Sir William de Braose, Lord of Brecknock, and had issue

died

1220 (bur. at Tintern Abbey)

suc. by

son

note

 

William [Marshal], 5th Earl of Pembroke

born

c. 1190

mar. (1)

1214 Alice de Forz (widow of (1) William [de Mandeville], Earl of Essex and jure uxoris Count of Aumale, and (2) William de Forz, jure uxoris Count of Aumale; d. bef. 1221; bur. in St Paul's Cathedral, London), dau. of Baldwin de Bethune, Count of Aumale, by Hawise of Aumale, dau. of William, Count of Aumale

mar. (2)

23 Apr 1224 Eleanor of England (b. 1215; mar. (2) 7 Jan 1238 Simon [de Montfort], 1st Earl of Leicester; d. 13 Apr 1275), 3rd dau. of John, King of England, by his second wife Isabella of Angoulême, suo jure Countess of Angoulême, dau. of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angoulême

died

s.p. 6 Apr 1231 (bur. in the Temple Church, London)

suc. by

brother

note

 

Richard [Marshal], 6th Earl of Pembroke

born

after 1190

mar.

1222 Gervaise of Rohan (widow of (1) Juhel de Mayenne, Lord of Mayenne, and (2) Geoffrey, Vicomte of Rohan; d. after 21 Dec 1236), dau. and hrss. by his first wife of Alan de Dinan, Lord of Dinan

died

s.p. 16 Apr 1234 (bur. in the Church of the Franciscans, Kilkenny)

suc. by

brother

note

 

Gilbert [Marshal], 7th Earl of Pembroke

born

mar.

1 Aug 1235 Marjorie of Scotland (dsp. 17 Nov 1244; bur. in the Church of the Preaching Friars), 3rd dau. of William I "the Lion", King of Scotland, by his wife Ermengarde of Beaumont, dau. of Richard, Viscount of Beaumont-le-Maine, by his wife Constance, illegitimate dau. of Henry I, King of England

died

s.p.legit. 27 Jun 1241 (bur. in the Temple Church, London)

suc. by

brother

note

 

Walter [Marshal], 8th Earl of Pembroke

born

after 1198

mar.

6 Jan 1241/2 Lady Margaret de Lacy (widow of John [de Lacy], 1st Earl of Lincoln; mar. (3) bef. 7 Jun 1252 Richard de Wiltshire; d. bef. 30 Mar 1266; bur. in the Church of the Hospitallers of St John, Clerkenwell, London), 1st dau. and hrss. of Robert de Quincy (by his wife Lady Hawise de Meschines, suo jure Countess of Lincoln, sister and cohrss. of Ranulph "de Blundeville" [de Meschines], 4th Earl of Chester and 1st Earl of Lincoln, and 4th dau. of Hugh "of Kevelioc" [de Meschines], 3rd Earl of Chester), 1st son of Saher [de Quincy], 1st Earl of Winchester, by his wife Lady Margaret de Beaumont, sister and cohrss. of Robert [de Beaumont], 4th Earl of Leicester, and 2nd dau. of Robert [de Beaumont], 3rd Earl of Leicester

died

s.p. 24 Nov 1245 (bur. in Tintern Abbey)

suc. by

brother

note

 

Anselm [Marshal], 9th Earl of Pembroke

born

mar.

Lady Maud de Bohun (mar. (2) after Jan 1245/6 as his second wife Roger [de Quincy], 2nd Earl of Winchester; dsp. 20 Oct 1252 ; bur. at Brackley, co. Northampton), 1st dau. of Humphrey [de Bohun], 2nd Earl of Hereford and 7th Earl of Essex, by his first wife Maud de Lusignan, dau. of Raoul de Lusignan, Count of Eu, by his wife Alice of Eu, sister and hrss. of Raoul, Count of Eu, and dau. of Henry, Count of Eu and Lord of Hastings

died

s.p. 22/23/24 Dec 1245 (bur. in Tintern Abbey)

suc. by

neice

note

 

On the death of the 9th Earl of Pembroke the Earldom of Pembroke became dormant, with the office of Marshal passing to his eldest sister and coheiress, Maud, Countess of Norfolk. His nephew-in-law, Sir William de Valence, who married Joan de Munchensy, Lady of Pembroke and Wexford, in 1247, was summoned to Parliament as Earl of Pembroke in 1295 by his nephew, King Edward I. Whether this was a recognition that as William and his wife were in possession of the Honour of Pembroke they were therefore entitled to the earldom, or it was a new, if somewhat irregular, creation is a moot point. It was more than likely that Joan was regarded as having inherited the Earldom of Pembroke from her uncle when she inherited the Castle and Honour of Pembroke. Earl William died in 1296, and his widow styled herself Countess of Pembroke on many occasions before her own death in 1307. The Complete Peerage says: "After her death in 1307 her son and heir, Aymer de Valence, was tacitly recognised as Earl of Pembroke and was always given that title and treated as Earl.

 

Joan de Muchensy later de Valence, de jure suo jure Countess of Pembroke

born

mar.

13 Aug 1247 Sir William de Valence, Lord of Valence, Montignac, Bellac, Rancon and Champagnac, styled Earl of Pembroke (b. after 1225; d. bef. 18 May 1296; bur. in Westminster Abbey), half-brother of Henry III, King of England, and 4th son of Hugh X, Count of La Marche and jure uxoris Angoulême, by his wife Isabel, suo jure Countess of Angoulême, widow of John, King of England, and dau. of Aymer, Count of Angoulême

children

1. John de Valence (dvp. Jan 1276/7; bur. in Westminster Abbey)

2. William de Valence, Lord of Montignac and Bellac (dvp. 16 Jun 1282)

3. Aymer de Valence, later 11th Earl of Pembroke

1. Lady Anne de Valence (dsp.), mar. (1) Maurice FitzGerald, (2) Hugh de Balliol, and (3) John de Avesnes

2. Lady Isabel de Valence (d. 5 Oct 1305), mar. 1275 John [de Hastings], 1st Baron Hastings, and had issue:

1a. William de Hastings (b. 4 Oct 1282; dvpsp. bef. 1 Mar 1310/1), mar. after 30 Sep 1297 Eleanor Martin (mar. (2) before 30 Mar 1318 Philip [de Columbiers], 1st Baron Columbiers; dsp. 13 Dec 1342;  bur. in Barnstaple Priory), sister and cohrss. of William [Martin], 2nd Baron Martin, and 1st dau. of William [Martin], 1st Baron Martin, by his first wife Eleanor de Mohun, widow of Sir John de Mohun, and dau. of Sir Reynold FitzPiers, of Blaen Llyfni and Bwlch y Dinas, co. Brecon

2a. John [de Hastings], 2nd Baron Hastings, mar. Juliana de Leyburne (mar. (2) 1326 Sir Thomas le Blount, of Tibberton, co. Gloucester, Steward of the King's Household (d. 17 Aug 1328), and (3) bef. 17 Oct 1328 William [de Clinton], 1st Earl of Huntingdon; d. 1 Nov 1367; bur. in St Anne's Chapel in the Church of St Augustine, Canterbury, co. Kent), dau. of Sir Thomas de Leyburne, of Leyburne and Newington, co. Kent, by his wife Alice de Toni, sister and cohrss. of Sir Robert de Toni, of Castle Maud, co. Radnor, South Tawton, co. Devon, and Flamstead, co. Hertford, and dau. of Sir Ralph de Toni, of Castle Maud, co. Radnor, South Tawton, co. Devon, and Flamstead, co. Hertford, and had issue:

1b. Laurence de Hastings, later 3rd Baron Hastings later 12th or 1st Earl of Pembroke

1a. Jonnette de Hastings, mar. Edmund Martin (dvpsp.), 1st son and heir ap. of William [Martin], 1st Baron Martin, by his wife Eleanor de Mohun, widow of Sir John de Mohun, and dau. of Sir Reynold FitzPiers

2a. Elizabeth de Hastings, mar. Roger [de Grey], 1st Baron Grey of Ruthin, and had issue

3a. Joan de Hastings, mar. William de Huntingfield, of Huntingfield and Frampton, co. Suffolk (d. Sep 1313), 1st son and heir of Sir Roger de Huntingfield, of Huntingfield, co. Suffolk, by his wife Joyce Engaine, 2nd dau. of Sir John Engaine, of Laxton and Blatherwycke, co. Northampton, and had issue

3. Lady Joan de Valence, mar. John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch, and had issue

4. Lady Margaret de Valence

died

bef. 20 Sep 1307

suc. by

son

note

 

Aymer [de Valence], 11th Earl of Pembroke

born

c. 1270

mar. (1)

Beatrice de Clermont (dsp. bef. 14 Sep 1320; bur. in the conventual church in Stratford), 3rd dau. and cohrss. of Ralph de Clermont, Lord of Néelle and Brios, Constable of France, by his first wife Alice de Dreux, suo jure Vicomtesse de Chateaudun and Dame de Montdoubleau, 1st dau. of Robert de Dreux, Lord of Beu

mar. (2)

3 or 5 Jul 1321 Mary of St Pol, founded Pembroke College, Cambridge, and Denny Abbey, co. Cambridge (dsp. 16 or 17 Mar 1377; bur. in Denny Abbey), dau. of Guy de Chatillon, Count of St Pol, by his wife Mary of Brittany, dau. of John, Duke of Brittany and Earl of Richmond, by his wife Beatrice of England, dau. of Henry III, King of England

died

s.p. 23 Jun 1324 (bur. in Westminster Abbey)

suc. by

great-nephew

note

 

Laurence [de Hastings], 3rd Baron Hastings later 12th or 1st Earl of Pembroke

born

20 Mar 1319/20

mar.

shortly after 29 May 1328 Lady Agnes de Mortimer (mar. (2) betw. 30 Nov 1348 and 12 Nov 1351 John de Hakelut; d. 25 Jul 1368; bur. in the church of the Minoresses without Aldgate, London), 3rd dau. of Roger [de Mortimer], 1st Earl of March, by his wife Joan de Geneville, dau. and hrss. of Sir Piers de Geneville, of Ludlow, co. Salop (by his wife Joan d'Albret, widow of Bernard-Ezy I, Sire d'Albret, and dau. of Hugh XII, Count of La Marche and Angoulême, by his wife Jehanne, dau. and hrss. of Raoul, Seigneur de Fougéres), 2nd but 1st son and heir ap. of Geoffrey [de Geneville], 1st Baron Geneville

only child

1. John de Hastings, later 13th or 2nd Earl of Pembroke

died

29 or 30 Aug 1348 (bur. in the Priory Church at Abergavenny)

confirmed

13 Oct 1339 the King confirmed and approved that Laurence should assume and have the name of Earl of Pembroke, as descended from the eldest sister of Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, and granted that he should have the prerogatives and honour of an Earl Palatine in the lands swhich he held of the inheritance of the said Aymer, whereupon he became Earl of Pembroke [The Complete Peerage says: The wording of this document is unique, but it must have been intended, not as a new creation, but as confirmation of the alleged right of Laurence to the Earldom of Pembroke formerly held by Aymer de Valance.]

suc. by

son

note

 

John [de Hastings], 13th or 2nd Earl of Pembroke, KG

born

29 Aug 1347

mar. (1)

19 May 1359 the Princess Margaret (b. 20 Jul 1346; dsp. soon after 1 Oct 1361; bur. in Abingdon Abbey), 5th dau. of Edward III, King of England, by his wife Philippa of Hainault, dau. of William V, Count of Hainault and Holland

mar. (2)

in or after Jul 1368 Lady Anne de Manny, suo jure Baroness Manny (b. 24 Jul 1355; d. 3 Apr 1384), dau. and hrss. of Walter [de Manny], 1st Baron Manny, by his wife Lady Margaret Plantagenet, suo jure Duchess of Norfolk, 1st dau. and co hrss. of Thomas "of Brotherton", 1st Earl of Norfolk (by his first wife Alice Halys, dau. of Sir Roger Halys, of Harwich, co. Essex), 1st son of Edward I, King of England, by his second wife Margaret of France, dau. of Philip III, King of France

only child by second wife

1. John de Hastings, later 14th or 3rd Earl of Pembroke

died

16 Apr 1375 (bur. in the church of the Friars Preachers at Hereford)

suc. by

son by second wife

note

 

John [de Hastings], 14th or 3rd Earl of Pembroke

born

11 Nov 1372

mar. (1)

24 Jun 1380 (dissolved after 24 Sep 1383) Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet (b. 21 Feb 1363; mar. (2) 24 Jun 1386 John [Holand], 1st Duke of Exeter, and (3) bef. 12 Dec 1400 John [Cornwall], 1st Baron Fanhope; d. 24 Nov 1425), 2nd dau. of John "of Gaunt", 1st Duke of Lancaster, by his first wife Lady Blanche Plantagenet, suo jure Countess of Lancaster, 2nd dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Henry "of Grosmont", 1st Duke of Lancaster

mar. (2)

Lady Philippa de Mortimer (b. 21 Nov 1375; mar. (2) as his second wife Richard [Fitzalan], 11th or 4th Earl of Arundel, and (3) c. Apr 1398 John [Poynings], 5th Baron St John of Basing; d. 24 Sep 1401), 2nd dau. of Edmund [de Mortimer], 3rd Earl of March, by his wife Lady Philippa Plantagenet, suo jure Countess of Ulster, only child of Lionel "of Antwerp", 1st Duke of Clarence, by his first wife and third cousin Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, suo jure Countess of Ulster, only child of William [de Burgh], 3rd Earl of Ulster

died

s.p. 30 or 31 Dec 1389 (bur. initially beside his father in the church of the Friars Preachers at Hereford, but in or after Mar 1391/2 his body was exhumed and reburied in the choir of the church of the Friars Minors (Grey Friars) in London)

note

 

On the death of the 14th or 3rd Earl of Pembroke the Earldom of Pembroke reverted to the Crown, the Barony of Manny became extinct and the Barony of Hastings became dormant.

 

Last updated 17 Jan 2013

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