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Rayleigh, Baron (UK, 1821)


Creation: let. pat. 18 Jul 1821


Family name: Strutt




Azure on a Chevron Argent between three Cross Crosslets fitchy Or as many Leopards' Faces proper


A Demi Lion Azure gorged with a Mural Crown holding in the dexter paw a Cross Crosslet fitchy Or and resting the sinister on a Shield Sable charged with a Chevron Argent between three Cross Crosslets fitchy also Or


Dexter:  a Reindeer Or collared and attired Sable ;  Sinister:  a Monkey proper banded round the loins and chained the Chain reflexed over the back Or


Tenax Propositi (Tanacious of purpose)



Lady Charlotte Mary Gertrude FitzGerald later Strutt, suo jure Baroness Rayleigh

5th but 2nd surv. dau. of James [FitzGerald], 1st Duke of Leinster, by his wife Lady Emilia Mary Lennox, 2nd dau. of Charles [Lennox], 2nd Duke of Richmond


29 May 1758


23 Feb 1789 Lt Col Joseph Holden Strutt DL MP, of Terling Place, Witham, co. Essex (b. 21 Nov 1758; d. 18 Feb 1845), 2nd but 1st surv. son of John Strutt MP, miller, of Terling Place, Witham, co. Essex, by his wife Anne Goodday, dau. of Rev William Goodday, of Strelley, co. Nottingham


1. Hon John James Strutt, later 2nd Baron Rayleigh

2. William Henry Strutt (b. 1800; dvm. 1805)

1. Hon Emily Anne Strutt (b. 1790; d. 14 Dec 1864)

2. Hon Charlotte Olivia Strutt (b. c. 1798; d. 31 Jan 1897), mar. 19 Jan 1841 Rev Robert Drummond (d. 1883), son of Vice Admiral Sir Adam Drummond


13 Sep 1836 (bur. at Terling, co. Essex)


18 Jul 1821 Baroness Rayleigh, of Terling Place in the County of Essex, with remainder to the heirs male of her body by her husband, Joseph Holden Strutt

suc. by



John James [Strutt], 2nd Baron Rayleigh


30 Jan 1796


3 Feb 1842 Clare Elizabeth La Touche Vicars (d. 4 Mar 1900), 1st dau. of Capt Richard Vicars, of Longford Grove, King's County, by his wife Marianne Williams, dau. of T Williams


1. Hon John William Strutt, later 3rd Baron Rayleigh

2. Hon Joseph Henry Strutt (b. 1844; dvp. 1845)

3. Hon Richard Strutt (b. 29 Feb 1848; d. 14 Oct 1927), mar. 24 Apr 1879 Hon Augusta Neville (d. 22 Jan 1903), only child of Charles Cornwallis [Neville], 5th Baron Braybrooke, by his wife Hon Florence Priscilla Alicia Maude, 3rd dau. of Cornwallis [Maude], 3rd Viscount Hawarden, and had issue

4. Hon Charles Hedley Strutt JP, Member of Parliament for East Essex 1883-85 and 1895-1906 (b. 18 Apr 1849; d. 19 Dec 1926), mar. 5 Nov 1919 Evangeline Bernard (widow of Percy Broderick Bernard, of Castle Hacket; d. 17 Feb 1950), dau. of Henry Hoare, of Staplehurst, co. Kent

5. Hon Edward Gerald Strutt CH, agricultural adviser to Board of Agriculture during World War I (b. 10 Apr 1854; d. 8 Mar 1930), mar. 29 Oct 1878 Maria Louisa Tufnell (d. 10 May 1938), dau. of John Jolliffe Tufnell, of Langleys, co. Essex, and had issue

6. Hon Hedley Vicars Strutt (b. 17 Jul 1864; d. 22 Jan 1891), mar. Sep 1885 Elizabeth Knight (d. 15 Mar 1888), dau. of John Knight, and had issue

1. Hon Clara Emily Charlotte Strutt (d. 23 Dec 1912), mar. 12 Sep 1871 John Paley JP DL, of Langcliffe, co. York, and Ampton Hall, co. Suffolk, High Sheriff of Suffolk 1889-90 (b. 2 Aug 1839; d. 4 Oct 1894), 1st surv. son of Rev George Barber Paley JP, of Langcliffe, co. York, Rector of Freckenham, co. Suffolk, by his wife Catharine Ann Robertson, dau. of Dr William Robertson, of Bath, co. Somerset, and had issue


14 Jun 1873 (bur. at Terling, co. Essex)

suc. by



Maj, Eastern Battalion Essex Militia


John William [Strutt], 3rd Baron Rayleigh, OM PC


12 Nov 1842


19 Jul 1871 Evelyn Georgiana Mary Balfour (b. c. 1847; d. 7 Apr 1934), sister of Arthur James [Balfour], 1st Earl of Balfour, and 2nd dau. of James Maitland Balfour, of Whittinghame, by his wife Lady Blanche Mary Harriett Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd dau. by his first wife of James Brownlow William [Cecil later Gascoyne-Cecil], 2nd Marquess of Salisbury


1. Hon Robert John Strutt, later 4th Baron Rayleigh

2. Vice Admiral Hon Arthur Charles Strutt CBE RN (b. 2 Oct 1878; dsp. 10 Feb 1973), mar. 6 Dec 1934 Irene Ward (b. c. 1884; widow of Capt Hon Cyril Augustus Ward MVO RN; d. 21 Apr 1974), dau. of Baron de Brienen

3. Hon Julian Balfour Strutt (b. 16 Aug 1880; dvp. 4 Sep 1886)

4. Hon William Maitland Strutt (b. 20 Jul 1896; dvp. 22 Nov 1912)


30 Jun 1919 (bur. at Terling, co. Essex)

suc. by



FRS 1873; Cavendish Professor of Experimental Physics 1879-84; President, British Association 1884; Secretary, The Royal Society 1885-96; Professor of Natural Philosophy, Royal Institution 1887-1905; Lord Lieutenant of Essex 1892-1901; Order of Merit 1902; Privy Councillor 1905; President, The Royal Society 1905-08; Chancellor, Cambridge University 1908-19; President, Society for Psychical Research 1919


Robert John [Strutt], 4th Baron Rayleigh


28 Aug 1875

mar. (1)

6 Jul 1905 Lady Mary Hilda Clements (b. c. 1876; d. 7 Apr 1919), 2nd dau. of Robert Bermingham [Clements], 4th Earl of Leitrim, by his wife Lady Winifred Coke, 5th dau. by his first wife of Thomas William [Coke], 2nd Earl of Leicester

children by first wife

1. Hon John Arthur Strutt, later 5th Baron Rayleigh

2. Capt Hon Charles Richard Strutt (b. 25 May 1910; d. 11 Dec 1981), mar. 17 Dec 1952 Hon Jean Elizabeth Davidson (b. 19 Jun 1924), 2nd dau. of John Colin Campbell [Davidson], 1st Viscount Davidson, by his wife Hon Dame Frances Joan Dickinson DBE, suo jure Baroness Northchurch (Life Peeress), 2nd dau. of Willoughby Hyett [Dickinson], 1st Baron Dickinson, and had issue:

1a. John Gerald Strutt, later 6th Baron Rayleigh

1a. Anne Caroline Strutt (b. 8 Dec 19...), mar. 1988 Hon Bernard Christison Jenkin MP (b. 1959), 2nd son of (Charles) Patrick Fleeming [Jenkin], Baron Jenkin of Roding (Life Peer), and has issue

2a. Mary Jean Strutt (b. 30 Jul 1957), mar. 1981 Roderick Joseph Fraser, of Moniack Castle, Kirkhill, co. Inverness (b. 25 Jan 1953), 2nd son of Maj Alastair Hugh Joseph Fraser MC (by his wife Philippa Margaret Guise, only dau. of Sir Anselm William Edward Guise, 6th Bt.), 1st son and heir of Maj Hon Alastair Thomas Joseph Fraser DSO JP DL (by his wife Lady Sibyl Grimston, 5th dau. of James Walter [Grimston], 3rd Earl of Verulam), 4th son of Simon [Fraser], 13th Lord Lovat, and has issue

3. Capt Hon Hedley Vicars Strutt, of Mulroy, Carrigart, Letterkenny, co. Donegal (b. 19 Feb 1915; d. 20 Mar 2012)

1. Violet Blanche Strutt (b. 21 Jul 1906; dvp. 11 May 1910)

2. Hon Daphne Strutt (b. 5 Nov 1911; d. 18 Feb 2003), mar. 25 Nov 1931 John Emerich Henry [Lyon-Dalberg-Acton], 3rd Baron Acton, and had issue

mar. (2)

8 Jul 1920 Kathleen Alice Cuthbert OBE (widow of Capt James Harold Cuthbert DSO, of Beaufront Castle, Hexham, co. Northumberland;  d. 1980), 1st dau. of Lt Col John Coppin Straker later Coppin-Straker, of Stagshaw House, co. Northumberland, by his wife Alice Whittingham Allgood OBE, 1st dau. of Rev James Allgood, of Nunwick, co. Northumberland

only child by second wife

4. Hon Guy Robert Strutt, of The Old Rectory, Terling, co. Essex (b. 16 Apr 1921)


13 Dec 1947

suc. by

son by first wife


FRS 1905; Foreign Secretary, The Royal Society 1929


John Arthur [Strutt], 5th Baron Rayleigh


12 Apr 1908


1 Dec 1934 Ursula Mary Brocklebank (d. 1982), dau. of Lt Col Richard Hugh Royds Brocklebank DSO, of Alveston House, Stratford-on-Avon, by his wife Charlotte Carissima Blood, dau. of Gen Sir Bindon Blood GCB GCVO, of 59 Cadogan Square, London SW1


s.p. 21 Apr 1988

suc. by



John Gerald [Strutt], 6th Baron Rayleigh


4 Jun 1960


2 May 1991 Annabel Kate Patterson, 3rd dau. of Maj (William) Gary Patterson, of Newbury, co. Berkshire, by his wife Hon Sandra Debonnaire Monson, only dau. of John Rosebery [Monson], 10th Baron Monson


1. Hon (John) Frederick Strutt (b. 29 Mar 1993

2. Hon William Hedley Charles Strutt (b. 11 Nov 1994)

3. Hon Hugo Richard Strutt (b. 12 Feb 1998)

4. Hon Theodore James Strutt (b. 16 Sep 2000)


 Last updated 2 Apr 2012




6th Baron Rayleigh, of Terling Place in the County of Essex

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 18 Jul 1821)



The Office, Terling Place, Terling, Chelmsford, Essex CM3 2QW

Tel:  01245 233665



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