Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage

If you have found this page useful, why not make a donation to The Peerage Research Trust so that we can continue to maintain and develop Cracroft's Peerage?


| Search this site | Introduction | Contents | The Monarchy | The Peerage | The Baronetage | Untitled Families | Orders of Chivalry | Miscellaneous | Forums | Contact Us | Links |

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Rosslyn, Earl of (UK, 1801)

 

Creation: let. pat. 21 Apr 1801

 

Family name: Wedderburn later St Clair-Erskine

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Arms:

Quarterly:  1st, Argent a Cross engrailed Sable (St Clair);  2nd, Argent a Pale Or (Erskine);  3rd, Azure a Bend between six Cross Crosslets fitchée Or (Mar);  4th, Argent on a Chevron Gules between three roses of the last barbed Vert a Fleur-de-lis of the field for difference (Wedderburn)

Crests:

1st:  a Demi Phoenix in flames proper, and over it the device "Rinasco Piu Glorioso";  2nd:  an Eagle's Head erased proper, with the words "Illaeso Lumine Solem"

Supporters:

On the dexter side an Eagle wings inverted proper gorged with a Collar Argent thereon a Fleur-de-lis Gules, and on the sinister side a Griffin wings elevated proper

Motto:

Fight

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Peter Wedderburn, styled Lord Chesterhall

only son of Alexander Wedderburn, Commissioner of the Scottish Excise, by his wife Mary Deas, dau. of John Deas of Coldingknows

born

mar.

Janet Ogilvy, dau. of Capt David Ogilvy

children

1. Alexander Wedderburn, later 1st Baron Loughborough later 1st Earl of Rosslyn

2. Col David Wedderburn, in the HEICS, killed at the recapture of Barrock, India (d. 1773)

1. Janet Wedderburn (d. Jun 1797), mar. 1761 Lt Gen Sir Henry Erskine of Alva, 5th Bt. MP, Secretary of the Order of the Thistle (d. 7 Aug 1765), brother and heir of Maj Sir Charles Erskine of Alva, 4th Bt., and 2nd son of Sir John Erskine of Alva, 3rd Bt. MP, by his wife Hon Catherine St Clair, dau. of Henry [St Clair], 10th Lord Sinclair, and had issue:

1a. Sir James Erskine of Alva later St Clair-Erskine, 6th Bt., later 2nd Earl of Rosslyn

2a. Hon John Erskine, granted the rank and precedence of the younger son of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1805, Comptroller of Army Accounts (d. 10 Feb 1817), mar. 1802 Mary Mordaunt (d. 17 Jul 1821), 1st dau. of Sir John Mordaunt, 7th Bt. MP, by his wife Elizabeth Prowse, dau. and cohrss. of Thomas Prowse, of Axbridge, co. Somerset, and had issue

1a. Lady Henrietta Maria Erskine, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1805 (d. 16 Feb 1820)

died

11 Aug 1756

note

a Lord of Session as Lord Chesterhall 1755

 

Alexander [Wedderburn], 1st Baron Loughborough later 1st Earl of Rosslyn, PC

born

13 Feb 1733

mar. (1)

31 Dec 1767 Betty Anne Dawson (b. c. 1745; dsp. 15 Feb 1781), only child and hrss. of John Dawson, of Morley, co. York, by his wife Elizabeth Taylor, dau. of ..... Taylor, of Gainsborough, co. Lincoln

mar. (2)

12 Sep 1782 Hon Charlotte Courtenay (b. 20 Jan 1751; bur. 23 May 1826), 4th dau. of William [Courtenay], 1st Viscount Courtenay and de jure 7th Earl of Devon, by his wife Lady Frances Finch, 4th dau. of Heneage [Finch], 2nd Earl of Aylesford

only child by second wife

1. Hon ..... Wedderburn (b. 2 Oct 1793; d. an infant)

died

s.p.s. 2 Jan 1805

created

17 Jun 1780 Baron Loughborough, of Loughborough in the County of Leicester

31 Oct 1795 Baron Loughborough, of Loughborough in the County of Surrey, with remainder in default of male issue to his nephew, Sir James St Clair-Erskine, 6th Bt. and his heirs male, failing which to John Erskine, the brother of Sir James, and his heirs male

21 Apr 1801 Earl of Rosslyn, with a similar remainder in favour of the issue male of his sister, Dame Janet Erskine

suc. by

nephew

note

advocate 1754; barrister, Inner Temple 1757; Member of Parliament for Ayr Burghs 1761-68, for Richmond 1768-69, for Bishop's Castle 1770-74 and 1778-1780, and for Okehampton 1774-78; King's Counsel and Bencher, Lincoln's Inn 1763; Solicitor-General 1771-78;  Chancellor to the Queen Consort 1771-80; Attorney-General 1778-80;  Privy Councillor 1780; Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 1780-93;  First Commissioner of the Great Seal 1783; Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain 1793-1801;  Elder Brother of the Trinity House 1799-1805; Trustee of the British Museum 1801-05; on his death the 1780 Barony of Loughborough became extinct

 

James [Erskine later St Clair-Erskine], 2nd Earl of Rosslyn, GCB PC

born

6 Feb 1762

mar.

4 Nov 1789 Henrietta Elizabeth Bouverie (b. 1771; d. 8 Aug 1810), 1st dau. of Hon Edward Bouverie (by his wife Henrietta Fawkener, dau. of Sir Everard Fawkener, Ambassador to Constantinople), 2nd son of Jacob [Bouverie], 1st Viscount Folkestone

children

1. Henry Alexander St Clair-Erskine (b. 2 Jun 1792; dvp. young)

2. Hon James Alexander St Clair-Erskine, later 3rd Earl of Rosslyn

3. Capt Hon Henry Francis St Clair-Erskine (d. 24 May 1829)

1. Lady Janet St Clair-Erskine (d. 16 Nov 1880), mar. 10 Nov 1829 Bethell Walrond MP, of Dulford House, co. Devon, 8th Marquis de Vallado (b. 10 Aug 1802; d. 1876), brother and heir of Lyons Walrond, of Dulford House, co. Devon, 7th Marquis de Vallado, and 2nd son of Joseph Lyons Walrond, of the Island of Antigua and Dulford House, co. Devon, 6th Marquis de Vallado, by his wife Caroline Codrington, only dau. of Edward Codrington, of Dodington, co. Gloucester, and had issue

died

18 Jan 1837

suc. by

son

note

suc. his father 7 Aug 1765 as 6th Baronet, styled "of Alva";  Cornet, 1st Horse Guards; Lieut, 35th Regiment of Foot; Lieut, 2nd Dragoons (Scots Greys) 1778; Capt, 19th Light Dragoons 1780 and transferred to 14th Light Dragoons 1781; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Castle Rising 1781-84; ADC to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1782; Major, 8th Light Dragoons 1783; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Morpeth 1784-96; Director of the Scottish Chancery for life 1785; took the name of St Clair before that of Erskine on succeeding to the Erskine estates at Dysart, Rosslyn, etc. 1789; Lt Col, 12th Light Dragoons 1792; ADC to the King 1792; Adjutant-General to army before Toulon and took part in the capture of Calvi and Saint Florent in Corsica 1793; Col, 1795; served in Portugal as Adjutant-General with temporary rank of Brig-General 1796; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Kirkcaldy Burghs 1796-1805; Maj General 1798; Commander-in-Chief in the Mediterranean 1798, returning to England 1799; commanded a division in Scotland 1800-01; Col, 9th Light Dragoons 1801; Lieut-Gen 1805; Commander, South-Western District of Ireland 1805-06; on special mission to Lisbon 1806; commanded a division in Denmark 1807, the Walcheren 1809 and the South-Eastern District 1812-14; Grand Master of Scottish Freemasons 1810-12; General, 1814; GCB 1820; Lord lieutenant of Fifeshire 1828-37; Privy Councillor 1829; Lord Privy Seal 1829-30;  a Lord of the Treasury 1834; Lord President of the Council 1834-35

 

James Alexander [St Clair-Erskine], 3rd Earl of Rosslyn, PC

born

15 Feb 1802

mar.

10 Oct 1826 Frances Wemyss (b. 16 Sep 1794; d. 30 Sep 1858), dau. of Lt Gen William Wemyss, of Wemyss Castle, co. Fife, by his wife Frances Erskine, dau. of Lt Gen Sir William Erskine of Torrie, 1st Bt.

children

1. Lieut Hon James Alexander George St Clair-Erskine, styled Lord Loughborough (b. 10 May 1830; dvp. 28 Dec 1851)

2. Hon Francis Robert St Clair-Erskine, later 4th Earl of Rosslyn

1. Lady Harriet Elizabeth St Clair-Erskine (dsp. 28 Nov 1867), mar. 22 Aug 1865 Prince Münster, Hereditary Marshal of Hanover and Hanoverian Ambassador to London (d. 28 Mar 1902)

died

16 Jun 1866

suc. by

son

note

entered the Army 1819; Capt, 9th Light Dragoons 1823; Lt Col, 1828; Member of Parliament (Tory) for Kirkcaldy Burghs 1830-31 and for Great Grimsby 1831-32; Privy Councillor 1841; Master of the Buckhounds 1841-46 and 1852; Lieut Gen 1859; Under Secretary of State for War 1859; Col, 7th Hussars 1864; General 1866

 

Francis Robert [St Clair-Erskine], 4th Earl of Rosslyn, PC

born

2 Mar 1833

mar.

8 Nov 1866 Blanche Adeliza Maynard (b. Aug 1839; widow of Col Hon Charles Henry Maynard, only son and heir ap. of Henry [Maynard], 3rd Viscount Maynard;  d. 8 Dec 1933), 2nd dau. of Henry FitzRoy, of Salcey Lawn, co. Northampton (1st son of Rev Canon Lord Henry FitzRoy (by his wife Caroline Pigot, yst. dau. of Adm Hugh Pigot), 1st son by his second wife of Augustus Henry [FitzRoy], 3rd Duke of Grafton), by his wife Jane Elizabeth Beauclerk, 4th dau. of Charles George Beauclerk (by his wife Emily Charlotte Ogilvie, 2nd dau. of William Ogilvie), 1st son of Topham Beauclerk (by his wife Lady Diana Spencer, 1st dau. of Charles [Spencer], 3rd Duke of Marlborough), 1st son of Lord Sidney Beauclerk (by his wife Mary Norris, dau. of Thomas Norris, of Speke, co. Lancaster), 5th son of Charles [Beauclerk], 1st Duke of St Albans

children

1. Hon James Francis Harry St Clair-Erskine, later 5th Earl of Rosslyn

2. Hon Alexander FitzRoy St Clair-Erskine (b. 22 Apr 1870; dsp. 25 Feb 1914), mar. 28 Oct 1905 Winifrede Baker, dau. of Henry William Baker, of California, USA

1. Lady Millicent Fanny St Clair-~Erskine (b. 20 Oct 1867; d. 29 Sep 1957), mar. (1) 20 Oct 1884 Cromartie [Sutherland-Leveson-Gower], 4th Duke of Sutherland, (2) 17 Oct 1914 (div. 1919) Brig-Gen Percy Desmond Fitzgerald DSO (d. 17 Aug 1933), son of Hon Nicholas Fitzgerald, of Turlough, co. Mayo, and Moira, St Kilda, Australia, and (3) 27 Oct 1919 Lt Col George Ernest Hawes DSO MC (d. 1946), son of George Hawes, of Coombe Park, Bath, co. Somerset, and had issue by her first husband

2. Lady Sybil Mary St Clair-Erskine (b. 20 Aug 1871; d. 21 Jul 1910), mar. 28 May 1892 as his first wife Anthony Mildmay Julian [Fane], 13th Earl of Westmorland, and had issue

3. Lady Angela Selina Bianca St Clair-Erskine (b. 11 Jun 1876; d. 22 Oct 1950), mar. 27 Apr 1896 (div. 1907) as his first wife Lt Col James Stewart Forbes, of Asloun, co. Aberdeen (b. 6 Feb 1872; d. 29 Sep 1957), 1st son and heir of George Stewart Forbes, of Asloun, co. Aberdeen, by his wife Henrietta Maria Ward, 2nd dau. of Hon Humble Dudley Ward (by his wife Eleanor Louisa Hawkes, 3rd dau. of Thomas Hawkes MP, of Himley House, co. Stafford), 2nd son of William Humble [Ward], 10th Baron Ward, and had issue

died

6 Sep 1890

suc. by

son

note

Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland 1874, 1875, 1878, 1879 and 1880; Ambassador Extraordinary to Madrid on the marriage of King Alphonso XII 1878; Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms 1886-90 ; Privy Councillor 1886

 

James Francis Harry [St Clair-Erskine], 5th Earl of Rosslyn

born

16 Mar 1869

mar. (1)

19 Jul 1890 (div. 1902) Violet Aline Vyner (mar. (2) 21 Aug 1903 Charles Jarrott;  d. 17 Feb 1945), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Robert Charles de Grey Vyner, of Gautby Hall, co. Lincoln, and Newby Hall and Fairfield House, co. York, by his wife Eleanor Shafto, dau. of Rev Slingsby Duncombe Shafto

children by first wife

1. Hon Frances Edward Scudamore St Clair-Erskine, styled Lord Loughborough (b. 16 Nov 1892; dvp. 4 Aug 1929), mar. 27 Dec 1915 (div. 1926) Margaret Sheila Mackellar Chisholm (mar. (2) 14 Nov 1928 Sir John Charles Peniston Milbanke, 11th Bt., of Halnaby, co. York; d. 13 Oct 1969), dau. of Harry Chisholm, of Sydney, New South Wales, and had issue:

1a. Hon Anthony Hugh Francis Harry St Clair-Erskine, later 6th Earl of Rosslyn

2a. P/O Hon Peter George Alexander St Clair-Erskine RAF (b. 30 Oct 1918; d. 8 Sep 1939)

1. Lady Rosabelle Millicent St Clair-Erskine (b. 30 Oct 1891; d. 12 Dec 1956), mar. (1) 12 Feb 1912 Lieut David Cecil Bingham (b. 18 Mar 1887; d. 14 Sep 1914), 2nd son of Maj Gen Hon Sir Cecil Edward Bingham GCVO KCMG CB (by his first wife Rose Ellinor Guthrie, dau. of James Alexander Guthrie of Craigie), 2nd son of George [Bingham], 4th Earl of Lucan, and (2) 20 May 1916 Lt Col John Charles Brand DSO MC (b. 24 Nov 1885; d. 28 Dec 1929), 1st son and heir of Maj Hon Charles Brand (by his wife Alice Emma Sturgis van de Weyer, dau. of HE Sylvain van de Weyer), 4th son of Henry Bouverie William [Trevor later Brand], 1st Viscount Hampden, and had issue by both husbands

mar. (2)

21 Mar 1905 (div. 1907) Anna Robinson (d. 4 Oct 1917), 2nd dau. of George Robinson, of Minneapolis, USA

mar. (3)

8 Oct 1908 Vera Mary Bayley (d. 24 Feb 1975), dau. of Eric Edward Bayley, of Little Moyle, co. Carlow

children by third wife

2. Maj Hon James Alexander Wedderburn St Clair-Erskine (b. 23 Aug 1909; d. 17 Dec 1973)

3. Maj Hon David Simon St Clair-Erskine (b. 18 Nov 1917; d. 1985), mar. 5 Mar 1948 (div. 1958) Antonia Mary Kelly (d. 13 Aug 1965), only dau. of Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Donald Kelly GCB GCVO, and had issue

2. Lady Mary Sybil St Clair-Erskine (b. May 1912), mar. (1) 19 Jul 1933 (div. 1944) Sir Philip Gordon Dunn, 2nd Bt. (b. 26 Oct 1905; d. 20 Jun 1976), (2) 5 Oct 1946 (div. 1958) Capt Robin Francis Campbell DSO, only son of Rt Hon Sir Ronald Hugh Campbell GCMG, (3) 5 Oct 1962 (div. 1969) Charles Raymond McCabe, and (4) 1969 her former husband Sir Philip Charles Dunn, 2nd Bt. (b. 26 Oct 1905; d. 20 Jun 1976), and had issue by her first/fourth husband

died

10 Aug 1939

suc. by

grandson

note

Lieut, 3rd Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment (Militia) 1886-90; 2nd Lieut, Royal Horse Guards (Blues) 1890; Capt, Fifeshire Light Horse Volunteers 1890-97; served with Thorneycroft's Mounted Infantry in South African War, and was war correspondent for the Daily Mail 1900; Secretary to Secretary of State for Scotland 1904; Major, King's Royal Rifle Corps 1915-17

 

Anthony Hugh Francis Harry [St Clair-Erskine], 6th Earl of Rosslyn

born

18 May 1917

mar.

3 Aug 1955 (div. 1962) Athenais de Mortemart, only dau. of Louis Victor de Mortemart, Duc de Vivonne, by his wife Mme Michael Valery Ollivier

children

1. Hon Peter St Clair-Erskine, later 7th Earl of Rosslyn

1. Lady Caroline St Clair-Erskine (b. 7 Jun 1956), mar. 1991 Michael Francis Marten, only son of Lt Col Francis William Marten CMG MC (by his wife Hon Avice Irene Venables-Vernon, only dau. of Francis Lawrence William [Venables-Vernon], 9th Baron Vernon), 1st son of Vice-Admiral Sir Francis Arthur Marten KBE CMG RN, of Whittington, co. Gloucester, by his wife Phyllis Raby Morgan, dau. of William morgan, of Cheltenham, co. Gloucester

died

22 Nov 1977

suc. by

son

note

 

Peter [St Clair-Erskine], 7th Earl of Rosslyn

born

31 Mar 1958

mar.

1982 Helen M Watters, 1st dau. of C R Watters, of Christ's Hospital, Hersham, co. Sussex

children

1. Hon Jamie William St Clair-Erskine, styled Lord Loughborough (b. 28 May 1986)

2. Hon Harry St Clair-Erskine (b. 9 May 1995)

1. Lady Alice St Clair-Erskine (b. 14 Jun 1988)

2. Lady Lucia St Clair-Erskine (b. 1993)

note

Officer, Metropolitan Police 1981-94; with Thames Valley Police 1994-2003; elected to the House of Lords (Cross Bench) 1999; Head of Royal Protection Squad since 2003

 

 Last updated 6 Dec 2005

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Titles:

7th Earl of Rosslyn

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 21 Apr 1801)

7th Baron Loughborough, of Loughborough in the County of Surrey

(Great Britain, let. pat. 31 Oct 1795)

11th Baronet, styled "of Alva"

(Nova Scotia, let. pat. 30 Apr 1666)

 

Address:

c/o House of Lords, London SW1A 0PW

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

ã Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

"