Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage

If you have found this page useful, why not make a donation to The Peerage Research Trust so that we can continue to maintain and develop Cracroft's Peerage?


| Search this site | Introduction | Contents | The Monarchy | The Peerage | The Baronetage | Untitled Families | Orders of Chivalry | Miscellaneous | Forums | Contact Us | Links |

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Salisbury, Earl of (E, 1337 - 1471)

 

Creation: let.pat. 16 Mar 1336/7

 

Extinct: 14 Apr 1471

 

Family name: Montacute later Nevill

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

Garter stall plate of Sir Richard Nevill KG, jure uxoris Earl of Salisbury

A thick and somewhat convex quadrangular plate of copper-gilt, representing a fringed

banner with the staff decorated with scroll work. On the golden field are the shield of arms

and a silver helm covered by a mantling, on one side black, the other red, and lined with

ermine, surmounted by the crest, Out of a Ducal Coronet a Griffin with wings displayed

Or. The shield is of the incurved and engrailed form, and bouche, and bears the arms:

Quarterly: 1st and 4th, sub-quarterly i and iv, Argent three Fusils in fess Gules (for

Montacute), ii and iii, Or an Eagle Vert (for Monthermer); 2nd and 3rd, Gules a Saltire Argent

a Label gobony Argent and Sable (for Nevill). The scroll on the staff , the fringe and the griffin

are engraved only, and not filled in with enamel like the rest of the work. The enameller has in

error used black rather than blue on the label in the Nevill arms.

 

(Plate LV from W H St John Hope: The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Garter 1348-1485)

 

Arms:

Quarterly:  1st grand-quarter, 1st and 4th, Beauchamp, 2nd and 3rd, Clare;  2nd grand-quarter, 1st and 4th, Montacute, 2nd and 3rd, Monthermer;  3rd grand-quarter, Nevill, differenced by a label of three points;  4th grand-quarter, 1st and 4th, Warwick, 2nd and 3rd, Le Despencer

Crests:

1st:  Out of a Ducal Coroner a Swan's Head and Neck;  2nd:  Out of a Ducal Coronet a Griffin sejant

Supporters:

Dexter:  A Bear muzzled and chained;  Sinister:  A Griffin

Motto:

 

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

William [de Montacute], 3rd Baron Montacute later 1st Earl of Salisbury

1st surv. son and heir of William [de Montacute], 2nd Baron Montacute, by his wife Elizabeth de Montfort, dau. of Sir Piers de Montfort, of Beaudesert, co. Warwick

born

c.1302

mar.

1327 Katharine de Grandison (d. 23 Apr 1349), aunt and cohrss. in her issue of Thomas [de Grandison], 4th Baron Grandison, and 3rd dau. of William [de Grandison], 1st Baron Grandison, by his wife Sibyl Tregoz, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of John [Tregoz], 1st Baron Tregoz

children

1. William de Montacute, later 2nd Earl of Salisbury

2. Sir John de Montacute, later 1st Baron Montacute (sum. by writ 15 Feb 1357; d. 25 Feb 1389/90), mar. Margaret de Monthermer, suo jure Baroness Monthermer, only dau. and hrss. of Thomas [de Monthermer], 2nd Baron Monthermer, and had issue:

1a. John de Montacute, later 2nd Baron Montacute later 3rd Earl of Salisbury

2a. Thomas de Montacute, Dean of Salisbury (d. 1404)

3a. Robert de Montacute, of Sutton Montague, co. Somerset

4a. Sir Simon de Montacute

1a. Eleanor de Montacute

2a. Sibyl de Montacute, a nun

3a. Katherine de Montacute

4a. Margaret de Montacute, a nun

3. Robert de Montacute

1. Lady Sibyl de Montacute, mar. Sir Edmund FitzAlan (d. after 1337), 1st son of Edmund [FitzAlan], 9th or 2nd Earl of Arundel, by his first wife Isabel le Despencer, 2nd dau. of Hugh [le Despencer], 1st and de jure 2nd Baron le Despencer, by his wife Lady Eleanor de Clare, sister and cohrss of Gilbert [de Clare], 7th Earl of Gloucester, and 1st dau. of Gilbert [de Clare], 6th Earl of Gloucester, by his second wife Princess Joan "of Acre", 2nd surv. dau. of King Edward I by his first wife Eleanor of Castile, dau. of Ferdinand III, King of Castile, and had issue

2. Lady Philippa de Montacute (d. 5 Jan 1381/2), mar. Roger [Mortimer], 2nd Earl of March, and had issue

3. Lady Elizabeth de Montacute (dsp. 31 May 1359; bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey with her second husband), mar. (1) after Feb 1327/8 Giles [de Badlesmere], 2nd Baron Badlesmere, (2) bef. 27 Apr 1341 Hugh [le Despencer], 1st and de jure 2nd and 3rd Baron Despencer, and (3) bef. 10 Jul 1350 as his second wife Guy [de Bryan], 1st Baron Bryan

4. Lady Anne Montacute, mar. after 12 Jun 1335 Sir John Grey (dvp. and sp. betw. 25 Oct 1348 and 4 May 1350), 1st son and heir ap. of Roger [de Grey], 1st Baron Grey of Ruthin, by his wife Elizabeth de Hastings. dau. and heiress in her issue by his first wife of John [de Hastings], 1st Baron Hastings

died

30 Jan 1343/4

created

16 Mar 1336/7 Earl of Salisbury

suc. by

son

note

suc. his father 18 Oct 1319 as 3rd Baron Montacute; knighted 1326; serving in Scotland 1327; prime mover in the seizure of Mortimer 1330; command of the siege of Berwick 1333; Joint Keeper of the Channel Islands 1333/4-37; in Scotland with the King 1335 and 1336; Admiral from Thames' mouth westwards 1336/7; joint commander in Scotland 1337; in Flanders 1338; Marshal of England 1338-43/4; in Castile 1343

 

William [de Montacute], 2nd Earl of Salisbury, KG

born

20 Jun 1328

mar. (1)

Lady Joan Plantagenet, suo jure Countess of Kent, sister and hrss. of John [Plantagenet], 3rd Earl of Kent, and 2nd dau. of Edmund [Plantagenet], 1st Earl of Kent (by his wife Margaret Wake, suo jure Baroness Wake, sister and hrss. of Thomas [Wake], 2nd Baron Wake, and dau. of John [Wake], 1st Baron Wake), 2nd son of King Edward I by his second wife Margaret of France, dau. of Philip III, King of France

mar. (2)

Elizabeth Mohun (b. 1343; d. 14 Jan 1414/5)), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of John [Mohun], 2nd Baron Mohun, by his wife Joan de Burghersh, 1st dau. of Bartholomew [de Burghersh], 2nd Baron Burghersh

only child by second wife

1. William de Montacute (dsp. and vp. 6 Aug 1382), mar. Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan (mar. (2) as his second wife Thomas [de Mowbray], 1st Duke of Norfolk), 1st dau. of Richard [Fitzalan], 11th or 4th Earl of Arundel, by his first wife Lady Elizabeth de Bohun, only dau. of William [de Bohun], 1st Earl of Northampton

died

3 Jun 1397

suc. by

nephew

note

knighted 1346; Founder Knight of the Garter; fought in France 1355-60; Commissioner of the Peace in Hampshire and Somerset 1361, in Dorset 1368 and in Wiltshire 1380; hereditary Steward of Chester 1363; Privy Councillor 1365; Commissioner of Array in Somerset 1367; Captain of the Fleet 1372/3; Admiral from mouth of Thames westwards 1376; fought in Castile 1378 and in Scotland 1385; Captain of Calais 1378/9; Keeper of the Isle of Wight and Carisbrooke Castle 1382

 

John [de Montacute], 2nd Baron Montacute later 3rd Earl of Salisbury, KG

born

c.1350

mar.

bef. 4 May 1383 Maud Buxhall (widow of (1) John Aubrey and (2) Sir Alan Buxhall; d. 1424), dau. of Sir Adam Francis MP, Mayor of London 1352-54

children

1. Thomas Montacute, later 4th Earl of Salisbury

2. Richard Montacute (dsp.)

1. Lady Anne de Montacute (d. 28 Nov 1457; bur. with her third husband in the Church of St Katherine by the Tower, London), mar. (1) as his second wife Sir Richard Hankeford, of Hewish, co. Devon, Kelynack, co. Cornwall, Eastbury, co. Berkshire, etc. (b. c. 21 Jul 16397; d. 8 Feb 1430/1), (2) as his second wife Sir John FitzLewis, of West Hondon, Dunton, Ingrave. and Cranham, co. Essex, Steward of the Duchy of Cornwall in Devon and Warden of the Stannaries in Devon (d. 27 Oct 1442), and (3) as his third wife John [de Holand], 1st Duke of Exeter, and had issue by all three husbands

2. Lady Elizabeth de Montacute, mar. c. 1420 as his first wife Robert [Willoughby], 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and had issue

3. Lady Margaret de Montacute, mar. as his second wife William [de Ferrers], 5th Baron Ferrers of Groby

died

5 Jan 1399/1400

suc. by

son

note

knighted 1369; Chief Commissioner of Array in Hertfordshire 1385; suc. his father 25 Feb 1389/90 as 2nd Baron Montacute and his mother 24 Mar 1394/5 as Baron Monthermer; Knight of the Garter; Marshal of England 1398; Keeper of Trowbridge Castle 1389/90; a supporter of King Richard II against Henry [Plantagenet], later King Henry IV; attainted 1400/1 but reversed 1461

 

Thomas [Montacute], 4th Earl of Salisbury, KG PC

born

 

mar. (1)

23 May 1399 Lady Eleanor de Holand, sister and cohrss. of Edmund [de Holand], 4th or 7th Earl of Kent, and 4th dau. of Thomas [de Holand], 2nd or 5th Earl of Kent, by his wife Lady Alice FitzAlan, 2nd dau. by his second wife of Richard [FitzAlan], 10th or 3rd Earl of Arundel

only child by first wife

1. Lady Alice Montacute, later suo jure Countess of Salisbury

mar. (2)

bef. Nov 1424 Alice Philip (widow of Sir John Philip; mar. (3) after 11 Nov 1430 William [de la Pole], 1st Duke of Suffolk; d. 20 May 1475), only child and hrss. of Thomas Chaucer, of Ewelme, co. Oxford, Chief Butler to Richard II and Henry IV and Speaker of the House of Commons (by his wife Maud de Burghersh, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of John [de Burghersh], 3rd Baron Kerdeston), son and heir of Geoffrey Chaucer, the poet

died

s.p.m. 3 Nov 1428

suc. by

daughter by first wife

note

Knight of the Garter 1414; Lieut General of Normandy and the Marches south of the Seine 1419; Privy Councillor 1426

 

Lady Alice Montacute later Nevill, suo jure Countess of Salisbury

born

c.1406

mar.

c. Feb 1420/1 Sir Richard Nevill KG, jure uxoris 5th Earl of Salisbury from 1428, Keeper of the Forest beyond Trent 1424, Constable of England at the Coronation of King Henry VI 1429, Warden of the West March 1420-34, Constable of Pontefract Castle 1432, Privy Councillor 1437, Justice of the Forest beyond Trent 1443, Governor of Barnard Castle 1446, Chief Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster in the North, Joint Keeper of the West March 1453, Keeper of Porchester Castle 1454, Great Chamberlain of England 1460 (b. 1400; d. 31 Dec 1460), 1st son of Ralph [Nevill], 1st Earl of Westmorland, by his second wife Lady Joan Ferrers (widow of Robert [Ferrers], 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wemme; d. 13 Nov 1440), legitimated dau. of John "of Gaunt", 1st Duke of Lancaster (by his mistress and later third wife Katherine Swynford, widow of Sir Hugh Swynford, of Kettlethorpe, co. Lincoln, and 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Sir Payn de Roet, Guienne King of Arms), 4th son of King Edward III

children

1. Richard Nevill, later 1st Earl of Warwick later 6th Earl of Salisbury

2. Sir Thomas Nevill (dsp. 31 Dec 1460), mar. Aug 1453 Maud Willoughby, suo jure Baroness Cromwell (widow of Robert [Willoughby], 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby; mar. (3) bef. 20 Mar 1462/3 Sir Gervase Clifton, Treasurer of Calais; dsp. 25 Jul 1452), 1st dau. of Sir Richard Stanhope, of Rampton, co. Nottingham, by his second wife Maud de Cromwell, sister and cohrss. in her issue of Ralph [de Cromwell], 3rd Baron Cromwell, and 1st dau. of Ralph [de Cromwell], 2nd Baron  Cromwell

3. John Nevill, later 1st Marquess of Montagu

4. George Nevill, Bishop of Exeter 1458, Archbishop of York 1465, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 8 Jun 1476)

1. Lady Joan Nevill, mar. William [FitzAlan], 16th or 9th Earl of Arundel, and had issue

2. Lady Cecily Nevill (d. 28 Jul 1450), mar. (1) Henry [Beauchamp], 1st Duke of Warwick, and (2) as his first wife John [Tiptoft], 1st Earl of Worcester, and had issue by her first husband

3. Lady Alice Nevill, mar. Hugh [FitzHugh], 5th Baron FitzHugh, and had issue

4. Lady Eleanor Nevill, mar. as his first wife Thomas [Stanley], 1st Earl of Derby, and had issue

5. Lady Catherine Nevill (d. shortly after 22 Nov 1503), mar. (1) c.1458 William [Bonville], 6th Baron Harington, and (2) bef. 6 Feb 1461/2 William [Hastings], 1st Baron Hastings of Hastings, and had issue by both husbands

6. Lady Margaret Nevill, mar. as his first wife John [de Vere], 13th Earl of Oxford, and had issue

died9 Dec 1462

suc. byson

 

Richard [Nevill], 1st Earl of Warwick later 6th Earl of Salisbury, KG ("The Kingmaker")

born

22 Nov 1428

mar.

Lady Anne de Beauchamp, suo jure Countess of Warwick (b. c. Sep 1426; d. bef. 20 Sep 1492), sister and eventual sole hrss. of Henry [de Beauchamp], 1st Duke of Warwick, and only dau. of Richard [de Beauchamp], 13th Earl of Warwick, by his second wife Lady Isabel de Beauchamp, de jure suo jure Baroness Burghersh, widow of his cousin Richard [de Beauchamp], 1st Earl of Worcester, sister and hrss. of Richard [le Despencer], 4th Baron Burghersh, posth. dau. and eventual sole hrss. of Thomas [le Despencer], 1st Earl of Gloucester, by his wife Lady Constance Plantagenet, dau. of Edmund [Plantagenet], 1st Duke of York (5th son of King Edward III)

children

1. Lady Isabel Nevill (b. 5 Sep 1451; d. 22 Dec 1476), mar. 11 Jul 1469 George [Plantagenet], 1st Duke of Clarence, created 25 Mar 1472 jure uxoris Earl of Salisbury and of Warwick, brother of King Edward IV and King Richard III, and had issue:

1a. Lord Edward Plantagenet, styled Earl of Warwick (b. 21 Feb 1475; d. 24 Nov 1499)

2a. Lord Richard Plantagenet (b. 6 Oct 1476; dvp. 1 Jan 1477)

1a. Lady Anne Plantagenet (b. 16 Apr 1470; d. young)

2a. Lady Margaret Plantagenet, suo jure Countess of Salisbury (b. 14 Aug 1473; d. 28 May 1541), mar. 22 Sep 1494 Sir Richard Pole KG, Constable of Harlech Castle (d. Nov 1505), 1st son and heir of Sir Geoffrey Pole, of Worrell, co. Chester, and Wythurn, co. Buckingham, by his wife Edith St John, dau. of Sir Oliver St John, of Bletso, co. Bedford, and half-sister of Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of King Henry VII, and had issue:

1b. Hon Sir Henry Pole, styled Lord Montagu (b. c. 1492; attainted and executed 9 Jan 1538/9), mar. bef. May 1520 Hon Jane Nevill (d. bef. 26 Oct 1538), 1st dau. of George [Nevill], 2nd and 4th Baron Abergavenny, by his first wife Margaret Fenne, dau. and hrss. of Sir Hugh Fenne, of Soulton Burdeleys, co. Norfolk, and Braintree, co. Essex, Under-Treasurer of England and Treasurer of the Household to King Henry VI, and had issue:

1c. Hon Henry Pole (d. unm. after Sep 1542)

1c. Hon Katherine Pole (d. 23 Sep 1576), mar. 25 Jun 1532 Francis [Hastings], 2nd Earl of Huntingdon, and had issue

2c. Hon Winifred Pole (d. 23 Sep 1576), mar. (1) Sir Thomas Hastings  (dsp.), and (2) Sir Thomas Barrington, of Barrington Hall, co. Essex, and had issue

2b. Sir Geoffrey Pole, of Lordington, co. Sussex (b. c. 1501; d. Nov 1558), mar. bef. 9 Jul 1528 Constance Pakenham, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Sir Edmund Pzakenham, Gentleman Usher to Queen Catherine (of Aragon), and had issue

3b. Sir Arthur Pole, of Broadhurst, co. Sussex (b. c. 1502; dsp. c. 1535), mar. bef. 24 Oct 1522 Jane Pickering (widow of Sir Christopher Pickering; mar. (3) Sir William Barentyne; d. bef. 12 Mar 1562/3), dau. of Sir Roger Lewknor, of Trotton, co. Sussex, by his wife Eleanor Tuchet, dau. of John [Tuchet], 6th Baron Audley

4b. Cardinal Reginald Pole, Archbishop of Canterbury 1556-1558 (b. 12 Mar 1500; d. 17 Nov 1558)

1b. Lady Ursula Pole (d. 12 Aug 1570), mar. 16 Feb 1518/9 Henry [Stafford], 1st Baron Stafford, and had issue

2. Lady Anne Nevill (b. 11 Jun 1456; dsps. 16 Mar 1484/5), mar. (1) Aug 1470 Edward, Prince of Wales, only child of King Henry VI, and (2) 12 Jul 1472 King Richard III, and had issue by her second husband

died

s.p.m. 14 Apr 1471

created

v.p. 2 Mar 1449/50 Earl of Warwick for life and his wife Countess of Warwick, also for life, with all the privileges, etc., granted by the patent of confirmation dated 23 Jul 1449, "though they have no issue at present," with remainder after the death of both to the heirs of the body of the said Anne, and in case she should die without issue, then to Margaret, Countess of Shrewsbury, and the heirs male of her body, failing which to the heirs general of her body, and failing which to the right heirs of (her father) Richard, late Earl of Warwick

note

knighted 1445; Joint Master Forester of the Forests of Blackburn and Bowland and Joint Steward of the Honour of Pontefract 1445; Joint Warden of Carlisle and the West Marches 1446; he and his wife Anne were confirmed in the estate and title of Earl of Warwick 23 Jul 1449, with remainder to the heirs of Anne, with all the "pre-eminences" that any of Anne's ancestors, as Earls of Warwick, used before the creation of Henry as Duke of Warwick; the patent of confirmation was resigned and on 2 Mar 1449/50 he was created Earl of Warwick and his wife Countess of Warwick, each for their life; recognised as hereditary Sheriff of Worcestershire 1450-70; he, his wife and his heirs confirmed in the Hereditary office of Chamberlain of the Exchequer 1450; given a grant of 300 for attending Henry VI in Kent against the Duke of York; Privy Councillor 1453; Joint Warden of the West Marches 1453; after the recovery of Henry VI from madness he became a staunch Yorkist and played a decisive role in the 1st Battle of St Albans, being rewarded with the Stewardship of Monmouth and the Three Castles; Captain of Calais 1455; fought two naval actions against the Spaniards 1458; with his father took an active role in the attempted reconciliation between Henry VI and the Yorkists in 1458; when war was resumed he crossed from France and joined the Yorkist army at Ludlow, but they fled before the King and he returned to Calais; the Yorkist leaders, including the Earl of Warwick, were attainted in 1459; in 1460 the Yorkist forces landed in Kent and took London; the Earl captured the King at Northampton and brought him to London; confirmed as Captain of Calais, appointed Governor of the Channel Islands and Knight of the Garter 1460; his attainder was reversed and he took a leading part in the negotiations whereby the Duke of York was named next heir to the Throne; Keeper of Newport, Brecon and Goderich Castles, Constable and Steward of Tutbury, Master Forester of Needwood and Duffield Forests, Steward of the Honour of Leicester and of Castle Donington and Join Chief Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster 1460; suc. his father 31 Dec 1460, who was beheaded after his capture following the Yorkist defeat at the Battle of Wakefield, in the great Nevill estate of Middleham; still holding the King, appointed Great Chamberlain of England for life 1460/1; defeated by the Lancastrians at the 2nd Battle of St Albans 1461, unfortunately allowing the King to be recaptured; Joined the Duke of York in London following the Yorkist victory of Mortimer's Cross 1461 and was one of the peers who declared the Duke to be king as Edward IV; after a skirmish as Ferrybridge he commanded the centre at the decisive Yorkist victory at Towton 1461; reappointed Great Chamberlain of England for life and also Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and Constable of Dover Castle, Master of the King's Mews and Steward of the Manor of Feckenham, all for life 1461; continued in the posts of Captain of Calais, Warden of the East and West Marches and Ambassador to Scotland; Chief Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster, North and South, and Steward of the Honour of Pontefract 1461; Admiral of England, Captain of Carlisle, Warden of the West Marches, and Lieutenant in the North 1462; suc. his mother as 6th Earl of Salisbury 9 Dec 1462; on diplomatic missions 1464-67; granted the Castles of Cockermouth and Appleby and the Sheriffdom of Westmorland 1465; Chief Justice in Eyre, North of Trent 1466; Constable and Steward of Kenilworth Castle 1467; returning to England in 1467 he found the alliance with Burgundy, which he had opposed, settled and the friends and relations of Queen Elizabeth Widville in power; returned to Calais 1469 where he was joined by his brother the Archbishop of York and by the Duke of Clarence, the king's brother and later his son-in-law; landed in Kent 1469 and joined the Yorkist rebels; Edward Vi was captured by the Archbishop and made to grant the Earl of Warwick and Salisbury several great offices in South Wales; supressed the Lancastrian rising in the North and returned with the king to London where an amnesty was agreed; the Earl was proclaimed traitor 1470 when the king discovered his complicity in a rising in Lincolnshire and fled to France; reconciled with Margaret, Queen Consort of Henry VI; with the Duke of Clarence and the Earl of Oxford, landed with a Lancastrian force at Dartmouth, proclaimed Henry VI as King, captured London and accompanied King Henry in state to Westminster; Joint Lieutenant of the Realm with the Duke of Clarence 1470; Admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine, Joint Keeper of Brecknock Castle and Keeper of Newport Castle 1471; when Edward IV landed in Yorkshire, the Earl of Warwick and Salisbury was deserted by the Duke of Clarence; defeated by Edward IV at the Battle of Barnet and both he and his brother the Marquess of Montagu were slain

 

On the death of the 6th Earl of Salisbury the Earldom of Warwick remained with his widow for her life, while the Earldom of Salisbury reverted to the Crown and the Baronies of Montacute and Monthermer fell into abeyance between his two daughters and coheiresses; his widow was succeeded in the Earldom of Warwick by her grandson, Edward Plantagenet.

 

 Last updated 21 Feb 2004

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

"