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Salisbury, Earl of (E, 1605)

 

Creation: let. pat. 4 May 1605

 

Family name: Cecil

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Arms:

See Marquess of Salisbury

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Robert [Cecil], 1st Baron Cecil of Essendon later 1st Viscount Cranborne later 1st Earl of Salisbury, KG PC

1st son of William [Cecil], 1st Baron Burghley, by his second wife Mildred Cooke, dau. of Sir Anthony Cooke, of Gidea Hall, co. Essex

born

1 Jun 1563

mar.

31 Aug 1589 Hon Elizabeth Brooke (d. 24 Jan 1596/7), 1st dau. of William [Brooke], 10th Baron Cobham of Kent, by his second wife Frances Newton, dau. of Sir John Newton

children

1. Hon William Cecil, later 2nd Earl of Salisbury

1. Lady Frances Cecil (b. 1593; d. 14 Feb 1643/4), mar. 25 Jul 1610 Henry [Clifford], 5th Earl of Cumberland, and had issue

2. Lady Catherine Cecil

died

24 May 1612

created

13 May 1603 Baron Cecil of Essendon, of Essendon in the County of Rutland

20 Aug 1604 Viscount Cranborne

4 May 1605 Earl of Salisbury

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for Westminster 1584-85 and 1586-87, and for Hertfordshire 1588, 1592-93, 1597-98 and 1601;  Acting Secretary of State 1590-96;  knighted 1591;  Privy Councillor 1591 and 1603;  Principal Secretary of State 1596-1612;  Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1597-99;  Lord Privy Seal 1597-1612;  Master of the Court of Wards 1599;  Knight of the Garter 1601;  Lord High Treasurer 1608-12;  Chancellor of the Universities of Cambridge and Dublin 1601;  Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire 1605

 

William [Cecil], 2nd Earl of Salisbury, KG PC

born

28 Mar 1591

mar.

1 Dec 1608 Lady Catharine Howard (bur. 27 Jan 1672/3), 3rd dau. of Thomas [Howard], 1st Earl of Suffolk, by his second wife Catharine Knyvett, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Sir Henry Knyvett, of Charlton, co. Wiltshire

children

1. Hon James Cecil, styled Viscount Cranborne (bapt. 15 Jun 1616; dvp. Oct 1616)

2. Hon Sir Charles Cecil, styled Viscount Cranborne, Knight of the Bath 1625/6 at the Coronation of King Charles I, Member of Parliament for Hertford 1640 (bapt. 15 Jul 1619; dvp. Sep 1659), mar. 2 Apr 1639 Lady Diana Maxwell (b. c. 1619; d. Jun 1675), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of James [Maxwell], 1st Earl of Dirletoun, by his wife Elizabeth de Boussoyne, and had issue:

1a. Hon James Cecil, later 3rd Earl of Salisbury

1a. Hon Catherine Cecil (d. bef. 24 Nov 1683), mar. as his second wife William [Hay], 4th Earl of Kinnoull, and had issue

2a. Hon Frances Cecil (d. 15 Jun 1723), mar. 24 Dec 1679 Sir William Bowyer, 2nd Bt., MP, and had issue

3. Hon Robert Cecil, mar. Catherine Hopton

4. Hon Philip Cecil, mar. Ursula Allen

5. Hon William Cecil, mar. Elizabeth Lawley, dau. of Sir Thomas Lawley, 1st Bt., MP, of Spoonhill, co. Salop, and had issue

6. Hon Algernon Cecil, Member of Parliament for Old Sarum (d. Nov 1676), mar. Dorothy Nevile, dau. of Sandford Nevile, of Chevet, co. York, and had issue

7. Hon Edward Cecil

1. Lady Anne Cecil (bapt. 23 Feb 1612; dspm. 6 Dec 1637), mar. bef. 1630 as his first wife Algernon [Percy], 4th Earl of Northumberland, and had issue

2. Lady Elizabeth Cecil (b. c. 1620; d. 19 Nov 1689), mar. 4 Mar 1638/9 William [Cavendish], 3rd Earl of Devonshire, and had issue

3. Lady Diana Cecil (b. 1622; dvp. 1633)

4.Lady Catherine Cecil (d. 18 Aug 1652), mar. 19 May 1645 Philip [Sydney], 3rd Earl of Leicester, and had issue

5. Lady Mary Cecil (b. c. 1631; dsp. 1676), mar. William [Sandys], 6th or 1st Baron Sandys

died

3 Dec 1668

suc. by

grandson

note

Knight of the Bath 1604/5;  Member of Parliament for Weymouth 1610-11;  Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire 1612;  Ranger of Enfield Chase 1622;  Knight of the Garter 1624;  Privy Councillor 1626;  Capt of the Gentlemen Pensioners 1635-42;  Lord Lieutenant of Dorset 1642;  Member of the Assembly of Divines 1643;  a Commissioner of the Great Seal 1646; a Councillor of State 1649;  High Steward of St Albans 1663

 

James [Cecil], 3rd Earl of Salisbury, KG PC

born

bef. 27 Mar 1646

mar.

1 Oct 1661 Lady Margaret Manners (d. 30 Aug 1662), 3rd dau. of Francis [Manners], 8th Earl of Rutland, by his wife Hon Frances Montagu, 2nd dau. by his second wife of Edward [Montagu], 1st Baron Montagu

children

1. Hon James Cecil, later 4th Earl of Salisbury

2. Hon Robert Cecil, Member of Parliament for Wotton Basset 1708 (d. Feb 1715/6), mar. Elizabeth Hale, widow of Richard Hale, of King's Walden, co. Hertford, and dau. and hrss. of Isaac Meynell, of Meynell Langley, co. Derby, and had issue

3. Hon William Cecil

4. Hon Charles Cecil

5. Hon George Cecil

1. Lady Catharine Cecil (d. 13 Aug 1688), mar. 12 Jul 1683 Sir George Downing, 2nd Bt., of East Hatley, co. Cambridge, and had issue

2. Lady Frances Cecil (d. 1698), mar. 1692 Sir William Halford, 1st Bt., of Welham, co. Leicester, and had issue

3. Lady Mary Cecil (d. 29 Mar 1739/40), mar. Sir William Forester, of Dothill, co. Salop, and had issue

4. Lady Margaret Cecil (bapt. 18 Apr 1672; d. 21 Feb 1727/8; bur. at Chiswick, co. Middlesex), mar. (1) bef. May 1691 John [Stawell], 2nd Baron Stawell, and (2) 9 Jan 1695/6 as his second wife Richard [Jones], 1st Earl of Ranelagh, and had issue by her first husband

5. Lady Mildred Cecil (d. 18 Jan 1726/7), mar. (1) 14 Aug 1693 Sir Uvedale Corbet, 3rd Bt., of Leighton, co. Montgomery, and (2) as his second wife Sir Charles Hotham, 4th Bt., of Scorborough, co. York, and had issue by both husbands

died

May 1683

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for Herefordshire 1667-68;  Privy Councillor 1676 and 1679; Knight of the Garter 1680

 

James [Cecil], 4th Earl of Salisbury

bapt.

25 Sep 1666

mar.

13 Jul 1683 Frances Bennet (d. 7 Jul 1713), dau. and cohrss. of Samuel Bennet, of Beechampton, co. Buckingham, and Witley Park, co. Surrey, by his wife Grace Morewood, dau. of Gilbert Morewood

only child

1. Hon James Cecil, later 5th Earl of Salisbury

died

24 Oct 1694

suc. by

son

note

High Steward of Hertford, Col of a Regiment of Horse and Gentleman of the Bedchamber 1688

 

James [Cecil], 5th Earl of Salisbury

born

8 Jun 1691

mar.

12 Feb 1708/9 Lady Anne Tufton (d. 22 Mar 1757), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Thomas [Tufton], 6th Earl of Thanet, by his wife Lady Catharine Cavendish, 4th dau. and cohrss. of Henry [Cavendish], 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

children

1. Hon James Cecil, later 6th Earl of Salisbury

2. Hon Thomas Cecil (bur. vp. 4 Aug 1715)

3. Hon William Cecil (d. May 1740)

4. Hon Bennet Cecil (dvp. 1721)

1. Lady Anne Cecil (d. 3 Jul 1752), mar. William Strode MP, of Ponsbourne Hall, co. Hertford

2. Lady Catharine Cecil (b. 15 Aug 1719; d. 16 Aug 1752), mar. 15 Feb 1736/7 as his first wife John [Perceval], 2nd Earl of Egmont, and had issue

3. Lady Margaret Cecil (d. 28 Mar 1752)

died

9 Oct 1728

suc. by

son

note

Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire 1712-14

 

James [Cecil], 6th Earl of Salisbury

born

20 Oct 1713

mar.

28 Mar 1744/5 Elizabeth Keet (d. 3 Feb 1776), sister of Rev John Keet, Rector of Hatfield, and 1st dau. of Edward Keet, of Canterbury, co. Kent

children

1. Hon James Cecil, later 7th Earl of Salisbury later 1st Marquess of Salisbury

1. Lady Anne Cecil (b. Mar 1745/6; d. 12 Jun 1813)

2. Lady Bennet Cecil (b. Jun 1747; dvp. 18 Nov 1769)

died

19 Sep 1780

suc. by

son

note

High Steward of Hertford 1735-80

 

James [Cecil], 7th Earl of Salisbury later 1st Marquess of Salisbury, KG PC

created

18 Aug 1789 Marquess of Salisbury

 

The Earldom of Salisbury has been held by the Marquesses of Salisbury since 18 Aug 1789

 

 Last updated 6 Feb 2007

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