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Strafford, Earl of (E, 1640 - 1695)

 

Creation: let.pat. 12 Jan 1639/40

 

Extinct: 16 Oct 1695

 

Family name: Wentworth

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Arms:

Sable a Chevron between three Leopards' Faces Or

Crest:

A Griffin passant wings elevated Argent

Supporters:

Dexter:  A Griffin Argent;  Sinister:  A Lion Or

Motto:

 En Dieu est tout

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Sir William Wentworth, 1st Bt.

1st son and heir of Thomas Wentworth, of Wentworth Woodhouse, co. York, by his wife Margaret Gascoigne, only dau. and hrss. of William Gascoigne, of Gawthorpe, co. York

bapt.

3 Jul 1562

mar.

Anne Atkins (bur. 23 Jul 1611), dau. of Robert Atkins, of Stowell, co. Gloucester, barrister, by his wife Joyce Ashfield, dau. of Humphrey Ashfield, of Heythrop, co. Oxford

children

1. Sir Thomas Wentworth, 2nd Bt., later 1st Baron Wentworth later 1st Viscount Wentworth later 1st Earl of Strafford

2. Sir William Wentworth, of Ashby Puerorum, co. Lincoln (d. at Marston Moor 3 Jul 1644), mar. 11 Jul 1627 Elizabeth Savile (d. 9 Nov 1666), dau. and cohrss. of Thomas Savile, of Hesseldon Hall, co. York, and had issue:

1a. Rt Hon Sir William Wentworth, of Northgate-head, Wakefield, co. York, High Sheriff of Yorkshire 1671, Privy Councillor [I] (d. Jul 1692), mar. Isabella Apsley (b. c. 1653; d. 31 Jul 1733), dau. of Sir Alan Apsley, Treasurer of the Household to King James II, and had issue:

1b. William Wentworth (d. unm. 1693)

2b. Thomas Wentworth, later 3rd Baron Raby later 1st Earl of Strafford

3b. Peter Wentworth, of Henbury, co. Dorset, Equerry to the Duke of Gloucester, Prince George and Queen Anne (d. 10 Jan 1738/9), mar. Juliana Horde, dau. of Thomas Horde, of Cote, co. Oxford, and had issue:

1c. William Wentworth, of Henbury, co. Dorset, Usher of the Privy Chamber to the Princess Dowager of Wales (b. c. 1700; d. 16 Jun 1776), mar. Susanna Slaughter, dau. of John Chamberlayne Slaughter, of Upper Slaughter Hall, co. Gloucester, and had issue:

1d. Frederick Thomas Wentworth, later 3rd Earl of Strafford

2d. George Wentworth (b. 20 Jun 1704; d. unm.)

1d. Caroline Wentworth (d. unm.)

2d. Augusta Anne Wentworth, inherited Wentworth Castle from her brother and left it in her own will first to Rt Hon Thomas Connolly, her second cousin and a grandson of the 1st Earl of Strafford (cr. 1711), and then to Frederick Thomas William Vernon, her second cousin once removed and a great-grandson of the 1st Earl (dsp. 1802), mar. 30 May 1771 John Hatfield-Kaye, of Hatfield Hall, Wakefield, co. York

2c. George Wentworth (d. unm)

1c. Harriet Wentworth (d. 5 Dec 1776), mar. Thomas Arundel, son of Francis Arundel, of Stoke Bruerne Park, co. Northampton

2c. Arabella Wentworth (d. unm.)

4b. Paul Wentworth (d. at the Siege of Namur 1695)

5b. Alan Wentworth, Page of Honour to King William III (d. at the Siege of Liege 1702)

1b. Elizabeth Wentworth (d. young)

2b. Hon Frances Arabella Wentworth, Maid-of-Honour to Queen Mary of Modena (dspm. 16 Mar 1723/4; bur. at St Paul's, Covent Garden, co. Middlesex), mar. Sep 1686 Walter [Bellew], 2nd Baron Bellew, and had issue

3b. Ann Wentworth, mar. James Donolan

4b. Isabella Wentworth, Maid-of-Honour to Queen Anne, mar. Francis Arundel, of Stoke Park, co. Northampton

5b. Mary Wentworth (d. young)

6b. Elizabeth Wentworth (b. c. 1681; dsp. 21 Mar 1750), mar. 2 Jun 1722 John [Arundell], 4th Baron Arundel of Trerice

2a. Thomas Wentworth

1a. Anne Wentworth (bur. 20 Sep 1707), mar. Edward Skinner, of Thornton College, co. Lincoln

3. John Wentworth (d. unm. 4 Nov 1625)

4. Robert Wentworth (d. unm.)

5. Michael Wentworth (bapt. 3 Aug 1600)

6. Matthew Wentworth, Fellow of University College, Oxford (bapt. 25 Mar 1605; d. 25 Jun 1635)

7. Philip Wentworth, of University College, Oxford (bapt. 4 May 1608; d. 1634)

8. Rt Hon Sir George Wentworth, Member of Parliament for Pontefract 1640-46, General of the King's Forces in Ireland (bapt. 20 Jul 1609)

1. Ann Wentworth (bapt. 11 Jul 1591; d. 31 Jul 1633), mar. 14 Sep 1607 as his second wife Sir George Savile, 2nd Bt., of Thornhill, co. York, and had issue

2. Margaret Wentworth (bapt. 30 May 1602), mar. 17 Oct 1626 Sir Richard Hutton, of Hooton Pagnell, co. York

3. Elizabeth Wentworth (bapt. 30 Jun 1603; d. after Apr 1661), mar. Sep/Oct 1636 James [Dillon], 3rd Earl of Roscommon, and had issue

bur.

10 Sep 1614

created

29 Jun 1611 Baronet of England

suc. by

son

note

High Sheriff of Yorkshire 1601

 

Thomas [Wentworth], 1st Baron Wentworth later 1st Viscount Wentworth later 1st Earl of Strafford, KG PC

born

13 Apr 1593

mar. (1)

22 Oct 1611 Lady Margaret Clifford b. 1594; (bur. sp. 21 Sep 1622), 1st dau. of Francis [Clifford], 4th Earl of Cumberland, by his wife Grisold Hughes, dau. of Thomas Hughes, of Uxbridge, co. Middlesex

mar. (2)

24 Feb 1624/5 Lady Arabella Holles (d. 5 Oct 1631), 2nd dau. of John [Holles], 1st Earl of Clare, by his wife Anne Stanhope, dau. of Sir Thomas Stanhope, of Shelford, co. Nottingham

children by second wife

1. Hon William Wentworth, later 2nd Earl of Strafford

2. Hon Thomas Wentworth (d. an infant)

1. Lady Anne Wentworth (b. 8 Oct 1629; d. 2 Jan 1695/6), mar. 13 Nov 1654 Edward [Watson], 2nd Baron Rockingham, and had issue

2. Lady Arabella Wentworth (dsp.), mar. Lieut Gen Rt Hon Justin McCarthy, cr. Baron Castlefinch and Viscount Mountcashell by the titular King James II 23 May 1689, 3rd son of Donough [McCarthy], 1st Earl of Clancarty, by his wife Lady Eleanor Butler, sister of James [Butler], 1st Duke of Ormonde, and dau. of Hon Thomas Butler, styled Viscount Thurles (by his wife Elizabeth Poyntz, dau. of Sir John Poyntz, of Iron Acton, co. Gloucester), 1st son and heir ap. of Walter [Butler], 11th Earl of Ormonde and 4th Earl of Ossory

mar. (3)

c. Oct 1632 Elizabeth Rodes (dspms. 19 Apr 1688), dau. of Sir Godfrey Rodes, of Great Haughton, co. York, by his second wife Anne Lewknor, dau. of Sir Edward Lewknor, of Denham Hall, co. Sussex

children by third wife

2. Hon Thomas Wentworth (d. unm.)

3. Lady Margaret Wentworth (d. unm.)

died

12 May 1641

created

22 Jul 1628 Baron Wentworth, of Wentworth Woodhouse, and Baron of Newmarch and Oversley

13 Dec 1628 Viscount Wentworth

12 Jan 1639/40 Baron of Raby in the County or Bishopric of Durham, with a special remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to his younger brothers Sir William Wentworth and Sir George Wentworth respectively in like manner, and Earl of Strafford, with the usual remainder

suc. by

son by second wife

note

admitted Inner Temple 1607; knighted 1611; suc. his father as 2nd Baronet Sep 1614 ; Member of Parliament for Yorkshire 1614, 1620-22, 1625 and 1628-29, and for Pontefract 1624-25; Custos Rotulorum of the West Riding of Yorkshire 1615-26; Councillor of the North 1619; Sheriff of Yorkshire 1626; imprisoned for refusing to pay the forced load 1627; Lord President of the Council of the North 1628-41; Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire 1628 and 1640; Receiver of Fines and Forfeitures of Popish Recusants in the North 1629; Privy Councillor 1629; Bailiff of Richmond and Keeper of Richmond and Middleham Castles 1630; Lord Deputy General of Ireland 1631/2-39/40 and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1639/40-41; Vice-Admiral of Munster 1633/4; Member of the Council of War 1639/40; Lieut General of the Army of the North 1640; Knight of the Garter 1640; committed to the Tower of London 1640 on charges by Pym; impeached for high treason by the House of Commons 1640/1 and then in the House of Lords, but when it appeared that he might be acquitted, a Bill of Attainder was brought in by the Commons and passed in the Lords in 1641; despite the fact that he had said to Strafford "upon the Word of a King, you shall not suffer in Lyffe, Honnor or Fortune", the King assented to the Bill and the Earl of Strafford was executed on Tower Hill and all his honours became forfeited

 

William [Wentworth], 2nd Earl of Strafford, KG PC

born

8 Jun 1626

mar. (1)

27 Feb 1654/5 Lady Henrietta Mary Stanley (b. 17 Nov 1630; dsp. 27 Dec 1685), 2nd dau. of James [Stanley], 7th Earl of Derby, by his wife Charlotte de la Trémoille, 1st dau. of Claude de la Trémoille, 2nd Duc de Thouars and Prince of Taranto

mar. (2)

19 Sep 1694 Henrietta de la Rochefoucauld (dsp. 11 Nov 1732), dau. of Frederic Charles de Roye de la Rochefoucauld, Count de Roye, by his wife Elizabeth de Durfort, sister of Louis [de Duras], 2nd Earl of Feversham, and dau. of Guy Aldonce de Durfort, Marquis de Duras

died

s.p. 16 Oct 1695

created

1 Dec 1641 Baron Wentworth, of Wentworth Woodhouse in the County of York, Baron of Newmarch and Oversley, Baron of Raby, within the County of Bishopric of Durham, Viscount Wentworth and Earl of Strafford, with the same special remainder as regards the Barony of Raby as in the letters patent of 12 Jan 1639/40

note

knighted 1635; on the Continent 1642-51; Knight of the Garter 1661; by Act of Parliament 19 May 1662 the attainder of his father was reversed and he succeeded to all his father's titles; Privy Councillor [E] 1674 and [I] 1677; a supporter of Prince William of Orange

 

On the death of the 2nd Earl of Strafford all his titles except for the Barony of Raby and the Baronetcy (cr. 1611) became extinct. The Barony of Raby and the Baronetcy passed to his 1st cousin once removed, Thomas Wentworth, who in 1711 was created Viscount Wentworth and Earl of Strafford.

 

 First written 25 Jun 2005

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