Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage

If you have found this page useful, why not make a donation to The Peerage Research Trust so that we can continue to maintain and develop Cracroft's Peerage?


| Search this site | Introduction | Contents | The Monarchy | The Peerage | The Baronetage | Untitled Families | Orders of Chivalry | Miscellaneous | Forums | Forums | Contact Us | Links |

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Strathallan, Viscount of (S, 1686)

 

Creation: let.pat. 16 Aug 1686

 

Family name: Drummond

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Arms:

See Earl of Perth

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

William [Drummond], 1st Viscount of Strathallan, PC

2nd son of John [Drummond], 2nd Lord Maderty, by his wife Hon Margaret Leslie, 3rd dau. of Patrick [Leslie], 1st Lord Lindores

born

c. 1617

mar.

28 Feb 1667/8 Elizabeth Hepburn (widow of Thomas Hepburn of Humble; d. 1679), dau. of Sir Archibald Johnston of Wariston, a Lord of Session, by his second wife Helen Hay, dau. of Sir Alexander Hay, a Lord of Session

children

1. Hon William Drummond, later 2nd Viscount of Strathallan

1. Hon Margaret Drummond (d. 21 Mar 1695/6), mar. after 20 Dec 1683 Thomas [Hay], 7th Earl of Kinnoull, and had issue

died

23 Mar 1687/8

created

16 Aug 1686 Lord Drummond of Cromlix and Viscount of Strathallan, with remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to heirs male

suc. by

son

note

served in Ireland under Col Robert Monro and the Marquess of Ormonde; Col of a Regiment of Foot 1650; with King Charles II at the Battle of Worcester 1651 where he was taken prisoner and was imprisoned until 1652; went abroad and returned 1654 to take part in the Earl of Glencairn's rising; went abroad again and joined the Russian service 1655-65 and became Governor of Smolensk; recalled by King Charles II 1665 and appointed Maj General of the Forces in Scotland; Col of Regiment of Horse 1666-67; Privy Councillor [S] 1666/7-74 and 1682-87/8; Capt of a Troop of Horse in the Perthshire Militia 1669-76; Member of Parliament [S] for Perthshire 1669-74, 1678, 1681-82 and 1685-86; part of various Government commissions between 1678 and 1684; Master of the Ordnance and General of the Artillery [S] 1682-85; Justiciar of the Southern and Western Shires 1684; a leader in the suppression of Argyll's rebellion 1685; Lieutenant-General of all the Forces in Scotland 1685-87/8; Commissioner of the Scottish Treasury 1685/6 and 1687l a Lord of the Articles 1686; Justiciar and Sheriff of Argyll 1686/7; Governor of Inverary Castle 1687

 

William [Drummond], 2nd Viscount of Strathallan

born

8 Aug 1670

mar.

bef. 14 Jan 1687/8 his cousin Lady Elizabeth Drummond (d. 22 Jul 1672), 2nd dau. of John [Drummond], 1st Earl of Melfort, by his first wife Sophia Maitland, dau. and eventual hrss. of line of Hon Robert Maitland of Lundin (by his wife Margaret Lundin, dau. and hrss. of John Lundin of Lundin), 3rd son of John [Maitland], 1st Earl of Lauderdale

only child

1. Hon William Drummond, later 3rd Viscount of Strathallan

died

7 Jul 1702

suc. by

son

note

suc. his uncle 20 Jan 1691/2 as 4th Lord Maderty; Commissioner of Justiciary for the Highlands 1701

 

James [Drummond], 3rd Viscount of Strathallan

born

1694

died

26 May 1711

suc. by

third cousin and heir male collateral

 

William [Drummond], 4th Viscount of Strathallan

1st surv. son and heir of Sir John Drummond, formerly of Machany (by his wife Margaret Stewart, dau. of Sir William Stewart of Innernytie), 1st son and heir of Sir James Drummond of Machany (by his second wife Anne Hay, dau. of Hon George Hay, 1st of Keillour (by his wife Isabel Hay, widow of Patrick Hay of Megginch, and dau. of Patrick Cheyne of Esselmont), 1st son by his second wife of Andrew [Hay], 8th Earl of Erroll), 1st son and heir of Col Hon Sir James Drummond of Machany (by his wife Catherine Hamilton, sister of John [Hamilton], 1st Lord Bargeny, and dau. of Sir John Hamilton of Bargeny (by his wife Jean Campbell, dau. of Rt Rev Alexander Campbell, Bishop of Brechin), legitimated son of John [Hamilton], 1st Marquess of Hamilton), brother of John [Drummond], 2nd Lord Maderty, the father of the 1st Viscount of Strathallan, and 2nd son of James [Drummond], 1st Lord Maderty

born

mar.

after 1 Nov 1712 Hon Margaret Nairne, imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle for her active support of the Jacobites 1746 (bapt. 19 Aug 1692; d. 28 May 1773), 1st dau. of William [Murray later Nairne], 2nd Lord Nairne, by his wife Hon Margaret Nairne, only surv. child and hrss. of Robert [Nairne], 1st Lord Nairne

children

1. Hon James Francis Edward Drummond, later 5th Viscount of Strathallan

2. Hon Charles Drummond (b. 19 Jan 1724; dvp. young)

3. Hon William Drummond (b. 19 Jan 1724; d. 25 May 1772), mar. Anne Nairne (d. 31 May 1782), 2nd dau. of Brig Gen David Nairne, and had issue:

1a. Col William Henry Drummond (b. 1765; d. 1796)

2a. James Andrew John Laurence Charles Drummond, later 6th Viscount of Strathallan

4. Hon John Drummond (b. 22 Jun 1725; bur. vp. 6 Dec 1743 at Stanmore, co. Middlesex)

5. Hon Andrew Drummond (b. 17 Sep 1726; d. unm.)

6. Hon Robert Drummond, of Cadland House, co. Hampshire, banker (b. 13 Nov 1728; d. 19 Jan 1904), mar. 22 Apr 1753 Winifred Thompson (d. 2 Apr 1791), dau. of William Thompson, of Ipsden, co. Oxford, and had issue

7. Hon Henry Drummond, of The Grange, co. Hampshire, banker (d. 29 Jun 1795), mar. 21 Mar 1761 Lady Elizabeth Compton (d. 25 Mar 1819), sister of Charles [Compton], 7th Earl of Northampton, and Spencer [Compton], 8th Earl of Northampton, 4th dau. of Hon Charles Compton (by his wife Mary Lucy, only dau. and hrss. of Sir Berkeley Lucy, 3rd Bt.), 3rd son by his first wife of George [Compton], 4th Earl of Northampton, and had issue

died

16 Apr 1746

suc. by

son

note

in command of a battalion of Drummonds at the Battle of Sheriffmuir 1715, where he was taken prisoner; pardoned under the Act of Grace 1717; supported Prince Charles Edward in 1745, being appointed Governor of Perth; in command of a Troop of Horse at the Battle of Falkirk 1745/6, and at the Battle of Culloden 1746 where he was killed; although included in an Act of Attainder 1746 declaring that if he did not surrender himself before 12 Jul 1746 he would be attainted as from the previous 18 Apr, it was deemed to be inoperative due to his death

 

James Francis Edward [Drummond], 5th Viscount of Strathallan

born

10 Jun 1722

mar.

Nov 1750 Euphemia Gordon (d. 5 Jul 1796), dau. of Peter Gordon, 11th of Abergeldie, by his third wife Margaret Primrose, dau. of George Foulis later Primrose of Dunipace (2nd but 1st surv. son and heir ap. of Sir John Foulis, 1st Bt.)

children

1. Hon James Drummond, later self styled 6th Viscount of Strathallan (b. 1752; d. 10 Dec 1775)

2. Hon William Drummond (dvp. young)

3. Gen Hon Andrew Drummond of Machany, later self styled 7th Viscount of Strathallan, Ensign, 1st Foot Guards 1773, Lieut and Capt 1777, Capt and Major 1782, Major 1797 and Lt Col 1799-1801; served in the American Revolution 1776-77, in France and Flanders 1793-94, and on the North British Staff 1795-1802; Col in the Army 1793, Maj Gen 1795, Lieut Gen 1802 and General 1812; Col Commandant, 5th Foot 1801; Col, 11th Royal Veteran Battalion 1807-14 and 5th Battalion 1815-16; Governor of Dumbarton Castle 1810-17 (b. 15 Jan 1758; d. 20 Jan 1817)

4. Hon Charles Drummond (dvp. young)

6. Hon John Drummond (dvp. young)

1. Hon Margaret Drummond, mar. Dec 1779 George Haldane of Gleneagles

2. Hon Louisa Drummond (dvp. young)

3. Hon Elizabeth Drummond

died

22 Jun 1765

note

went to France 1740, returning in 1745 to join Prince Charles Edward; fought at Falkirk 1745/6 and escaped to France after the Jacobite defeat at the Battle of Culloden 1746; included with his father in the Act of Attainder 1746 and consequently forfeited his peerages two days after his father's death

 

The Viscountcy of Strathallan remained under attainder for 82 years until 17 Jun 1824, when by Act of Parliament the attainder of the 4th and 5th Viscounts was reversed, allowing the grandson and heir male of the 4th Viscount of Strathallan to assume the title,

 

James Andrew John Laurence Charles [Drummond], 6th Viscount of Strathallan

2nd but only surv. son of Hon William Drummond (by his wife Anne Nairne, 2nd dau. of Brig Gen David Nairne), 3rd but 2nd surv. son of William [Drummond], 4th Viscount of Strathallan

born

24 Mar 1767

mar.

18 Jan 1809 Lady Amelia Sophia Murray (b. 5 Jul 1780; d. 19 Jun 1849), 3rd dau. of John [Murray], 4th Duke of Atholl, by his first wife and second cousin once removed Hon Jane Cathcart, 1st dau. of Charles Schaw [Cathcart], 9th Lord Cathcart

children

1. Hon William Henry Drummond, later 7th Viscount of Strathallan

2. Admiral Hon Sir James Robert Drummond GCB RN, Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, a Lord of the Admiralty 1861-66 (b. 15 Sep 1812; d. 7 Oct 1895), mar. 5 Feb 1856 Catherine Frances Elliot (d. 20 Apr 1914), 3rd dau. of Admiral Hon Sir George Elliot KCB (by his wife Eliza Cecilia Ness, yst. dau. of James Ness, of Osgodby, co. York), 2nd son of Gilbert [Elliot later Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound], 1st Earl of Minto, and had issue

3. Hon Sir Edmund Drummond KCIE, Auditor-General of India 1856-62, Lieutenant-Governor of North West Provinces 1863-68 (b. 17 Jan 1814; d. 10 Jan 1895), mar. 16 Nov 1837 Julia Mary Sutherland (d. 30 Nov 1898), dau. of J C C Sutherland, and had issue

4. Hon Francis Charles Drummond (b. 6 Sep 1815; dsp. 26 Oct 1904), mar. 8 Feb 1849 his second cousin once removed Charlotte Mary Atholl Oakley (d. 13 Jun 1918), only dau. of Very Rev Sir Herbert Oakley, 3rd Bt., Co-Dean of Bocking, by his wife Atholl Keturah Murray-Aynsley, 2nd dau. of Very Rev Lord Charles Murray later Murray-Aynsley, Dean of Bocking (by his wife Alicia Mitford, dau. of George Mitford), 5th son of John [Murray], 3rd Duke of Atholl

5. Hon Robert Andrew John Drummond (b. 4 Aug 1820; d. 29 Jun 1887), mar. 8 Nov 1854 Anna Maria Reade (d. 22 Apr 1871), dau. of Compton Reade, and had issue

6. Hon Frederick Drummond (b. 23 Apr 1822; d. 15 May 1848)

1. Hon Marianne Jane Drummond (d. 19 May 1876), mar. 18 Jan 1842 Maj George Drummond Graeme of Inchbackie and Aberuthven (d. 20 Dec 1854), and had issue

2. Hon Emily Anne Drummond (d. 17 Jun 1829)

died

14 May 1851

suc. by

son

note

spent many years in China as Chief of the British settlement in Canton; Member of Parliament (Tory) for Perthshire 1812-24; a Representative Peer for Scotland 1825-51

 

William Henry [Drummond], 7th Viscount of Strathallan

born

5 Mar 1810

mar.

25 Jul 1833 Christina Maria Hersey Baird (d. 14 Feb 1867), sister of Sir David Baird of Newbyth, 2nd Bt., and 2nd dau. of Robert Baird of Newbyth, by his second wife Hersey Christina Maria Gavin, 2nd dau. of David Gavin, of Langton House, co. Berwick, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Maitland, dau. of James [Maitland], 7th Earl of Lauderdale

children

1. Hon James David Drummond, later 8th Viscount of Strathallan

2. Hon William Henry Drummond (b. 1 Aug 1845 ; dvp. Jul 1879)

3. Capt Hon Robert Charles Drummond (b. 2 Sep 1850; d. 27 Jun 1921)

1. Hon Amelia Anne Drummond (d. 5 Nov 1912), mar. 13 May 1858 Lt Col Charles Greenhill Gardyne of Finavon (d. 25 Nov 1923), and had issue

2. Hon Margaret Alice Drummond (dvp. 24 Aug 1875)

3. Hon Hersey Annabella Drummond (b. 23 Oct 1846; d. 23 Feb 1939)

4. Hon Frances Mary Drummond, a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria 1872-1901 (b. 1 Jul 1848; d. 14 Jan 1947)

died

23 Jan 1886

suc. by

son

note

Ensign, 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards 1826-38; Capt, 36th Regiment of Foot 1828 ; a Representative Peer (Conservative) for Scotland 1853-86; a Lord in Waiting 1858-59 and 1866-68

 

James David [Drummond], 8th Viscount of Strathallan

born

23 Oct 1839

mar. (1)

11 Feb 1868 Ellen Thornhill (d. 5 Jun 1873), 2nd dau. of Cudbert Bensley Thornhill CSI, a member of the Sudder Board of Revenue, ICS

children by first wife

1. Hon William Huntly Drummond, later 9th Viscount of Strathallan later 6th Earl of Perth

1. Hon Henrietta Alice Drummond (b. 1869; dvp. Feb 1870)

2. Hon Ellen Hersey Drummond (b. 25 Oct 1872; dvp. 2 Dec 1873)

mar. (2)

27 Oct 1875 Margaret Smythe (d. 5 Dec 1920), 1st dau. of William Smythe, of Methven Castle, co. Perth, by his first wife Margaret Walker, dau. of James Walker, of Great George Street, Westminster, co. Middlesex

children by second wife

2. Hon James Eric Drummond, later 7th Earl of Perth

3. Col Hon Sir Maurice Charles Andrew Drummond KBE CMG DSO, ADC to General Officer Commanding, Scottish Command 1912-13, Deputy Assistant Adjutant General 1915-17, Assistant Adjutant General 1917-18 and 1920-23, Deputy Director (Staff Duties) Air Ministry 1923-27, Deputy Assistant Commissioner, Metropolitan Police 1933-35, Assistant Commissioner 1935, Deputy Commissioner 1935-46 (b. 30 Nov 1877; d. 21 Feb 1957), mar. 4 May 1904 his fifth cousin once removed Ida Mary Drummond (d. 11 Dec 1966), 3rd dau. of George James Drummond, of Swaylands, Penshurst, co. Kent, by his wife Elizabeth Cecile Sophia Norman, dau. of Rev Canon Frederick John Norman, Rector of Bottesford, co. Leicester, by his wife and first cousin Lady Adeliza Elizabeth Gertrude Manners, 4th dau. of John Henry [Manners], 5th Duke of Rutland, and had issue

4. Vice-Admiral Hon Edmund Rupert Drummond CB CVO RN, Chief of Staff and Maintenance Captain to Commander-in-Chief Portsmouth 1930-32, Chief of Staff to Commander-in-Chief American and West Indies Station 1932-33, Commander-in-Chief New Zealand Station 1935-38, Flag Officer in charge of Portland Naval Base, Chief of Staff Rosyth (b. 8 May 1884; d. 9 Sep 1965), mar. 11 May 1910 Lady Evelyn Frances Butler (b. 20 Dec 1887; d. 19..), 1st dau. of James Arthur Wellington Foley [Butler], 4th Marquess of Ormonde, by his wife Ellen Stager, dau. of Gen Anson Stager, US Army, and had issue

died

5 Dec 1893

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Cornet, 11th Hussars 1858, Lieut 1859, Adjutant 1860-63 and Capt 1863; ADC to the Maj Gen, Bengal, and Lieutenant-Governor, North West Provinces 1863-68, and Brig Major, Bengal, 1868-73; Capt, 90th Light Infantry 1864, 14th Foot 1869 and 6th Dragoon Guards 1873, Brevet Maj 1877 and Adjutant, Buckinghamshire Yeomanry Cavalry 1877-82; a Representative Peer (Conservative) for Scotland 1890-93

 

William Huntly [Drummond], 9th Viscount of Strathallan later 6th Earl of Perth

note

suc. his 7th cousin twice removed 28 Feb 1902 as 6th Earl of Perth

 

The Viscountcy of Strathallan has been held by the Earls of Perth since 28 Feb 1902.

 

First written 21 Dec 2003

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

"