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Suffolk, Earl of (E, 1385 - forfeited 1504)

 

Creation: let.pat. 6 Aug 1385

 

Forfeited: Jan 1503/4

 

Family name: de la Pole

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Arms:

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Azure a Fess between three Leopard's Faces Or (de la Pole); 2nd and 3rd, per fess Gules and Argent a Lion rampant Or (Wingfield)

Crest:

A Savage Man's Head couped at the shoulders proper banded Or studded Azure

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Michael [de la Pole], 1st Baron de la Pole later 1st Earl of Suffolk, PC

1st son and heir of Sir William de la Pole MP, of Kingston-upon-Hull, co. York, Baron of the Exchequer, by his wife Catherine de Norwich, dau. of Sir Walter de Norwich, Chief Baron of the Exchequer

born

c. 1330

mar.

bef. 18 Oct 1361 Katherine Wingfield (b. c. 1349; d. bef. 1 Oct 1386), dau. and hrss. of Sir John Wingfield, of Wingfield, co. Suffolk, by his wife Eleanor de Glanvile, dau. of Gilbert de Glanvile

children

1. Sir Michael de la Pole, later 2nd Earl of Suffolk

2. Richard de la Pole

1. Lady Anne de la Pole (d. 30 Mar 1412), mar. (1) Gerard de Lisle, 1st son and heir ap. of Warin [de Lisle], 2nd Lord Lisle, and (2) Robert Thorley, of Tybeste, co. Cornwall

died

5 Sep 1389

created

by writ of summons v.p. 28 Sep 1384 Baron de la Pole

6 Aug 1385 Earl of Suffolk

suc. by

son

note

knighted bef. 1353; served with the Duke of Lancaster in 1355 and the Prince of Wales in 1359; Commissioner of Array for the East Riding of Yorkshire and Kingston-upon-Hull 1367; in the French wars 1369-70/1; Admiral of the Fleet north of Thames 1376-77 ; Privy Councillor 1378/9; Ambassador to Milan 1378/9, and to Rome and Bohemia 1379/80; Joint Governor of the King 1381; Lord Chancellor of England 1382/3-86; in the expedition against Scotland 1385; unpopular due to his favour with the King, he was impeached and convicted by Parliament 1386 but decision over-turned 1387; accused by Gloucester, Arundel and Warwick, he fled the realm 1387 and found guilty of high treason by Parliament 1387/8, upon which all his titles were forfeited

 

Michael [de la Pole], 2nd Earl of Suffolk, PC

born

1367

mar.

13 Apr 1382/3 Lady Katherine de Stafford (d. 8 Apr 1419), 2nd dau. of Hugh [de Stafford], 2nd Earl of Stafford, by his wife Lady Philippe de Beauchamp, 2nd dau. of Thomas [de Beauchamp], 11th Earl of Warwick

children

1. Michael de la Pole, later 3rd Earl of Suffolk

2. William de la Pole, later 4th Earl of Suffolk later 1st Marquess of Suffolk later 1st Duke of Suffolk

3. Thomas de la Pole

4. Sir John de la Pole, Governor of Avranches, mar., and had issue:

1a. Margaret de la Pole, mar. Jean [de Foix], 1st Earl of Kendal, and had issue

1. Lady Katherine de la Pole, Abbess of Barking

2. Lady Isabel de la Pole (d. 8 Feb 1466/7), mar. bef. 5 Feb 1402/3 Thomas [Morley], 5th Baron Morley, and had issue

died

18 Sep 1415

suc. by

son

note

knighted at the Coronation of King Richard II 1377; his father's attainder was reversed by Parliament in 1397/8, such reversal annulled and restored in 1399; Chief Commissioner of Array for Suffolk 1399; Privy Councillor 1401; Commissioner of Oyer and Terminer in Hampshire 1415

 

Michael [de la Pole], 3rd Earl of Suffolk

born

1394-95

mar.

bef. 24 Nov 1403 Lady Elizabeth Mowbray (d. after 1 Dec 1423), 3rd dau. of Thomas [Mowbray], 1st Duke of Norfolk, by his second wife Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan, 1st dau. by his first wife of Richard [FitzAlan], 11th or 4th Earl of Arundel

children

1. Lady ..... de la Pole (dsp.)

2. Lady ..... de la Pole (dsp.)

3. Lady ..... de la Pole (dsp.)

died

s.p.m. 25 Oct 1415

suc. by

brother

note

at the siege of Harfleur 1415

 

William [de la Pole], 4th Earl of Suffolk later 1st Marquess of Suffolk later 1st Duke of Suffolk, KG

created

14 Sep 1444 Marquess of Suffolk

2 Jun 1448 Duke of Suffolk

 

The Earldom of Suffolk was held by the Marquesses of Suffolk (Dukes of Suffolk from 2 Jun 1448) from 14 Sep 1444 until 26 Feb 1492/3 when Edmund [de la Pole], 3rd Duke of Suffolk, surrendered the Dukedom and Marquessate of Suffolk but retained the Earldom,

 

Edmund [de la Pole], 6th Earl of Suffolk formerly 3rd Duke of Suffolk, KG

born

1471-72

mar.

bef. 10 Oct 1496 Margaret Scrope (d. Feb 1514/5), 6th dau. and cohrss. of Sir Richard Scrope, of Upsall, co. York (by his wife Eleanor Washbourne, dau. of Norman Washbourne), 2nd son of Henry [Scrope], 4th Baron Scrope (of Bolton)

only child

1. Lady Anne de la Pole, a nun

died

s.p.m. 4 May 1513

note

Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of his uncle King Richard III 1483; at the siege of Boulogne 1492; suc. his father betw. 29 Oct 1491 and 27 Oct 1492 as 3rd Duke of Suffolk; agreed with King Henry VII by indenture 26 Feb 1492/3 to surrender the Dukedom and Marquessate of Suffolk and to be known henceforth as Earl of Suffolk, ratified by Act of Parliament 1495; a leader against the Cornish rebels at Blackheath 1497; Knight of the Garter 1499; he and his brother Richard left England without permission 1501 and assumed the title of Duke of Suffolk and the style of "White Rose"; declared outlaw 1502 and attainted with his brothers William and Richard Jan 1503/4, whereby all his honours were forfeited; in Aix 1502-04, imprisoned by the Duke of Gueldres 1504-05 and by the Archduke Philip 1505-06; surrendered to King Henry VII, he was committed to the Tower of London 1506; after 7 years in the Tower he was beheaded without trial

 

Following the attainder of the 6th Earl of Suffolk the Earldom of Suffolk was forfeited and ceased to exist.

 

 First written 8 Jul 2003

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