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Suffolk, Duke of (E, 1448 - 1493)

 

Creation: let.pat. 2 Jun 1448

 

Surrendered: 26 Feb 1492/3

 

Family name: de la Pole

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Garter stall plate of William [de la Pole], 1st Duke of Suffolk, KG

A quadrangular plate of gilded copper bearing the arms: Quarterly: 1st and 4th,

Azure a Fess between three Leopards' Heads Or (for de la Pole); 2nd and 3rd,

Argent on a bend Gules three Pairs of Wings of the field (for Wingfield), with silver

helm garnished gold, and red mantling with ermine lining and gold tassels. The crest,

which rises directly from the helm with only a narrow intervening line of black and gold,

is a Man's Head Gules bearded and crined Or wearing a jewelled Circlet Gold.

 

(Plate L from W H St John Hope: The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Garter 1348-1485)

 

Arms:

See Earl of Suffolk

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William [de la Pole], 4th Earl of Suffolk later 1st Marquess of Suffolk later 1st Duke of Suffolk, KG PC

brother and heir of Michael [de la Pole], 3rd Earl of Suffolk, and 2nd son of Michael [de la Pole], 2nd Earl of Suffolk, by his wife Lady Katherine de Stafford, 2nd dau. of Hugh [de Stafford], 2nd Earl of Stafford

born

16 Oct 1396

mar.

after 11 Nov 1430 Alice Montagu (b. c. 1404; widow of (1) Sir John Philip, and (2) Thomas [Montacute], 4th Earl of Salisbury; d. 20 May 1475), only child of Thomas Chaucer, of Ewelme, co. Oxford, Chief Butler to Richard II and Henry IV and Speaker of the House of Commons (by his wife Maud de Burghersh, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of John [de Burghersh], 3rd Baron Kerdeston), son and heir of Geoffrey Chaucer, the poet

only child

1. Lord John de la Pole, later 2nd Duke of Suffolk

died

2 May 1450 (bur. at Wingfield, co. Suffolk)

created

14 Sep 1444 Marquess of Suffolk

23 Feb 1446/7 with his wife Earl and Countess of Pembroke

2 Jun 1448 Duke of Suffolk

suc. by

son

note

at the siege of Harfleur 1415; served in France 1417-34; Admiral of Normandy 1419; Captain of Pontoise and Avranches 1419-23; Knight of the Garter 1421; Governor of the Marches of Lower Normandy 1421; Guardian of the Cotentin 1422-23; Governor of Chartres 1424; cr. Count of Dreux 1425; conducted the siege of Mont St Michel 1425, at the siege of Montargis 1427 and at the siege of Orleans 1428; forced to retreat by the arrival of Joan of Arc and was captured 1429 and released 1429/30; Lieutenant of Caen and the Cotentin 1430; captured Aumale 1430; Privy Councillor 1431; has custody of the Duke of Orleans 1432-33; Lord Steward of the Household 1433-50; Joint Constable of Wallingford Castle and Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds 1434; Joint Ambassador to the Congress of Arras 1435 and 1436; High Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster, north of Trent 1437-50; Chief Justice of South Wales 1438-39/40 and of North Wales 1439/40 and 1443; Joint Keeper of Cornbury Park, co. Oxford 1439; Joint Warden of the New Forest and of Lyndhurst Park 1442; Keeper of the Town of Dunwich 1442/3; Chief Ambassador to France 1443/4-44; Steward and surveyor of all gold and other metal minerals in England and Wales 1434; Lord Great Chamberlain of England for life and Constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports 1446/7; Admiral of England 1447; Joint High Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster, south of Trent 1447; Governor and Protector of the Staple of Calais 1447/8; becoming unpopular, committed to the Tower of London and impeached by the Commons 1449/50; banished by the King for 5 years, on his way to exile, he was murdered at sea 1450; the Earldom of Pembroke appears to have lapsed after his death

 

John [de la Pole], 2nd Duke of Suffolk, KG

born

27 Sep 1442

mar. (1)

betw. 28 Jan and 7 Feb 1449/50 (dissolved bef. 24 Mar 1452/3) Lady Margaret Beaufort (b. 31 May 1443; mar. (2) Oct 1455 Edmund [Tudor], 1st Earl of Richmond, (3) c. 1460 Lord Henry Stafford (d. 4 Oct 1471), 2nd son of Humphrey [Stafford], 1st Duke of Buckingham, and (4) bef. Oct 1473 Thomas [Stanley], 1st Earl of Derby; d. 29 Jun 1509), only dau. and hrss. of John [Beaufort], 1st Duke of Somerset, by his wife Margaret St John, widow of Sir Oliver St John, of Bletsoe, co. Bedford, sister and hrss. of John [Beauchamp], 4th Baron Beauchamp (of Bletso), and only dau. of John [Beauchamp], 3rd Baron Beauchamp (of Bletso)

mar. (2)

bef. Oct 1460 Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet (b. 22 Apr 1444; d. betw. 7 Jan 1502/3 and 3 May 1504), sister of King Edward IV and King Richard III, and 2nd dau. of Richard [Plantagenet], 3rd Duke of York, by his wife Lady Cecily Nevill, 5th dau. of Ralph [Nevill], 1st Earl of Westmorland, by his second wife Lady Joan Beaufort, only dau. by his third wife of John "of Gaunt", 1st Duke of Lancaster

children by second wife

1. Lord John de la Pole, cr. vp. 13 Mar 1466/7 Earl of Lincoln, Knight of the Bath 1475, President of the Council of the North 1484, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1484, declared by his uncle King Richard III to be the next heir to the Crown after his own issue 1485, fought at the Battle of Bosworth 1485 and submitted to King Henry VII, fled to Flanders 1486 and supported the cause of Lambert Simnel, killed fighting for Simnel at the Battle of Stoke (b. c. 1462; dvp. and sp. 16 Jun 1487), mar. Lady Margaret FitzAlan (dsp. after 1493), 1st dau. of Thomas [FitzAlan], 17th or 10th Earl of Arundel, by his wife Lady Margaret Wydville, sister of Queen Elizabeth Wydville and 2nd dau. of Richard [Wydville], 1st Earl Rivers

2. Lord Edward de la Pole, Archdeacon of Richmond 1484-85 (dvp. bef. 8 Oct 1485)

3. Lord Edmund de la Pole, later 3rd Duke of Suffolk later 6th Earl of Suffolk

4. Lord Humphrey de la Pole, Rector of Leverington, co. Cambridge 1500-09, Rector of Hingham, co. Norfolk 1509-13 (b. 1 Aug 1474; d. 15 Feb 1513)

5. Lord William de la Pole, knighted 1497, Commissioner of the Peace for Kent 1497-1501/2 and for Lincolnshire 1498-1501, Commissioner of Sewers 1499, arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London 1502, attainted with his two brothers Jan 1503/4 (b. c. 1478; dsp. in the Tower of London bef. 20 Nov 1539), mar. betw. 1497 and 8 Jun 1501 Catherine Grey (widow of (1) Sir William Berkeley, of Beverston, co. Gloucester, and (2) Henry [Grey], 7th Baron Grey (of Codnor); d. 25 Nov 1521), dau. of William [Stourton], 2nd Baron Stourton, by his wife Margaret Chidiock, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Sir John Chidiock, of Chidiock and Caundle, co. Dorset

6. Lord Geoffrey de la Pole

7. Lord Richard de la Pole, involved in his brother's rebellion and fled abroad with him 1501, attainted with his two brothers Jan 1503/4, claimed the Crown of England and styled himself Duke of Suffolk from 1510, entered the service of France and took part in the invasion of Navarre 1512 and the campaign against King Henry VIII 1513, exiled to Metz 1514-21, plotted with the Duke of Albany to invade England and Scotland 1522-23, killed at the Battle of Pavia (d. 24 Feb 1524/5)

1. Lady Catherine de la Pole (dsp.), mar. as his first wife William [Stourton], 5th Baron Stourton

2. Lady Anne de la Pole, a nun at Sion Abbey

3. Lady Dorothy de la Pole

4. Lady Elizabeth de la Pole (dsp. after 31 Dec 1489; bur. at Hallingbury, co. Essex), mar. Henry [Lovel], 8th Baron Morley

died

betw. 19 Oct 1491 and 27 Oct 1492

suc. by

son by second wife

note

Joint Constable of Wallingford Castle and Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds 1445-88/9; fought at the battles of St Albans , Ferrybridge and Towton 1461 ; Lord High Steward for the Coronation of King Edward IV 1461; the attainder of 1387/8 was reversed by Parliament in 1464-65; Commissioner of Array for Oxfordshire, Berkshire, Norfolk and Suffolk 1469-72 ; High Steward of Oxford University 1472; Knight of the Garter c. 1473; Lieutenant of Ireland 1478

 

Edmund [de la Pole], 3rd Duke of Suffolk later 6th Earl of Suffolk

note

surrendered the Dukedom and Marquessate of Suffolk to the King by indenture dated 26 Feb 1492/3 and thereafter known as 6th Earl of Suffolk

 

The Dukedom of Suffolk became extinct following the surrender by the 3rd Duke in 1492/3

 

 Last reviewed 29 Mar 2007

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