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Traquair, Earl of (S, 1633 - 1861)

 

Creation: let.pat. 23 Jun 1633

 

Extinct: 2 August 1861

 

Family name: Stewart

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st, Or a Fess chequy Argent and Azure (Stewart);  2nd, Azure three Garbs Or (Buchan);  3rd, Sable a Mullet Argent (Traquair);  4th, Argent an Orle Gules in chief three Martlets Sable beaked of the second (Rutherford)

Crest:

On a Garb Or a Crow proper

Supporters:

On either side a Bear proper armed Argent

Motto:

 Judge Nought

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John [Stewart], 1st Lord Stewart of Traquair later 1st Earl of Traquair, PC

son and heir of John Stewart, Yr. of Traquair (by his wife Hon Margaret Stewart, 1st dau. of Hon Andrew Stewart, Master of Ochiltree (by his wife and cousin Hon Margaret Stewart, 3rd dau. by his second wife of Henry [Stewart], 1st Lord Methven), 1st son and heir ap. by his first wife of Andrew [Stewart], 2nd Lord Ochiltree), 1st son and heir ap. of James Stewart of Traquair (by his wife Katherine Ker), 4th but only surv. son and eventual heir of William Stewart of Traquair (by his wife Hon Christian Hay, 2nd dau. of John [Hay], 2nd Lord Hay of Yester), 1st son and heir of James Stewart of Traquair (by his wife Katharine Rutherford, sister and cohrss. of Richard Rutherford of that Ilk, and 2nd dau. of Philip Rutherford of that Ilk), legitimated son of James [Stewart], 1st Earl of Buchan

born

c. 1600

mar.

after 14 Sep 1620 Lady Catherine Carnegie (d. after 1 Nov 1655), 3rd dau. of David [Carnegie], 1st Earl of Southesk, by his wife Margaret Lindsay, only dau. of Hon Sir David Lindsay of Edzell, a Lord of Session as Lord Edzell

children

1. Hon John Stewart, later 2nd Earl of Traquair

1. Lady Margaret Stewart (d. 20 Mar 1672/3), mar. after 26 Mar 1635 as his second wife James [Douglas], 2nd Earl of Queensberry, and had issue

2. Lady Elizabeth Stewart, mar. 27 Apr 1643 Patrick [Murray], 2nd Lord Elibank, and had issue

3. Lady Catherine Stewart, mar. John Stewart, and had issue

4. Lady Magdalene Stewart, mar. after 26 Jan 1658 Sir John Hamilton of Redhouse, and had issue

died

27 Mar 1659

created

29 Apr 1628 Lord Stewart of Traquair, with remainder to his heirs male bearing the name and arms of Stewart

23 Jun 1633 Lord Linton and Caberston, and Earl of Traquair, with a similar remainder

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for Peebleshire 1621; knighted before 1622; Privy Councillor [S] 1627; Keeper of Dumbarton Castle 1627-28; Burgess of Edinburgh 1630; Treasurer Depute 1630; an Extraordinary Lord of Session 1630-41; a Commissioner of the Exchequer 1631 and 1634; Lord High Treasurer of Scotland 1636-41; King's Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Kirk and to the Parliament 1639; with King Charles I in England 1642-44 to the displeasure of the Scottish Parliament; a member of the Committee of Estates 1647 and 1648; fought at the Battle of Preston 1648 and with his son, Lord Linton, was captured and imprisoned in Warwick Castle until 1651

 

John [Stewart], 2nd Earl of Traquair

born

after 8 Mar 1623/4

mar. (1)

1649 Lady Henrietta Seton (widow of Hon George Seton, styled Lord Seton, 1st son and heir ap. by his first wife of George [Seton], 3rd Earl of Winton; d. Jun 1651), 2nd dau. of George [Gordon], 2nd Marquess of Huntly, by his wife Lady Anne Campbell, 1st dau. by his first wife dau. of Archibald [Campbell], 7th Earl of Argyll

mar. (2)

Apr 1654 Lady Anne Seton (b. 30 Sep 1634; d. after 23 Feb 1685/6), 4th dau. of George [Seton], 3rd Earl of Winton, by his second wife Hon Elizabeth Maxwell, sister of John [Maxwell], 3rd Earl of Nithsdale and only dau. of John [Maxwell], 6th Lord Herries of Terregles

children by second wife

1. Hon William Stewart, later 3rd Earl of Traquair

2. Hon George Stewart (d. unm. vp.)

3. Hon Charles Stewart, later 4th Earl of Traquair

4. Hon John Stewart (dvp.)

1. Lady Elizabeth Stewart (d. unm.)

2. Lady Isabel Stewart (d. unm.)

3. Lady Lucy Stewart (d. unm.)

died

Apr 1666

suc. by

son by second wife

note

a Commissioner for War for Peeblesshire 1644, 1647 and 1648 and for Selkirkshire 1648; fought at the Battle of Preston 1648 and with his father was captured but released shortly afterwards; a Deputy to confer with the English Parliament on the Union of Scotland with England 1652-53; a Commissioner for Peeblesshire and Selkirkshire to collect the assessment levied by the English Parliament 1660 and for Peeblesshire to collect the King's annuity 1661

 

William [Stewart], 3rd Earl of Traquair

born

18 Jun 1657

died

bef. 23 Dec 1673

suc. by

brother

 

Charles [Stewart], 4th Earl of Traquair, PC

born

1659

mar.

after 9 Jan 1693/4 his second cousin Lady Mary Maxwell (b. c. 1671; d. 22 Sep 1759), 1st dau. of Robert [Maxwell], 4th Earl of Nithsdale, by his wife Lady Lucy Douglas, 5th dau. by his second wife of William [Douglas], 1st Marquess of Douglas

children

1. Hon Charles Stewart, later 5th Earl of Traquair

2. Hon William Stewart (b. 27 Feb 1698; d. bef. 1764)

3. Hon John Stewart, later 6th Earl of Traquair

4. Hon Robert Stewart (b. 9 Feb 1710)

1. Lady Lucy Stewart (b. 18 Feb 1695; d. 12 Apr 1768)

2. Lady Anne Stewart (b. 6 Mar 1696; d. 5 Apr 1755)

3. Lady Elizabeth Stewart (b. 12 Feb 1700; dvp. bef. 1706)

4. Lady Winifred Stewart (b. 7 Jun 1701)

5. Lady Mary Stewart (b. 11 Aug 1702; d. 4 Feb 1773), mar. as his second wife Hon John Drummond, titular 5th Duke of Perth (b. c.1680; dsp. 27 Oct 1757), only child by his second wife of James [Drummond], 4th Earl of Perth

6. Lady Isabel Stewart (b. 7 May 1703)

7. Lady Jean Stewart (b. 7 May 1703)

8. Lady Catherine Stewart (b. 4 Mar 1705; d. 16 Jun 1765), mar. 27 Jun 1731 as his first wife her cousin Hon William Maxwell, styled Lord Maxwell (b. 17 Jun 17...; dspm. 6 Mar 1773), 1st son and heir of William [Maxwell], 5th Earl of Nithsdale, and had issue

9. Lady Elizabeth Stewart (b. 5 Aug 1706)

10. Lady Henrietta Stewart (b. 15 Sep 1707)

11. Lady Barbara Stewart (b. 3 Sep 1708; d. 15 Nov 1794)

12. Lady Margaret Stewart (b. 3 Sep 1708; d. 4 Apr 1791)

13. Lady Louisa Stewart (b. 27 Oct 1711)

died

13 Jun 1741

suc. by

son

note

a Commissioner of Supply for Peeblesshire and Selkirkshire 1678 and 1685; exempted from taking the Test Act 1685; Privy Councillor [S] 1686 and 1687-88; a Commissioner of the Treasury and Exchequer 1688; a member of the Council of Trade 1688; arrested on suspicion of aiding the attempted invasion of Scotland by the French 1707/8, examined in London by the Lord Chancellor and two Secretaries of State, and released on bail

 

Charles [Stewart], 5th Earl of Traquair

born

31 Mar 1697

mar.

after 30 Oct 1745 Theresa Conyers (d. 8 May 1778), 6th dau. and cohrss. of Sir Baldwin Conyers, 4th Bt., of Horden, co. Durham, by his second wife Margaret Nevill, dau. of Henry Nevill, of Holt, co. Leicester

died

s.p. 24 Apr 1764

suc. by

brother

note

with his brother John formed the "Association" of Scottish Jacobites c. 1719; took no part in the Rising of 1745 but was arrested in Huntingdonshire and imprisoned in the Tower of London 1746-48, when he was released on bail; exempted from the Act of Indemnity 1747

 

John [Stewart], 6th Earl of Traquair

born

3 Feb 1698/9

mar.

1740 Christian Weir (b. c. 1702; widow of Sir William Weir, 2nd Bt.; d. 12 Nov 1771), dau. of Sir Philip Anstruther of Anstrutherfield, by his wife Elizabeth Hamilton, dau. and hrss. of James Hamilton

children

1. Hon Charles Stewart, later 7th Earl of Traquair

1. Lady Christina Stewart, mar. Cyrus Griffin, President of the Continental Congress (b. 1748; d. 1810), and had issue

2. Lady Mary Stewart

3. Lady Lucy Stewart

died

28 Mar 1779

suc. by

son

note

with his brother Lord Linton formed the "Association of Scottish Jacobites" c. 1719; like his brother took no part in the Rising of 1745

 

Charles [Stewart], 7th Earl of Traquair

born

bef. 7 Aug 1744

mar.

19 Aug 1773 Mary Ravenscroft (d. 11 Jul 1796), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of George Ravenscroft, of Wykeham, co. Lincoln, by his wife Mary Walpole, dau. of John Walpole, of Dunston and Pinchbeck, co. Lincoln

children

1. Hon Charles Stewart, later 8th Earl of Traquair

1. Lady Louisa Stewart (b. 20 Mar 1776; d. 6 Dec 1875)

died

14 Oct 1827

suc. by

son

note

 

Charles [Stewart], 8th Earl of Traquair

born

31 Jan 1781

died

2 Aug 1861

note

 

On the death of the 8th Earl of Traquair it is assumed that the Earldom of Traquair became extinct. As far as it is known the male issue of the 1st Earl of Traquair (and probably also that of his great-grandfather, the legitimated son of the 1st Earl of Buchan) became extinct with the death of the 8th Earl of Traquair in 1861. The question remains whether the legitimation of 1489 is sufficient to enable the collateral male heirs of the first James Stewart of Traquair to succeed to the Earldom.

 

 First written 16 Jan 2004

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Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

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